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be lymitted, that then it shall be lawfull for us, our heires and succeflors, to putt the faid person or persons out of our allegiance and protection; and that it shall be lawfull and free for all Princes to profecute with hoftility the said offenders and every of them, theire and every of theire procurers, ayders, abettors and comforters in that behalfe. Provided Proviso realso, and our expreffe will and pleasure is, and wee do by the King's these presents for us, our heires and fucceffors, ordaine and other subappoint, that these presents shall not in any manner enure, e

jects the or be taken to abridge, barre or hinder any of our lovinge ing on the

right of fish. subjects whatsoever to use and exercise the trade of fishing coast of the upon that coast of New-England in America by these pre

premises

hereby sents mentioned to be granted : But that they or any and granted. every or any of them shall have full and free power and liberty to continue and use theire faid trade of fishing upon the raid coast in any of the seas thereunto adjoineing, or any armes of the seas or salt-water rivers where they have beene wont to fish, and to build and set up upon the lands by these presents granted, such wharfes, stages, and workhouses as Thall be necessary for the salting, drying, keeping and packing up of theire fish to be taken or gotten upon that coast; and to cut downe and take such trees and other materialls there growing, or being, as shall be needfull for that purpose, and for other necessary easements, helpes and advantage concerning theire faid trade of fishing there, in such manner and forme as they have beene heretofore at any tyme accustomed to doe, without makeing any wilfull waste or spoyle, any thing in these presents contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And wee doe further for us, our heires These letand successors, ordaine and grant the said Governour and ters patent Companie and their successors, by these presents, that these in law, and our letters patents shall be firme, good, effectual, and avail- fhall be conable in all things and to all intents and constructions of lawe, strued in fa

vour of the according to our true meaning herein before declared, and

company, shall be construed, reputed, and adjudged in all cases most notwithfavourably on the behalfe and for the benefit and behoofe of itanding any

omissions or the said Governour and Companie and their fucceffors : Al

imperfectithough expresse mention of the true yearly value, or certain-ons in them ty, or the premisses, or any of them, or of any other gifts or or any for

mer statutes grants, by us or any other of our progenitors or predeceffors, me

or other act to the forefaid Governour and Companie before this time of authority made, in these presents is not made, or any statute, act, to the co ordinance, provifion, proclamation or restraint to the con

trary. trary thereof heretofore had, made, published, ordained or provided, or any other matter, cause, or thing whatsoever

I

to the contrarie thereof in any wise notwithstanding. In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patent. Witness ourselves at Westminster, the fourth day of March, in the fourth yeare of our reigne,

This is a true copy of such letters patents

under the great seal of England. In
teftimony whereof I John Winthrop go.
vernour of the Massachusetts aforesaid
have caused the publick feal of the same
to be hereunto affixed this 19th day of
the month called March 1643.

1644.

Loc. Sigilli.

John Winthrop, Gov.

VIRGINIA

VIRGIN Í À CHÁ R T E R S.

NUMBER I. King JAMES I.'s LETTERS

PATENT to Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers and others, for two several Colonies and Plantations; to be made in VIRGINIA, and other Parts and Territories of AMERICA.

Dated April 10, ібоб.

I. TAMES, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot

land, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. Whereas our loving and well disposed subjects, Sir Thomas Gates, and Sir George Somers, Knights, Richard Hackluit, Clerk, Prebendary of Westminster, and Edward-Maria Wingfield, Thomas Hanham, and Ralegh Gilbert, Esqrs. William Parker and George Popham, Gentlemen, and divers others of our loving subjects, have been humble fuitors unto us, that we would vouchsafe unto them our licence, to make habitation, plantation, and to deduce a colony of fundry of our people into that part of America, commonly called Virginia, and other parts and territories in America, either appertaining unto us, or which are not now actually poffeffed by any christian, prince or people, situate, lying, and being all along the sea coasts, between four-and-thirty degrees of northerly latitude from the equinoctial line, and five-and-forty degrees of the same latitude, and in the main land between the same four-and-thirty and five-and-forty degrees, and the aflands thereunto adjacent, or within one hundred miles of the coast thereof.

II. And to that end, and for the more speedy accomplishment of their faid intended plantation and habitation there, are defirous to divide themselves into two several colonies and companies: the one consisting of certain knights, gentlemen, merchants, and other adventurers, of our city of London and elsewhere, which are, and from time to time shall be, joined unto them, which do desire to begin their plantation and habitation in some fit and convenient place, between four-andthirty and one-and-forty degrees of the said latitude, along the coasts of Virginia and coasts of America aforesaid ; and, the other confisting of sundry knights, gentlemen, merchants, I 2

and

company of grant and agree, that the said Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George

and other adventurers, of our cities of Bristol and Exeter, and of our town of Plymouth, and of other places, which do join themselves unto that colony, which do desire to begin their plantation and habitation in some fit and convenient place, between eight-and-thirty degrees and five-and-forty degrees of the said latitude, all along the said coast of Virginia and America, as that coaft lieth.

III. We, greatly commending, and graciously accepting of, their desires for the furtherance of so noble a work, which may, by the providence of Almighty God, hereafter tend to the glory of his divine Majesty, in propagating of christian religion to such people, as yet live in darkness and miserable ignorance of the true knowledge and worship of God, and may in time bring the infidels and savages, living in those parts, to human civility, and to a settled and quiet government: Do, by these our letters patents, graciously accept of,

and agree to, their humble and well intended desires. Grant to IV. And do therefore, for us, our heirs and successors, the London company of Somers, Richard Hackluit, and Edward-Maria Wingfield,

adventurers of and for our city of London, and all such

others, as are, or shall be, joined unto them of that colory, the coast of shall be called the first colony; and they shall and may begin rica, be their faid first plantation and habitation, at any place upon tween lat. the said coast of Virginia or America, where they shall think 34° and lat. fit and convenient, between the said four-and-thirty and oneand of the and-forty degrees of the said latitude ; and that they shall

have all the lands, woods, foil, grounds, havens, ports, seacoattnear their place rivers, mines, minerals, marshes, waters, fishings, comof settle

modities, and hereditaments, whatsoever, from the said first ment to the distance of seat of their plantation and habitation by the space of fifty

miles of English statute measure, all along the said coast of from it,each Virginia and America, towards the west and southwest, as way and to the depth of

the coast lieth, with all the islands within one hundred miles Joo wiles directly over against the same sea coast; and also all the into the

lands, soil, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, mines, minerals, main lande woods, waters, marshes, fishings, commodities, and here

ditaments, whatsoever, from the said place of their first plantation and habitation for the space of fifty like English miles, all along the said coasts of Virginia and America, towards the east and north-east, or towards the north, as the coaft lieth, together with all the islands within one hundred miles, directly over against the said sea coast; and also all the lands, woods, foil, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, mines, minerals, murshes, waters, fishings, commodities, and here

ditaments,

settle any where on

North Ame

50 miles

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where on

ditaments, whatsoever, from the same fifty miles every way
on the sea coast, directly into the main land by the space of
one hundred like Englih miles; and shall and may inhabit
and remain there; and shall and may also build and fortify
within any the same, for their better safeguard and defence,
according to their best discretion, and the discretion of the
Council of that colony; and that no other of our subjects
Ihall be permitted, or suffered, to plant or inhabit behind, or
on the backside of them, towards the main land, without the
express licence or consent of the Council of that colony,
thereunto in writing first had and obtained.

V. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs, and successors, Grant to
by these presents, grant and agree, that the said Thomas mouth.com.
Hanham, and Ralegh Gilbert, William Parker, and George pany of li-
Popham, and all others of the town Plymouth in the county berty to set-
of Devon, or elsewhere, which are, or shall be, joined unto the any
them of that colony, shall be called the second colony; and the coast of
that they hall and may begin their faid plantation and seat of North Ame-
their first abode and habitation, at any place upon the said rica, be:
coast of Virginia and America, where they shall think fit and 38° and lat.
convenient, between eight-and-thirty degrees of the said 45°.
latitude, and five-and-forty degrees of the same latitude ; and and of the
that they shall have all the lands, foils, grounds, havens, sea coast near
ports, rivers, mines, minerals, woods, marches, waters, their place
filings, commodities, and hereditaments, whatsoever, from ment to the
the first seat of their plantation and habitation by the space of diftance of
fifty like English miles, as is aforesaid, all along the said go miles
coasts of Virginia and America, towards the west and fouth- from it each
weft, or towards the south, as the coast lieth, and all the the depth of
islands within one hundred miles, directly over against the roo miles
faid sea coast; and also all the lands, foils, grounds, havens, main land,
ports, rivers, mines, minerals, woods, marshes, waters, fith-
ings, commodities, and hereditaments, whatsoever, from the
said place of their first plantation and habitation for the space
of fifty like English miles, all along the said coast of Virgi-
nia and America, towards the east and north-east, or towards
the north, as the coast lieth, and all the islands also within
one hundred miles directly over against the same sea coast;
and also all the lands, foils, grounds, havens, ports, rivers,
woods, mines, minerals, marshes, waters, fishings, com-
modities, and hereditaments, whatsoever, from the same fifty
miles every way on the sea coast, directly into the main land, by
the space of one hundred like Englih miles; and shall and may
inhabit and remain there; and Thall and may also build and
fortify within any the same for their better safeguard, accord-

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