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land for sea positions for the space of twenty and one yeares upon all ven years; and from all goods and merchandises at any time or times hereafter, either duties upon upon importation thither, or exportation from thence, into our importation realm of England, orinto any otherof our dominions, by the said or exportat. of goods, ex- og

ds, ex: Governour and Companie and theire successours, their deputies, cept s per factors and assignes, or any of them, except only the five Cent. upon pounds per centum due for custome upon all such goods and goods im

into merchandises, as after the said seven yeares shall be expired England, or shall be brought or imported into our realme of England, or other domi- any other of our dominions, according to the ancient trade nions of the

of merchants: which five pounds per centum anely being

merchants which fi crown, for a furthet term paid, it fhall be thenceforth lawfull and free for the said ad of twenty- venturers the same goods and merchandizes to export and one years. carry out of our faid dominions into forreine parts, without

berty if any custome, taxe or other duty to be paid to us, our heires re-exporting the Taid o or successours, or to any other officers or ministers of us, goods into our heires and successours. Provided that the said goods and foreign parts merchandizes be shipped out within thirteen months after

their first landing within any part of the said dominions. Provisoe. And we do for us, our heires and succeflouri, give and

grant unto the said Governour and Companie and their succeflours, that whenfoever, or so often as any custome or subsidie shall grow due or payable unto us, our heires or successours, according to the limitation and appointment aforesaid, by reason of any goods, wares or merchandises to be shipped out, or any return to be made of any goods, wares or merchandises, unto or from the said parts of NewEngland hereby mentioned to be granted as aforesaid, or

any the lands and territories aforesaid, that then and so often Six months and in such case, the farmers, customers, and officers of our time shall be allowed

custums of England and Ireland, and every of them for the for the pay- time being, upon request made to them by the said Gover-. ment of one nour and Company or their successours, factors, or affignes, half of the laid customs and upon convenient security to be given in that behalfe,

shall give and allowe unto the laid Goveșnour and Companie and their successors, and to all and every person and persons free of that Companie as aforesaid, fix months tiine for the payment of one halfe of all such custome and subsidie as shall be payable unto us, our heires and successours, for the fame, for which these our letters patents, or the duplicate, or

the inrollment thereof, shall be unto our faid officers a sufficient Provision wasrant and discharge. Nevertheless, our will and pleasure against a' is, that any of the said goods, wares and merchandises rauitation which be or shall be at any time hereafter landed or exported of goods to out of any of our realmes aforesaid, and thall be shipped foreign

with

ar.

Compa.

with a purpose not to be carried to the parts of New-countries, England aforesaid, but to some other place, that then such

ich under a prepayment, dutie, custome, imposition or forfeiture shall be rying them paid or belong to us, our heires and successors, for the said to Newgoods, wares and merchandise so fraudulently sought to be England transported, as if this our grant had not been made or granted. And wee do further will and by these presents Warrant to

the officers for us, our heirs and successors, firmely enjoine and com- of the Exmande as well the Treasurer, Chancellor and Barons of the chequer and Exchequer of us our heires and successors, as also all and Customs to

ř allow to the fingular the customers, farmers and collectors of the curtomes; subsidies and impofts, and other the officers and ny the exministers of us, our heires and successors, whatsoever, for emptions a

bove mene the time being, that they and every of them, upon the shew- Lion ing forth unto them of these letters patents, or the duplicate or exemplification of the same, without any other writt or warrant whatsoever from us, our heires or successors, to be obtained or fued forth, do and shall make full, whole, entire and due allowance and cleare discharge unto the said Go. vernour and Companie and theire successors, of all customes, subsidies, impositions, taxes and duties whatsoever that shall or may be claymed by us, our heires and successors, of or from the said Governor and Companie and their successors, for or by reason of the said goods, chattels, wares, merchana dises and premises to be exported out of our faid dominions, or any of them, into any part of the said lands or premises hereby mentioned to be given, granted and confirmed, or for or by reason of any of the said goods, chattels, wares or merchandises to be imported from the faid lands and premises hereby mentioned to be given, granted and confirmed, into any of our faid dominions or any part thereof as aforesaid, excepting only the said five pounds per centum hereby referved and payable after the expiration of the said terme of seven years as aforesaid and not before. And these our letters patents, or the inrollment, duplicate or exemplification of the same, shall for ever hereafter from time to time, as well to the Treasurer, Chancellor and Barons of the Exchequer of us our heires and successors, as to all and singular the customers, Farmors and Collectors of the customs subsidies and impofts of us our heires and successors, and all searchers and other the officers and ministers whatsoever of us our heires and successors for the time being, be a sufficient warrant and discharge in this behalfe. And further our will and Persons that pleasure is, and we doe hereby for us, our heires and suc- fhall be born ceffors, ordaine, declare and grant to the said Governour and in the lands

hereby Companie granted thall

tion and thication of the

ral born sub

granted.

be consider-Companie and theire fucceffors, That all and every the ed as natu. <

ful_ subjects of us, our heires or successors, which shall goe to jects. and inhabite within the said lands and premisles hereby men

tioned to be granted, and every of theire children which shall happen to be borne there, or on the seas in going thither or returneing from thence, shall have and enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and naturall subjects within any of the dominions of us, our heires or succeflors, to all intents,

constructions and purposes whatsoever, as if they and every Power to ad- of them were borne within the realme of England. And that minister the the Governour, and deputy Governour of the said Companie oaths of allegiance & for the time being or either of them, and any two or more fupremacy of such of the said Affiftants as shall be thereunto appointed to the per- by the said Governour and Companie at any of their courts fons who tallhereat- or assemblies to be held as aforesaid, fhail and may at all ter fettle in tymes and from tyme to tyme hereafter have full power and the lands authority to administer and give the oath and oathes of suhereby

premacie and allegiance or either of them, to all and every person and persons which shall at any tyme or tymcs hereafter

goe or passe to the lands and premisses hereby mentioned to be Power to granted to inhabite in the same. And wee do of our further make laws

Ws grace, certaine knowledge and meere motion, give and grant and ordinances not to the said Governour and Companie and their successors, contrary to that it shall and may be lawfull to and for the Governour or the laws of

of deputy Governour and such of the Assistants and Freemen

of the said Companie for the tyme being as shall be assembled in any of their generall courts aforesaid, or in any other courts to be specially summoned and assembled for that purpose, or the greater part of them (whereof the Governour or deputy Governour and fixe of the Afiftants to be always seven) from tyme to tyme to make, ordaine and establish all manner of wholesome and reasonable orders, lawes, statutes and ordinances, directions and instructions not contrary to the lawes of this our realme of England, as well for the fettling of the formes and ceremonies of government and magistracie fitt and necessary for the said plantation and the inhabitants there, and for nameing and styling of all sorts of officers both fuperiour and inferiour which they fall find needful for that government and plantation, and the distinguishing and setting forth of the severall duties, powers and limits of every such office and place, and the formes of fuch oathes warrantable by the lawes and statutes of this our realme of England as shall be respectively ministered unto them, for the execution of the said several offices and places, as also for the dispofing and ordering of the elections of such

fling of the form our realme of inftructions",

of

execut.

of the said officers as shall be annuall, and of such others as shall be to succeed in case of death or removall, and ministring the said oathes to the new elected officers, and for imposition of lawfullfynes, mulets, imprisonment, or other lawfull correction, according to the course of other Corporations in this our realme of England, and for the directing, N. B. ruleing and disposeing of all other matters and things whereby our said people inhabiting there may be so religiously, peaceably and civilly governed, as theire good life and orderly conversation may winne and invite the natives of that country to the knowledge and obedience of the onely true God and Saviour of mankind, and the christian faith, which in our royall intention and the adventurers free profession is the

All such principal end of this plantation. Willing, commanding and la requiring, and by these presents for us, our heires and suc- lished in ceffors, ordaineing and appointing, that all such orders, writing un.

der the comlawes, statutes and ordinances, instructions and directions

ns mon seal as shall be made by the Governour or Deputy-Governour of of the comthe said Company and such of the Afiftants and Freemen as pany, thall

be observed aforesaid, and published in writing under theire common seale, shall be carefully and duely observed, kept, performed ed. and putt in execution according to the true intent and meaneing of the same. And these our letters patents, or the duplicate, or exemplification, thereof, shall be to all and every such officers, fuperiour and inferiour, from tyme to tyme, for the putting of the same orders, lawes, statutes, and ordinances, instructions and directions in due execution, against us, our heires and successors, a sufficient warrant and discharge. And wee doe further, for us, our heirs, and fuc- The govercessors, give and grant to the said Governour and Companie nors an and their fuccessors, by these presents, That all and every imployed by such chiefe commanders, captains, governours and other thecompany officers and ministers, as by the said orders, lawes, statutes,

alutes, England ordinances, instructions or directions of the said Governour Thail govern and Companie for the tyme being, shall be from tyme to the inhabityme hereafter imployed either in the government of the said tants there.

of according inhabitants and plantation, or in the way by sea thither or to the faid from thence, according to the natures and limits of theire laws. offices and places respectively, fhall from tyme to tyme hereafter for ever within the precincts and parts of New-England hereby mentioned to be granted and confirmed, or in the way by sea thither, or from thence, have full and absolute power and authority to correct, punish, pardon, governe and rule such subjects of us, our heires, and successors, as shall from tyme to tyme adventure themselves in any voyage thither or

from

rs and o.

oficers

New

pe&tivel the natureway by Tent of these to the

from thence, or that shall at any tyme hereafter inhabite within the precincts and parts of New-England aforesaid, according to the orders, lawes, ordinances, instructions and

directions aforesaid, not being repugnant tở the lawes and Power to itatutes of our realme of England as aforesaid. And wee do the officers further, for us, our heires and successors, give and grant to of the said th company re

sure the said Governour and Companie and their successors, být fident in the these presents, That it shall and may be lawful to and for the premises chief commanders, governours and officers of the said comhereby

and panie for the tyme being, who shall be resident in the said

nanie for granted and to the other part of New-England in America by these presents granted, inhabitants and others there inhabiteing, by their appointment and dito defend

me, rection from tyme to tyme and at all tymes hereafter, for themselves their speciall defence and safety to incounter, repulse, repell by force of and resist by force of armes, as well by sea as by land, and arms againlt by all fitting wayes and meanes whatsoever, all such person jo vaders.

and persons as shall at any tyme hereafter attempt or enterprise the destruction, invasion, detriment, or annoyance of the said plantation or inhabitants : And to take and furprise by all wayes and meanes whatsoever all and every such person and persons, with their shipps, armour, munition and other goods, as shall in hostile manner invade and attempt the defeatinge of the said plantation, or the hurt of the said Companie and inhabitants. Nevertheless, our will and

pleasure is, and we do hereby declare to all Christian Kings, Provifion Princes and States, That if any person or persons which for the case shall hereafter be of the said Companie or plantation, or any of injuries

mitted other by lycense or appointment of said Governour and Combythe mem- panie for the tyme being, shall at any tyme or tymes herebers of the after robb or spoyle by sea or by land, or do any hurt, vio. said companyagainsto-1

ma lence, or unlawfull 'hostility to any of the subjects of us, our thers of the heires or successors, or any of the subjects of any Prince or King's fub- State being then in league and amity with us, our heires and Lubjects of luc

fe fucceffors, and that upon such injury done, and upon just any other complaint of such Prince or State or theire subjects, Wee, Prince or our heires, or successors, shall make open proclamation State.

within any of the parts within our realme of England commodious for that purpose, that the person or persons having committed any such robbery or spoyle, shall, within the terme limited by such a proclamation, make full reftitution or satisfaction of all such injuries done, so as the said Princes or others so complaining may hould themselves fully satisfied and contented. And that if the said person or persons having committed such robbery or spoyle shall not make, or cause to be made, fatisfaction accordingly, within such tyme fo to

be

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