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ferior, from time to time, for the putting of the same orders, laws, itatutes, ordinances, instructions and directions, in due execution against us, our heirs and succeffors, a sufficient warrant and discharge. And further, our will and pleasure

is, and we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, establish There 'shall and ordain, That yearly, once in the year for ever hereafter, be an annu- namely, the aforesaid Wednesday in May, and at the town of of the go. No

on Newport, or elsewhere if urgent occasion do require, the governor, &c. vernor, deputy governor, and assistants of the said company, by the ge- and other officers of the faid company, or such of them as the

general assembly shall think fit, shall be in the said general by in the 8 month of court or assembly, to be held from that day or time, newly May. chosen for the year ensuing, by greater part of the said com

pany for the time being, as shall be then and there present. Accidental And if it shall happen that the present governor, deputy gover: vacancies by nor, and affiftants, by these presents appointed, or any such as death or removal miy fhall hereafter be newly chofen into their rooms, or any of be filled up them, or any other the officers of the said company, shall die, by the gene- or be removed from his or their several offices or places, before

mes the said general day of election, (whom we do hereby declare Power to re- for any misdemeanor or default, to be removable by the gover

nor, assistants and company, or such greater part of them, in governor, or hor, ani any other any of the said public courts to be assembled, as aforesaid ) officer, for that then, and in every fuch case, it shall and may be lawful any milde to and for the said governor, deputy governor, assistants and meanor.

company aforesaid, or such greater part of them so to be arsembled, as is aforesaid, in any of their affemblies, to proceed to a new election of one or more of their company, in the room or place, rooms or places, of such officer or officers so dying or removed, according to their directions. And immediately upon and after such election or elections made of such governor, deputy governor, affiftant or affiftants, or any other officer of the said company, in manner and form aforefaid, the authority, office and power, before given to the former governor, deputy governor, and other officer and officers so removed, in whose stead and place new shall be chofen, fhall, as to him and them, and every of them respectively,

cease and determine : provided always, and our will and pleaThe gove fure is, That as well such as are by these presents appointed deputy gov.

all to be the present governor, deputy governor, and assistants of cake fulemn the said company, as those which shall succeed them, and all engage-, other officers to be appointed and chosen as aforesaid, shall, ments to do hören the duties before the undertaking the execution of the said offices and of their places respectively, give their solemn engagement by oath or kespective otherwise, for the due and faithful performance of their duties offices.

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in their several offices and places, before such person or petfons as are by these presents hereafter appointed to take and receive the same ; (that is to say) the said Benedict Arnold, who is hereiñ before nominated and appointed the present governor of the said company, shall give the aforesaid engagement before William Brenton, or any two of the said affistants of the said company, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power aud authority to require and receive the same; and the said William Brenton, who is hereby before nominated and appointed the present deputy governor of the said company, shall give the aforesaid engagement be. fore the said Benedict Arnold, or any two of the affiftants of the said company, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to require and receive the same; and the said Williain Boulston, John Porter, Roger Williams, Thomas Olney, John Smith, John Greene, John Coggeshall, James Barker, William Field, and Joseph Clarke, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present affiftants of the company, shall give the said engagement to their offices and places respectively belonging, before the said Benedict Arnold and William Brenton, or one of them, to whom respectively we do hereby give full power and authority to require, administer or receive the same. And further, Manner in our will and pleasure is, that all and every other future go. which fu

ture goververnor, or deputy governor, to be elected and chosen by na virtue of these presents, fhäll give the said engagement before the officers two or more of the said assistants of the said compariy for the of the comtime being, unto whom we do, by these presents, give full give there power and authority to require, administer or receive the engage- . Tame; and the said affiltants, and every of them, and all and ments. every other officer or officers, to be hereafter elected and chosen by virtue of these presents, from time to time, shall give the like engagements to their offices and places re. fpectively belonging, before the governor, or deputy governor, for the time being ; unto which faid governor, or de'puty governot, we do by these presents give full power and

authority to require, administer, or receive the same accord. 'ingly. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs and successors, The govergive and grant unto the said governor and company, and their ne

, may govern fucceffors, by these presents, that for the more peaceable and the colony orderly government of the said plantations, it shall and may according be lawful for the governor, deputy governor, allistants, and

and to the laws

u that have all other officers and ministers, of the said company, in the already been administration of justice, and exercife of government, in the in use there said plantations, to use, exercise, and put in execution, such not being

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of Eng.) un- methods, rules, orders, and directions, not being contrary and chinoda in repugnant to the laws and statutes of this our realm, as has been Some gen. heretofore given, used, and accustomed in such cases respectively, assembly. to be put in practice, until, at the next, or some other general

assembly, especial provision shall be made and ordained in the Power of cases aforesaid. And we do further, for us, our heirs and suc

j ceffors, give and grant unto the said governor and company, and leading their successors, by these presents, that it shall and may be lawful them out to to and for the said governor, or in his absence the deputy gowar against any enemies

iet vernor, and major part of the said assistants for the time being, at that shall any time, when the said general assembly is not sitting, to nomiinvade the nate, appoint and constitute such and so many commanders,goby; vernors, and military officers, as to them shall seem requisite,

for the leading, conducting, and training up the inhabitants of the faid plantations in martial affairs, and for the defence and safeguard of the said plantations; and that it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every such commander, governor, and military officer, that shall be lo as aforesaid, or by the governor, or in his absence the deputy governor, and fix of the assistants, and major part of the freemen of the said company, present at any general assemblies, nominated, appointed and constituted, according to the tenor of his and their respective commissions and directions, to aflemble, exercise in arms, marshal, array, and put in-warliké posture, the inhabitants of the said colony, for their especial defence and safety, and to lead and conduct the said inhabitants, and to encounter, repulse, and resist by force of arms, as well by rea as by land, and also to kill, say and destroy, by all fitting ways, enterprizes and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, as shall at any time hereafter attempt or enterprize the destruction, invasion, detriment or annoyance of the said inhabitants or plantations; and to use and exercise the law martial, in such cases only as occasion shall neceffarily require; and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such perfon and persons, with their ship or ships, armour, ammunition, or other goods of such persons as fhall in hoftile manner in

vade or attempt the defeating of the said plantation, or the and upon hurt of the said company and inhabitants, and upon just just causes to

ethem causes to invade and destroy the natives, Indians, or other But they 'enemies of the said colony. Nevertheless, our will and pleamay not in- sure is, and we do hereby declare, to the rest of our colonies

hena. in New-England, that it shall not be lawful for this our said tive Indians inhabiting colony of Rhode Illand and Providence plantations in Ameother colo- rica, in New-England, to invade the natives inhabiting withvieswithout in the bounds and limits of their faid colonies, without the consent of Jaid colonies

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knowledge and consent of the said other colonies. And it is and the ohereby declared, that it shall not be lawful to or for the rest of the

chronother colothe colonies to invade or moleft the native Indians, or any other under the inhabitants inhabiting within the bounds or limits hereafter same restricmentioned, (they having subjected themselves unto us, and

spect to the being by us taken into our special protection) without Indians that the knowledge and consent of the governor and company inhabit of our colony of Rhode-Island and Providence plantation.kh

Rhode-In. Aiso our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare unto Provision in all Christian Kings, Princes and States, that if any person, case any of which shall hereafter be of the said company or plantation, the inhab!

!!, tants of this or any other by appointment of the said governor and com- colony of pany, for the time being, shall at any time or times hereafter Rhode-id, rob or spoil, by sea or land, or do any hurt, or unlawful

4 injure the hoftility, to any of the subjects of us, our heirs and fuc- subjects of cessors, or any of the subjects of any Prince or State, being any state in then in league with us, our heirs and successors ; upon com

England. plaint of such injury done to any such Prince or State, or their subjects, we, our heirs and successors, will make open proclamation, within any parts of our realm of England, fit for that purpose, that the person or persons committing any such robbery or spoil, shall, within the time limited by such proclamation, make full reftitution or satisfaction of all such injuries done or committed, so as the said Prince, or others fo complaining, may be fully satisfied and contented; and if the said person or persons, who shall commit any such robbery or spoil, shall not make fatisfaction accordingly within such time so to be limited, that then we, our heirs and fuccessors, will put such person or persons out of our allegiance and protection; and that then it shall and may be lawful and free for all Princes or others, to prosecute with hoftility such offenders, and every of them, their and every of their procurers, aiders, abettors and counsellors, in that behalf. Provided also, and our express will and pleasure is, and we do Reservation by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain and to the king's appoint, that these presents shall not in any manner hinder the

nder other sube any of our loving subjects whatsoever, from using and exer- liberty of cising the trade of fishing upon the coast of New-England in fishing and America, but that they, and every or any of them, thall have drying their

fish within fuil and free power and liberty to continue and use the trade this colony. of fishing upon the said coast, in any of the seas thereunto adjoining, or any arms of the sea, or salt-water, rivers and creeks, where they have been accustomed to fish, and to build and set upon the waste land belonging to the said colony ::.5 and plantations, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses as yra

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. . shall be necessary for the salting, drying and keeping of their Whales. fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast. And further, for

the encouragement of the inhabitants of our faid colony of Providence plantation, to set upon the business of taking whales, it shall be lawful for them, or any of them, having struck a whale, dubertus, or other great fish, it or thein to pursue unto that coast, and into any bay, river, cove, creek or shore,' belonging thereto, and it or them, upon the said coast, or in the said bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belonging thereto, to kill and order for the best advantage without molestation, they making no wilful waste or spoil; any thing

in these pretents contained, oị any other matter or thing to Vineyards, the contrary notwithstanding. And further also, we are

graciously pleased, and do hereby declare, that if any of the inhabitants of our faid colony do set upon the planting of vineyards, (the soil and climate both seeming naturally to concur to the production of wines) or be industrious in the discovery of fishing-banks, in or about the said colony, we will, from time to time, give and allow all due and fitting

encouragement therein, as to others in cases of like nature, perty to And further of our more ample grace, certain knowledge, and carry over to this co- mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these prelony any of sents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant, the king's unto the said governor and company of the English colony of who Thall Rhode-Ifand and Providence plantation in the Narragansett be willing bay in New-England, in America, and to every inhabitant

there, and to every person and persons trading thither, and ther';

to every such person or persons as are or shall be free of the said colony, full power and authority, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry away, out of any of our realms and dominions, for and towards the plantation and defence of the said colony, such and

To many of our loving subjects and strangers, as shall or will ... willingly accompany them in and to their said colony and

plantation, except such person or persons as are or shall be

therein restrained by us, our heirs and successors, or any law like or statute of this realm; and also to ship and transport all and wife to carjy over all manner of goods, chattels, merchandize, and other things goods and whatsoever, that are or fhall be useful or necessary for the raid merchan. plantations, and defence thereof, and usually transported, England. and not prohibited by any law or statute of this our realm;

yielding and paying unto us, our heirs and successors, such

the duties, customs and subsidies, as are or ought to be paid General de- or payable for the same. · And further, our will and pleasure nization of is, and we do, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain, deall the in. ' ry'

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