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be an annual election

of the go

death or re

move the governor, or

ferior, from time to time, for the putting of the same orders, laws, itatutes, ordinances, instructions and directions, in due execution against us, our heirs and fucceffors, a sufficient warrant and discharge. And further, our will and pleasure

is, and we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, establish There 'shall and ordain, That yearly, once in the year for ever hereafter,

namely, the aforesaid Wednesday in May, and at the town of

Newport, or elsewhere if urgent occasion do require, the governor, &c. vernor, deputy governor, and assistants of the said company, by the ge- and other officers of the faid company, or such of them as the bet in the general assembly shall think fit, shall be in the said general month of court or assembly, to be held from that day or time, newly May. chosen for the year ensuing, by greater part of the said com

pany for the time being, as shall be then and there present. Accidental And if it shall happen that the present governor, deputy govervacancies by nor, and affiftants, by these prefents appointed, or any such as moval miy

shall hereafter be newly chosen into their rooms, or any of be filled up them, or any other the officers of the said company, shall die, by the gene- or be removed from his or their several offices or places, before sal allembly the faid general day of election, (whom we do hereby declare Power to re- for any misdemeanor or default, to be removable by the gover

nor, affiftants and company, or such greater part of them, in ther any of the said public courts to be assembled, as aforesaid) afficer, for that then, and in every fuch case, it shall and may be lawful any mildeo to and for the said governor, deputy governor, affiftants and

company aforesaid, or fuch greater part of them so to be arsembled, as is aforesaid, in any of their assemblies, to proceed to a new election of one or more of their company, in the room or place, rooms or places, of such officer or officers fo dying or removed, according to their directions. And immediately upon and after such election or elections made of such governor, deputy governor, affiftant or affiftants, or any other officer of the said company, in manner and form aforefaid, the authority, office and power, before given to the former governor, deputy governor, and other officer and officers so removed, in whole ftead and place new shall be chofen, thall, as to him and them, and every of them respectively,

cease and determine : provided always, and our will and pleaThe gov. fure is, That as well such as are by these presents appointed

amall to be the present governor, deputy governor, and altistants of cake fulemn the said company, as those which shall succeed them, and all

other officers to be appointed and chosen as aforesaid, shall,

before the undertaking the execution of the faid offices and of their places respectively, give their solemn engagement by oath or respective otherwise, for the due and faithful performance of their duties offices.

in

any

meanor.

engagements to do the duties

in their several offices and places, before such person or pet-
foris as are by these presents hereafter appointed to take and
receive the same ; (that is to say) the said Benedict Arnold,
who is hereiñ before nominated and appointed the present
governor of the said company, shall give the aforesaid en-
gagement before William Brenton, or any two of the faid
affistants of the said company, unto whom we do, by these
presents, give full power aud authority to require and receive
the fame; and the said William Brenton, who is hereby be-
fore nominated and appointed the present deputy governor
of the said company, shall give the aforesaid engagement be-
fore the said Benedict Arnold, or any two of the affiftants of
the said company, unto whom we do, by these presents, give
full power and authority to require and receive the same;
and the said William Boulston, John Porter, Roger Wil-
liams, Thomas Olney, John Smith, John Greene, John
Coggeshall, James Barker, William Field, and Joseph Clarke,
who are herein before nominated and appointed the present
assistants of the company, shall give the said engagement to
their offices and places respectively belonging, before the said
Benedict Arnold and William Brenton, or one of them, to
whom respectively we do hereby give full power and autho-
rity to require, administer or receive the fame. And further, Mannet in
our will and pleasure is, that all and every other future go-
vernor, or deputy governor, to be elected and chosen by
virtue of these presents, shall give the said engagement before the officers
two or more of the said affistants of the said company for the of the.com-
time being, unto whom we do, by these ptesents, give full in hele
power and authority to require, administer or receive the engage-
Tame; and the said affiltants, and every of them, and all and ments.
every other officer or officers, to be hereafter elected and
chosen by virtue of these presents, from time to time, shall
give the like engagements to their offices and places re-
fpe&tively belonging, before the governor, or deputy gover-
nor, for the time being ; unto which said governor; or de-
puty governot, we do by these presents give full power and
authority to require, administer, or receive the same accord.
ingly. And we do likewise, for us, our heirs and successors, The gover-
give and grant unto the said governor and company, and their nor, &c.
successors, by these presents, that for the more peaceable and the colony
orderly government of the said plantations, it shall and

may

according be lawful for the governor, deputy governor, alliftants, and to the laws all other officers and ministers, of the said company, in the already been administration of justice, and exercise of government, in the in use there said plantations, to use, exercise, and put in execution, such (not being

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methods, to the laws

which future governors and o

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of Eng.) un- methods, rules, orders, and directions, not being contrary and changed in repugnant to the laws and statutes of this our realm, as has been some gen. heretofore given, used, and accustomed in such cases respectively, aflembly. to be put in practice, until, at the next, or some other general

assembly, especial provision fhall be made and ordained in the Power of

cases aforesaid. And we do further, for us, our heirs and sucarming the people, and

cessors, give and grant unto the said governor and company, and leading their successors, by these presents that it shall and may be lawful them out to to and for the said governor, or in his absence the deputy goany enemies vernor, and major part of the said assistants for the time being, at that shall any time, when the said general assembly is not fitting, to nomiinvade the nate, appoint and constitute such and so many commanders, gocolony ;

vernors, and military officers, as to them shall seem requisite, for the leading, conducting, and training up the inhabitants of the faid plantations in martial affairs, and for the defence and safeguard of the said plantations; and that it shall and may be lawful to and for all and every such commander, governor, and military officer, that shall be lo as aforesaid, or by the governor, or in his absence the deputy governor, and fix of the assistants, and major part of the freemen of the said company, prefent at any general assemblies, nominated, appointed and constituted, according to the tenor of his and their respective commissions and directions, to allemble, exercise in arms, marshal, array, and put in warlike posture, the inhabitants of the said colony, for their especial defence and safety; and to lead and conduct the said inhabitants, and to encounter, repulse, and resist by force of arms, as well by sea as by land, and also to kill, 'Nay and destroy, by all fitting ways, enterprizes and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, as shall at any time hereafter attempt or enterprize the destruction, invasion, detriment or annoyance of the said inhabitants or plantations; and lo use and exercise the law martial, in such cases only as occafion shall necessarily require; and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons, with their ship or ships, armour, ammunition, or other goods of such persons as fhall in hoftile manner invade or attempt the defeating of the said plantation, or the

hurt of the said company and inhabitants, and upon just invade them causes to invade and destroy the natives, Indians, or other But they

enemies of the said colony. Nevertheless, our will and pleamay not in- sure is, and we do hereby declare, to the rest of our colonies vade the na: in New England, that it shall not be lawful for this our said inhabiting colony of Rhode. Inand and Providence plantations in Ameother colo- rica, in New England, to invade the natives inhabiting withnieswithout

in the bounds and limits of their faid colonies, without the Said colonics

know

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knowledge and consent of the said other colonies. And it is and the ohereby declared, that it shall not be lawful to or for the rest of the colo

nies thall be the colonies to invade or moleft the native Indians, or any other under the inhabitants inhabiting within the bounds or limits hereafter same restricmentioned, (they having subjected themselves unto us, and

fpect to the being by us taken into our special protection) without indians that the knowledge and consent of the governor and company of our colony of Rhode-Ifland and Providence plantation.

Rhode-In. Aiso our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare unto Provision in all Christian Kings, Princes and States, that if any person, cafe any of which shall hereafter be of the said company or plantation,

the inhabi

tants of this or any other by appointment of the said governor and com-colony of pany, for the time being, shall at any time or times hereafter Rhode-10, rob or spoil, by sea or land, or do any hurt, or unlawful hall robor hoftility, to any of the subjects of us, our heirs and fuc- subjects of cessors, or any of the subjects of any Prince or State, being any state in then in league with us, our heirs and successors ; upon com

amity with

England.
plaint of such injury done to any such Prince or State, or
their subjects, we, our heirs and successors, will make open
proclamation, within any parts of our realm of England, fit
for that purpose, that the person or persons committing any
such robbery or spoil, shall, within the time limited by such
proclamation, make full reftitution or satisfaction of all such
injuries done or committed, so as the said Prince, or others so
complaining, may be fully satisfied and contented; and if
the said person or persons, who Thall commit any such rob-
bery or spoil, shall not make satisfaction accordingly within
such time so to be limited, that then we, our heirs and suc-
ceffors, will put such person or persons out of our allegiance
and protection, and that then it shall and may be lawful
and free for all Princes or others, to profecute with hoftility
such offenders, and every of them, their and every of their
procurers, aiders, abettors and counsellors, in that behalf.
Provided also, and our express will and pleasure is, and we do Reservation
by these presents, for us, our heirs and succeflors, ordain and to the king's
appoint, that these presents shall not in

any
manner hinder

jects of the
any of our loving subjects whatsoever, from using and exer- liberty of
cising the trade of fishing upon the coast of New-England in fishing and
America, but that they, and every or any of them, Mall have drying their
full and free power and liberty to continue and use the trade his colons,
of fishing upon the said coast, in any of the seas thereunto ad-
joining, or any arms of the sea, or falt-water, rivers and
creeks, where they have been accustomed to fish, and to
build and set upon the waste land belonging to the said colony
and plantations, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses as

shall-..

other sub

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fhall be necessary for the falting, drying and keeping of their Whales. fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast. And further, for

the encouragement of the inhabitants of our faid colony of
Providence plantation, to set upon the business of taking
whales, it shall be lawful for them, or any of them, having
ftruck a whale, dubertus, or other great fich, it or thein to
pursue unto that coast, and into any bay, river, cove, creek
or More, belonging thereto, and it or them, upon the said
coast, or in the said bay, river, cove, creek or shore, belong-
ing thereto, to kill and order for the best advantage without
molestation, they making no wilful waste or spoil; any thing

in these pretents contained, or any other matter or thing to Yineyards, the contrary notwithstanding. And further also, we are

gracioufly pleased, and do hereby declare, that if any of the
inhabitants of our faid colony do set upon the planting of
vineyards, (the soil and climate both seeming naturally to
concur to the production of wines) or be industrious in the
discovery of filhing-banks, in or about the said colony, we
will, from time to time, give and allow all due and fitting

encouragement therein, as to others in cases of like nature. Liberty to And further of our more ample grace, certain knowledge, and to this co- mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these prelony any of sents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant, the king's unto the said governor and company of ihe English colony of who thall Rhode Island and Providence plantation in the Narragansett be willing bay in New-England, in America, and to every inhabitant theo thi there, and to every person and persons trading thither, and

to every such person or persons as are or shall be free of the
said colony, full power and authority, from time to time,
and at all times hereafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry
away, out of any of our realms and dominions, for and to-
wards the plantation and defence of the said colony, such and
so many of our loving subjects and strangers, as shall or will
willingly accompany them in and to their said colony and
plantation, except such person or persons as are or shall be
thereiii restrained by us, our heirs and successors, or any law

or statute of this realm; and also to ship and transport all and
wife to car-
iy, over

all manner of goods, chattels, merchandize, and other things goods and whatsoever, that are or shall be useful or neceffary for the raid merchan

plantations, and defence thereof, and usually transported, England.

and not prohibited by any law or statute of this our realm;
yielding and paying unto us, our heirs and successors, such

the duties, customs and subsidies, as are or ought to be paid General de- or payable for the same.' "And further, our will and pleasure nization of is, and we do, for us, our heirs and successors, ordain, dein

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