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especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have ordained, constituted and declared, and by these prefents, for us, our heirs and successors, do ordain, constitute and declare, that they the said John Wintrop, John Mafon, Samuel Willis, Henry Clerke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Nathan Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Wollcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, . Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewen, John Clerke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, and all fuch others, as now are, or hereafter thall be, admitted and made free of the company and society of our colony of Cono necticut, in America, thall, from time to time, and for ever hereafter, be one body corporate and politick, in fact and name, by the name of Governor and Company of the Eng- Name of the Jith colony of Connecticut, in New-England, in America ; corporation. and that by the fame name they, and their fucceffors, shali and may have perpetual succession, and shall and may be persons able and capable in the law, to plead and be impleaded, to answer and to be answered unto, to defend and be defended, in all and singular suits, caufes, quarrels, matters, actions, and things, of what kind or nature loever; and also, to have, take, poffefs, acquire, and purchase lands, tenements, or hereditaments, or any goods or chattels, and the fame to lease, grant, demise, alien, bargain, sell, and difpose of, as our other liege people of this our realm of England, or any other corporation or body politick within the fame, may lawfully do. And further, That the said common governor and company, and their fucceffors, Mall and

may, for ever hereafter, have a common seal to serve and use for all causes, matters, things, and affairs whatsoever, of them and their fucceffors, and the same seal to alter, change, break, and make new, from time to time, at their wills and pleafures, as they shall think fit. And further, we will and or

Governdain, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and succeffors, do declare and appoint, That, for the better ordering and managing of the affairs and bufiness of the said company, and their fucceffors, there shall be one governor, one deputy governor, and twelve assistants, to be, from time to time, con- deputy goftituted, elected, and chofen, out of the freemen of the said vernor, and company, for the time being, in such manner and form as hereafter, in these presents, is exprefled; which faid officers chofen out fhall apply themselves to take care for the best disposing and of the freeordering of the general business and affairs of and concerning men of the the lands and hereditaments herein after-mentioned to be grant.

company. D

ed,

Seal.

ment.

twelve affiftants, to be

ed, and the plantation thereof, and the government of the people thereof. And for the better execution of our royal pleasure herein, we do, for us, our heirs and successors, arfign, name, constitute, and appoint the aforesaid John Win. trop to be the first and present governor of the said company, and the faid John Mason to be the deputy governor, and the faid Samuel Willis, Matthew Allen, Nathan Gould, Henry Clerke, Richard Treate, John Odgden, Thomas Tappen, John Talcott, Thomas Wells, Henry Wollcott, Richard Lord and Daniel Clerke, to be the twelve present assistants of the said company, to continue in the said several offices

respectively until the second Thursday, which shall be in the General al- month of O&tober, now next coming. And further, we sembly. will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors,

do ordain and grant, That the governor of the said company, for the time being, or, in his absence, by occasion of sickness, or otherwise, by his leave or permission, the deputy governor, for the time being, shall and may, from time to time, upon all occasions, give order for the assembling of the said company, and calling them together, to consult and

advise of the business and affairs of the said Two aflem

and

company; blies thall that, for ever hereafter, twice in every year, that is to say, be held in on every second Thursday in October, and on every second every year, Thursday in May, or oftener, in case it shall be requisite, in May and October.

the affiftants and freemen of the said company, or such of

them, not exceeding two persons from each place, town, or One or two members to city, who shall be, from time to time, thereunto elected or be chosen by deputed by the major part of the freemen of the respective every town. towns, cities, and places for which they shall be so elected or

deputed, shall have a general meeting or assembly, then and there to consult and advise in and about the affairs and business of the said company; and that the governor, or in his absence the deputy governor, of the said company, for the time being, and such of the assistants and freemen of the said company as shall be so elected or deputed, and be present at fuch meeting or assembly, or the greatest number of them, whereof the governor, or deputy governor, and fix of the af

sistants, at least, to be feven, shall be called the general afPower of sembly, and shall have full power and authority to alter and the general change their days and times of meeting, or general assemblies, aflerr.bly. for electing the governor, deputy governor, and affiftants, or

other officers, or any other courts, assemblies, or meetings, and to chufe, nominate, and appoint such, and so many other persons as they shall think fit, and shall be willing to

accept

governor,

be chosen eve

3

3

vacancies in any

of these

it,

accept the same, to be free of the said company and body po-
litick, and them into the same to admit, and to elect and con-

The Goverstitute such officers as they shall think fit and requisite for

nor, deputy the ordering, managing, and disposing of the affairs of the said governor and company, and their successors, And we and affirdo hereby, for us, our heirs and successors, establish and or- tants, and dain, That once in the year, for ever hereafter, namely, ficers of the the said second Thursday in May, the governor, deputy go- company vernor, and affiftants of the said company, and other officers of the said company, or fuch of them as the said ge-ry year by neral assembly shall think fit, shall be, in the said gene- the general ral court and assembly, to be held from that day or time, the month newly chosen for the year ensuing, by such greater part of May. of the faid company, for the time being, then and there prefent. And if the governor, deputy governor, and and a mil- Accidental tants, by these presents appointed, or such as hereafter be newly chosen into their rooms, or any of them, or any other offices may the officers to be appointed for the said company, shall die, be fupplied or be removed from his or their several offices or places before ral affembly the faid general day of election, (whom we do hereby de- at any other clare, for any misdemeanor or default, to be removeable by meeting of the governor, affiltants, and company, or such greater part of them, in

any of the said public courts to be assembled, as is Power to reaforesaid) that then, and in every such case, it Thall and may move the be lawful to and for the governor, deputy governor, and af- any other fiftants, and company aforesaid, or such greater part of them officer of so to be allembled, as is aforesaid in any of their assemblies,

ny, for any to proceed to a new election of one or more of their compa. misdemeany, in the room or place, rooms or places, of such governor, deputy governor, aslistant, or other officer or officers To dying, or removed, according to their discretions. And immediately upon, and after such election, or elections, made of such governor, deputy governor, affiftant, or affiftants, or any other officer of the faid company, in manner and form aforesaid, the authority, office, and power before given to the former governor, deputy governer, or other officer and offices so removed, in whose stead and place new shall be will and pleasure is, That as well such as are by these chosen, shall, as to him and them, and every of them Oaths of of, respectively, cease and determine. Provided also, and our taken by the presents appointed to be the present governor, deputy gover-governor, nor, and affiftants of the said company, as those that shall and all other

officers. fucceed them, and all other officers to be appointed and chosen as aforesaid, shall, before they undertake the execu. tion of their faid offices and places respectively, take their se

veral

the compa.

D 2

veral and respective corporal oaths, for the due and faithful performance of their duties in the several ofices and places, before such person or persons as are, by these presents, hereafter appointed to take and receive the fame; that is to say, The faid John Wintrop, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present governor of the said company, shall take the said oath before one or more of the masters of our court of chancery, for the time being ; unto which malter of chancery we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to adminifter the faid oath to the said John Wintrop accordingly: and the faid John Mason, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present deputy governor of the said company, shall take the said oath before the said John Wintrop, or any two of the assistants of the said company; unto whom we do, by these presents,

full power and authority to administer the said oath to the said John Mason accordingly; and the said Samuel Willis, Henry Clerke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Nathaniel Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woollcot, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, and Thomas Wells, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present affiftants of the said company, shall: take the oath before the said John Wintrop, and John Mason, or one of them; to whom we do hereby give full power and authority to administer the same accordingly. And our further will and pleasure is, That all and every governor, or deputy governor, to be elected and chosen, by virtue of these presents, shall take the said oath before two or more of the affiftants of the said company, for the time being ; unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to give and administer the faid oath accordingly. And the said affiftants, and every of them, and all or every other officer or officers to be hereafter cholen, from time to time,

to take the said oath before the governor, or deputy goverLiberty of carrying

nor, for the time being ; unto which said governor, we do, the by these presents, give full power and authority to adminiKing's fub-fter the same accordingly. “And further, of our more ample

own grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have given free confent, and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and and of car- fucceffors, do give and grant unto the said rying goods

mera company of the English colony of Connecticut, in Newchandize England, in America, and to every inhabitant there, and from Eng- to every person and persons trading thither, and to every such person and persons as are or shall be free of the said

colony,

over

jects, with

their

governor and

and mera

land

to Connecticut.

nization of

colony, full power and authority, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry away, for and towards the plantation and defence of the faid colony, fuch of our loving subjects and strangers as fhall, or will, willingly accompany them, in and to their faid colony and plantation, except fuch person or persons as are or shall be therein restrained by us, our heirs and suc. cessors; and also to ship and transport all, and all manner of goods, chattels, merchandizes, and other things whatsoever, that are or shall be useful or necessary for the inhabitants of the said colony, and may lawfully be transported thither; nevertheless not to be discharged of payment to us, our heirs and successors, of the duties, customs and subsidies, which are or ought to be paid or payable for the same. And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do, for General dous, our heirs and successors, ordain, declare, and

grant unto

the inhabithe faid governor and company, and their fucceffors, that tants of all and every the subjects of us, our heirs or successors, Connecticut which shall go to inhabit within the said colony, and every of their children which shall happen to be born there, or on the sea, in going thither, or returning from thence, shall have and enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects within any of the dominions of us, our heirs or successors, to all intents, constructions and purposes whatsoever, as if they, and every of them, were born within the realm of England. And we do authorize and impower. Oaths of althe governor or in his absence the deputy governor for legiance and the time being, to appoint two or more of the said affi-supremacy. ftants, at any of their courts or assemblies to be held as aforesaid, to have power and authority to administer the oath of supremacy and obedience to all and every person and persons, which shall at any time or times hereafter

go or pass into the said colony of Connecticut; unto which said affiftants so to be appointed as aforesaid, we do by these presents give full power and authority to adminifter the faid oath accordingly.' And we further, of our especial grace, Power to ecertain knowledge, and mere motion, give and grant unto rect courts the said governor and company of the English colony of Con- of justice for necticut in New-England in America, and their fucceffors, civil fuits, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the governor, or deputy governor, and such of the assistants of the said company for the time being, as shall be assembled in any

of the general courts aforesaid, or in any courts to be especially summoned or assembled for that purpose, or the greater part

of

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