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especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have ordained, constituted and declared, and by these prefents, for us, our heirs and successors, do ordain, constitute and declare, that they the said John Wintrop, John Mafon, Samuel Willis, Henry Clerke, Matthew Allen, John Tap. pen, Nathan Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Wollcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, .
Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewen, John Clerke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, and all fuch others, as now are, or hereafter shall be, admitted and made free of the company and society of our colony of Connecticut, in America, shall, from time to time, and for ever hereafter, be one body corporate and politick, in fact and name, by the name of Governor and Company of the Eng- Name of the lish colony of Connecticut, in New-England, in America ; corporation. and that by the same name they, and their fucceffors, shall and may have perpetual succession, and shall and may be persons able and capable in the law, to plead and be impleaded, to answer and to be answered unto, to defend and be de. fended, in all and singular suits, caufes, quarrels, matters, actions, and things, of what kind or nature foever; and also, to have, take, possess, acquire, and purchase lands, tenements, or hereditaments, or any goods or chattels, and the fame to leafe, grant, demise, alien, bargain, sell, and difpose of, as our other liege people of this our realm of England, or any other corporation or body politick within the fame, may lawfully do. And further, That the said Common governor and company, and their successors, shall and may, Seal. for ever hereafter, have a common feal to ferve and use for all causes, matters, things, and affairs whatsoever, of them and their fucceffors, and the same seal to alter, change, break; and make new, from time to time, at their wills and pleafures, as they shall think fit. And further, we will and or
Governdain, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and succeffors, ment. do declare and appoint, That, for the better ordering and managing of the affairs and business of the said company, and their fucceffors, there shall be one governor, one deputy go- A co vernor, and twelve assistants, to be, from time to time, con- deputy goftituted, elected, and chosen, out of the freemen of the said vernor, and company, for the time being, in such manner and form as w
as tants, to be hereafter, in these presents, is exprefled; which said officers chofen Out fhall apply themselves to take care for the best disposing and of the freeordering of the general business and affairs of and concerning men of
8 company, the lands and hereditaments herein after-mentioned to be grant.
ed, and the plantation thereof, and the government of the people thereof. And for the better execution of our royal pleasure herein, we do, for us, our heirs and successors, afsign, name, constitute, and appoint the aforesaid John Win. trop to be the first and present governor of the said company, and the faid John Mason to be the deputy governor, and the said Samuel Willis, Matthew Allen, Nathan Gould, Henry Clerke, Richard Treate, John Odgden, Thomas Tappen, John Talcott, Thomas Wells, Henry Wollcott, Richard Lord and Daniel Clerke, to be the twelve present affistants of the said company, to continue in the said several offices
respectively until the second Thursday, which shall be in the General al- month of O&tober, now next coming. And further, we sembly. will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors,
do ordain and grant, That the governor of the said company, for the time being, or, in his absence, by occasion of fickness, or otherwise, by his leave or permission, the deputy governor, for the time being, shall and may, from time to time, upon all occasions, give order for the assembling of
the said. company, and calling them together, to consult and
m. advise of the business and affairs of the said company; and blies thall that, for ever hereafter, twice in every year, that is to say, be held in on every second Thursday in October, and on every second every year, Thursday in May, or oftener, in case it shall be requisite, in May and October. the aslistants and freemen of the said company, or such of
them, not exceeding two persons from each place, town, or ers to city, who shall be, from time to time, thereunto elected or be chosen by deputed by the major part of the freemen of the respective every town. towns, cities, and places for which they shall be so elected or
deputed, shall have a general meeting or assembly, then and there to consult and advise in and about the affairs and business of the said company; and that the governor, or in his absence the deputy governor, of the said company, for the time being, and such of the assistants and freemen of the said company as shall be so elected or deputed, and be present at fuch meeting or assembly, or the greatest number of them, whereof the governor, or deputy governor, and fix of the al- .
fiftants, at least, to be seven, shall be called the general afPower of sembly, and shall have full power and authority to alter and the general change their days and times of meeting, or general assemblies, aflem:bly. for electing the governor, deputy governor, and assistants, or
other officers, or any other courts, assemblies, or meetings, and to chuse, nominate, and appoint such, and so many other persons as they shall think fit, and shall be willing to
One or two members
maging, an fhall thinit, and any and bodo
accept the same, to be free of the said company and body politick, and them into the same to admit, and to elect and constitute fuch officers as they shall think fit and requisite for The Gover
"nor, deputy the ordering, managing, and disposing of the affairs of the governor, said governor and company, and their successors, And we and affildo hereby, for us, our heirs and successors, establish and or- tants, and
all other of dain, That once in the year, for ever hereafter, namely, ficers of the the faid second Thursday in May, the governor, deputy go- company vernor, and affistants of the said company, and other of
chosen eve. ficers of the said company, or such of them as the said ge- ry year neral assembly shall think fit, shall be, in the said gene- the general ral court and assembly, to be held from that day or time, af newly chosen for the year ensuing, by such greater part of May. of the said company, for the time being, then and there present. And if the governor, deputy governor, and and allil. Ac
1 vacancies in tants, by these presents appointed, or such as hereafter be any of the newly chosen into their rooms, or any of them, or any other offices may the officers to be appointed for the said company, shall die,
many mall die be supplied
> by the geneor be removed from his or their several offices or places before ral atembly the faid general day of election, (whom we do hereby de- at any other clare, for any misdemeanor or default, to be removeable by meeting of the governor, assistants, and company, or such greater part of “. them, in any of the said public courts to be assembled, as is Power to reaforesaid) that then, and in every such case, it shall and may m
ay governor, or be lawful to and for the governor, deputy governor, and as- any other fiftants, and company aforesaid, or such greater part of them officer of
nany of their effemblies the compa.
n any of their anemonics, ny, for any to proceed to a new election of one or more of their compa- misdemea-' ny, in the room or place, rooms or places, of such governor, deputy governor, assistant, or other officer or officers so dying, or removed, according to their discretions. And immediately upon, and after such election, or elections, made of such governor, deputy governor, affiftant, or affiftants, or any other officer of the said company, in manner and form afore. said, the authority, office, and power before given to the former governor, deputy governer, or other officer and of fices so removed, in whole stead and place new shall be will and pleasure is, That as well such as are by these chosen, fhall, as to him and them, and every of them Oaths of of
*fice to be respectively, cease and determine. Provided also, and our taken by the presents appointed to be the present governor, deputy gover- governor, nor, and assistants of the said company, as those that shall and all other fucceed them, and all other officers to be appointed and on chosen as aforesaid, shall, before they undertake the execu, tion of their faid offices and places respectively, take their se
the governor, antisdemeanor or defawhom we de aees before by the genes
veral and respective corporal oaths, for the due and faithful performance of their duties in the several offices and places, before such person or persons as are, by these presents, hereafter appointed to take and receive the same; that is, to say, The said John Wintrop, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present governor of the said company, shall take the said oath before one or more of the masters of our court of chancery, for the time being ; unto which malter of chancery we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to adminifter the said oath to the said John Wintrop accordingly: and the said John Mason, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present deputy. governor of the said company, shall take the said oath before the said John Wintrop, or any two of the asliftants of the said company; unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to administer the said oath to the said John Mason accordingly; and the said Samuel Willis, Henry Clerke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Na-, thaniel Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woollcot, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, and Thomas Wells, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present asistants of the said company, shall: take the oath before the said John Wintrop, and John Ma-, fon, or one of them; to whom we do hereby give full power and authority to adminifter the same accordingly. And our further will and pleasure is, That all and every governor, or deputy governor, to be elected and chosen, by virtue of these presents, shall take the said oath before two or more of the affiftants of the said company, for the time being; unto whom we do, by these presents, give full power and authority to give and administer the said oath accordingly. And the said affiftants, and every of them, and all or every other
officer or officers to be hereafter chosen, from time to time, Liberty of
to take the said oath before the governor, or deputy gavercarrying "nor, for the time being; unto which said governor, we do, over the by these presents, give full power and authority to adminiKing's fub- fter the same accordingly. And further, of our more ample jects, with their own grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, we have given free consent, and granted, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and and of car-fucceffors, do give and grant unto the said governor and rying goodsamnong'
eros company of the English colony of Connecticut, in Newchandize England, in America, and to every inhabitant there, and from Eng- to every person and persons trading thither, and to every land to Connectic such person and persons as are ar fhall be free of the said cut.
colony, full power and authority, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to take, ship, transport, and carry away, for and towards the plantation and defence of the said colony, fuch of our loving subjects and strangers as fhall, or will, willingly accompany them, in and to their said colony and plantation, except such person or persons as are or shall be therein restrained by us, our heirs and suc. cessors; and also to ship and transport all, and all manner of goods, chattels, merchandizes, and other things whatsoever, that are or shall be useful or necessary for the inhabitants of the said colony, and may lawfully be transported thither; nevertheless not to be discharged of payment to us, our heirs and successors, of the duties, customs and fubfidies, which are or ought to be paid or payable for the same. And further, our will and pleasure is, and we do, for General dous, our heirs and successors, ordain, declare, and grant unto niz
to the inhabithe said governor and company, and their successors, that tants of all and every the subjects of us, our heirs or successors, Connecticut which shall go to inhabit within the said colony, and every of their children which shall happen to be born there, or on the feą, in going thither, or returning from thence, shall have and enjoy all liberties and immunities of free and natural subjects within any of the dominions of us, our heirs or successors; to all intents, constructions and purposes whatsoever, as if they, and every of them, were born within the realm of England. And we do authorize and impower. Oaths of althe governor or in his absence the deputy governor for legiance and the time being, to appoint two or more of the said affi. Tupremacy. ftants, at any of their courts or assemblies to be held as aforesaid, to have power and authority to administer the oath of supremacy and obedience to all and every person and persons, which shall at any time or times hereafter go or pass into the said colony of Connecticut; unto which said affiftants so to be appointed as aforesaid, we do by these presents give full power and authority to administer the said oath accordingly. And we further, of our especial grace, Power to e certain knowledge, and mere motion, give and grant unto rect courts the said governor and company of the English colony of Con- of jultice for necticut in New-England in America, and their succeflors, civil suits,
* determining that it shall and may be lawful to and for the governor, or deputy governor, and such of the assistants of the said company for the time being, as shall be assembled in any of the general courts aforefaid, or in any courts to be especially summoned or assembled for that purpose, or the greater part