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the same shall be repealed, by the general assembly of our said The gene- province, for the time being. Provided also, That it shall ral court and may be lawsul for the said governor and general assem
any bly, to make or pass any grant of lands lying within the grants of bounds of the colonies formerly called the colonies of the Jand inMaf- Massachusetts Bay, and New-Plymouth, and province of Plymouth,
f. Maine, in such manner as heretofore they might have done, or the pro- by virtue of any former charter or letters patents; which vince of grants of lands, within the bounds aforesaid, we do hereby Main.
will and ordain, to be and continue, for ever, of full force
and effect, without our further approbation or consent; and Grants' of so as nevertheless, and it is our royal will and pleasure, that land be- no grant or grants of any lands lying or extending from the tween Saga, river of Sagadahock, to the gulph of St. Lawrence and Canada St. Law rivers, and to the main sea northward and eastward, to be made rence, to or past by the governor and general assembly of our said prohave the vince, be of any force, validity or effect, until we, our heirs probation.
mo and fucceffors, shall have signified our or their approbation of
the same. And we do, by these prefents, for us, our heirs The cover, and succeflors, grant, establith, and ordain, That the governor nor to com- of our said province or territory, for the time being, shall mand the have full power, by himself, or by any chief commander, or militia.
other officer or officers, to be appointed by him, from time to time, to train, instruct, exercise, and govern the mili. tia there; and for the special defence and safety of our said province or territory,' to assemble in martial array, and put in warlike posture, the inhabitants of our said province or territory, and to lead and conduct them, and with them to encounter, expulse, repel, resist, and pursue by force of arms, as well by sea as by land, within or without the limits of our said province or territory, and also, to kill, slay,
destroy, and conquer, by all fitting ways, enterprizes, and Law mar- means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons as ali Thall, at any time hereafter, attempt or enterprize the de
struction, invasion, detriment, or annoyance of our faid province or 'territory, and use to and exercise the law martia! in time of actual war,' invasion, or rebellion, as occasion shall necessarily require; and also, from time to time, to erect forts, and to fortifié any place or places within our said province or territory, and the same to furnish with all neceffary ammunition, provifion, and stores of war, for offence or defence, and to commit, from time to time, to custody and government of the same, tò such person or persons as to him Thall seem meet, and the said forts and fortifications to
demolish at his pleasure, and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, with their fhips, arms, ammunition, and other goods, as shall in a hostile manner invade, or attempt the invading, conquering, or annoying of our faid province or territory. Provided always, and we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, grant, establish, and or- No perfone dain, That the said governor Thall not, at any time here to be tranfafter, by virtue of any power hereby granted, or hereafter to ported out' be granted to him, transport any of the inhabitants of our vincere;
of the prosaid province or territory, or oblige them to march out of out their the limits of the fame, without their free and voluntary con- own cono sent, or the content of the great and general court or ara le sembly of our faid province or territory ; nor grant com- ;
The lawmiffions for exercising the law martial upon any the inhabi- martial not tants of our said province or territory, without the advice to be exeand consent of the council, or affiftants of the Tanie. Pro- cuted, on vided in like manner, and we do, by these presents,' for us, tant with
any inhabi. our heirs and succeffors, constitute and ordain, That when, out the conand as often as the governor of our faid province, for the sent of the jime being, fhall happen to die, or to be displaced by us, “
council. our heirs or fucceffors, or be absent from his government, In the abthat then, and in any of the said cases, the lieutenant or de sence of the
i governor, puty governor of our said province, for the time being, shall the deputy have full power and authority to do and execute all and governor to every such acts, matters, and things, which our governor have the
same powe of our said province, for the time being, might or could, e. by virtue of thefe our letters patents, lawfully do or execute; if he were personally present, until the return of the governor so absent, or arrival or constitution of such other governor ås shall or may be appointed by us, our heirs or succeffors, in his stead: and that when, and as often as the governor, and lieutenant, or deputy governor of our faid province or terriçory, for the time being, shall happen to In the abdie, or be displaced by us, our heirs or succeffors, or be sence of absent from our faid province, and that there shall be both the go,
vernor and no person within the said province commissioned by us, deputy goour heirs or successors, to be governor within the same, vernor, the then, and in every of the said cases, the council, or affirm
1, of the coun: tants of our faid province, Thall have full power and au. cil to have thority, and we do hereby give and grant' unto the said their powe council, or assistants of our said province, for the time be-et. ing, or the major part of them, full power and authority to do and execute all and every fuch acts, matters, and things, which the said governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor
of our said province or territory, for the time being, might or could lawfully do or exercise, if they, or either of them, were personally present, until the return of the governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor so absent, or arrival, or conftitution of such other governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor, as shall or may be appointed by us, our heirs or successors, from time to time. Provided always, and it is here. by declared, That nothing herein contained shall extend or
be taken to erect, or grant, or allow the exercise of any adAdmiralty miral court, jurisdiction, power, or authority, but that the jurisdiction fame shall be, and is hereby reserved to us and our succefseferved.
sors, and shall, from time to time, be erected, granted, and exercised, by virtue of commissions to be issued under the great seal of England, or under the seal of the high admiral, or the commissioners for executing the office of high admiral of England. And further, our express will and pleasure is, and we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and suc
cessors, ordain and appoint, That these our letters patents of fishing
me shall not, in any manner, enure, or be taken to abridge, not to be bar, or hinder any of our loving subjects whatsoever, to use abridg’d. and exercise the trade of fishing upon the coasts of New
England, but that they, and every of them, shall have full and free power and liberty to continue and use the said trade of fishing upon the said coasts, in any of the seas thereunto adjoining, or any arms of the said seas, or salt-water rivers, where they have been wont to fish; and to build and set upon the lands within our said province or colony, lying waste, and not then poffessed by particular proprietors, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses, as shall be necessary for the salting, drying, keeping, and packing of their fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast; and to cut down and take such trees, and other materials there growing, or being upon any parts or places lying waste, and not then in possession of particular proprietors, as shall be needful for that purpose, and for all other necessary easements, helps, and advantages concerning the said trade of fishing there, in such manner and form as they have been heretofore at any time ac.
customed to do, without making any wilful waste or spoil, Trees fit for any thing in these presents contained to the contrary not. masts, not withstanding. And lastly, for the better providing and furgrowing upon any soil nishing of masts for our royal navy, we do hereby reserve to granted to us, our heirs and successors, all trees of the diameter of Corona to twenty-four inches and upwards, at twelve inches from the be preserv- ground, growing upon any soil or tract of land within our ed.
gotten upoother materials the, and not then or that purpose,
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said province or territory, not heretofore granted to any private persons; and we do restrain and forbid all person's whatsoever, from felling, cutting, or destroying any such trees, without the royal licence of us, our heirs and successors, first had and obtained, upon penalty of forfeiting one hundred pounds sterling unto us our heirs, and successors, for every such tree so felled, cut, or destroyed, without such licence had or obtained in that behalf; any thing in these presents contained to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding.
In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made patents. Witness ourselves at Westminster, the leventh day of October, in the third year of our reign,
Charter granted to the Colony of Connecticut, by King.
Charles II, in the Fourteenth Year of his Reign. Undecima pars Patentium Anno Regni Regis Caroli Secundi
CHARLES the Second, by the grace of God, &c. to all
u to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas by the several navigations, discoveries, and successful plantations of divers of our loving subjects of this our realm of England, several lands, islands, places, colonies and plantations, have been ordained and settled in that part of the continent of America called New-England, and thereby the trade and commerce there hath been of late years much increased ; and whereas we have been informed by the humble petition of our trusty and well-beloved John Wintrop, John Mason, Samuel Willis, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Nathan Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woolcot, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewen, John Clerke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, being persons principally interested in our colony or plantation of Connecticut in New-England, that the same colony, or the greatest part thereof, was purchased and obtained for great and valuable considerations, and some other part thereof. gained by conquest, and with much difficulty, and at the only endeavours, expence and charge of them and their asso: ciates, and those under whom they claim, subdued and imimproved, and thereby become a considerable inlargement and addition of our dominions and interest there : now know ye, that in confideration thereof, and in regard the faid colony is
remote from other the English plantations in the places aforetion of the said, and to the end the affairs and business, which shall from governor time to time happen or arise concerning the same, may be and com
Con duly ordered and managed, we have thought fit, at the humpany ofCon secticut. ble petition of the persons aforesaid, and are graciously
pleased to create and make them a body politick and corporate, with the powers and privileges herein aftermentioned ; and accordingly our will and pleasure is, and our