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the same shall be repealed, by the general assembly of our said The gene- province, for the time being. Provided also, That it shall Tal court and may be lawful for the said governor and general assemhas powery bly, to make or pass any grant of lands lying within the grants of bounds of the colonies formerly called the colonies of the Jand in Maf- Massachusetts Bay, and New-Plymouth, and province of fachuflets, Plymouth,

Maine, in such manner as heretofore they might have done, or the pro- by virtue of any former charter or letters patents; which

grants of lands, within the bounds aforesaid, we do hereby
will and ordain, to be and continue, for ever, of full force

and effect, without our further approbation or consent; and Grants of so as nevertheless, and it is our royal will and pleasure, that

no grant or grants of any lands lying or extending from the tween Saga, river of Sagadahock, to the gulph of St. Lawrence and Canada St. Lawa rivers, and to the main sea northward and eastward, to be made rence, to or past by the governor and general assembly of our faid prohave the vince, be of any force, validity or effect, until we, our heirs royalticap- and fucceffors, shall have signified our or their approbation of probation.

the same. And we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs

and succeffors, grant, establish, and ordain, That the governor nor to com- of our said province or territory, for the time being, shall mand the have full power, by himself, or by any chief commander, or militia.

other officer or officers, to be appointed by him, from time
to time, to train, instruct, exercise, and govern the mili-
tia there; and for the special defence and safety of our said
province or territory, to assemble in martial array, and put
in warlike posture, the inhabitants of our faid province of
territory, and to lead and conduct them, and with them to
encounter, expulse, repel, refift, and pursue by force of
arms, as well by sea as by land, within or without the li-
mits of our faid province or territory; and also, to kill, say,

destroy, and conquer, by all fitting ways, enterprizes, and Law mar- means whatsoever, all and every such person and persons as

Thall, at any time hereafter, attempt or enterprize the de-
struction, invasion, detriment, or annoyance of our said
province or territory, and use to and exercise the law martia!
in time of actual war, invasion, or rebellion, as occasion
shall necesarily require; and also, from time to time, to erect
forts, and to fortifie any place or places within our said pro-
vince or territory, and the same to furnish with all neceffa-
ry ammunition, provision, and stores of war, for offence or
defence, and to commit, from time to time, to custody and
government of the same, to such person or persons as to him
Ihall seem meet, and the said forts and fortifications to

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demolish at his pleasure, and to take and surprize, by all ways and means whatsoever, all and every such person or persons, with their fhips, arms, ammunition, and other goods, as fhall in a hostile manner invade, or attempt the invading, conquering, or annoying of our faid province or territory. Provided always, and we do, by these presents,

our heirs and successors, grant, establish, and or- No persons dain, That the said governor shall not, at any time here- to be tranfafter, by virtue of any power hereby granted, or hereafter to ported out be granted to him, transport any of the inhabitants of our vince with said province or territory, or oblige them to march out of out their the limits of the same, without their free and voluntary consent, or the consent of the great and general court or assembly of our faid province or territory ; nor grant commifsions for exercising the law martial upon any the inhabi- martial not tants of our faid province or territory, without the advice to be exeand consent of the council, or afiiftants of the lanie. Provided in like manner, and we do, by these presents, for us, tant with our heirs and successors, constitute and ordain, That when, out the conand as often as the governor of our said province, for the sent of the time being, fhall happen to die, or to be displaced by us, our heirs or successors, or be absent from his government, In the abthat then, and in any of the said cases, the lieatenant or desence of the puty governor of our faid province, for the time being, shall the deputy have full

power and authority to do and execute all and governor to every such acts, matters, and things, which our governor have the of our said province, for the time being, might or could, er. by virtue of thefe our letters patents, lawfully do or execute; if he were personally present, until the return of the governor so abfent, or arrival or constitution of such other governor às shall or may be appointed by us, our heirs or succeffors, in his stead and that when, and as often as the governor, and lieutenant, or deputy governor of our faid province or territory, for the time being, shall happen to in the abdie, or be displaced by us, our heirs or successors, or be sence of absent from our faid province, and that there thall be no person within the said province commisioned by us, deputy goour heirs or successors, to be governor within the same, vernor, the then, and in every of the said cases, the council, or affir- major part tants of our faid province, Thall have full power and aue cil to have thority, and we do hereby give and grant unto the said their powo council, or assistants of our said province, for the time being, or the major part of them, full power and authority to do and execute all and every fuch acts, matters, and things, which the said governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor

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of our faid province or territory, for the time being, might or could lawfully do or exercise, if they, or either of them, were personally present, until the return of the governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor so absent, or arrival, or conftitution of such other governor, or lieutenant or deputy governor, as shall or may be appointed by us, our heirs or succeffors, from time to time. Provided always, and it is here. by declared, That nothing herein contained shall extend or

be taken to erect, or grant, or allow the exercise of any adAdmiralty miral court, jurisdiction, power, or authority, but that the jurifdi&tion fame shall be, and is hereby reserved to us and our fuccefreserved.

fors, and shall, from time to time, be erected, granted, and exercised, by virtue of commissions to be issued under the great seal of England, or under the seal of the high admiral, or the commissioners for executing the office of high admiral of England. And further, our express will and pleasure is, and we do, by these presents, for us, our heirs and suc

cessors, ordain and appoint, That these our letters patents of fishing

shall not, in any manner, enure, or be taken to abridge, not to be bar, or hinder any of our loving subjects whatsoever, to use abridgd.

and exercise the trade of fishing upon the coasts of NewEngland, but that they, and every of them, shall have full and power

and liberty to continue and use the said trade of fishing upon the said coasts, in any of the seas thereunto adjoining, or any arms of the said seas, or salt-water rivers, where they have been wont to fish; and to build and set upon the lands within our faid province or colony, lying waste, and not then possessed by particular proprietors, such wharfs, stages, and work-houses, as shall be necessary for the salting, drying, keeping, and packing of their fish, to be taken or gotten upon that coast; and to cut down and take such trees, and other materials there growing, or being upon any parts or places lying waste, and not then in poffeffion of particular proprietors, as shall be needful for that purpose, and for all other necessary easements, helps, and advantages concerning the said trade of fishing there, in such manner and form as they have been heretofore at any time ac

customed to do, without making any wilful waste or spoil, Trees fit for any thing in these presents contained to the contrary notmafts, not growing up

withstanding. And lastly, for the better providing and furon any foil nishing of masts for our royal navy, we do hereby reserve to granted to us, our heirs and successors, all trees of the diameter of particular persons, to

twenty-four inches and upwards, at twelve inches from the be preserv- ground, growing upon any soil or tract of land within our

faid

free

ed.

said province or territory, not heretofore granted to any private persons; and we do restrain and forbid all persons whatsoever, from felling, cutting, or destroying any such trees, without the royal licence of us, our heirs and succesfors, first had and obtained, upon penalty of forfeiting one hundred pounds sterling unto us our heirs, and successors, for every such tree so felled, cut, or destroyed, without such licence had or obtained in that behalf; any thing in these presents contained to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding In witness whereof, we have caused these our letters to be made patents.

Witness ourselves at Westminster, the feventh day of October, in the third year of our reign.

By writ of Privy Seal,

P I GOT.

Charter

Charter granted to the Colony of Connecticut, by King

Charles II, in the Fourteenth Year of his Reign. Undecima pars Patentium Anno Regni Regis CAROLI Secundi

Quartodecimo.

CHA
HARLES the Second, by the grace of God, &c. to all

to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas by the several navigations, discoveries, and successful plantations of divers of our loving subjects of this our realm of England, several lands, islands, places, colonies and plantations, have been ordained and settled in that part of the continent of America called New-England, and thereby the trade and commerce there hath been of late years much increased ; and whereas we have been informed by the humble petition of our trusty and well-beloved John Wintrop, John Mason, Samuel Willis, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allen, John Tappen, Nathan Gould, Richard Treate, Richard Lord, Henry Woolcot, John Talcott, Daniel Clerke, John Ogden, Thomas Wells, Obadiah Brewen, John Clerke, Anthony Hawkins, John Deming, and Matthew Camfield, being persons principally interested in our colony or plantation of Connecticut in New-England, that the fame colony, or the greatest part thereof, was purchased and obtained for great and valuable confiderations, and some other part thereof gained by conquest, and with much difficulty, and at the only endeavours, expence and charge of them and their associates, and those under whom they claim, subdued and imimproved, and thereby become a considerable inlargement and addition of our dominions and interest there : now know yes

that in consideration thereof, and in regard the said colony is Incorpora- remote from other the English plantations in the places aforetion of the said, and to the end the affairs and business, which shall from governor time to time happen or arise concerning the same, may be pany ofCon- duly ordered and managed, we have thought fit, at the humsecticut. ble' petition of the persons aforesaid, and are graciously

pleased to create and make them a body politick and corporate, with the powers and privileges herein aftermentioned ; and accordingly our will and pleasure is, and our

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and com

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