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dertakers of any discoveries, plantations or traffic of; in or
into any foreign parts whatsoever, and in as large and ample
manner as if the same were herein particularly mentioned
and expressed. To have, hold, possess and enjoy the said seven Habendam.
undivided parts (the whole into eight equal parts to be divi.
ded as aforesaid) of all and fingular the faid lands, countries
and territories, with all and fingular other the premises here-
in before by these presents granted or mentioned, or intended
to be granted, to them the said corporation, and their suc-
ceffors for ever, for the better support of the faid colony.
To be holden of us, our heirs and fucceffors, as of our ma- Tenendum.
nor of Hampton Court, in our county of Middlesex, in fee
and common foccage, and not in capite; yielding and pay- Quit-rent.
ing therefore to us, our heirs and successors, yearly for ever,
the sum of four shillings for every hundred acres of the said
lands which the said corporation shall grant, demise, plant
or settle, the said payment not to commence, or be made, un-
til ten years after such grant, demise, planting or settling,
and to be answered and paid to us, our heirs and successors,
in such mannery, and in such species of money or notes as
shall be current in payment by proclamation, from time to
time, in our faid province of South Carolina ; 'all which Ereation of
lands, countries, territories and premises hereby granted or the said
mentioned, or intended to be granted, we do by these pre- lands here-
sents make, erect and create one independent and separate

by granted, province, by the name of Georgia ; by which name we will vince by the the same henceforth to be called, and that all and every per-name of son and persons who shall at any time hereafter inhabit or

Georgia. reside within our said province, Ihall be and are hereby declared to be free, and shall not be subject to, or be bound to obey, any laws, orders, statutes or conftitutions which have been heretofore made, ordered, or enacted, or which hereafter shall be made, ordered, or enacted, by, for, or as the laws, orders, statutes or conftitutions by our said province of South Carolina (fave and except only the command in chief of the militia of our faid province of Georgia to our governor for the time being of South Carolina, in manner herein after declared); but shall be subject to and bound to obey such laws, orders, statutes and constitutions, as shall from time to time be made, ordered and enacted for the better government of the said province of Georgia, in the manner herein after directed. And we do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, ordain, will, and establish, that for and during the term of one-and-twenty years, to commence from the date of these our letters patent, the said corporation assembled for that pur

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pose, snall and may form and prepare laws, statutes and ordinances, fit and neceffary for and concerning the government of the said colony, and not repugnant to the laws and ftatutes of England ; and the same shall and may present under their common feel to us, our heirs and fucceffors, in our or their privy-council, for our or their approbation or disallowance; and the faid laws, statutes and ordinances, being approved by us, our heirs and fucceffors, in our or their privy-council, shall from thenceforth be in full force and virtue, within our faid province of Georgia. And forasmuch as the good and prosperous success of the said colony cannot but chiefly depend, next under the blessing of God, and the support of our royal authority,' upon the provident and good direction of the whole enterprize, and that it will be too great a burthen upon all the members of the said corporation to be convened fo often as may be requisite to hold meetings for the fettling, supporting, ordering, and maintaining such colony; therefore we do will, ordain, and establish, that the said common council, for the time being, of the said corporation, being assembled for that purpose, or the major part of them, thall, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, have full power and authority to dispose of, expend, and apply all the monies and effects belonging to the said corporation, in such manner and ways, and in such expences as they shall think hest to conduce to the carrying on and effecting the good purposes herein mentioned and intended; and also shall have full power, in the name and on the account of the said corporation, and with and under their common feal, to enter into any covenants and contracts for carrying on and effecting the purposes aforesaid. And our further will and pleasure is, that the said common council for the time being, or the major part of such of the said common council, which shall be present and afsembled for that purpose, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, shall and may nominate, constitute, and appoint, a treasurer or treasurers, secretary or secretaries, and such other officers, minifters, and servants of the said corporation, as to them, or the major part of such of them as shall be present, shall seem- proper or requisite for the good management of their affairs, and at their will and pleasure to displace, remove, and put qut such treasurer or treasurers, secretary or secretaries, and all such other officers, minifters, or servants, as often as they shall think fit fo to do, and others in the room, office, place, or ftead of him or them so displaced, removed, or put out, to nominate; conftitute, and appoint; and shall and may

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determine and appoint such reasonable falaries, perquisites,
or other rewards, for the labour or services of such officers,
fervants and persons, as to the said common council fhall
leem meet; and all such officers shall, before they act in
their respective offices, take an oath, to be to them admi.
nistered by the chairman for the time being of the said com-
mon council of the said corporation, who is hereby autho-
rized to adminifter the same, for the faithful and due execu-
tion of their respective offices and places. And our will and
pleasure is, that all and every person and persons, who shall
from time to time be chofen or appointed treasurer or trea-
furers, secretary or secretaries of the said corporation, in
manner herein before directed, shall, during such time as
they shall serve in the said offices respectively, be incapable
of being a member of the said corporation. And we do fur-
ther, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere mo-
tion, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, grant by thefe pre-
sents to the said corporation, and their successors, that it ihall
be lawful for them, and their officers or agents, at all times
hereafter, to transport and convey out of our realm of Great
Britain, or any other our dominions, into the said province
of Georgia, to be there settled, all such and so many of our
loving subjects, or any foreigners that are willing to become
our subjects, and live under our allegiance in the said colo-
ny, as Thall willingly go to inhabit and refide there, with
sufficient shipping, armour, weapons, ordnance, munition,
powder, shot, vičtuals, and such merchandize or wares as
are esteemed by the wild people in those parts, cloathing,
implements, furniture, cattle, horses, mares, and all other
things necessary for the faid colony, and for their use and
defence, and trade with the people there, and in paffing
and returning to and from the same. Also we do, for us, General de-
our heirs and successors, declare by these presents, that all nization of
and every the persons, which shall happen to be born within

all persons

that shall the faid province, and every of their children and posterity, be born in Thall have and enjoy all liberties, franchises, and immunities that proof free denizens, and natural-born fubjects, within any of vinçe. our dominions, to all intents and purposes, as if they had been abiding and born within this our kingdom of Great Britain, or any other of our dominions. And for the greater Liberty of ease and encouragement of our loving fubjects, and such conscience others as shall come to inhabit in our faid colony, we do, by exercise of these presents, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, grant, efta- their religiblish and ordain, that for ever hereafter there shall be a li- on to all berty of conscience allowed in the worship of God, to all

persons, ex

perfons inhabiting, or which fall inhabit, or be refident within pits

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our faid province; and that all such persons (except Papists) shall have a free exercise of their religion, so they be con

tented with the quiet and peaceable enjoyment of the fame, Power to not giving offence or scandal to the government. And our affign por further will and pleasure is, and we do hereby for us, our

heirs and successors, declare and grant, that it shall and may sons who be lawful for the said common council, or the major part of are willing them assembled for that purpose, in the name of the corporaplanters. tion, and under their common seal, to distribute, convey,

assign and set over such particular portions of the lands, tenements, and hereditaments, by these presents granted to the said corporation, unto such of our loving subjects, natural-born, or denizens, or others that shall be willing to become our subjects, and live under our allegiance in the faid colony, upon such terms, and for such estates, and upon such rents, reservations, and conditions, as the same may lawfully be granted, and as to the said common council, or the major part of them so present, shall seem fit and proper. Provided always, that no grant shall þe made of any part of the said lands unto any person, being a member of the said corporation, or to any other person in trust for, or for the benefit of any member of the said corporation; and that no person having any estate or interest in law or equity in any part of the said lands, shall be capable of being a member of

the faid corporation, during the continuance of such estate or one interest. Provided also, that no greater quantity of the said person may land be granted either entirely, or in parcels, to, or to the

use of, or in trust for, any one person, thanfive hundred acres ; and that all grants made contrary to the true intent

and meaning hereof shall be absolutely null and void. And State oaths or folem af we do hereby grant and ordain, that such pesson and persons firmations for the time being, as shall be thereunto appointed by the said to be admi. corporation, shall and may, at all times, and from time to all persons time hereafter, have full power and authority to admihall inha- nister and give the oaths appointed by an act of parliament bit the said made in the first year of the reign our late royal father, to bę province.

taken instead of the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and also the oath of abjuration, to all and every person and persons which shall at any time þe inhabiting or residing within

our faid colony, and in like cases to adminifter the folemn , affirmation to any of the perfons commonly called Quakers, in such manner as by the laws of our realm of Great Britain

the fame may be administered. And we do of our further erect courts grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, grant, establish of judica- and ordain, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, that the faid corporation, and their fucceffors, shall have full power and

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authority, for and during the term of one-and-twenty years,
to commence from the date of these our letters patent, to
erect and constitute judicatures and courts of record, or other
courts, to be held in the name of us, our heirs and successors, for
the hearing and determining of all manner of crimes, offences,
pleas, processes, plaints, actions, matters, causes, and things
whatsoever, arising or happening within the said province
of Georgia, or between persons inhabiting or residing there,
whether the same be criminal or civil, and whether the said
crimes be capital or not capital, and whether the raid pleas
be real, personal or mixed, and for awarding and making
out executions thereupon ; to which courts and judicatures we
do hereby for us, our heirs and successors, give and grant
full power and authority from time to time to administer
oaths for the discovery of truth in any matters in controversy,
or depending before them, or the solemn affirmation to any
of the personis commonly called Quakers, in such manner as
by the laws of our realm of Great Britain the same may be
administered. And our further will and pleasure is, that

Conveyanthe said. corporation, and their successors, do from time to ces of lands time, and at all times hereafter, register, or cause to be re

foresaid gistered, all such leases, grants, plantings, conveyances, set

province tlements, and improvements whatsoever, as shall at any time made by hereafter be made by or in the name of the said corporation, the aforeof any lands, tenements, or hereditaments within the raiv

ration, shall province, and shall yearly fend or transmit, or cause to be be registersent or transmitted, 'authentic account of such leafes, grants, ed by them. conveyances, settlements, and improvements respectively, unto the auditor of the plantations for the time being, or his deputy, and also to our surveyor, for the time being, of our said province of South Carolina; to whom we do hereby grant full power and authority, from time to time, as often as need shall require, to inspect and survey such of the faid lands and premises, as shall be demised, granted, and fettled as aforesaid ; which said survey and inspection we do hereby declare to be intended to ascertain the quit rents which shall from time to time become due to us, our heirs and successors, according to the reservation herein before mentioned, and for no other purpose whatsoever ; hereby for us, our heirs and successors, strictly injoining and commanding that neither our or their furveyor, or any person whatsoever, under the pretext and colour of making the faid furvey or infpecting, Thall take, demand, or receive any gratuity, fee or reward, of or from any person or persons inhabiting in the faid.colo.' ny, or from the said corporation or common council thereof, on the pain of forfeiture of their office, or offices, and incur

said corpo

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