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to come.

vince, both allegiance, and that all and fingular the subjects and liege present and

people of us, our heirs and succeffors, transported or to be transported into the said province, and the children of them, and of such as fhall descend from them, there already born, or hereafter to be born, be, and shall be denizens and lieges of us, our heirs and successors, of our kingdoms of England and Ireland, and be in all things held, treated, repated and esteemed, as the liege faithful people of us, our heirs and fucceffors, born witbin our kingdom of England; and likewise, any lands, tenements, revenues, services and other hereditaments whatsoever, within our kingdom of Enge land, aud oiher our dominions, may inherit, or otherwise purchase, receive, take, have, hold, buy and possess, and them may occupy and enjoys give, fell, alien and bequeath, as likewise all liberties, franchises and privileges, of this our kingdom of England, freely, quietly and peaceably, have and posless, occupy and enjoy, as our liege people, born, or to be born, within our faid kingdom of England, without the let, molestation, vexation, trouble or grievance of us, our heirs and successors; any statute, act, ordinance or provision

to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. Grant to And furthermore, that our subjects may be the rather enthe said fet couraged to undertake this expedition with ready and chearberty 10" ful minds, know ye, That we, of our special grace, certain trade to the knowledge, and mere motion, do give and grant, by virtue pro- of these presents, as well unto the said now Lord Baltimore,

and his heirs, as to all others who fhall, from time to time, repair unto the said country with a purpose to inhabit there, or to trade with the natives of the faid province, full licence to lade and freight in any ports whatsoever, of us, our heirs and successors, and into the said province of Maryland, by them, their servants or affigņs, to transport all and singular their goods, wares, and merchandizes, as likewise all forts of grain whatsoever, and all other things whatsoever neceffary for food or cloathing, not prohibited by the laws and statutes of our kingdoms and dominions to be carried out of the said. kingdoms, any statute, act, ordinance, or other thing whatsoever to the contrary notwithstanding, without any lett or molestation of us, our heirs and succeffors, or of any the heirs of us, our heirs and successors; saving always to us, our heirs and successors, the legal impositions, customs, and other duties and payments for the said wares and merchandize, any statute, act, ordinance, or other thing whatsoever to the contrary notwithstanding.


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And because in fo remote a country, and situate near fo Grant of a many barbarous nations, the incursions as well of the fava- power to le.

vy forces & ges themselves, as of other enemies, pirates, and robbers, make may probably be feared, therefore we have given, and for us, and do every our heirs and fucceffors, do give power, by these presents, belongs to unto the said 'now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, the office of by themselves or their captains, or other their officers, to a captainlevy, muster, and train all forts of men, of what condition, generalofan or wherefoever born, in the said province of Maryland, for the time being, and to make war, and pursue the enemies and robbers aforesaid, as well by sea as by land, yea, without the limits of the said province, and (by God's assistance) to vanquish and take them; and being taken, to put them to death, by the law of war, or to save them, at their pleasure ; and to do all and every other thing which unto the charge and office of a captain-general of an army belongeth, or hath accustomed to belong, as fully and freely as any captain-general of an army hath ever had the fame.

Also, our will and pleasure is, and by this our charter, and of a we do give unto the said now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and power to affigns, full power, liberty and authority, in case of rebel- bellions, and lion, tumult or sedition, if any fhould happen (which God exercise forbid) either upon the land, within the province aforesaid, martial law. or upon the main fea, in making a voyage thither, or return- and desering from thence by themselves, or their captains, deputies, or ters. other officers, to be authorized under their seals for that purpose, (to whom we also for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant by these presents, full power and authority) to exercise martial law against mutinous and seditious persons of those parts, such as shall refuse to submit themselves to his or their government, or shall refuse to serve in the wars, or shall Ay to the enemy, or forsake their enfigns, or be loiterers or ftragglers, or otherways however offending against the law, custom, and discipline military, as freely and in as ample manner and form as any captain-general of an army, by virtue of his office, might, or hath accustomed to use the fame.

Furthermore, that the way to honours and dignities may Grant of a not seem to be altogether precluded and thut up to men power to well-born, and such as fhall prepare themselves unto this

confer ho. present plantation, and shall desire to deserve well of us the inhabiand our kingdoms, both in peace and war, in so far distant tants of the and remote a country : Therefore we, for us, our heirs and pro.

vince, with fucceffors, do give free and absolute power unto the said


nours upon




being other, now Lord Baltimore, bis heirs and affigns, to confer favours, than those

rewards and honours, upon such inhabitants, within the proused in Eng

vince aforesaid, as fhall deserve the same, and to inveft them with what titles and dignities foever as he shall think fit (fo.

as they be not such as are now used in England,) as and to ere&t likewise to erect and incorporate towns into boroughs, and porate bo-boroughs into cities, with convenient privileges and immunifoughs and ties, according to the merit of the inhabitants, and fitness of cities, with the places ; and to do all and every other thing, or things, vileges and touching the premises, which to him or them fhall seem meet immunities, and requisite; albeit they be such as of their own nature

might otherwise require a more special commandment and

warrant than in these presents is exprefied. Liberty to We will also, and by these presents, for us, our heirs and export the successors, do give and grant licence, by this our charter, the said pro- unto the said now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and afligns, vince into and to all the inhabitants and dwellers in the said province England of aforesaid, both present and to come, to import, unlade, by. Ireland, and there to dif.

themselves or their servants, factors or affigns, all merchanpore of

dizes and goods whatsoever, that shall arise of the fruits them;

and commodities of the faid province, either by land or fea, or if they fo into any of the ports of us, our heirs and successors, in our think fit, kingdoms of England or Ireland, or otherwise to dispose of within one the said goods, in the said ports, and if need be, within one they thall year next after the unlading of the fame, to lade the faid have unla- merchandizes and goods again, into the fame or other fhips, den them in and to export the same into any other countries, either of lith or Irish our dominion or foreign, (being in amity with us, our heirs port, to ex- and successors.) Provided always, that they pay such cus

toms, impofitions, subsidies and duties for the same, to us, again to any other coun

our heirs and fucceffors, as the rest of our subjects of our try in amity kingdom of England, for the time being, shall be bound to with the

pay ; beyond which, we will not that the inhabitants of the crown of aforesaid province of Maryland shall be any way charged. England,

And furthermore, of our more ample and fpecial grace, Grant of a

certain knowledge, and mere motion, we do, for us, our

heirs and successors, grant unto the said now Lord Baltimore, conititute his heirs and affigns, full and absolute power and authority other places to make, erect, and constitute, within the said province of for lading Maryland, and the isles and islets aforesaid, such and fo many

sea-ports, harbours, creeks, and other places, for discharging ing goods

and unlading of goods and merchandizes out of the ships, chandizes

, boats and other vefsels, and lading them in such and so many places, and with such rights, jurisdictions, and libertjes


port them

power to

erect and

and mera


and privileges unto the faid ports belonging, as to him of them shall seem moft expedient; and that all and fingular the ships, boats and other vessels, which shall come for merchandize and trade into the said province, or out of the same fball depart, shall be laden or unladen only at fuch ports as fhall be so erected and constituted by the faid now Lord Baltimore, his heirs or affigns; any use, custom, or other things to the contrary notwithstanding: saving always unto us, our Saving to heirs and fucceffors, and to all the subjects (of our king- the King's doms of England and Ireland) of us, our heirs and succef- fubjects refors, free liberty of fishing for sea fish, as well in the sea, England and bays, inlets, and navigable rivers, as in the harbours, bays, Ireland, the and creeks of the province aforesaid, and the privileges of liberty of salting and drying their fish on the shore of the said province, drying their and for the same caufe, to cut and take under-wood or twigs fitń, within there growing, and to build cottages and fheds neceffary in the said prothis behalf, as they heretofore have, or might reasonably have used; which liberties and privileges, nevertheless, the subjects aforesaid of us, our heirs and fucceffors, shall enjoy without any notable damage, or injury to be done to the faid now Lord Baltimore, his heirs or asigns, or to the dwellers and inhabitants of the said province, in the ports, creeks, and Thores aforesaid, and efpecially in the woods and copses growing within the said province. And if any fhall do any such damage or injury, he shall incur the heavy displeasure of us, our heirs and successors, the punishment of the laws, and fhall moreover make satisfaction.

We do furthermore will, appoint and ordain, and by these Grant of a presents, for us, our heirs and successors, we do grant unto power to methe faid now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and affigns, that he the faid Lord Baltimore, his heirs and affigns, may from time to customs and time, for ever, have and enjoy the customs and fubfidies in port-duties the ports, harbours, and other creeks and places aforesaid, imposed by within the province aforefaid, payable or due for merchan- them and dizes and wares there to be laded and unladed; the said cuf- the assembly toms and fubfidies to be reasonably affefted (upon any occa-vince. sion) by themselves and the people there, as atorefaid, to whom we give power, by thefe presents, for us, our heirs and fuccefsors, upon just cause, and in a due proportion, to assess and impofe the fame. · And further, of our special grace, and of our certain know. Grant of a ledge, and mere motion, we have given and granted, and by

grant lands thele prefents, for us, our heirs and succeffors, do give and in inherita grant, unto the faid' now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and af- ance, to be

holden of Q 2


enjoy fuck

of the pro

power to

and their


themselves figns, full and absolute power, licence, and authority, that he heirs, not

the said now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, from time withstand- to time hereafter, for ever, at his and their will and pleasure, ing the ha- may assign, alien, grant, demise, or enfeoffe of the premises, so tute Quia

many and such part or parcels to him or them that shall be emptores ter

willing to purchase the fame, as they shall think fit; to have and to hold to them the said person or persons willing to take or purchase the same, their beirs and assigns, in fee fimple, or in fee tạil, or for the term of life or lives, or years, to be held of the faid now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, by such services, customs, and rents, as fhall seem fit to the said now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, and not immediately of us, our heirs or successors : And to the same person or persons, and to all and every of them, we do give and grant, by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, licence, authority and power, that such person or persons may take the premises, or any parcel thereof, of the said now Lord Balti-, more, his heirs or assigns, and the same hold to themselves, their heirs or assigns, (in what estate of inheritance foever, in fee fimple, or in fee tail, or otherwise, as to them and the now Lord Baltimore, his heirs and assigns, Thall seem expedient ;) the statute made in the parliament of Edward, son of King Henry, late King of England, our predecessor, com-, monly called the statute “ Quia emptores terrarum," lately published in our kingdom of England, or any other statute, act, ordinance, use, law or custom, or any other thing, cause, or master thereupon heretofore had, done, published, ordain

ed or provided to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding. Power to e

And by these presents we give and grant licence unto the tect manors, said now Lord Baltimore and his heirs, to erect any parcels of

land within the province aforesaid into manors, in every the said manors to have and to hold a court of Baron, with all things whatsoever which to a court Baron do belong, and to have and to hold view of frank pledge (for the conservation of the peace, and the better government of those parts) by themselves or their stewards, or by the lords, for the time being, of other manors to be deputed, when they shall be erected, and in the same to use all things belonging to view of frankpledge.

And further our pleasure is, and by these presents, for us, No taxes shall be im- our heirs and successors, we do covenant and grant to and posed by the with the said now Lord Baltimore, and his heirs and assigns, Kings of England up

that we, our heirs and successors, shall at no time hereafter on the inha- set or make, or cause to set any impofition, custom, or other


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