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den in an

port, to export the

any other

to ereat and conftitute

either by land or sea, into any the ports of us, our heirs and successors, in our kingdom of England, and not into any other country whatsoever ; and we give him full power to

dispose of the said goods in the raid ports, and if it need be, and within within one year next after the unlading of the fame, to lade they have

the said merchandizes and goods again into the same or other been unla- Thips, and to export the fame into any other countries either

of our dominions or foreign, according to law: provided English

always, that they pay such customs and impofitions, subsidies

and duties, for the same, to us, our heirs and successors, as same into the rest of our subjects of our kingdom of England for the

time being, shall be bound to pay; and do observe the acts of country.

navigation, and other laws in that behalf made. And further. Grant toW.

more, of our more ample and special grace, certain knowPenn and his heirs

ledge, and mere motion, we do, for us, our heirs and succesand afligns, fors, grant unto the faid William Penn, his heirs and assigns, of a power full and absolute power and authority to make, erect, and

constitute, within the faid province, and the isles and islets Seaports and aforesaid, fuch and so many seaports, harbours, creeks, hakeys for

vens, keys, and other places, for discharging and unlading of lading and unlading

goods and merchandizes out of the ships, boats, and other goods and veffets, and lading them in such and so many places, and merchan. with such rights, jurisdictions, and liberties, and privileges dizes :

unto the said ports belonging, as to him or them shall seem most expedient; and that all and singular the ships, boats, and other vessels, which shall come for merchandize and trade unto the said province, or out of the same fhall depart, shall be laden or unladen only at fuch ports as shall be erected and constituted by the said William Penn, his heirs or afligns; any use, custom, or other things to the contrary notwithstanding: provided that the faid William Penn, and his heirs, and the lieutenants and governors for the time being, shall admit and receive, in and about all such ports, havens, creeks, and keys, all officers and their deputies, who shall from time to

time be appointed for that purpose, by the farmers or commisand of a

fioners of our customs for the time being. And we do further

to receive and appoint and ordain, and by these presents, for us, our heirs enjoy such and successors, we do grant unto the said William Penn, his customs and heirs and assigns, that he the faid William Penn, bis heirs and as still be afligns, may from time to time, for ever, have and enjoy the imposed by customs and subsidies in the ports, harbours, and other creeks them and and places aforesaid, within the province aforesaid, payable or

due for merchandizes and wares there to be laded and unladed; vince. the said customs and subsidies to be reasonably affefsed (upon any occafion) by themselves and the people there, as aforesaid,


of the pro



to be assembled ; to whom we give power, by these presents, Reservation for us, our heirs and successors, upon just cause, and in a due of such cucu proportion, to assess and impose the fame; faving unto us, our be imposed heirs and succeffors, such impofitions and customs, as by act by act of parliament are and shall be appointed. And it is our fur- parliament. ther will and pleasure, That the said William Penn, his heirs and his heirs and assigns, shall, from time to time, constitute and appoint and, afligns

shall keep an attorney or agent, to reside in or near our city of London,

an attorney who shall 'make known the place where he shall dwell, or or agent at may be found, unto the clerks of our privy council for the London, to time being, or one of them, and shall be ready to appear in answer for any of our courts at Westminster, to answer for


mildemeanors that shall be committed, or by any wilful default or committed neglect permitted by the said William Penn, his heirs or af- by them. figns, against our laws of trade and navigation; and after it shall be ascertained in any

of said courts what damages we, or our heirs or successors, shall have sustained by such default or neglect, the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, shall pay the same within one year after such taxation and demand thereof, from such attorney; or in case there shall be no fuch attorney, within the space of one year, or such attorney fhall not make payment of such damages within the space of one year, and answer such other forfeitures and penalties within the said time, as by the acts of parliament in England are or shall be provided, according to the true intent and meaning of these presents ; then it Thall be lawful for us, our heirs and successors, to seize and resume the government of the said province or country, and the same to retain until payment Ihall be made thereof; but notwithstanding any such seizure or resumption of the government, nothing concerning the propriety or ownership of any lands, tenements, or other hereditaments, or goods, or chattels, of any of the adventurers, plariters, or owners, other than the respective offenders there, shall be any way affected or molested thereby. Pro- They shall vided always, and our will and pleasure is, that neither the have no corsaid William Penn, nor his heirs, nor any other the inhabi- refpondence tants of the said province, shall at any time hereafter have or states thac maintain any correspondence with any other King, Prince or are at war State, or with any of their subjects, who hali then be in war against us, our heirs or successors; nor shall the said William Penn, or his heirs, or any other the inhabitants of the faid province, make war, or do any act of hoftility against any other King, Prince, or State, or any of their subjects, who Thall then be in league or amity with us, our heirs, or succeflors. And because in so remote a country, and situate



an army.

in inheritance, to hold of

Grantofthe near so

many barbarous nations, the incursions as well of the power to le.

savages themselves, as of other enemies, pirates, and robvy forces and make bers, may probably be feared, therefore we have given, and war, and do for us, our heirs and successors, do give power by these preevery thing belonging to

sents, unto the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, by the office of themselves, or their captains, or other their officers, to levy, a captain mufter, and train all sorts of men, of what condition, or general of wherefoever born, in the said province of Pensylvania, for the

time being, and to make war, and pursue the enemies and
robbers aforesaid, as well by sea, as by land, yea, even with-
out the limits of the said province, and (by God's aslistance)
to vanquish and take them; and being taken, to put them to
death, by the law of war, or to save them, at their pleasure ;
and to do all and every other thing, which unto the charge
and office of a captain-general of an army belongeth, or hath

accustomed to belong, as fully and freely as any captainPower to general of an army hath ever had the same. And furthergrant lands

more, of our special grace, and of our certain knowledge, and
mere motion, we have given and granted, and by these pre-

sents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto themselves. the said William Penn, his heirs and assigns, full and absolute

power, licence, and authority, that he the said William Penn,
his heirs and afligns, from time to time hereafter, for ever, at
his and their will and pleasure, may assign, alien, grant, de-
mise, or enfeoff of the premises, so many and such part or
parcels to him or them that shall be willing to purchase the
fame, as they shall think fit; to have and to hold to them the
faid person or persons willing to take or purchase, their heirs
and assigns, in fee fimple, or in fee tail, or for the term of life
or lives, or years, to be held of the said William Penn, his
heirs and assigns, as of the feignory of Windsor, by such fer-
vices, customs, and rents, as shall seem fit to the said William
Penn, his heirs and assigns, and not immediately of us, our
heirs and successors : And to the same person or persons,
and to all and every of them, we do give and grant, by these
presents, for us, our heirs and successors, licence, authority
and power that such perfon or persons may take the premises,
or any parcel thereof, of the said William Penn, his heirs, or
affigns, and the same hold to themselves, their heirs or assigns,
in what estate of inheritance foever, in fee fimple, or in fee
tail, or otherwise, as to him the said William Penn, his heirs
and affigns, shall seem expedient; the statute made in the
parliament of Edward, son of King Henry, late King of
England, our predecessor, commonly called the statute “ “Quia
emptores terrarum,” lately published in our kingdom of


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England, in any wise notwithstanding. And by thefe pre- Power of fents, we give and grant licence unto the faid William Penn,

erecting and his heirs, likewise to all and every such person and perfons, to whom the said William Penn, or his heirs, fhall, at any time hereafter, grant any estate of inheritance as aforesaid, to erect any parcels of land within the province aforesaid, into manors, by and with the licence to be firft had and obtained for that purpose, under the hand and seal of the said William Penn, or his heirs, and in every of the said ma. nors to have and to hold a court of Baron, with all things whatsoever which to a court Baron do belong, and to have and to hold view of frank pledge (for the conservation of the

peace, and the better government of those parts) by themselves or their stewards, or by the lords, for the time being, of other manors to be deputed when they shall be erected, and in the fame to use all things belonging to view of frank: pledge: And we do further grant licence and authority, that: every such person and perfons who fhall erect any such manor or manors as aforesaid, shall or may grant all or any part of his faid lands to any person or persons in fee fimple or any other estate of inheritance, to be held of the said manors repectively, so as no further tenures fhall be created; but that upon all further and other alienations thereafter to be made, the said lands so aliened shall be held of the fame lord, and his heirs, of whom the alienor did then before hold, and by the like services, which were before due and accustomed. And further our pleasure is, and by these presents, for us, No taxes our heirs and successors, we do covenant and grant to and shall be laid with the faid William Penn, and his heirs and aligns, that habitants, we, our heirs and successors, Thall at no time hereafter set or but by act of make, or cause to set any impofition, custom, or other taxa assembly or tion, rate, or contribution whatsoever, in and upon the dwel- of par

. lers and inhabitants of the aforesaid province, for their lands, tenements, goods, or chattels within the said province, or in and upon any goods and merchandize within the faid province, or to be laden or unladen within the ports or harbours of the faid province, unless the fame be with the confent of the proprietary, or chief governor, and assembly, or by act of parliament in England. And our pleasure is, and for us, our heirs, and succeflors, we charge and command, that this our declaration shall from henceforward, from time to time be received and allowed in all our courts, and before all the judges of us, our heirs and successors, for a sufficient discharge, payment and acquittance, commanding all and singular the officers and ministers of us, our heirs and successors, and enjoin

ing them, upon pain of our high displeasure, that they do not presume, at any time, to attempt any thing to the contrary of the premises, or that they do in any fort withstand the same ; but that they be at all times aiding and affifting, as fitting, unto the said William Penn, and his heirs, and to the inhabitants and merchants of the said province aforesaid, their

servants, ministers, factors, and aligns, in the full use and If twenty or fruition of the benefit of this our Charter. And our further fons defire pleasure is, and we do hereby, for us, our heirs and succesit, preachers sors, charge and require, that if any of the inhabitants of the approved by said province (to the number of twenty) Ihall, at any time the Bishop hereafter, be desirous, and shall by any writing, or by any may be sent person deputed by them, signify such their desire to the Bito them. Thop of London, for the time being, that any preacher or

preachers, to be approved of by the făid Bishop, may be sent unto them for their instruction, that then such preacher or preachers fhall and may be and reside within the faid province, without any denial or moleftation whatsoever. And if perchance hereafter it shall happen, any doubts or queftions thould arise concerning the true sense and meaning of any word, clause, or sentence contained in this our present Charter, we will, ordain, and command, that at all times, and in all things, such interpretations be made thereof and allowed, in any of our courts whatsoever, as shall be adjuged most ad vantageous and favourable unto the faid William Penn, his heirs and assigns,; provided always, that no interpretation be admitted thereof, by which the allegiance dųe unto us, our heirs and successors, may suffer any prejudice or diminution ; although express mention be not made in these presents of the true yearly value and certainty of the premises, or of any part thereof, or of other gifts and grants made by us, our progenitors or predecessors, unto the said William ; or any statute, act, ordinance, provision, proclamation, or restraint heretoforé had, made, published, ordained, or provided, or any other

thing, caufe, or matter whatsoever, to the contrary thereof, Feb. 28, in any wise notwithstanding. In witness, &c. Witness Our1681-22 self at Weftminster, the eight and twentieth day of February

By Writ of Prinyy Seal.


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