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to adminis-ginia, for the time being, or any two other at all times bere, ter to any person going after Cocaing after, and from time to time, have full power and authority,

a into Virgi- to minister and give the oath and oaths of fupremacy and pia the oath allegiance, or either of them, to all and every person and perof allegi- fon

osoba sons, which shall, at any time or tiines hereafter, go or pass ance and supremacy. to the said colony in Virginia. Power to XIII. And further, that it shall be lawful likewise for the the same faid treasurer or his deputy, for the time being, or any two persons to Gimiminen others of our said council for the said first colony in Virginia, oaths of of- for the time being, from time to time, and at all times herefice to per-after, to minister such a formal oath, as by their Jiscretion shall ployed in

in be reasonably devised, as well unto any person or persons, emthe said ployed in, for, or touching the said plantation, for their hoplantation, neft, faithful, and just discharge of their service, in all such witnesses in

sto matters, as shall be committed unto them for the good and judicial pro- benefit of the said company, colony, and plantation, as also, ceedings. unto such other person or perfons, as the said treasurer or his

deputy, with two others of the said council, shall think meet, for the examination or clearing of the truth, in any cause whatsoever concerning the said plantation, or any business,

from thence proceeding, or thereunto belonging. Recital of XIV. And furthermore, whereas we have been certified, the. mifbe that divers lewd and ill-disposed persons, both failors, foldiers, haviour of

"per- artificers, husbandmen, labourers, and others, having received sons em- wages, apparel, and other entertainment from the faid comployed or pany, or having contracted and agreed with the said company, engaged by! nomida? to go, or to serve, or to be employed in the said plantation of company. the said first colony in Virginia, have afterwards, either with

drawn, hid, or concealed themselves, or have refused to go thither, after they have been so entertained and agreed withal; and that divers and sundry persons also, which have been sent and employed in the said plantation of the said first colony in Virginia, at and upon the charge of the said company, and having there misbehaved themselves by mutinies, ledition, or other notorious misdemeanors, or having been employed or sent abroad, by the governor of Virginia, or his deputy, with fome ship or pinnance, for our provision of the said colony, or for some discovery, or other business and affairs, concerning the same, have from thence most treacherously, either come back again and returned into our realın of England, by ftealth, or without licence of our governor of our faid colony in Virginia, for the time being, or have been fent hither, as mildoers and offenders ; and that many also of those persons,

after their return from thence, having been questioned by our - faid council here, for such their misbehaviours and offences, by

their

per

their insolent and contemptuous carriage in the presence of our said Council, have shewed little respect and reverence, either to the place, or authority, in which we have placed and appointed them; and others, for the colouring of their lewdness and misdemeanors committed in Virginia, have endeavoured by most vile and flanderous reports, made and divulged, as well of the country of Virginia, as also of the government and estate of the said plantation and colony, as much as in them lay, to bring the said voyage and plantation into disgrace and contempt; by means whereof, not only the adventurers and planters, already engaged in the said plantation, have been exceedingly abused and hindered, and a great number of other our loving and well-disposed subjects, otherwise well-affected, and inclined to join and adventure in fo noble, chriftian, and worthy an action, have been discouraged from the same, but also the utter overthrow and ruin of the said enterprize hath been greatly endangered, which cannot miscarry without some difhonour to Us and our kingdom. • XV. Now, forasmuch as it appeareth unto Us, that these Powergiven insolences, misdemeanors, and abuses, not to be tolerated in jurer or his any civil government, have, for the moft part, grown and deputy, with proceeded, in regard our faid Council have not any direct one of the power and authority, by any express words in our former

er council of - letters patents, to correct and chastise such offenders; we company, to

therefore, for the more speedy reformation of so great and cause such enormous abuses and misdemeanors, heretofore practised and off

"be appre committed, and for the preventing of the like hereafter, do, hended, and

by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, give and proceeded · grant to the said treasurer and company, and their successors, against

England, or for ever, that it shall and may be lawful for our faid Council Tent back to for the faid first colony in Virginia, or any two of them, Virginia, to (whereof the said treasurer or his deputy, for the time being, be there pu

18 nished, as to be always one) by warrant under their hands, to fend for, they shall or to cause to be apprehended, all and every such person and think propersons, who shall be noted, or accused, or found, at any pero time or times hereafter, to offend, or misbehave themselves, in , any the offences before mentioned and expressed; and upon the examination of any such offender or offenders, and just proof made by oath, taken before the said Council, of any such notorious misdemeanors by them committed, as aforesaid; and also upon any infolent, and contemptuous, or indecent carriage and misbehaviour, to or against our faid Council, shewed or used by any such person or persons, so called, convented, and appearing before them, as aforesaid ; that in all such cases, they, our faid Council, or any two of them, for the time

being,

in

being, shall and may have full-power and authority, either here to bind them over with good fureties for their good be. haviour, and further therein to proceed, to all intents and purposes, as it is used, in other like cases, within our realm of England ; or else, at their discretions, to remand and send them back, the said offenders, or any of them, unto the faid colony in Virginia, there to be proceeded against and punished, as the governor, deputy, or council there, for the time being, shall think meet; or otherwise, according to such laws and ordinances, as are and shall be in use there, for the well-order

ing and good government of the said colony. Power to XVI. And for the more effectual advancing of the said erect lotte- plantation, we do further, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, of ries.

our special grace and favour, by virtue of our prerogative royal, and by the assent and content of the Lords and others of our privy council, give and grant, unto the said treasurer and company, full power and authority, free leave, liberty, and licence, to set forth, erect, and publish, one or more lottery or lotteries, to have continuance, and to endure and be held, for the space of one whole year, next after the opening of the same; and after the end and expiration of the said term, the said lottery or lotteries to continue and be further kept, during our will and pleasure only, and not otherwise. And yet nevertheless, we are contented and pleased, for the good and welfare of the faid plantation, that the said treasurer and company shall, for the dispatch and finishing of the said lot. tery or lotteries, have six months warning after the said year ended, before our will and pleasure fhall, for and on that behalf, be construed, deemed, and adjuged, to be in any wise altered and determined.

XVII. And our further will and pleasure is, that the said lottery and lotteries shall and may be opened and held, within our city of London, or any other city or town, or elsewhere, within this our realm of England, with such prizes, articles, conditions, and limitations, as to them, the said treasurer and company, in their discretions, shall seem convenient.

XVIII. And that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and company, to elect and chuse receivers, auditors, surveyors, commissioners, or any other officers whatfoever, at their will and pleasure, for the better marshalling, disposing, guiding, and governing of the faid lottery and lota teries; and that it shall likewise be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and any two of the said Council, to minister to all and every such person, so elected and chosen for officers, as aforesaid, one or more oaths, for their good behaviour, just

and

and true dealing, in and about the said lottery or lotteries, to the intent and purpose, that none of our loving subjects, putting in their names, or otherwise adventuring in the said general lottery or lotteries, may be, in any wise, defrauded and deceived of their faid monies, or evily and indirectly dealt withal in their said adventures.

XIX. And we further grant, in manner and form aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and company, under the seal of our faid council for the plantation, to publish, or to cause and procure to be published, by proclamation or otherwise (the said proclamation to be made in their name, by virtue of these' presents) the said lottery or lotteries, in all cities, towns, boroughs, ... and other places, within our faid realm of England ; and we will and command all mayors, justices of peace, sheriffs, bailiffs,.constables, and other officers and loving subjects, whatsoever, that, in no wise, they hinder or delay the progress and proceedings of the said lottery or lotteries, but be therein, touching the premises, aiding and assisting, by all honest, good, and lawful means and endeavours.

XX. And further our will and pleasure is, that in all Doubtfut questions and doubts, that shall arise, upon any difficulty of pallages

Thall be conconstruction or interpretation of any thing, contained in there, trued in faor any other our former letters patents, the same shall be vour of the taken and interpreted, in most ample and beneficial manner grantees. for the said treasurer and company, and their successors, and every member thereof.

XXI. And lastly, we do, by these presents, ratify and con- Confirmafirm unto the faid treasurer and company, and their successors, tion of the

former leta for ever, all and all manner of privileges, franchises, liberties, ters: immunities, preheminences, profits, and commodities, what-in all points foever, granted unto them in any our former letters patents, not revoked and not in these presents revoked, altered, changed, or abridged. The prefent

or altered by Although express mention of the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gift or grant, by us or any of our progenitors or predecessors, to the aforesaid treasurer and company heretofore made, in thefe presents is not made; or any statute, act, ordinance, provision, proclamation, or restraint, to the contrary thereof heretofore made, ordained, or provided, or any other matter, cause, or thing, whatsoever, to the contrary, in any wise, notwithstanding

In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patents. Witness Ourself, at Westminster, the twelfth day of March, in the ninth year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the five-and-fortieth.

PENSYL

ents

PENSYLVANIA CHARTER,

Granted by King CHARLES II. in the Fourteenth Year

of his Reign. Prima Pars Patentium de Anne Regni Regis CAROLI Secunda

Tricefimo Tertio.

CHARLES the Second, &c. to all to whom these presents

u shall come, Greeting. Whereas our trusty and wellbeloved subject William Penn, esquire, son and heir of Sir William Penn, deceased, out of commendable desire to ena large our English empire, and promote such useful commodities as may be of benefit to us, and our dominions; as also to reduce the savage natives, by gentle and just manners, to the love of civil society and christian religion, hath humbly besought leave of us to transport an ample colony unto a certain country herein after described, in the parts of America not yet? cultivated and planted ; and hath likewise humbly befought our Royal Majesty to give, grant, and confirm all the said . country, with certain privileges and jurisdictions requisite for the good government and safety of the said country and co- lony, to him and his heirs, for ever: Know ye therefore, That We, favouring the petition and good purpose of the said William Penn, and having regard to the memory and merits of his late father, in divers services, and particularly to his conduct, courage and discretion, under our dearest brother James Duke of York, in that signal battle and victory fought and obtained against the Dutch fleet, commanded by the Heere Van Obdam, in the year one thousand fix hundred and fixty-five; in consideration thereof, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have given and granted, and by this our present Charter, for us, our heirs, and fucceffors, do give and grant, unto the faid Sir William Penn, his heirs and affigns, all that tract or part of land in America, with all the islands therein contained, as the fame is bounded on the East' by Delawar river, from twelve miles distance northwards of Newcastle Town, unto the three and fortieth ". degree of northern latitude, if the said river dóth extend ro far northwards; but if the said river shall not extend fo får northwards, then by the said river so far as it doth extend ;

and

of his date enn, and the petiti

Granf.

en terme de fors, dopis our present

granted.

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