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to adminis-ginia, for the time being, or any two other at all times bere, person going after, and from time to time, have full power and authority, into Virgi- to minister and give the oath and oaths of supremacy and pia the oath allegiance, or either of them, to all and every person and perof allegifons, which shall, at any time or tiines hereafter, go or pass fupremacy. to the said colony in Virginia. Power to XIII. And further, that it shall be lawful likewise for the the same faid treasurer or his deputy, for the time being, or any two persons to

others of our said council for the said first colony in Virginia, oaths of of- for the time being, from time to time, and at all times herefice to per-after, to minister such a formal oath, as by their Jiscretion shall

em- be reasonably devised, as well unto any person or persons, employed in the said ployed in, for, or touching the said plantation, for their hoplantation, nest, faithful, and just discharge of their service, in all such witnesses in

matters, as shall be committed unto them for the good and judicial pro- benefit of the said company, colony, and plantation; as also, ceedings. unto such other person or perfons, as the said treasurer or his

deputy, with two others of the said council, shall think meet, for the examination or clearing of the truth, in any cause whatsoever concerning the faid plantation, or any business, from thence proceeding, or thereunto belonging.

XIV. And furthermore, whereas we have been certified, the milber that divers lewd and ill-disposed persons, both sailors, foldiers, divers per

artificers, husbandmen, labourers, and others, having received em- wages, apparel, and other entertainment from the faid comployed or, pany, or having contracted and agreed with the said company, engaged by

to go, or to serve, or to be employed in the said plantarion of companiy. the said first colony in Virginia, have afterwards, either with

drawn, hid, or concealed themselves, or have refused to go thither, after they have been so entertained and agreed withal; and that divers and sundry persons also, which have been fent and employed in the faid plantation of the said first colony in Virginia, at and upon the charge of the said company, and having there misbehaved themselves by mutinies, fedition, or other notorious misdemeanors, or having been employed or fent abroad, by the governor of Virginia, or his deputy, with fome ship or pinnance, for our provision of the said colony, or for some discovery, or other business and affairs, concerning the same, have from thence most treacherously, either come back again and returned into our realın of England, by ftealth, or without licence of our governor of our faid colony in Virginia, for the time being, or have been sent hither, as mifdoers and offenders; and that many also of those persons, after their return from thence, having been questioned by our faid council here, for such their misbehaviours and offences, by

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their infolent and contemptuous carriage in the presence of our said Council, have fewed little respect and reverence, either to the place, or authority, in which we have placed and appointed them; and others, for the colouring of their lewdness and misdemeanors committed in Virginia, have endeavoured by most vile and flanderous reports, made and divulged, as well of the country of Virginia, as also of the government and estate of the said plantation and colony, as much as in them lay, to bring the said voyage and plantation into disgrace and contempt; by means whereof, not only the adventurers and planters, already engaged in the said plantation, have been exceedingly abused and hindered, and a great number of other our loving and well-disposed subjects, otherwise well-affected, and inclined to join and adventure in so noble, christian, and worthy an action, have been discouraged from the fame, but also the utter overthrow and ruin of the said enterprize hath been greatly endangered, which cannot miscarry without some difhonour to Us and our kingdom.

XV. Now, forasmuch as it appeareth unto Us, that these Powergiven insolences, misdemeanors, and abuses, not to be tolerated in to the treaany civil government, have, for the most part, grown and deputy, with proceeded, in regard our faid Council have not any direct one of the

council of power and authority, by any express words in our former letters patents, to correct and chastise such offenders; we company, to therefore, for the more speedy reformation of so great and cause such enormous abuses and misdemeanors, heretofore practised and

be appre committed, and for the preventing of the like hereafter, do, hended, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, and fucceffors, give and grant to the said treasurer and company, and their successors, against in for ever, that it shall and may be lawful for our faid Council fent back to for the faid first colony in Virginia, or any two of them, Virginia, to (whereof the said treasurer or his deputy, for the time being,

nished, as to be always one) by warrant under their hands, to send for, they shall or to cause to be apprehended, all and every such person and think propersons, who shall be noted, or accused, or found, at any per. time or times hereafter, to offend, or misbehave themselves, in any the offences before mentioned and expressed; and upon the examination of any such offender or offenders, and just proof made by oath, taken before the faid Council, of any such notorious misdemeanors by them committed, as aforesaid; and also upon any infolent, and contemptuous, or indecent carriage and misbehaviour, to or against our faid Council, shewed or used by any such person or persons, so called, convented, and appearing before them, as aforesaid; that in all such cases, they, our faid Council, or any two of them, for the time

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being, shall and may have full power and authority, either here to bind them over with good sureties for their good be. haviour, and further therein to proceed, to all intents and purposes, as it is used, in other like cases, within our realm of England ; or else, at their discretions, to remand and send them back, the faid offenders, or any of them, unto the said colony in Virginia, there to be proceeded against and punished, as the governor, deputy, or council there, for the time being, fhall think meet; or otherwise, according to such laws and ordinances, as are and shall be in use there, for the well-order

ing and good government of the said colony. Power to XVI. And for the more effectual advancing of the said erect lotte- plantation, we do fạrther, for us, our heirs and succeffors, of fies.

our special grace and favour, by virtue of our prerogative royal, and by the affent and content of the Lords and others of our privy council, give and grant, unto the said treasurer and company, full power and authority, free leave, liberty, and licence, to set forth, erect, and publish, one or more lottery or lotteries, to have continuance, and to endure and be held, for the space of one whole year, next after the opening of the same; and after the end and expiration of the said term, the faid lottery or lotteries to continue and be further kept, during our will and pleasure only, and not otherwise. And yet nevertheless, we are contented and pleased, for the good and welfare of the faid plantation, that the said treasurer and company shall, for the dispatch and finishing of the said lottery or lotteries, have fix months warning after the said year ended, before our will and pleasure fhall, for and on that behalf, be construed, deemed, and adjuged, to be in any wise altered and determined.

XVII. And our further will and pleasure is, that the faid lottery and lotteries shall and may be opened and held, within our city of London, or any other city or town, or elsewhere, within this our realm of England, with such prizes, articles, conditions, and limitations, as to them, the said treasurer and company, in their discretions, shall seem convenient.

XVIII. And that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and company, to elect and chuse receivers, auditors, surveyors, commiffioners, or any other officers whatfoever, at their will and pleasure, for the better marshalling, disposing, guiding, and governing of the faid lottery and lotteries; and that it shall likewise be lawful, to and for the said treasurer and any two of the said Council, to minister to all and every such person, so elected and chosen for officers, as aforesaid, one or more oaths, for their good behaviour, just

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and true dealing, in and about the said lottery or lotteries, to
the intent and purpose, that none of our loving subjects,
putting in their names, or otherwise adventuring in the said
general lottery or lotteries, may be, in any wise, defrauded and
deceived of their faid monies, or evily and indirectly dealt
withal in their said adventures.

XIX. And we further grant, in manner and form aforesaid,
that it shall and may be lawful, to and for the said treasurer
and company, under the seal of our faid council for the plan-
tation, to publish, or to cause and procure to be published, by.
proclamation or otherwise (the said proclamation to be made in
their name, by virtue of these presents) the said lottery or lot-
teries, in all cities, towns, boroughs,

and other places, within our faid realm of England ; and we will and command all mayors, justices of peace, sheriffs, bailiffs, .conftables, and other officers and loving subjects, whatsoever, that, in no wise, they hinder or delay the progress and proceedings of the said lottery or lotteries, but be therein, touching the premises, aiding and affisting, by all honest, good, and lawful means and endeavours.

XX. And further our will and pleasure is, that in all Doubtfut questions and doubts, that shall arise, upon any difficulty of paffages construction or interpretation of any thing, contained in these, (trued in faor any other our former letters patents, the same shall be vour of the taken and interpreted, in most ample and beneficial manner grantees. for the said treasurer and company, and their successors, and every member thereof.

XXI. And lastly, we do, by these presents, ratify and con- Confirmafarm unto the faid treasurer and company, and their successors, former les for ever, all and all manner of privileges, franchises, liberties,-ters patents immunities, preheminences, profits, and commodities, what-in all points foever, granted unto them in any our former letters patents, and not in these presents revoked, altered, changed, or abridged. the present,

or altered by Although express mention of the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of them, or of any other gift or grant, by us or any of our progenitors or predecessors, to the aforesáid treasurer and company heretofore made, in these presents is not made; or any statute, act, ordinance, provision, proclaa mation, or restraint, to the contrary thereof heretofore made, ordained, or provided, or any other matter, cause, or thing, whatsoever, to the contrary, in any wise, notwithstanding.

In witness 'whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patents. Witness Ourself, at Westminster, the twelfth day of March, in the ninth year of our reign of England, France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the five-and-fortieth.

PENSY L

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PENSYLVANIA CHARTER,

Granted by King CHARLES II. in the Fourteenth Year

of his Reign Prima Pars Patentium de Anne Regni Regis CAROLI Secundă

Tricefimo Tertio.

HARLES the Second, &c. to all to whom these presents

shall come, Greeting. Whereas our trusty and wellbeloved subject William Penn, esquire, fon and heir of Sir William Penn, deceased, out of commendable desire to enlarge our English empire, and promote such useful commodities as may be of benefit to us, and our dominions; as also to reduce the favage natives, by gentle and just manners, to the love of civil society and christian religion, hath humbly befought leave of us to transport an ample colony unto a certain country herein after described, in the parts of America not yet? cultivated and planted ; and hath likewise humbly befought our Royal Majesty to give, grant, and confirm all the faid country, with certain privileges and jurisdictions requisite for the good government and safety of the said country and colony, to him and his heirs, for ever: Know ye therefore,

That We, favouring the petition and good purpose of the faid William Penn, and having regard to the memory and merits of his late father, in divers services, and particularly to his eonduct, courage and discretion, under our deareft brother James Duke of York, in that fignal battle and victory fought and obtained against the Dutch fleet, commanded by the Heere Van Obdam, in the year one thousand fix hundred and

fixty-five; in confideration thereof, of our special grace, cerGrant.

tain knowledge, and mere motion, have given and granted,

and by this our present Charter, for us, our heirs, and fuccefPremiffes fors, do give and grant, unto the faid 'Sir William Penn, his greated. heirs and affigns, all that tract or part of land in America,

with all the islands therein contained, as the fame is bounded on the East by Delawar river, from twelve miles distance northwards of Newcastle Town, unto the three and fortieth degree of northern latitude, if the said river doth extend la far northwards ; but if the said river shall not extend fo får northwards, then by the faid river so far as it doth extend;

and

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