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An authentic Copy of the CHARTER granted by their Majesties King William and Queen Mary, to the

Inhabitants of the Province of the Massachusetts - Bay, in New England.

TIJILLIAM and Mary, by the grace of God, of Eng- W land, Scotland, France, and Ireland, King and

Queen, defenders of the faith, &c. To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas his late Majesty King James the First, our royal predecessor, by his letters patents under the great seal of England, bearing date ac Westminster the third day of November, in the eighteenth year of his reign, did give and grant unto the council established at Plymouth, in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of New-England, in America, and to their successors and assigns, all that part of America lying and being in breadth from forty degrees of northerly latitude, from the equinoctial line, to the forty-eighth degree of the said northerly latitude, inclusively, and in length of and within all the breadth aforesaid, throughout all the main lands, from sea to sea, together also with all the firm lands, foils, grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fishings, mines, and minerals, as well royal mines of gold and silver, as other mines and minerals, precious stones, quarries, and all and singular other commodities, jurisdictions, royalties, privileges, franchises, and preheminences, both within the said tract of land upon the main, and also within the islands and feas adjoining. Provided always, that the faid lands, iflands, or any the premisses, by the said letters patents intended and meant to be granted, were not then actually possessed or inhabited by any other Christian prince or state, or within the bounds, limits, or territories of the southern colony, then before granted by the faid late King James the First, to be planted by divers of his subjects in the south parts. To

have

ed by dihe said of the son ftate, poliefled

have and to hold, possess and enjoy, all and fingular the aforesaid continent, lands, territories, islands, hereditaments, and precincts, seas, waters, fishings, with all and all manner of their commodities, royalties, liberties, preheminences, and profits, that should from thenceforth arise from thence, with all and singular their appurtenances, and every part and parcel thereof, unto the said council, and their fucceffors and aligns, for ever, to the fole and proper use and benefit of the said council, and their successors and assigns, for ever : to be holden of his said late Majesty, King James the First, his heirs and successors, as of his manor of EastGreenwich, in the county of Kent, in free and common soc. cage, and not in capite, nor by knights service. Yielding and paying therefore to the said late king, his heirs and fucceffors, the fifth part of the ore of gold and silver, which should, from time to time, and at all times then after happen, to be found gotten, had, and obtained, in, 'at, or within any of the said lands, limits, territories, or precincts, or in, or within any part or parcel thereof, for or in respect of all and all manner of duties, demands, and services whatsoever, to be done, made, or paid to the said late King James the First, his heirs and successors, (as in and by the said letters patents, amongst sundry other clauses, powers, privileges, and grants therein contained, more at large appeareth). And whereas the said council established at Plymouth, in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of New England, in America, did by their deed indented under their common seal, bearing date the nineteenth day of March, in the third year of the reign of our royal grandfather King Charles the First, of ever blessed memory, give, grant, bargain, sell, infeoff, alien, and confirm to Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Knights, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, and Simon Whetcombe, their heirs and afligns, and their associates,

for ever, all that part of New England, in America afore· faid, which lies and extends between a great river there,

commonly called Monomack, alias Merimack, and a certain other river there, called Charles River, being in a bottom of a certain bay there, commonly called Massachusets, alias Mattachusetts, alias Maffatusetts Bay. And also, all and fingular those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the space of three English miles, on the south part of the said Charles River, or of any and every part thereof. And

also,

county of dew England, in fenlbearing date th of our

also, all and fingular the lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying and being within the space of three English miles to the southward of the southermost part of the said bay called Massa. chusets, alias Mattachusetts, alias Massatusetts Bay. And also, all those lands and hereditaments whatsoever, which lie and be within the space of three English miles to the north ward of the faid river called Monomack, alias Merimack, or to the northward of any and every part thereof; and all lands and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the limits aforesaid, north and south in latitude, and in breadth, and in length, and longitude, of and within all the breadth aforesaid, throughout the main lands there, from the Atlantick and Western Sea and Ocean on the east part, to the South Sea on the west part; and all lands' and grounds, place and places, soil, woods, and wood-grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, fishings, and hereditaments whatsoever, lying within the said bounds and limits, and every part and parcel thereof. And also, all islands lying in America aforesaid, in the said seas, or either of them, on the western or eastern coasts or parts of the said tracts of land, by the said indenture mentioned to be given and granted, bargained, sold, enfeoffed, aliened, and confirmed, or any of them. And also, all mines and minerals, as well royal mines of gold and silver, as other mines and minerals whatsoever, in the said lands and premisses, or any part thereof; and all jurisdictions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, privileges, franchises, preheminences, and commodities whatsoever, which they the said council, established at Plymouth, in the county of Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of New-England, in America, then had, or might use, exercise, or enjoy, in or within the said lands and premisses, by the same indenture mentioned to be given, granted, bargairied, sold, enfeoffed, and confirm-' ed, in or within any part or parcel thereof. To have and to hold the said part of New-Engļand, in America, which lies and extends, and is abutted, as aforesaid, and every part and parcel thereof; and all the said islands, riyers, ports, havens, waters, fishings, mines, minerals, jurisdictions, franchises, royalties, liberties, privileges, commodities, hereditaments, and premisses whatsoever, with the appurtenances, unto the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, and Simon Whitcombe, their heirs and afligns, and their affoci

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bearing date of his reign.onfirm nnto sou

ates for ever, to the only proper and absolute use and beloof of the said Sir Henry Koswell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicoit, and Simon Whitcombe, their heirs and asigns, and their associates, for evermore. To be holden of our faid royal grandfather, King Charles the First, his heirs and successors, as of his manor of East-Greenwich, in the county of Kent, in (ree and common soccage, and not in capite, nor by knights service ; yielding and paying therefore, unto our said royal grandfather, his heirs and successors, the fifth part of the ore of gold and silver, which should, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, happen to be found, gotten, had, and obtained in any of the said lands within the said limits, or in or within any part thereof, for and in satisfaction of all manner of duties, demands, and services whatsoever, to be done, made, or paid to our faid royal grandfather, his heirs and succesfors, (as in and by the said recited indenture may more at large appear). And whereas our said royal grandfather, in and by his letters patents, under the great seal of England, bearing date at Westminster the fourth day of March, in the fourth year of his reign, for the confideration therein mentioned, did grant and confirm nnto the said Sir Henry Rosa well, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John. Endicott, and Simon Whetcombe, and to their associates after named, viz. Sir Richard Saltenstall, Knight, Isaac Johnson, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Matthew Craddock, George Harwood, Increase Nowell, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathanial Wright, Samuel Vassall, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Brown, Samuel Brown, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassall, William Pincheon, and George Foxcroft, their heirs and assigns, all the said part of New-England, in America, lying and extending between the bounds and limits in the said indenture expreffed, and all lands and grounds, place and places, soils, woods, and wood grounds, havens, ports, rivers, waters, mines, minerals, jurisdictions, rights, royalties, liberties, freedoms, immunities, privileges, franchises, preheminences, and hereditaments, whatsoever, bargained, sold, enfeoffed, and confirmed, or mentioned or intended to be given, granted, bargained, fold, enfeoffed, aliened, and confirmed to them the said Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcott, John Humphreys, John Endicott, and Simon Whetcombe,

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