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gion and politics, he expresses his views with freedom and
boldness, and yet in a temper which cannot justly provoke A. G. M'GLASHAN & Co., the resentment of any sect or party. It is a good book to be R
ESPECTFULLY announce 10 llcir friends patrons and the placed in the Districi School Library, and many of the es public generally, that they have removed their book says would make excellent reading lessons.
CHRISTOPHER MORGAN, Bindery into the GRASGKR Block. They have greatly enlarged
Sup’t of Common Schools. and iinproved their establishment, and are now prepared to exe. oute Boox BINDING IN ALL ITS VARIED BRANCHEN, incluing
I have examined " THE MORAL PROBE," by L. Carroll Judson,
Exq. It contains a series of short, pungent essays, on 4 varitty of Turkey Morocco, , superior Gilt edge, topics
, designed to expose the false notions and fashionable ersors Cloth Work, etc., etc.
of the times. Also, constantly on hand at their rooms No. 19, 21 and 23,
The style is admirably calculated to arrest the attention of ihe Granger Block, RLANKS, BOOKS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. reader, and produce that thought and reflection which cannot fail Orders faithfully executed on short notice, and all work warranted to advance truth, and proinote rational and sound public scntito be durable.
Sec'y.of Commonwealth of Pa., public Libraries. Music, &c., with neatneis and der palch.
Sup'i. of Common Schools.
I have examined the “ THE MORAL PROBK." It contains well
written specimens of original composition, calculated to please, THE
improve, and Interest youth or age. I cheerfully recommend it as
a book fully equal, if not superior to any found in our School Li. MORAL PROBE, braries.
W. II. DIMMICK,
Chairman of Com on Educati 11Senate of Pa. PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR, AS HIS ONLY MEANS OF I have perused" T'HK MORAU PROBE," and consider it a very is SUPPORT, AND OF PAYING HIS CREDITORS.
teresting and instructie work, calcuated to do tiruch pomt. Ituie is one of the best books ever published, being wel! pure in sentiment, spirit stirring in style, and 80 pointed in its calculated to correct the evils of society, and to promote moral tendency, that I shall do good service to my elders pupik. the best interests of the human family.
by making them acquainted with its contents, and shall introduxe, Purchasers will not only exercise their benevolence, but it into my school'as a reading exercise for any first class.
AMOS BIKER, will find a rich remuneration in the acquisition of this valua
I'rin. of Chapman Hall School, Boston. ble work, v:hich should be in the hands of every reader.
I cheerfully concur in the above statement of Mr. Bakur.
Teacher of Languages, Chap. Hall School.
THE MORAL PROBE.-This is a work of great truth and meril, in commending both Mr. Judson and his excellent work. just published by the author, L. Carrol Judson, It contains over
J. P. DURBIN,
one hundred essays on as many different subjects, which, tor point, Pastor of the M. E. Trinity Church, Philadelphia, Pa.
wit and sarcasm, we have never seen equalled. We hope this work will have a great sale among the working classes, who will be
much benefitted by its many home truths.--Mechanics' Addocatt, Extracts from Recommendations of The Moral Probe. Albiny.
ALBANY, May 15. 1848.
THE MORAL PROBE-Contains 102 essays on the Nature or Mesa I have examined a work entitled “The Moral PROBE," oravle vices are probed to the quick in this work.
and things, by 1. C. Judson, Esq. Various fashionable and hop
We coinmend by L. Carroll Judson, with great pleasure and profit. It it as a uselul. pointed. moral book The author lost his all in the evinces a thoroughly discriminating mind, and a deep insight great fire at Pitsburgh, and deserves patronage.-Baptisi kesord, into the principles and workings of human nature. It is full | Philadelphia. of moral and religious truth, brought out with great perspi THE MORAL I'ROBE contains 336 pages-- 102 original essaye, euity, precision, and independence; and yet in a manner with an appendix, containing the Declaration of Independence, wholly unexceptionable and inoffensive. It is pervaded by Constitution of the United States, Washington's Farewell Address great condensation of thought and transparency of style, and a short notice of the Life of Washington, the fifty-six sigiers and is fitted to be an admirable auxiliary to parents and teachers, the Life of Patrick Henry. in the responsible office of forming the youthful character. The price in plain binding is $1.95, but when the teachers of It would be good service done if it should be adopted as a several districts in a town will join, and send feast five or nrore copies school book all over the country.
they will be put at $1 per copy, and sent at the risk of the author. W. B. SPRAGUE, D. D.,
Orders, postpaid, addressed to me New York city. will be prompt Pastor of 2d Presbyterian Church.
ly attended to,-the money to be forwarded on the receipt of the books.
L.C.JUDAN, It has been with much pleasure I have examined “THE
Author and Publisher. MORAL PROBE." It presents one of the most successful ef.
New York, June 92nd, 1848 forts I have seen, of avoiding sectarianism without rejecting religion.
Rector of St. Stephen's; Boston.aer met Agassiz's New Work. Were the benign principles inculcated by the Moral Probe universally practised, jails and penitentiaries would be blot
PRINCIPLES OF ZOOLOGY, ted fron the list of institutions.
TOUCHING ihe Structure, Development, Distribiition, and ta 3. G. GILLESPIE, Schenectady, N. Y. To
tral Arrangement of the RACES OF ANIMALS, living anel STATE OF New York, SECRETARY'S OFFICE,
extinct; with nunerous illustrations. For the uže of schools atid DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS,
Colleges. Part 1, COMPARATIVE l'uysIOLOGY, l'y Louis Agassiz, Albany, June 29, 1818. and Agustus A. Gould.
EXTRACT FROM TIIE PREFACE. I have been able to give “THE MORAL PROBE” some examination, and have been highly interested in the perusa! of ing principles of the science of Zoology, as deduced iron the po
“The design of this work is 10 furnish an epitome of the leadthe articles, and do not hesitate to express a firm conviction sent state of knowledge, so illustrated as to be intelligible to ilie of the great usefulness of the work to the rising generation, begining student No similar treatise now exis's in this wundy, and see no objection to its introduction into the School Dis
and indeed, some of the topics have not been touched upon in the drict Libraries of the State.
N. S. BENTON, language. unless in a strictly technical form, and in scattered ar
“ Being designed for American students, the illustrations have DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS.
been drawn, as far us possible, from American olijecis *** * Pop. Albany, June 14, 1847.
ular names have been employed as far as possible, iind to the sci
entific names an English termination has generally been given. The THE MORAL PROBE, by L. Carroll Judson, is a series of first part is devoted to comparative Pliysiology, as the basis of short essays on a great variety of topics, common and trite Classification; the second, to Systematic Zoology, in which the in themselves, but to which the ingenious author, by his spirit principles of Classification will be applied, and the principal groups and originality, has imparied the interest of novelty. of Auimals briefly characterized."
The style is terse and vigorous; the flow of thought, full Just published by GOULD, KENDALL, &LINCOLN,!BOSTOX. and rapid. In the discussion of morals and manners, rell July.
Adams's New Arithmetic,
execute orders of any size, for St.-reotyping Books, ramphlets, T"
receipts. orders, notes, bonds, mortgages, and other instiuments
necessary for the transaction of business. Accompanied with PRINTING MATERIALS & BOOK PRINTING. Blank Books, for the use of learners.
COLLINS & BROTHER, NEW YORK.
PHILLIPS & SAMPSON, BOSTON.
J. W. PRENTISS & CO., XEĽNL, N. H.
For SALE ALSO BY MALL * DICKSON, SYRACUSL.
COULD respectfully call the attention of Printers and Pub.
They have prepared themselves with all the necessary ma chinery and malerial,--supp:ied themselves with large fonts of new and beautiful Type, expressly for the business, and will
VIIE PUBLISHERS give notice that this valuable School Book Circulars, C'uts, &c., with accuracy and in a style equal to any
is now in the market. The work has undergone a thorough establishment in the country.
revision. It contains the charncteristics of the former edition, in
a greatly improved form with such correc:ions and additions as PRINTING MATERIALS.
the wants of the times demand. B. $. & C. have also, completed their arrangement to keep on Adamy's New Arithmetic is almost the only work on Arithmetic hand, a constant supply of Printing Materials of every description. used in extensive sections of New England. It 1:as been adapted ernbracing NEWS, BOOK and Plain and Fancy JOK (inetal; TYI'E, to the currency of, and republished in Canada. It has also been from Pearl !0 four line Pica; WOOD TYPE; BRASS RULES of traslated and re published in Greece. It is used in every part of all kinds; LEADS, COMPOSING STICKS, Furniture, Quoins, the United States; and in the State of New York, is the Text HOE'S IMPROVED PRESSES,-in short, every article necessary Book in ninety-three of the one hundred and tiny five Academies
a complete: Printing Office-all of which they will furnish to which reported to the legenis of the University in 1847. NotPrinters; or others, as low as can be bought in New York. The with standing the multiplication of Arithmetics, made up, many skidtronage of the craft is respectfully solicited:1-3
of them, of ihe material of Ad:' tn8' New Arithmetic, the work CARIS, of every variety of quality, color and size, supplied at has steadily increased in the public favor and de wand ttre lowest New York wholesale prices.
Teachers, Superintendents and Committees are respectfully BT:OK PRINTING,
inviled to examine the revised edition, every faci'ity for which wind
le furnished by the Publishers. Executed in the neatest style, and at short norice, on Adam's superior Presses.
HALL & DICKSON Syracuse, April 1, 1848.
Announce' cos in Press for the Fall Trade, TEACHER'S INSTITUTES.
HE YOUNII DECLAIMER, a Book of Prose and Dialogues. TIJE WORK on TEACHER'S INSTITUTES including their for the use of schools, by CHARLES NORTEEND, Principal o
origin and progress, inodes of conducting ļhem, instructions the Epes Grammar School, Salems, Massachusetts. jom the State Superintendent, ard practical hints to Teachers, by THE BOOK OF DIALOGUES, by CHARLES NORTHEND. one of the Authors, S. R. Sweet, is now offered for sale on the DF Orders respectfully solicited. wost reasonable terms.
Published by STODDARD & BABCOCK, Syracuse U SCIENCE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. JAWLEY & Co., Urica, D. M. DEWEY, ROCHESTER, E. H. PEASE & Co. ALBANY. A twenty-five cent piece may be enclosed in a half
CLARK'S NEW GRAMMAR. cheetof paper, and addressed post paid to S. R. SWEET, SARA- A Practical Grummor, in which WORDS, PHRASES AND SEN TUGA Spings, when the Work will be sulit by Mail, or 5 copies for TENCES are classified according to their offices and their rela1. Julie 1, 1848.
tions to each other, illustrated by a complete system of DiuBOOKS FOR SCHOOL LIBRARIES.
grams; by S. W. Clark, A. M.
“This is a new work wnich strikes us very favorably. Its VHE
can be obtained of Bouksellers generally throughoul the and often important."—N. Y. Tribune. State.
• We are convinced it has points of very decided superi The Thx THYORY AND PRACTICE OF Traching by D. P. PAGR, late ority over any of the elementary works in common use."--N. Principal of the New York State Normal School, price One Dollar. Y. Courier and Enquirer. I'REMONT's History of Oregon. This is an exceedingly inter
"Mr. Clark's Grammar a work of merit and originality" esting work, and is got up in neat attractive style, price One
-Geneva Courier, Dollar.
“Clark's Grammar I have never seen equalled for practicaJulius MELBOURN, containing sketches of the Lives of Jolin Quincy Adams, Jaines Madison, John Randolph, and others. bility, which is of the utmost importance in all School Books. 'This Book contains al vast amount of useful informaiion price 75c.
S. B. CLARK, HAMMONDS POLITICAL HISTORY OF New York, Third Volume. January, 1848. Principal Scarboro Academy, Me.
This volume contains the Life of the Ilon. Silas Wright, and is - The brevity, perspicuity and comprehensiveness of the ambellished with handsome Steel Engravings of Governors Bouck, work are certainly rare merits and alone would commend it
to the favorable consideration of Teachers and Learners." Wright and Young, price Two Dollars.
THE NORMAL CHART OF ELEMENTARY SOUNDS, by the late D. P. Onlarin Messenger to PAGE
“This Grammar is just such a Book as I wanted, and I This chart is a splendid ornament for the School Room, is about shall make it THE text book in my school.” the size of Mitchells Map of the United States, and it is so useful
WILLIAM BRICKLEY, that no good School should be without it. 'Price Two Dollars and Feb. 1848.
Teacher, Canastota, N. Y. Twenty-five cents,
“I believe it only requires a careful examination by Teach
ers, and those who have the supervision of our educational Adams's Series of School Books. interest, to secure for this work a speedy introduction into
N. BRITTAN, The Pulilishers have in preparation, and will publish, early in all our schools."
Principal of Lyons Union Schoos. the season, the following series of Arithinetical Works, viz: 1.-Primary Arithmetic, or Mental Operations in Numbers; with which I am acquainted. I shall introduce it into the
“I do not hesitate to pronounce it superior to any work giving ... introduction to Adams' New Arithinetic, revised edition
the Mount Morris Union School at the first opportunity." 11.- Adams's New Arithmetic, Revised Edition; being a
H. G. WINSLOW, Principal. revision of Adams's New Arithmetic, first published in 1827. III.-Key to the Revised Edition of Adums's New Arith
HALL & DICKSON, Inétic 11.- Mensurition, Mechanical Powers, and Machinery.
BOOKSELLERS, SYRACÚSE The principles of mensuration analytically explained, and practi. cally applied to the measurement of lines, superfices, and soliis ,
HAVE LATELY PUBLISHED Kiso, a philosoplucal explanation of the simple mechanical powers; and their application to machinery. Designed to follow Adams' THE THEORY & PRACTICE OF TEACHING. New Arithinetic.
BY DAVID P. PAGE, V.-Book keeping. This work contains a lucid explanation
of the New York St: te Normal School of the science of accounts, a new concise and common sense ulethod of BOOK KEEPING BY SINGLE ENTRY, and various forms.
T are generally judicious
M. A. Deihl, N. A. Gieger, Professors in do.
Benjamin Larabee, D.D., President Middlebury Coellge, THE ENTIRE WORK UNABRIDGED.
and other distinguished Gentlemen. 'N ONE VOLUME «rown Quarto. Containing all the mat Published by
G. & C. MERRIAM,
Springfield, Mass. to the time of his death, and now thorougly revised and great. And for sale by M. H. Newman & Co., Cady & Burgess, A. ly improved by
S. Barnes & Co., Huntington & Savage, Pratt, Woodford & PROF. C. A. GOODRICH,
Co.. Appleton & Co..Jno. Willey, New York, and by Booksel OP YALE COLLEGE,
lers generally throughout the country. PRICE REDUCED TO SIX DOLLARS.
May 1. In the language of an eminent critic, “ in its Definitionsche object for which nine-lenths of our references to such a
NORMAL CHART. work are inademit stands without a rival in the annals of ment or condensation, are only given in this, Dr. Webster's Elementary Sounds of the English Language. larger work-and are not found in any mere abridgments, or . works on a more limited plan. Dr It contains THREE TIMES This Chart was arranged and prepared by D. P.PAGE. Principat the amount of matter found in any other English Dictionary fthe New York State Normal School, and has received the unque compiled in this country, or any Abridgment of this work, lified approbation of hundreds of Teachers, who have it in daily vet it is sold at a tritling advance above the price of any other use in their schools. Mr. Page has been long known to the public and limited works.
as an experienced Educator, and it is believed that in no de part
ment have his efforts been crowned with greater success than it 'S'ESTIMONIALS.
that of Elocution: The Chart embodies ille results of many years (From George M. Dallas, Vice Presiilout of the Vuited States.) experience and a'tention to the subject, and it is contidently expect• The crown Quarto edition oughi to receive universal fa ed that it will soon become to be regarded as the standard, on le vor, as a inonument of American intellect and erudition, matters of which it teaches, in all our schools. No work of so great cqually brilliant and solid-more copious, precise and satisface importance. has probably ever been before the public, that leas in so tory than any other work of the kind.-March, 1848.
short a time been received with so many marked tokens of faveur (From Pres. Olin, of the Wesleyan University.)
from Teachers of the highest (listinction. Though therr- are other * Webster's American Dictionary may now be recommen. Charis before the public, of merit, yet it is believed that the Aormat ded, without reserve or qualification, as the best extant.-Chart, by the pecullier excellence of its analysis, definitions, direeDec., 1817.
tions, and general arrangement, will commend itselt to the atien(From Pres. Hitchcock of the Amherst College.)
tion of all who have iu view the hest interests of their schools "I have been in the habit of using Dr. Webster's Dictionary The Chart is got up in superior style, is 56 inches long and 45 wide, för several years past, in preference to all others, because it mounted on rollers, cloth hacks, and portions of it are distinctly lefar exceeds them all, so far as I know, in giving and detining gible at the distance of lifty feet Price Two Dollary scit utific terms."
The Chart can be obtained of 1 S. Bernes of Co, and Honting [From Rev. Dr. Wayland, Pres tirown University, Providence, R. I.) con 4. Savage, New-Yerk city; M'm. J. Reynolds, Boston; G.&C
“ I have always considered Dr. Webster's work in Lexico-Merrian, Springfield, Nass.; E. 11. Pease, Albany; Young & Hare graphy as surpassed in tulness and accuracy by none in Troy,; S. Hamilton, Rochester ; Oliver Steele, Buffalo; F. Han our language."
Elmira ; 1). I). Spencer & Co., Ithaca ; J.C. Derhy & Co, Aubura
Cleveland, Ohio ; J. I, llerrick, Detroit, Michigan; and of Booksel4 The new Edition of Webster's Dictionary, in crown lers generally. Agents who wi:h to purchase the chart, snpphia Quarto, seems to us deserving ot general patronage for the on liberal iernis, by
HALL & DICKSON, following reasons :
Publishers, S; racuse, N. Y. In the exhibition of the Etymology of the language, it is suferior to any other dictionary.
FROM S.S. RANDALL. [Here follow specifications of its excellence, in its Defini SXCRETARY'S OFFICE, toits, Orthog ophy, ronunciation extent of lucubuliry. ta- Departinent of Common Schools, 5 bles of Geographical, Scripture, and Classical Proper names.)
Albany, Jan. 23, 1840. We recommend it to all who desire to possess THE MOST Mr. L. W. Hall, Dear Sir:-[ have examined the lotua! COMPLITE, ACCURATE AND RELIABLE DICTION- Chart of the Elementary Sounds of the English language, arranged ARY OF THE LANGUAGE.
and prepared by David P. liige, Principal of the Siale Normni March, 1815.
School, and have no resitation in cordially recommending its inTheodore Frelinghuysen, Chancellor of University of New troduction into our Distriet Schools. It may wherever deemed adYork.
visable be procured under the authority conferred by the latter William H. Campbell, late editor N. Y. District School Jour- clause of the 16th section of the Act of 1843, as a portion of the nal.
“ Scientific Apparatus for the use ot' Schools," under the conditions Daniel Webster, U.S. Senator,
specified in that section. Yours; respectfully, Thomas II. Benton,
S.S. RANDALL, John Davis,
Deputy Superintendent of Conunon Schools.
FROM J. A. ALLEN.
Principal of the Syracuse Academy.
Syracuse, March 4, 1846. William B. Calhoun, Secty of State of Mass. Richard S. Rust, Commissioner of Common Schools in N. Charl, and am satistied that it is superjo: to any thing of the kind
Mr. Hack:Dear Sir: I have examined with pleasure the Normal Hampshire.
with which I am acquainted. Theodore F. King, Superintendent of Schools in New Jer
I have iniroduced it into my school, and shall recommend it to the Sen
atteution os Teachers everywhers. Robert C. Winthrop, Speaker of the U.S. House of Repre.
Yours &c., sentatives.
JOSEPH A. ALLEN.
FROM T. W. FIELD.
New-Torx, Aug. 19, 1846. dent of Common Schools in N. York.
Maesrs. IlALL & Dicksox: Sira—The Elementary Chart of Nor Alvah Hunt, Treasurer of New York
mai sounds, prepared by 1). D), Page, E=q., Principal of the State Millard Fillmore, Comptroller.
Normal senol, is in my opinion, calculated to supply a deficiency Rev. Samuel H. Cox, D. U.
that lias long been felt in our schools. Students who are exerciLyman Beecher, D. D.. President Lane Seminary. sed upon it, canno, fail to acquire habits of distinct utterance and Calvin E. Stow, D. D.. D. H. Allen, Professors in do. correct enunciation. The table of the Elementary sounds appears Rev. Heman Humphroy, D. D., late President of Amherst to be arranged on philosophical and correct principles, and the llege
Chart taken as a whole is eminently deserving a place in all our kek. Ezra Keller, D. D.. President of Wittenberg College, schoole.
TW. HIELD, bo.
'Teacher Ward School No.3, N. Y, City,
BY REV. JASON WHITMAN.
THE DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL obedience, becomes in after life a man of calm and is published monthly, and is devoted oxclusively to the proinotion of steady self-control, commanding the respect of others, Popular Education.
and enjoying the approval of his own heart. EDWARD COOPER, EDITOR.
I have seen those, who in childhood were subjectTERMS.-Single copies 50 cents: seven copies $3 00; awelvocopies ed to the unreasonable commands, and the cruel and
$5 00, twenty-five capies $10 00, payable always in advance. harsh treatment of intemperate parents, and who Al!letters and communications intended for the District School Jourtal, shou'd he directed to the Editor, Syracure, N. Y., Post Puid.
were trained in this unfortunate way to habits of obePrinted on the Power Press of
dience, who in after life became men of influence in BARNS, SMITII & COOPER,
the cominunity, manifesting great power of self conAt the Office of the D:lily and Westorn State Journal.
trol, and enjoying the respect of their fellow men.
And I have attributed the character of manhood so HOME PREPARATION FOR SCHOOL,
the power of self-control, acquired while forming, in FROM A LECTURE,
early life, and under severe and objectionable disci
pline, the habit of ready obedience On the other Delivered before the American Institute of Instruction.
hand, I have seen those, who, in childhood, were
surrounded with means of improvement, and placed (Conchuded.)
amid influences which would be regarded as favorable There is still another consideration, which appeals to correctness of character, but who seldom, if ever, <lirectly to the y. arning affections of the parental had their inclinations checked, or their desires thwartheart in behalf of strenuous efforts to establish, in ed, and who never formed habits of obedience to carly life, the fixed habit of prompt and cheerful óbe- parental commands. And these persons be. ame in dience. It is that by so doing they will be conferring manhood the mere tools of their own changing ihe greatest possible benefit upon their children, in whims, or the slaves of their own appetites and pasregard to their future characters and happiness. If
sions. And I have queried whether this said result there is any one trait
, which is more immediately may not be attributed to their want of the power of connected than another with respectatxility of charac- self-control, which should have been acquired while ter and with the happiness of life, it is the possession forming habits of obedience in childhood. of the power of self-control. The worid' is full of Again, I have heard men attribute all they were in vexations, disappointments and provocations, as well character, and all their success in life, to the floggings as of temptations and allurements. He, who would they had received in childhood. And 'I have no doub: command respect, or enjoy happiness, must bear that for much of character and success they were infalmly the one, and withstand firmly the other. In-debted to the lower of self-control. acquired while deed the man who has no power of self-control, who forming m childhood the habit of obedience, even lies at the mercy of his wayward inclinations, his though that obedience was secured by what we deera craving appetites, or his turbulent passions, ' can extremely objectionable means And instances of this neither command 'the respect of others, nor enjoy the kind show the importance of the habit, and teach approval of his own heart On the contrary, he who us that while we are endeavoring to remove from our has full command of himself, who can control his processes of education and modes of early training appetites and inclinations, and curb his passions a, these justly obnoxious means, we should insist will will, ever commands the respect of his fellow ment greater earnestness upon the formation of the habit of while he enjoys much inward peace and calm com prompt and cheerful obedience, by instrumentalities posure of mind
But this power of self-control, so of a purer and holier character. Then, too, there important in its bearings upon character and happi- have been those, who, after a chile hɔod' of unlim: ness, is to be acquired in early years, by specific acts ed indulgence, have acquired by vigorous efforts in of self-government. And every act of obedience, after life this power of self-control. But it has been which the child may render to the voice of authority, only by the severest struggle with inclinationis ard! is an act of self-government The child, for example, habits which had acquired in the indulgences of who ceases crying, wipes up his tears, and goes childhood, an almost unconquerable power. Could cheerfully to his play or to his assigned duty at the such, from the midst of their struggles, appeal to command of parental authority, has performed an parents on this subject, they would say with much cot of self-control, and has acquired, thereby, an in-earnestness,
if would show yourselves friends croised power of self-command'
. The boy who checks to the future happiness of your children, form them his chșing appetites, and abstains from desired into habits of ready, cheerful obedience while you, dulgences, under the influences of an affectionate and so save them from the almost death-sirugte regard for parental prohibition, has in that act exer- through which we are called to pass." The firs: cised the power of self-government, and has done item, then, of home preparation for school, will com something to train his appetites to an habitual and sist of efforts to train the young, during the eariik. promp acquiescence in the decisions of the will
. In years of childhood, to habits of ready, cheerful Olte This tay, he who in childhood is trained to habits of dience. If this be done by the parent, and this alone,
much will be accomplished towards rendering the la- And, if the latter are kept back to accommodate the bors of the teacher pleasant, securing the rapid pro- former, there will be danger that they will loose the gress of the scholars, and elevating the school to a interest they feel, while the others from the very
fact high rank of efficiency.
of their irregularity have already become utterly inThe second item of home preparation, which I different to their studies. I have sometimes thought would notice, relates to the importance of efforts, on that a teacher would be justified in making a different the part of parents, to secure the regular and pune- classification of his pupils from what is customary, in tual attendance of their children at all the sessions classifying them according to the regularity of their and upon all the exercises of the school. One of the attendance, placing in one division those who might greatest h ndrances to the progress of individual pu. attend regularly and punctually, and to whom, therepils and the high standing of our schools, arises from fore, regular and efficient instruction could be given, the want of regularity and punctuality in the attend- and in another, those who are irregular in their atance of the pupils. Some are abserit one, two, or tendance, and to whom, in consequence, only dethree days in the week, and others, who are more sultory and occasional attention could be rendered. regularly present, often miss the exercises of their Every one will admit that the evil to which I have class by the lateness of their attendance, or hurry now alluded is a very serious evil, exerting an injuover their studies in view of an early dismission, rious influence upon the progress of individual pupils which parents have authorized. And what is the ef- and upon the general character of the school. To fect of this upon the scholar and upon the school ? what is this serious evil owing? It is to be attributed,
Upon the scholar himself it exerts a most deleteri- I answer, to the fact that parents do not estimate ous influence. Every teacher knows that the con- aright the comparative value of a good education. tinued and permanent interest of the scholar in his They do not feel, that, in giving their children this studies will depend upon his passing regularly along treasure, they are bestowing upon them the most in them step by step, with the feeling that he has valuable and enduring wealth." Parents are apt to mastered all that he has met with, and is prepared to feel that certain chores must be attended to, and cergrapple with good hope of success with whatever tain errands run, that the haying must not be neg. may present itself. The gratification arising from lected, and that the boys must be kept at home. But past success, and the thought that he is master as far what if some little pecuniary loss should be incurred, as he has gone, together with the hope of future vic- or some little money expended in procuring extra tories, will inspire an earnest zeal and keep alive a help? What is that, in comparison with the boy's permanent interest. But on the other hand, every education? You must bear it in mind that it is not teacher knows that the omission of a single step, or the mere loss of a day or a week, it is not the mere the failure to understand fully the steps passed over, loss of time, invaluable as that possession is. It is will do much to destroy whatever interest may have the bad influence exerted upon the feelings and the been felt in the studies pursued. Suppose that your character of the boy. It is the loss of interest in child enters school and becomes interested in his study which is experienced, and the indifference to studies, and then is kept at home for a day at one the value and importance of a good education, and time, and a half a day at another-some weeks two to all mental improvement which is generated. If days, and some three. He falls behind his class, or if, the boy sees that, in his father's estimation, there are for the sake of convenience, he is kept along with it, many things which must be attended to in preference he feels his deficiency and inferiority, becomes dis- to the school, many things for which the school must couraged, and loses his interest. From want of in- be neglected, it will be the natural and almost ineviterest in his studies springs that listlessness and pro- table result
, that he will himself regard the school, pensity for mischief, which are so annoying to teach the teacher and the advantages of a good education ers and so destructive to the best interests of the with feelings of indifference. He will manifest but school. In some instances the very brightest boys in little interest in regular and punctual a endance at the school become the dullest scholars in the class, in school, and still less interest in the studies to which consequence of the irregularity of their attendance. his attention may there be directed. And the inIndeed, so deleterious is the influence of irregularity fluence of this state of the feelings does not cease in attendance upol. the pupil himself, that I verily with the years of childhood and youth. There folbelieve that five months schooling in the year, where lows from it a paralyzing indifference to all efforts for the attendance is regular and punctual, is far more enlightening the mind, and elevating the character, valuable than seven months of irregular attendance, by reading, or otherwise, in after life. In this way scattered over a period of nine months' duration. a parent, by compelling his son to attend school só
And the effect of this irregularity of attendance irregularly as to lose his interest in the studies there upon the general character and success of the school pursued, may inflict upon him an injury, for which is most disastrous. This may be perceived at a sin- money can never remunerate him.
It will be said gle glance. Here, for example, is a class of ten or that there are some parents so situated that they need twelve in Arithmetic or Grammar. On some days the assistance of their children ; that the father needs there are six scholars present, on some, five, on the labor of the boys in the shop, or on the farm, and some eight. A series of lessons has been assigned the mother, the assistance of the girls in the cares of and passed over, and a course of familiar oral expla- the household. This may be true in some cases nations has been given. But on no two successive But there are very few parents, who could not male days has the class corisisted of the same members. some arrangement, if they estimated aright the value passed
over, the answer of one is, ** I was absent privileges, by which, if their children couli attend when the class were upon that lesson." The answer only a part of a second is, " I was not present when those prin- punctual while they professed to attend. These are
the time, they might be regular and ciples were explained.” And so it is through the the parents who most frequently say, whole class. Consequently, much time must be our children no other inheritance than a good educa: spent, with those who have been irregular in their tion." Will they be so cruel as to diminish by their attendance, upon lessons and explanations already own negligence, as far as possible, the value of even familiar to those who have been regularly present. that, when opportunities for securing it are afforded at
we can leave