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leeen made towards a priactical and efficient method of
E. C. & J. BIDDLE.
prepared with care, with reference to the wants of scholars
rather than the display of erudition; and on a plan that can No 6. So. Fifth St., Philadelphia.
hardly fail to commend itself at sight to the experienced
teacher. Publish the following works designed for the use of Schools
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, and Colleges.
To Messrs. E. Č. & J. Biddle. JOHN S. HART. Lynd's First Book of Etymology.
The above named works are published by E. C. & J. Bid Lynd's Class Book of Etymology.
dle, Philadelphia, and are for sale by Oswald's Etymological Dictionary, with Key.
C. M. Saxton, New York; Cleveland's Compendium of English Literature.
Derby, Wood & Co., Geneva; Fiske's Eschenburg's Manuel of Classical Literature. W. C. Little & Co., Albany; Volume of Plates illustrating the “ Manuel."
Bemis & Shepard Canandaigua; Fiske's Classical Antiquities.
Merriam, Moore & Co., Troy;
Alling, Seymour & Co., Vogdes' U. 8. Arithmetic. Key. 1
H. H. Hawley & Co., Utica;
Stoddard & Babcock, Crittenden's Double Entry Book Keeping.
Hall & Dickson,
Syracuse ; Vodges' Mensuration.
Alden & Markham, Auburn; Alsop's Algebra, Second Edition. Key.
0. G. Steele, Butiilo; and by Booksellers generally. Ciummer's Astronomy, Third Edition. Maury's Navigation,
CLEVELAND'S COMPENDIUM OF ENGLIS'
LITERATURE. Johnson's Moffat's Natural Philosophy
A COMPENDIUM OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, chronologicali sohnson's Moffat's Chemistry. McMurtrie's Scientific Lexicon.
arranged, trom Sir John Mandeville (14th century) to W.. Cowper ('ose of 18th century); consisting of Biographical
Sketches o. the Authors, choice selections from their works; Peale's Graphics, The elementary principles of with Notes 'xplanatory and illustrative, and directing to Drawing.
the best Editions, and to various criticisms. Designed as a Hill's Drawing Book of Flowers and Fruit. Hill's Progressive Lessons in Painting Flowers and text-book for the highest classes in Schools and Acadenies
as well as for private reading. By Chas. D. Cleveland.
Adopted as a text-book in the Public Grammar Schools Outlines of Sacred History.
of Philadelphia; the Public High School Hartford ; and ex
tensively in Academies and privaie Seminaries throughout Tregor’s Geography of Pennsylvaina.
From Rt. Rev. Alonzo Potter, D. D.
PHILADA., Dec. 9, 1847.
Having, some years since, meditated a similar undertaki Sandtord aud Merton, in French.
ing, I can appreciate, in a measure, the difficulties with IN PRESS.
which you were called to contend, and the skill with which
you have surinounted them. The selections seem to me to Alsop's First Lessons in Algebra.
be made with much taste and judgment, and I cannot but
regard this volume as a very valuable addition to our School SERIES OF ETYMOLOGICAL CLASS BOOKS.
Literature. The interest with which a young kinswoman, i. THE FIRST BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. By James in whose hands I have placed it, is studying it, is an earn Lynd, Prof. of Belles Letters, in Delaware College.
est of the reception which it must meet in the more advano 2. THE CLASS BOOK OF ETYMOLOGY. By Profes- ed classes of our higher schools for both sexes. sor Lynd
ALONZO PorrER. 3. 'Aw ETYMOLOGICAL DICTIONARY OF THE
Boston, March 7, 197. ENGLISH LANGUAGE. By John Oswald. New edition, My Dear Sir:-I ought long ago to have acknowledged with a key by Prof. Lynd.
your very agreable present of the Compendiuin of English This series has been adopted, in whole or in part, for use Literature. It is just the thing I had been wishing to see, in the Public Schools of Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York, and I thank you for it. Bpooklyn, Troy, Utica, Hartford, Charlestown, &c. &c. I have examined the Compendium with great care, and
From Professor J. S. Hart, Principal of Philadelphia Cen. have found it better suited than any other volume I have tral High School, author of an English Grammar, Class-Books seen, to be a text-book in the study of the History of English of Prose and Poetry, an Exposition of the Constitution of the Literature. In size it is of a right inedium, not being or United States, $c.
hopeless length, but yet long enough to niake a deep inpres CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL, Philadelphia, June 15, 1817.
sion, and to give a fair view of the writings of the mox GENTLEVEN, -I have examined with unusual satisfaction prominent of the English writers in prose and verse. The the First Book and Class-Book of Etymology, by Mr. James biographical notices are judicious, and the extracts are made Lynd. These books both in their plan and execution. give with taste and discrimination, and present most attractive evidence of having been prepared by one practically ac.
specimens of the treasures of our incomparable English lan quainted with the difficulties of the subject, and able suc.
guage. cessfully to meet them. I have long considered the study ful and interesting that I hope it will obtain the circulation
I have adopted it in my school, and have found it so uso who one of primary importance, and I am free to say, that I beink Mr. Lynd's work the greatest advance that has yet
which it so richly deserves. Respectfully yours,
Geo. B. EMERSON, ching it. The conviction has been for some time gaining
Published by E. C. & J. Biddle, Philadelphia, and for und, that the study of the analysis of words into their el sale by the booksellers named in the advertisemeut next eme
nts, of the meaning of these elements and the method of preceeding. combining them in other words, the study of Etymol ogy In essential, especially to the mere English scholar, to a pro
Wanted Immediately. per nd intelligent comprehension of the language. These LARGE number of first rate agents, to whoin a liberal com Ar å ises, also, like all rational exercises connected with the miksion will be paid for every sew School they will estabstilerc of language, have been found to be one of the most lish, and 'or every pupil added to an established school. Teacheid offidyient means of diciplining the youthful mind. But hither furnished on application. The best recommendations are reqatt to ceerious difficulties have been experienced from the wanted. All communications must be post pard. text-books precisely adapted to the necessities of English
* E. H. WILCOX. Proprietor. scholars; and many teachers have omitted what they be August 1st 1848.
126 Nassau sl., New York lieved to be an important branch of primary instruction because no rrethod of teaching it had been presented that AMNOND'S POLITICAL HISTORY OF New York. Vol 3d, will go far to remove this dificulty. They are erideutly Aus. Ist., 1815.
HALL & DICKSC.X.
THE DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL Is published monthly, and is devoted exclusively to the promotion of
EDWARD COOPER, EDITOR. CERMS.-Single copies 50 cents; seven copies $300; twelve copies
$5 00 twenty-five copies $10 00 payable always in advance. Allletters and communications intended for the District School ourwal should he directed to the Editor Syracuse N. Y. Post Paid.
Printed on the Power Press of
BARNS, SMITH & COOPER,
[From the Albany Evening Journal.) THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL EXAMINATION.
The Examination of the Pupils was close and seyere. But the Students passed through the ordeal with honor to themselves and credit to their Teachers.
There were forty-six graduates—twenty-nine ladies and seventeen gentlemen—from 33 counties. They go out from the institution thoroughly disciplined, and fully qualified to enter upon the important duties of the profession which they have chosen.
The Principal of the School, Mr. Perkins, by his devotion to its interests, by his enlightened judgment, and by the proof which he has given of his ripe scholarship, has fully justified the confidence reposed in him. The high character which the institution had acquired under the supervision of the lamented PAGE is safe in the hands of his worthy successor.
The School is no longer an experiment. Its utility is fully established. It is now permanently identified with the Common School System of the State ; and so long as it maintains its present high character, it will be as popular with the people as it is useful to the great cause of universal education.
Thursday afternoon the exercises were opened by Prayer by the Rev. Dr. J. N. CAMPBELL, and singing by the Pupils
The following Poem, by Miss Sarah A. Dempster, of Fulton county, was then read by Miss E. C. Hance. If we had a production to be read in public, and wished it to sound well, we would surely secure the services of Miss Hance :
Beside a little stream that wandered on
“Oh! for a dialect to tell thee
All glorious power, all majesty sublime!
Would'nt it Be world enough for thee ?" she asked, and laughed A fearful laugh, that clear and shrill as notes . Of silver trumpet rang, and then, as its Low trembling music-murmur died away, 'Twas hollow and sepulchral as before.
“ Ye think me mad that thus I herald forth
A story ran,
that from the olden time
But oh! I mingled with the white-robed throng
In the boundless deep of eternity;'
Join in my rich sweet minstrelsy.
There's not a sound in all the sky
We parted when there dwelt no cloud
From hot-brine tears they wept.
There's not a hope in spirit breast
The fervent, pure, and holy prayer.
Oh! wish hiin not to dwell on earth again,
I care no more,
"I charge thee with prophetic tone to walk right on. I know, and what he can do; where lie his stores of
Second, That we next ascertain the powers, physi-
, and moral
, by ivhich the one is to be thy way,
attained, and the other performed, and And knowing all thy power, walk on in darkness Third, That we apply to each one of these just that or in day.
precise course of culture and training that will enable
each, with the least houn'i of effort, to attain the I tell thee train the young immortal mind To think and feel and act. And if perchance
one and perform the other.
It A dreamer wanders o'er thy way, awake
may be all summed up in the application of disThy slumbering eloquence, stir up thy soul;
creet and juclicious c Iture to every active and thinkAnd with the might of truth, call out
ing power, with the view of enabling man to master In tones as startling as the voice of dead,
all that lies within the limits of his capacity, and to To that stray one to tread again thy path
act up to the highest responsibility of his being That God has marked for him. And then pour on
Now the first obvious remark here is, that this culHis ear some words of prudent praise, and trace
ture would be completely thrown awa; upon the For his young mind a destiny that will Be truly great,' and lead him on, and he
aged. They haved passed entirely beyond its reach. Will turn to thee a heart with all its mind
It would be almost entirely thrown away upon the Of unseen gems, that shall be dearer far
man or woman in mid life. The modes of thought Than worlds of wealth. And when thy duty's done, and feeling, and the habits of action then formed and The angel-group shall make a place for thee,
in full operation, and energised, as they are, by the And thou shalt find sweet slumber on the breast
streams of influence that flow out fresh from life's full Of the Eternal One."
fountain heal, utierly preclude even the hope of so Singing by the Pupils.
bestowing it as to effeci in them
any very considerable After which, Amos Dean, Esq., delivered the follow- change. ing Address to the Students :
The only fit subject for this culture is the young, ADDRESS.
The young--and what scui stirring associations clusThis earth with all its various uses and purposes, is ter around that term. The young—io whom the langto us what we choose to make it. It is all run in the uage of the cradle and the lessons of the tomb are mould of mind, and is to it what the painted bow of equally accessible. The young—the rising hope of Heaven is to the descending shower and the glittering earth, for whose benefit man has been toiling on ever sunbeams. In the calm and serene aspect, it streiches since the creation, a:d now presentsile accumulated its many colored arch along the verge of the horrison, experience of almost six thousand
years to admonish, and is then truly the siynal of peace.
But in the to warn and to guide. The young-whom posterity troubled storm of the ocean, where the blackening are to hold responsible for the performance of high cloud above frowns upon the tumbling surge below, and holy trusts, of trusts increasing in magnitude and that beauteous bow becomes inverted, and mirrors importance as the experience of the world accumuupon he brow of Heaven, the tempests of the deep. lates iis lessons. The young, who are soon to step
So also to a well regulated mind, one which com- upon life's thronged arena, upon whom the chains of prehends and acts upon the true philosophy of life, habit lave never yet been rivited, whose course and this world is a world of beauty, grandeur, sublimity testiny deperd -0 essentially, so almost entirely upon and goodness. Over all its physical objects and ihemselves Oh that we might redeem, that we might aspects are thrown an ideal, inoral and religious man save, that we mighi enlighien, that we might ennoble tle; and all the acts and violations of its gifted tenant, lile young, is the laoxuage both of age and of infancy, become invested with the deep and abiding interest the cry that bursts forth spontaneously from the tomb due to immortal natures. When the several sanctions, and from the cradle the physical, political, social, moral and religious, And how shall this be done? At what time, in which influence human volitions, are all strictly obey- what place, by what mewus? ed, the conscious soul drinks in their pleasures, and The ime embraces all that period intervening bealways has its ever growing capacities for enjoyment tween feedle iniancy and that stage of life when mind. full.
soul, and body are surrendered up to the dominion of When, on the coutrary the penalties of these sanc- habits which have acquired so much strength as to tions are incurred, and the inaterial fraine withers exert a perfect control. The length of that per od will under the influence of disease, or wastes within a differ in different individuals. One fuct, however, prison's walls, or wanders a solitary outcast from so- holds true universally: and that is, that this surrender ciety; or when the immortal nature withers beneath is gradual; that the efficiency of culture in modifying the terrible inflictions of i self and its God; then the man and influencing his destiny is inversely as indeed, everything without, in like manner, answers his age; that in this respect he resembles a pyramidito everything within, and the torturers of body and cal struture, having large portions around its base soul are seen painted in the landscape, glassed in the open to thesun-light, and but a single point at its summit. ocean, mirrored in the heavens, and interwoven in all The place is principally the nursery and the school the varied forms o: human action. The ear can then room Each one of these has its own appropriate hear nothing but discord, the eye see nothing but tor- office and function, and must perform them faithfully ture
to make a perfect man. With the first, we have here It becomes then an enquiry of the highest possible no:hing to do, except to remark that the transfer of the importance, by what means this well regulated mind, young irom it to the school room is generally done a that can act upon this true philosophy, can be attained. great deal too early:--The idea o sending children to What must be given for its purchase, and on what school, at a very tender age, for the reason that by so terms can it become the property of the race. doing they are got rid of at home, is one in which the We answer--that the terms, and the only terms thing ilone is as ill-jurlged as the reason for it is un
tenable. For this assertion I have my own reasons; First, That we form some definite idea of the but for want of time, and from some slight apprehenhuman capacity; that we ascertain what man can sion that you might pass the same severe judymenil
upon them that I have upon that just mentioned, I the creation. His works are constantly addressing farbear to state them.
every sense we possess, and are appealing to us through The means are principally parental and school in- the touch, and the taste, and the smell, and the eye struction. With the first again we have nothing to and the ear; let then the perceiring, reasoning and do, except to remark, that it stands to the second in reflecting mind no longer remain ignorant of their the relations of a child to its parent.-Who are the higher purposes, or inattentive to their various teachfathers and mothers of this generation? They were ings. the school boys and school girls of the last; and the There are, to speak of no others, two obvious beneschool children of the present, with all their thought- fits arising from this institution One is the general less levities and smiling faces, and gladsome gushings diffusion of intelligence and knowledge; the creation forth of young life, are to be ihe fathers and mothers of a loftier tone of moral sentinent; the gift of a of the next. More than that. They are to be the power to appreciate the higher vses and purposes of progenitors of the whole world that is yet to come, things; all tending ultimately to form and sustain a and the remotest generation that shall tenant this orb, pure and high toned public opinion, that engine so is to send back upon them its blessing or its curse, ac- powerful for good or evil in all the workings of free cording as they have influenced its destinies for veal governments. Thus by the wide diffusion of these
means of happiness and enjoyment, their sum total It is therefore perfectly apparent that around the must be vastly increased. institution of the common school cluster interests Another is that it affords abundant opportunity and momentous for the present, and full of consequences every reasonable facility, to minds originally vested for the future. And yet this is no time hallowed in with the elements of power to become quickened into stitution It has been late in making its appearance life, and to awake to a knowledge of themselves. upon the stage of action. We have still amongst 118 We know not what mighty energies, or what giant him who gave its present form. who by blending in powers, may be slumbering immediately around us. proper proportions, state patronage with voluntary The child who is now collecting his rudiments of individual effort, imparted to it at once the elemenis knowledge in yonder school house, may yet make a of power, progress and perpetuity. This lateness of discovery in some department of art or industry, that its or gin is one among the facts going to show that shall completely revolutionize human affairs. man's capacity for development is inexhaustible; that We in truth, little know where sleeps the head to new ideas and new institutions will continue to be which mankind may be the most extensively indebproduced and organized, so long as man continue to ted. It may be pillowed in poverty, and want and destibe man; and that these new ideas and institutions tution may be the inmates of its dwelling; the coluwill ever spring up at the call of necessity, anıt be ness of neglect, or the smile of derision its encourage, adapted to the occasion or exigencies that requires ment to effort. It goes forth alone and unnoticed. them.
The man of business, and of pleasure, and of politics, It is, to a great extent, on the possibility or proba- passes by regardlessly. He has no eye to see, nor ear bility of realising from this institution all it seems to hear, ner tongue to encourage. Nor are these refitted to furnish, that tie hope of the world now hangs. quired. Their place is more than supplied by the len Were not the schoolmaster abroad amongst us, we thousand glorious influences, that come up fresh and miglit well doubt the perpetuity of all those institu- invigorating from every part of this vast temple, the tions which are mainly dependant on light and knowl- universe, where God is worshipped. These sustain edge. That little moral castle, the school house, is of and support with a power more than human, and with an importance, infinitely outweighing the princely their kindly aid it pursues onward its noiseless and unpalace, or baronial hall. There are sown the seeds obtrusive tread, ur:til the first intelligence we have of of knowledge; there are first manifested the elements it, it sends up its pointed rod to protect our dwellings of power; there are aroused the hitherto dormant from the thunderbolt, or pushes afloat iis steamship to energies of thought; and how important is thought. gladden our waters. It is its noiseless progress, that by its still but efficient A single invention, or the discovery of the simplest development of great principles, laws, and wide principle, may be of infinitely more value to man spreading truths, has given man such a cleamess of ihan the creation or dismemberment of an hundred vision into the arena of nature, and control over her empires. Take, for instance, the principle of repre. operations as to enable him to employ her most active sentation in government. Would all the wealth and agents, in his own service, to push forward the enor- power, and influence of the world combined, pur. mous vessel by the expansive power of her steam, chase of us that principle? No. Because without it and to send abroad through space his various com- that wealth and power, and influence would be divesmunications on the wings of her lightning.
ted of value. W'ithout it they might indeed be roses, Let then the energies of thought be successfully but they would be roses growing upon a grave, aroused. Let the American mind be awakened to a utterly valueless to the unconscious dust beneath them. sense of its wants; to a knowledge of its powers; The extent to which these benefits are secured by and to a just appreciation of its rights, privileges and this institution, will depend mainly upon the teachers perogatives. Let there be instilled into the minds of and their methods of instruction. The teachers, and the young an irrepressible desire of knowledge; a who are they? Are they from among and of the desire that will originate sea.ching inquiries into the people ? Have they come up to this great work with operations, reasons, causes and effects of things; that a full conviction of its inportance? Do they realize will ask of the volcano how and why it lights up its the
greatness of their mission? Are they satisfied with blazing beacon fire; of the earthquake, wherefore its simply being useful, and are they willing to relinquish convulsive heavings ofthestorm cloud and what mission larger spheres of action, in order that they may be it is designed to accomplish; and of the blood, on come more efficient in smaller? Have they possessed what rosey errand it is sent into every part of the liv- themselves of sound principles of their own by which ing system. Wherefore should the mind be idle while to be guided, or are they to receive them from others dwelling in the midst of a universe of wonders; while upon trust?' Do they stand upon the strength of their inhabiting a world which is in fact only a spleidid own “ rendered reasons,” or do they pin their faith work shop, in which God has been laboring ever since upon the sleeves of others?