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With intervenient disk, as she withdrew :
But (for we far have wandered) let us seek
108. Spain is 90° west of Jerusalem (accord
“ Vederebbe ing to Dante) and the Ganges 90° east. The La perdonanza di che si confida." names of the inhabitants of these places are used “Would see what kind of pardon (indulgences) to indicate the different parts of the world. they trust in,” i.e. would see how useless such
111. Names then very common in Florence. pardon was, being suggested by the devil and Bindi = diminutive of Ildebrando, and Lapi of not God. Jacopo. Cf. Ger. Heinz und Kunz.
129. Rebukes folly of buying indulgences, 112. So Milton, Lycidas,
a folly so universal that even false priests can “The hungry sheep look up and are not fed, enrich themselves. But swoln with wind and the rank mist they 131. An Egyptian hermit (251-356); not to draw,
be confused with St. Anthony of Padua. Used Rot inwardly."
here for priest in general. 114. Ignorance is no excuse for sin.
132. They not only feed their own bodies 115. Conventicle = the apostles.
well, but feed also their concubines, illegitimate 123. Cowl distends = he is puffed up. children, etc.
126. Bird = Satan. Hood is not quite accu 134. False indulgences. rate for becchetto = point of the hood.
135. All the preceding has been a digression. 127. Not a correct translation. The origi- Beatrice now returns to the subject of angels nal, –
and says their number is countless.
Be shortened with the time. No mortal tongue,
Dante is taken up with Beatrice into the Empyrean; and there having his sight strength
ened by her aid, and by the virtue derived from looking on the river of light, he sees the triumph of the angels and of the souls of the Blessed.
Noon's fervid hour perchance.six thousand miles
140. “Thousand thousands ministered unto be noon six thousand miles off (approximately), him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood and the shadow cast by the rising sun is almost before him." Daniel vii. 10.
level. 143. God fills them in different degrees with 6. Handmaid = dawn. his glory, according to their order.
11. Triumph = the celestial hierarchy. 1. To describe the gradual fading away of 13. The point which seemed included by the
scribes the fading angels really surrounds them. God is at once of the stars at sunrise. In any place on the the centre and the circumference of the uniearth when the dawn is about to break, it must verse.
If all, that hitherto is told of her,
As when the lightning, in a sudden spleen
20. This supreme increase of beauty indicates 35. Trump = song of the Divine Comedy, Dante's ascent to the Empyrean.
which is now drawing to a close. 24. A rhetorical translation of the simple 39. Last corporeal = maggior corpo= the original,
greatest body, i.e. the Primum Mobile, which “Soprato fosse comico o tragedo," is the outermost limit of the material universe. “Both tragic and comic poets would have been The Empyrean, being purely spiritual, has overcome,” i.e. would be unequal to the task neither space nor time, but only light and love. of discussing this theme.
44. The angels and the Blessed. 28. Cf. New Life, $ 1.
45. One = the Blessed, appearing as in the 30. Dante has sung the praises of Beatrice body with which, however, they shall actually in the New Life, in Par. xiv. 74; xviii. 8 ff.; be clothed only after the Last Judgment. xxiii. 22, etc.
47. Spleen= lampor flash of lightning. 34. Bruit = bando = heralding; here = the 50. He is now in the Empyrean, the heaven sound of the Poet's trumpet.
And veiled in dense impenetrable blaze.
No sooner to my listening ear had come
Never did babe that had outslept his wont,
53. Beatrice speaks and says that God, who “ Underneath a bright sea flowed fills the Empyrean with light and love, prepares
Of jasper or of liquid pearl.” the soul (torch) entering it to receive the vision
Milton, P. L. iii. 518. of his glory.
78. Topaz = the sparkles (in line 66) = the 6o. In this magnificent passage Dante de- angels. scribes the glory of God as a river of light with 79. Laughter = rider dell erbe = smiling flowery banks. Later it changes to a round of the flowers, i.e. of the souls of the Blessed. lake, surrounded by the seats of the Blessed in 82. Dante's sight is not strong enough to see the shape of a rose. Cf. “And he shewed me the angels and the Blessed (sparkles and flowers) a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, in their true shape. This he does later (line 95). proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb." Rev. xxii. I.
Seemed it unto me turned from length to round.
O prime enlightener! thou who gavest me strength
There is in heaven a light, whose goodly shine
96. See line 44.
112. Thrones = seats. 97. O prime enlightener = 0 isplendor di 113. The souls of the saved. Dio=0 splendor of God!
120. There is no space in the Empyrean. 100. The Lake of Light around which the 122. Yellow = the circular lake of light, Blessed are seated,- so numerous that the lowest which is like the yellow heart of the rose. row is larger than the circumference of the sun. 125. In Heaven eternal spring abides. 108.
“A lake, That to the fringed bank with myrtle crowned Her crystal mirror holds."
Milton, P. L. iv. 261.