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CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

PAGB

13

INTRODUCTION; THE EARLY KINGS; THE INVASION BY THE

SHEPHERDS, AND THEIR EXPULSION; THE RISE OF THEBES.

B. C.

Egypt, its boundaries

Asiatic origin of the race, the ruling and lower classes .

The soil and climate

Early civilization .
The sources of polytheism; the gods
The several little kingdoms and first known Kings of This;

of Thebes ; of Elephantine .

Of Heracleopolis; the Lake of Mæris; the Labyrinth . 12

Of Memphis, of Xois . . . .
The bull and other aninials worshipped . . .

ib.

OSIRTESEN I. ; early style of building ; sculpture .

15

Obelisks of Heliopolis and of the Lake Mæris . .

17

Hieroglyphics; their progress towards an alphabet .

18

The months; the language . . .

The art of making steel ..
1700 ? Suphis or CHEOPS of Memphis, and his successor SENSUPHIS,

conquer Thebes.

The Pyramids built; their size and use

22

The Sphinx

AMUNMAI THORI I. .

AMUNMAI THORI II.

OSIRTESEN II.

1550 ? OSIRTESEN III.

AMUNMAI Thori III.

Queen SCEMIOPHRA

The copper mines and temple in Sinai .
Women in the priesthood, their condition.
The Phenicians settle in Lower Egypt .

The Shepherd kings make Egypt tributary . .

1600 ? SALATIS

BEON

APACHNAS

APOPHIS. . . . . .

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THOTHMOSIS III., or MENOPHRES, perhaps MYCERA

The third and fourth pyramids built

The several kingdoms united ..
1322 The calendar reformed; era of Menophres .

The buildings; the arch .

AMUNOTHPH II. . .

1300 ? Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt

Their route described ; passage of the Red Sea
Hebrew alphabet borrowed from the hieroglyphics
Hebrew names of months which do not belong to the same seasons

with the hieroglyphical names
THOTHMOSIS IV. He builds a temple to the great sphinx
Mautmes, the birth of the son.
AMONOTHPH III.; his musical statue
The style of Egyptian statues, temples, and columns

AMUNMAI ANEMNEB .

The Greeks driven out of the Delta ; Erechtheus, Cadmus, and

Danaus, founders of Greek cities .

The Greek alphabet copied from hieroglyphics

RAMESES I. .

1200 ? OIMENEPTHAH I.: his name :

His palace at Quoineh, paintings, palace at Abydos, tomb near

Thebes . .

Love shown to the gods; the lamp in heaven .. . 19

The trial of the dead ..

RAMESES II. ; his palace of the Memnonium ; of Karnak

85

The Zodiac of the Memnonium . i . .

His victories ; colony at Colchis .

His march through Palestine and monument at Beyroot.

92

132

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524

Cyprus conquered by Amasis and reconquered by Cyrus
Phanes deserts to Cambyses .
Cambyses marches through Arabia against Egypt .
The city of Sais .
PSAMMENITUS defeated at Pelusium ,

Memphis surrenders to the Persians; all Egypt follows

Ezekiel's prophecy . .

The Egyptian laws.

Clothing; mineral wealth . . .

The priesthood ,

Tenure of the soil, its extent . . .

Sculpture, the styles compared

Painting ; Architecture

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206

CHAPTER V.

THE REIGNS OF THE PERSIAN CONQUERORS, AND OF THE EGYPTIANA

WHO REBELLED AGAINST THEIR POWER. B.C. 523-332.

523 CAMBYSES marches against Ethiopia and the Oases

198

Plunders the Theban temples and tombs, breaks the colossal statue 199

Wounds the bull Apis, and scourges the priests .

200

Cambyses goes mad, and marries his two sisters

202

521 DARIUS

stim : : . . . .

The Persians attack Libya unsuccessfully . . . 203

Aryandes, the satrap of Egypt

Darius honours the sacred bull and the priests . .

Aryandes coins money

204

Coins of Cyprus

205

Amasis an Egyptian made satrap or melek of Egypt

Nephra melek of Egypt; good government under Darius

The oases in the desert; the camel .

The canal, the taxes, the Ethiopian tribute

207

Mandothph melek; (the battle of Marathon). .

208

487 MANDOTHPH makes himself king. .

The name of Amun-Ra cut out from the monuments

208

484 XERXES again makes Egypt a Persian province

209

Achæmenes the satrap governs with severity .

ib.

464 ARTAXERXES LONGIMANUS ..

210

460 INARUS [or PSAMMETICHUS] makes Lower Egypt independent ;

and probably Amyrtæus then reigns in Upper Egypt .

The Persians hold Memphis .

211

454 Inarus killed, Amyrtæus holds out longer

212

Hellanicus visits Egypt, ANAXAGORAS . .

213

Herodotus, who wrote on manners and customs.

The Feast of Lanterns; a religious gathering of the people ; a sham

fight between the priests . .

214

The fields under water during the inundation . .

ib.

Memphis; the citadel of the White Wall, the camp of the Tyrians,

the temple of Pthah, three Phenician temples, the ball of Apis. 215

ib.

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