The golden contradiction: a Marxist theory of gold : with particular reference to South Africa
Concentrating on the heyday of 'hard money', The Golden Contradiction is a work of political economy which explains how the traditional 'constancy' of gold came to give way to a daily-fluctuating gold price. Its central thesis is that gold materialises the contradiction between money and capital. The fixed gold price is radically re-examined while the reverence of the gold standard system is challenged. Gold-producing labour is then shown to be both engaged and exercised according to different economic rules to those for labour in general. This underlies both the absurd life of the 'Wild West' gold digger and the origins of apartheid in South Africa.California from 1849 to c.1865 and South Africa from 1886 to c.1907 are described against the backdrop of the entire world history of gold production, both technologically and socially, to reveal a revolution in gold economics. Far from gold-mining companies separating black from white mine workers, Dr Stemmet shows that the mines found such a division already in place and sought, instead, to separate black gold miners from black workers in general. This was the first and most elementary form of apartheid.The Golden Contradiction is part theoretical, part descriptive and part polemical. Using Marx to go beyond Marx, Dr Stemmet also writes in defence of theory pure and simple, and treats the reader to the elegance of theory as a process.
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Gold as money
The moneycommodity and the value of labourpower
Gold as capital
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abstract labour amalgamation amount average becomes black workers capitalist Chamber of Mines character circuit of capital commodity competition concrete labour consumption contradiction cost diamond Duncan Innes emph exchange value expression factors of production financial markets fixed price George Albu gold as money gold mines gold production goldmining capital goldmining industry hence human labour ibid increase individual Innes Johnstone joint stock capital labour force lode Marx Marx's means of production measure of value metals miners mining companies money-commodity monopoly native nature necessary labour-time nineteenth century Onselen paper currency particular use-value placer mining political economy productivity of labour proletarianisation quantity of gold Rand reduced relation remains role silver social capital social form South African goldmining standard of price superexploitation surplus surplus labour surplus-value Ticktin token of value Trewhela unit value of gold value of labour-power values of commodities wages wealth Williams Witwatersrand workforce