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Let them ever shout for joy,
Because thou defendest them :

Let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee. 12 For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous ; With favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield.

а PSALM VI. To the chief Musician on Neginoth upon Sheminith. A Psalm of David.

(Psalm vi. is commonly reckoned as one of the penitential psalms of

David, of which, according to the Jews, there are seven. If so, the occasion of its composition was probably the same as that of Psalm li. It was evidently written under the pressure of mental anguish, arising from a consciousness of the Divine displeasure, combined perhaps with bodily disease (vers. 1—7); but it closes

with a cheerful expectation of deliverance (8—10).] 1 0 LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger,

Neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure. 2 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I am weak:

O LORD, heal me; for my bones are vexed. 3 My soul is also sore vexed :

But thou, O LORD, how long? 4 Return, O LORD, deliver my soul:

Oh save me for thy mercies’ sake! 5 For in death there is no remembrance of thee:

In the grave who shall give thee thanks ? 6 I am weary with my groaning;

All the night make I my bed to swim ;
I water my couch with

my tears. Title to Psalm vi. Sheminith. , ing was so intense as to affect the The term 'Sheminith' means eighth, whole frame. and may denote an instrument with Ver. 3. How long ? That is, eight strings; or, which is more • How long wilt thou delay to help! likely, music played with the lower The incomplete form of the sentence notes. See 1 Chron. xv. 20, 21, expresses strong emotion. where `Alamoth' and 'Sheminith Ver. 5. For in death there is no clearly signify different parts of remembrance of thee. The psalmist music; the former answering pro- contemplates death, not as the close bably to our treble, and the latter of his existence, but as putting an to the bass, or, perhaps, an octave end to all opportunity of praising below the treble.

God among his fellowmen. See Isa. Ver. 2. My bones are vexed. Or, xxxviii. 18. violently agitated.' The bones' Ver. 6. To swim; that is, with are mentioned as the strength and tears :' a hyperbolical expression, framework of the body. The suffer- to denote intense anguish.

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7 Mine eye is consumed because of grief;

It waxeth old because of all mine enemies. 8 Depart from me, all ye-workers of iniquity;

For the LORD hath heard the voice of my weeping. 9 The LORD hath heard my supplication;

The LORD will receive my prayer. 10 Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed :

Let them return and be ashamed suddenly.

PSALM VII. Shiggaion of David, which he sang unto the LORD, concerning the words

[or, business) of Cush the Benjamite. [In Psalm vii., David, praying to be saved from his foes (vers. 1, 2), protests his uprightness (3-5), intreats God's judicial interference (6—9), and expresses his reliance on God's retributive justice (10 -13), which shall turn the plots of the wicked against themselves

(14–16), and call forth the praises of the righteous (17).] 1 0 LORD my God, in thee do I put my trust:

Save me from all them that persecute me, and de

liver me:

2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion,

Rending it in pieces, while there is none to deliver. 3 O LORD my God, if I have done this;

If there be iniquity in my hands; 4 If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace

with me;

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Ver. 7. Consumed. Or, .grown | others, an elegy; whilst some supdim,' with weeping.

pose that it refers to the occasion of Ver. 8. This abrupt change from the composition. sorrow to joy shows the psalmist's Cush. Cush'is the Hebrew name confidence that his prayer had been for Ethiopia. No person of this heard, and would be answered. name is mentioned in the history of Many of the plaintive psalms end David; but some think the designathus triumphantly. See Psa. xiii., tion to be enigmatical, significant xxxi.

of blackness of heart (see Jer. xiii. Title to Psalm vii. Shiggaion. 23), and regard it as applying either Shiggaion' denotes some particular to Saul or to Shimei, both of whom kind of poem, as is evident from its were Benjamites. use by Habakkuk, ch. iii. 1; but Ver. 3. If I have done this; that its meaning is doubtful. Some is, the wickedness with which my think it is merely 'a song;' some, enemies charge me; referring to a dithyrambic or irregular ode ; \ 'the words of Cush :' see title.

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Yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine

enemy: 5 Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take it;

Yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth,

And lay mine honour in the dust. Selah. 6 Arise, O LORD, in thine anger,

Lift up thyself because of the rage of mine enemies :
And awake for me to the judgment that thou hast

commanded. 7 So shall the congregation of the people compass thee

about: For their sakes therefore return thou on high. 8 The LORD shall judge the people :

Judge me, O Lord, according to my righteousness,

And according to mine integrity that is in me. 9 Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end;

But establish the just:

For the righteous God trieth the hearts and reins. 10 My defence is of God,

Which saveth the upright in heart. 11 God judgeth the righteous;

And God is angry with the wicked every day. 12 If he turn not, he will whet his sword;

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Ver. 4. I have delivered him, etc. to which he is here entreated to Rather, 'And [if] I have spoiled return. him that without cause is mine Ver. 8. According to my rightenemy.'

eousness ; that is, in this particular Ver. 5. Mine honour. This word matter-according to my innocence is probably a poetical designation of the charges brought against me. of the soul, or the heart, with which The confessions of unworthiness it is put in parallelism in Gen. made elsewhere plainly show that xlix. 6; Psa. xvi. 9; cviii. 1. In the psalmist laid no claim to absoJob xxx. 15 it is rendered soul.' lute sinlessness.

Ver. 7. Or, 'Let the assembly Ver. 11. God judgeth the rightof the nations (for judgment] sur- eous, etc. ; i. e., does him justice: round thee; and over it (the as- or it may be rendered, "God is a sembly) return thou to the lofty righteous judge. It is obvious that [throne].' In the preceding verse the object of God's anger, though God had been invoked as a judge; not expressed in this verse, is the and his delay in interposing is com- enemy (ver. 5), the wicked (ver. 9); pared to a king's absence, for the of whom it is said, “If he turn not, purpose of repose, from his tribunal, he (God) will sharpen his sword.'

He hath bent his bow, and made it ready. 13 He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death;

He ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors. 14 Behold, he travaileth with iniquity,

And hath conceived mischief,

And brought forth falsehood. 15 He made a pit, and digged it,

And is fallen into the ditch which he made. 16 His mischief shall return upon his own head, And his violent dealing shall come down upon his

own pate. 17 I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: And will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high.

PSALM VIII. To the chief Musician upon Gittith. A Psalm of David. [The allusions in ver. 3 have led many to suppose that David wrote

Psalm viii. in his early life, when his nightly watches as a shep-
herd gave him frequent opportunities of observing the wonders of
the heavens. The subject is the glory of God as manifested in
nature, and especially in the capacities and the dignity which he
has bestowed on man; who is here contemplated apart from his
sinfulness, such as he was before he fell, and such as he is to be
when restored by Christ. To Him, as the great representative of
perfect human nature, the psalm is emphatically applicable : see

Heb. ii. 6-9.]
1 O LORD our Lord,

How excellent is thy name in all the earth!

Who hast set thy glory above the heavens. 2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings

Hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies,

That thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. Ver. 14. Falsehood. Probably, | is, his justice ; manifested in the disappointment,' i. e., to himself ; deliverance of the persecuted, and a figurative representation of the in the destruction of the persecutors.' way in which malicious designs are Title to Psalm viii. Gittith. The made to injure their inventors. See word ‘Gittith' probably means an vers. 15, 16.

instrument, or a tune, brought from Ver. 15. He made a pit, etc. Allud- the city of Gath. ing to the method of catching wild Ver. 1. Who hast set thy glory,' beasts by pits covered over slightly etc. Or, “Who diffusest thy glory with reeds or branches of trees. abroad over the heavens.'

Ver. 17. His righteousness; that Ver. 2. The avenger. Or, vin

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3 When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers,

The moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; 4 What is man, that thou art mindful of him ?

And the son of man, that thou visitest him ? 5 For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels,

And hast crowned him with glory and honour. 6 Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of

thy hands; Thou hast put all things under his feet: 7 All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field ; 8 The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea,

And whatsoever passeth through the paths of the seas. 9 O LORD our Lord, How excellent is thy name in all the earth!

PSALM IX. To the chief Musician upon Muth-labben. A Psalm of David. [Psalm ix, was written probably whilst the tabernacle was on Zion

(ver. 11), and on occasion of some national danger, from which David was as yet only partially delivered. It suits the time of the great Syrian confederacy against David (see 2 Sam. viii. 13); for it combines praise for past victories (vers. 146, 11, 12, 15, 16) with trust in God for further help (7—10, 17, 18), and petitions for

salvation from impending danger (13, 14, 19, 20).] 1 I WILL praise thee, O LORD, with my whole heart;

I will show forth all thy marvellous works. dictive.' Some take 'babes and Ver. 6. Thou madest him to have sucklings' figuratively, referring to dominion, etc. Alluding obviously Matt. xi. 25. But it may be under- to that dominion over the inferior stood literally as meaning, The creation which formed a part of instinctive admiration of thy works man's original likeness to God. See which is shown even by very young Gen. i. 26. This dominion is fitly children strongly rebukes those who used to represent the authority of would malignantly question thy Him into whose hands, as Mediator, being, or obscure thy glory. See all power in heaven and on earth' Matt. xxi. 16; 1 Cor. i. 27.

has been committed. See Heb. ii. Ver. 3. The work of thy fingers. 7–9; 1 Cor. xv. 24—27; Eph. i. 22. A figurative mode of representing Ver. 7. Oxen, etc. Oxen' is a the skill and delicacy of the work. generic term for larger cattle.

Ver. 5. The angels. The Hebrew Beasts of the field' are always, in word ‘Elohim' is used here, and in Scripture, wild beasts. a few other places, apparently with Title to Psalm ix. Muth-labben. some latitude, so as to be applied to Some take ‘labben,' in this title, as any superhuman beings.

an anagram of Nabal; and render

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