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provements would have had such an clearness were spreading over the effect upon the computation of dis- world, and that, as with telescopes tances, ihat by this time, to the great of the highest magnifying power, dismay of all Malthusians, the world we could look through our "loopwould not only have seemed as holes of retreat," and bave the most though it had dwindled to half its distant objects brought within our former size, but also to be undergo ken. Time was when Sir Thomas ing a certain process of still farther Roe, Sir John Chardin, Tavernier, diminution. Time was when a jour- Niebuhr, Hasselquist, Maundrell, ney from Edinburgh to London was were looked up to as mighty aua formidable undertaking ; and the thorities. They moved across the tradition, (which from its general ex. field of the past with venerable asistence must really have had some pect, as the very sages of geographical foundation,) that our great-grandfa- research. But now, alas for human thers were accustomed to make their honours ! they stand with but the wills, and take a solemn leave of shadow of a name, only remembered their friends, before they commenced by the few who refuse to forget the it, proves, at all events, the sense that vast achievements of the pioneers, was entertained of its difficulty. in the more splendid discoveries of But now, the distance between the their followers. metropolitan cities of England and Nor is Christianity without her Scotland is reduced from twenty to share in promoting these important less than two days; and New-York, advancements. Who that has passonce situated in a distant land, is ed the summit of the mountain brought, in the progress of events, ridge of life, does not recollect the as near to Liverpool, as formerly intense interest excited in his younger Edinburgh or Penzance was to Lon- days by the volumes of Park or Vail. don. Well is it that we happen to Jant? But now, the readers of the know that a mile is a mile, whether reports and notices of Christian Mistraversed in twenty minutes or two. sionary Societies are made (while, If this point had not been ascertained perhaps, they scarcely advert to the beyond doubt, we should have feared fact) familiar with places and peofor the wits of good Miss Martineau, ple not known at all to the oldand all else, who fear that by and by school travellers, or known but very the world will be so crowded that imperfectly. neither grass nor corn will be able We must not forget Mr. Hardy; to grow under the feet of the dense but, lightly as we may seem to have population. And then, to carry on treated the subjects at which we have this diminishing process, our mo- glanced, we yet feel their vast imdern travellers step in. All un- portance, their wonderful connexion known things, says the proverb, are with the rapidly developing plans of taken for magnificent. Objects are Providence for realizing the glorious sometimes strangely magnified by visions of prophecy. Not only the obscurity. We ourselves have seen wrath of man, but his curiosity and a small schooner coming out of a enterprise, shall praise God; and dense transatlantic fog, and looking, thus are travellers (albeit many of in its marginal haze, like a seventy- them with no such design) explorfour in full sail. Formerly, Europe, ing the world, and spreading its Asia, Africa, and America, were whole case before the church of strange as well as foreign countries. Christ. By various agencies is diBut what a difference now! We vine Providence exalting the valleys, seem to know almost as much of the and bringing down the mountains and Ganges as of the Thames, of Mont high hills, making the crooked places Blanc as of Mam Tor, of the mines straight, and the rough places plain. of Mexico as of those of Cornwall; Up and down the earth's wilderness and perhaps quite as much of the the heralds of their Lord's approach isles of the Pacific as of the Western are proclaiming, “The kingdom of Islands of Scotland. It seems as heaven is at hand; repent ye, and though an atmosphere of Italian believe the Gospel :” and who can doubt, that has any faith in the word “ The present volume is presented to of God, that the solemn period is the world with much diffidence, as it can advancing, when the glory of the lay no claim whatever to depth of Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh thought, and but little to originality of shall behold it together?

illustration. The writer set sail for the There appear to be two classes of island of Ceylon, as a Wesleyan Mission

ary, in the early part of the year 1825 ; travellers, each of which contributes

and having received permission to visit to the information of those who in

England from the Committee of the Soci. quire after other lands and other peo- ety to which he has the honour to belong, ple. The scientific traveller adds to he returned by what is called the overthe stores of the geographer, the bo- land passage, the extra expense above tanist, the zoologist, the mineralo- the sum usually allowed to Missionaries gist; and contributes at once to the returning from the east being defrayed extension of our knowledge, and its from his own resources. It was hoped purification. But there are many

that in this route more frequent opportuwhose circumstances permit them not

nities of usefulness would present themto engage in the pursuits of science,

selves, and that some information might who nevertheless wish to possess at

be gained that would be interesting to

those engaged in the great work of evanleast some general notions of the ap- gelizing the world. He endeavoured to pearance and condition of distant remember, in all places, that he was comlands and their inhabitants. They missioned' from on high to preach the can derive pleasure from an excur- Gospel to every creature; and he was sion at home, without connecting it therefore desirous to embrace every opporwith any scientific inquiries, and tunity of making known “the unsearchthey wish to have foreign landscapes able riches of Christ," either by the disso presented to their minds as that tribution of tracts, or by familiar conthey make excursions in thought to versations with the people. He kept a places whose names are familiar to journal of his travels for the use of his

own personal friends, from which the them, and the very mention of which calls up the most interesting associa- present publication derives its origin.”

( Preface.) tions. This class of readers (and we believe it is a very large one)

As we hope our readers will prorequires its own class of travellers.

cure the volume for themselves, we And men who make few pretensions shall make but very few extracts to science may yet, simply by telling from it; some for the purpose of us how such and such places do assisting in its recommendation, and really look, and with what feelings some, perhaps, for the sake of hangthemselves beheld them, add much ing a remark or two upon them. to the interest, and something to the

At Macullah, on the coast of Araadvantage, of such readers as we

bia, not far from the entrance into have just mentioned. The scientific the Red Sea, Mr. Hardy says,– traveller may give the best maps, but “ We found two American whalers at the other supplies the best pictures: anchor, that had put in, as we were told, and who has not felt that he could for vegetation.' The crews of both read history, whether sacred or pro. vessels belonged to temperance societies, fane, not only more pleasantly, but and one of them had not had a single more profitably, by having a tole- drop of spirits on board since they left rably correct idea of the countries their port, yet the men appeared to be in and places whose names are uf con

excellent health.” (Page 7.) tinual recurrence ?

On the same page is a passage To this latter class the unpretend- which reminds us how much woman ing, but very interesting, volume be- owes to the Gospel, and how much fore us belongs. Mr. Hardy spent need there is, if only for woman's some years as a Wesleyan Mission- sake, that it should be spread ary in India ; and returned home by throughout the whole world. the Red Sea, Egypt, the Holy Land, Greece, and Italy. These Notices

“We spent a day at some wells, a few the backs of the women, but more com- Christ. Mr. Gobat reported favourably monly upon asses and camels."

miles distant from the shore, on which are extracted from the journal which

the town is entirely dependent for water. he kept. But he shall tell his own tale.

It is conveyed in skins, sometimes upon

of the people, and lived among them in Medical science does not seem to perfect security, though Gondar, the place flourish very greatly in Mohamme

at which he principally resided, was the seat dan countries. What science, indeed, of war. There are some in whose hearts, does? The brilliant eras of Bagdad principal access to the

people is by means

he trusts, a work of grace is begun. The and Grenada, though they shone of familiar conversation, as they know with meteoric splendour, yet shone in nothing of regular preaching.

The the night, and soon vanished in a Priests administer the sacrament daily, darkness even deeper than that and in this consists nearly the whole of which they had so briefly illumi- their religion. (Page 25.) nated.

Mr. Hardy is, in general, a good “Wherever I went I was saluted with

matter-of-fact traveller. In one inthe cry of hakkim, doctor,' with many imploring signs from the people that I

stance, however, the speculative fit would enter their houses ; and from that

was upon him, and he fell into a cutime until my last departure from a Mus

rious reverie. If the deserts of sulman shore, I might have been con

Africa can thus be won from sand stantly occupied in listening to details of for the use of man, as the Lincolndisease, and prescribing remedies, had I shire fens have been reclaimed froin known any thing of the healing art.” the water, a fine prospect is pre(Page 8.)

sented for a large increase of the An interesting incident furnishes means of subsistence for ages to a brief notice of Abyssinia, and its

come. spiritual condition :

“ The Nile may be designed to impart “When we approached the port of far greater blessings to the world than Djuddab, there came from the shore in have yet been drawn from its beneficence. the same boat with the pilot, a tall man

The desert that commences on its western with a flowing beard, in the costume of bank extends nearly to the Atlantic the country, and of an appearance so in- Ocean, a distance of more than three teresting that we all crowded to the gang

thousand miles. The waters of the Nile way of the ship to gaze upon the stranger.

and the Niger may in part be one day He stepped upon deck, and after making turned upon this desert.” a salaam, we were surprised to hear him address us in English, though with a

The Niger must be given up. foreign accent. He informed us that he

The enterprising Landers have carried had come from Abyssinia, and as I soon

it too far to the south. But Africa discovered that he was a Missionary, our has central deserts, so that even the mutual delight in meeting a Christian Niger may be useful after all, brother at such a time, and in such a

" That which is now lost in the sea place, may be more easily conceived than

may supply nourishment to millions ; described. I gained from this excellent

and Egypt may still be as the garden man, the Rev. J. Gobat, some informa

of the Lord,' from the advantages that tion concerning the present state of reli

will be derived from new improvements gion in Abyssinia. He is a native of in machinery, and new discoveries in Switzerland, and was sent out by the Church Missionary Society about five years

hydraulics. In places where a human be. ago. He speaks Arabic like a native, as

ing never yet breathed, there may thus

arise a countless population.” (Page 41.) well as Tigré and Amharic, and several European languages. Hevisited the country Had we room, we could make maat first to see what prospects there might be for the establishment of a pernyanent

ny interesting extracts from Mr.

Mission; and, not having heard from his

“ Notices of Egypt." Committee for two years, in consequence

Thebes, Karnac, and Luxor are deof the difficulty of communication, he

scribed as he saw them ; Cairo, with proceeded by the steamer to Suez, from

its population of six hundred thou. thence intending to make the best of his sand souls, and Alexandria, as he way to England. Mr. Kugler, his only

found them. Nor can we do more fellow-labourer, died from a mortifica. than refer to his ascent of the great tion in the arm, produced by the burst- pyramid, and his description of the ing of a gun, and departed happy in prospect from the summit, and of

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his own feelings while gazing upon cially feel so deep an interest. He it. We histen on with him, not conducts us not only through its even pausing at his reflections on the immediate vicinity, but to Bethlepast degradation of Egypt, and its hein, Nazareth, Tiberias, and the present prospects under Mohammed Sea of Galilee; to Jericho, the JorAli, an 1 his son Ibrahim, till he has dan, Bethany, and the Dead Sea. In landed us in Syria, and we find our- this he bathed. He says, – selves with hiin on the journey to Jerusale!n.

“ The water was so buoyant that, in

swimming, we had great difficulty to keep “ The road became more and more

our legs under it, and I had to hold my rugged and dreary as we approached Je. head back like a sphinx, in order to rusalem.

The rocks had gained the breathe. It was so dense that we could mastery, and refused to cherish the little

not swim to any distance without using earth that at a lower range still maintained great exertion. We could remain in the its disputed possession, and tried to cheer

water without the least motion, and did the eye with a flower, or refresh the tra- not sink. The taste is most nauseous ; veller by a fragrant shrub. An eminence and in places where my skin was excowas before us, and I was told that when riated by exposure to the sun, the smart this was gained, we should see the holy

was excessive.” (Page 203.) place. I hastened on to the head of the party, but was disappointed. There His delineations of the moral conwere yet other rocks to be scaled, and dition of the inhabitants of Jerusathe road was all but impassable to our lem are exceedingly affecting. The jaded animals. The moments seemed Mohammedans are there what they to be hours, and brought with them al

are every where else. And there are most a feverish excitement. I felt that the Jews, fondly clinging to the very the most interesting period of my travels soil which the feet of their ancestors was now arrived. Still, all my former trod, and where the fathers and feelings had been so much at variance with the reality of the scene, that when I

princes of their race

are buried. did catch the first sight of th: actual walls Christians, too, are there; but not of the city, I felt little of that emotion that such, alas! as may be expected to might be supposed to arise at such a mo- win the unhappy Jew to the faith ment. There was nothing in keeping of Christ, or to reclain the Moharr.with the solemnity of the tine. The medan from the imposture of his pilgrims were discharging their fire-arms, false prophet. What can either Jew that had happily never been called into or Mohammedan think of scenes more serious play, and the only persons like the following :we saw consisted of a group of dancinggirls, who assailed us with rude and un- “On the Saturday before Easter, the seemly gestures. As we came nearer, all farce of the fire is exhibited to the pil. appeared to be wrapped in silence and grims. I went early that I might secure solitude, there not being a single thing

a good place for seeing the exhibition. that had life. Of Jerusalem we could

The church was crowded in every part. see little more than a high wall, built of The scene had very little resemblance to light-coloured stone ; and the deep still. a Christian assembly, met together in a ness seemed to me that it was protected Christian place of worship. The Turks by other powers than the common de- were quietly smoking their pipes, and fences of man. I did not inquire which smiling in derision; and others were was Calvary, or which was the scite beating the people, without fear or favour, of the temple; the crowd of thoughts to preserve order. Bread and water were that rushed with confused impetuosity carried about for sale, as some of the into my mind prevented my attention to pilgrims had been all night in the church. localities.” (Page 134.)

The noise was like the uproar of an aleWe cannot follow Mr. Hardy directed towards a sma: hole in the side

bench at a village feast. All eyes were through all his descrip:ions of the of the wall of the sepulchre, where it was once holy city. He visited all the known that the fire would appear. The places about which Christians espe- miracle at last appeared, and in a few

* Throughout the volume Vr. Hardy moments every taper in the place was gives us sci!e. Why not the old-fashioned lighted by the senseless multitude. I and correct, site ? Is the c to be added cannot describe the scens. I have attend, to situa!e and situation, too ?

ed many descriptions of heathen festi, VOL. XIV. Third Series. AUGUST, 1835.

2 T

vals. I have seen the devil-dancers up in other places, it at last struck root apparently under satanic influence; and in an island probably unknown to the the Mussulman devotees shout around wisest of the sons of Athens, where it their fires at the feast of Hussein Hassen; flourishes in luxuriance; and offsets have but I never witnessed any exhibitions already been carried from the parent stem that excited in my mind feelings of that, it is hoped, will one day be familiar deeper disgust, and this, too, in the name to every soil, and overshadow every land." of Christ, and in a place probably not

(Page 319.) very far distant from the sacred spot where he bowed his head and died.”

If sometimes even good Homer

(Page 160.) nods, we need not wonder that Mr. The description of Damascus is Hardy takes a nap; and napping be

must have been when he penned very interesting, but we cannot find

this sentence. Had he been a room for it.

The inhabitants, it Frenchman, it would have been in seems, “ have long been celebrated


Before the Revolution for bigoted attachment to Islamism, broke out in France, Popery had and for their hatred and persecution made the Bible a sealed book, and of the professors of all other reli- the philosophers, when learning and gions." There is an excellent mer- philosophy revived, became unscrip: cantile Scotch gentleman there, who tural classics. They put Plutarch is supplied with Bibles from the under their pillow, and dreamt about British and Foreign Bible Society, Athens, till the romance, the very and who embraces every opportunity monomania of Grecian liberty, inof circulating them. Some time

fected all classes; and instead of ago a number of Bibles and Testa- going soberly to the work of reformments were distributed among the ing abuses, they pulled down the Christians, who live by themselves; whole social edifice, and in fearful in one quarter of the city." These,” orgies of sensuality and blood celesays Mr. Hardy, “were afterwards brated the worship of the harlot collected by the principal of the

goddess of reason. The genuine Roman Catholic convent, and all committed to the flames, and it is Athens. There were too many slaves

tree of liberty never flourished at said that three whole days were em

there. That it is planted in our own ployed in the infamous occupation.” island, we acknowledge with thankPopery is always and every where fulness and joy; but it came not to the same. Her advocates can talk

us from Greece. It came from a of liberty when it suits them; but far nobler land. While the Jews they only mean power to hold their

were an obedient people, they pospoor deluded votaries in the bondage sessed a truer, purer freedom than of superstition without interruption

was ever enjoyed by man. In Judah or interference. They feel that the

was God known, and there was the Bible is against them; and therefore native soil of the tree of liberty : are their utmost efforts employed to and the otfsets from the parent stem banish the Bible both from the house bave retained their original exceland from the school. And shall

lence, or degenerated, as they have Protestants support them in this ?

received the culture under which the Mr. Hardy returned “by the

tree itself never failed to flourish in isles of the Mediterranean, and

Israel, or as men have attempted the Greece. In his account of Athens a

foolish and always withering imstatement occurs the accuracy of

provements of a heathen philosophy. which he must allow us very se- We love liberty, as Englishinen riously to disputa. Ile says,

ought to love it, and therefore we “ It was here, too, that the tree of say, --not Athens, but Jerusalem. liberty was first planted, which was after- The volume contains twelve plates, wards carried to Rome, then disappeared from pencil-sketches by Mr. Hardy, from the sight of man during an age in of some of the principal places which, from century to century, there visited by him. Of these, he says, – was but one cold comfortless winter; and aftor various fruitless attempts to spring “In the sketches, all of which were

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