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were distinguishedby the presence and facilitate the transmission of sound, blessing of God. At these services the and are thus equally beneficial to the large sum of more than £800 was col. speaker and the hearer. The chapel lected. It was a spectacle of inter- is well ventilated ; and the pews are est, to see the principal friends in wide enough to allow the worshippers the two Circuits worshipping in the to kneel in the presence of their same place, and co-operating in the Maker. There is a second gallery same work of “ faith and labour of for the children who are taught in love." Long may the Methodists the Sunday-school; and beneath the in Sheffield continue thus to “pro- chapel are two large rooms, one for voke unto love and to good works!” boys, and another for girls, capable

This chapel, though not one of the of accommodating about five hunlargest, is generally allowed to be one dred children. In addition to these, of the most beautiful and commo- there are six excellent vestries and a dious in the kingdom. It is eighty- very large band-room. two feet long, by sixty-seven broad Connected with the chapel there outside, exclusive of the orchestra is a burying-ground, and in front of and portico. The whole building is it a considerable number of vaults, of stone. The portico is supported which are perfectly dry and airy. by four fluted and massive Doric co- An excellent house for one of the lumns ; is entered by a flight of stone Ministers has been built by the Trussteps; and lighted by a large and tees in the immediate vicinity of the beautiful lamp, suspended from the chapel. centre. The area, in front, is well Brunswick chapel is already well laid out, and planted with shrubs. attended. Within its walls many The interior is very beautiful, and have been brought to a saving know. the fine concave ceiling adds greatly ledge of God, and of his Son Jesus to the effect of the whole. It would Christ; and the prospect of future be well if such ceilings were general, prosperity is greater than the most especially in larger chapels. They not sanguine friends of Methodism ever only increase very considerably the anticipated. beauty of the building, but greatly Sheffield.

John Rigg,

SUNDAY-SCHOOLS. To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine. The following remarks are copied titute of "apostolical” order and from the" Journal of the Proceedings authority.

Lucius. of the Forty-ninth Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the The beneficial effects of SundayState of New York, held October schools on society and on the church, 2d, 3d, and 4th, 1834.” They are are too obvious, and now too gene. presented in the form of an address rally admitted, to require assertion. from the Bishop, and show the views They have led the way to the buildwhich are entertained hy that im- ing up of churches. They have portant and growing body of Chris- supplied some of the most valuable tians, respecting the true character accessions to the ranks of those who of Sunday-schools; and on this ac- are preparing for the holy ministry. count are deserving of attention. By leading to a due use of the estaPerhaps you will on other and higher blished means of grace, they have, grounds deem them worthy of in- in their pupils and in their teachers, sertion in the Wesleyan Magazine; and in the families of both, furmaking due allowance for the pecu- nished some of the brightest exam. liar phraseology of the Right Reve. ples of Christian piety in life, rend speaker, and not supposing and of Christian triumph in death. him to intimate that churches which To all my brethren, therefore, are not formed exactly upon the both Clergy and laily, I would say, inodel of his own, are therefore des- most earnestly and affectionately, befriend, patronize, serve, the Sun- of the Sunday-school, should be day-school; strengthen and pro- thought of by the Sunday-teacher. mote the cause of Sunday-school Sore evils, in the violation of Chrisinstruction ; and extend, as you may, tian order, to the discredit of the its influence; the Clergy, in their Christian character, and to the disproper province, as the Pastors of turbance of peace and harmony in the church; the laity in due sub- the church, have been felt as the ordination to those who are the di consequence of other principles. vinely appointed guardians and feed. Against these the truly Christianers of the flock of Christ ; and all in minded Sunday-school teacher will the true spirit of the Gospel, in de most solicitously guard. ference to the good order and whole- Another subject, connected with some discipline of the church, and our Sunday-schools, on which I rein unwavering consistency with their gard them as dictating a word of character as members of the primi- caution to my reverend brethren, is tive and apostolical communion. suggested by the bearing which

Such, however, is the present im- those schools may have on the im. perfection of man, in every indivi- portant pastoral duty of catechising. dual and social department, that I am not without my fears, that the nothing good is without its expo- kind offices of Sunday-school teachsure to attendant evil. Two dangers ers are sometimes suffered to operate of this kind present themselves to as a dispensation from that attention my mind as requiring notice in re- to this duty, which the church evi. ference to Sunday-school instruc- dently designs to inculcate upon her tion.

Pastors, and which has ever been It were a sad abuse of so holy regarded as among her best means and blessed a charity, if, because of of the spiritual care of her members. its requiring the services of lay-aids She requires that her Ministers exto the Pastor in imparting religious amine all the children of their cures instruction, it should excite in any in the catechism, and instruct them a spirit of insubordination, or in- therein. The first requisition makes fringements on the proper preroga- it the Pastor's duty to attend, in tives of the pastoral office. The princi person, to seeing that the children ple should never be forgotten, that know the catechism; and the seSuuday scholars are catechumens, cond supposes bis diligently engagbelonging to the Pastor ; and Sun- ing in a system of instruction which day-teachers, catechists, acting by will enable them properly to underpermission, and under the authority, stand it. of the Pastor. Every Pastor, there. It is farther required, that the fore, should be held as supreme in catechetical examination and instructhe school or schools of his parish. tion be done“ diligently,” and Gladly, indeed, and gratefully, “openly in the church.” This evishould he avail himself of the kind dently enforces upon the Clergy the Christian offices of those who are duty of examining and instructing disposed to be his aids in this great the children in the catechism, with work; and all the arrangements such frequency as will justify its beshould, as much as may be, be made ing regarded as “ diligently” done; with a reference to their feelings “in the church; and

openly; and views, and a due respect to the so that all who will may be present results of their experience and mu- to witness the exercise, and profit tual counsels. But the responsibi- by it. lity should be his undividedly; and If, in consideration of the labours of nothing, therefore, be done without Sunday-school teachers, the Pastor his direction, or his consent and ap- should be remiss in his required perprobation. No independent action, sonal attention to this duty; if other and especially no influence, in either modes of religious training should be their individual or collective capaci- suffered to supersede diligent and ty, beyond the simple business of their thorough instruction in the catechism; office, as the Pastor's aid, in the care or if the use of other places, and the greater privacy of school exercises, interference of a system of great exshould prevent due attention to cate- cellence in itself, and in its proper chising, and instructing in the cate- sphere, with the good order and chism, openly in the church ; there wholesome provisions of the church. would be an unnatural and injurious

pear

ILLUSTRATIONS OF SCRIPTURE. In many parts of Hindostan are quently reached to Vezelpoor, and mosques and mausoleums, built by disturbed the tranquillity of our rethe Mahommedan Princes,

treat. the sepulchres of their nurses. It appears from a passage in the They are excited by a grateful af- Prophet Amos, that this sort of fection to erect these structures, mourning and lamentation was a in memory of those who with ma- kind of art among the Jews : “Wailternal anxiety watched over their ing shall be in all streets ; and they helpless infancy: thus it has been shall call such as are skilful of lafrom time immemorial. How inter. mentation to wailing.(Amos v. 16.) esting is the interview which Homer - Ibid. has described between Ulysses and Euriclea! When Rebekab, too, left Futty SIHng was a remarkable her parents, on being betrothed to instance of the blended characterieIsaac, we read that she was accom- tics of pride, avarice, and a sordid panied by her nurse, who never left disposition. As a Prince he had her until the day of her death; many names and titles. Futty, or which event is not deemed unworthy Futtah Sihng, implies the “Horn of of being recorded in the patriarchal Victory.” The horn has always annals. But Deborah, Rebekah's been a figurative expression in Asia nurse, died, and she was buried be- for power and dignity. David says neath Bethel, under an oak; and the to his enemies, “ List not up your name of it was called Allon-bachuth, horn on high ;" (Psalm lxxv. 5;) of or the oak of weeping.(Gen. xxxv. himself, “My horn shalt thou exalt 8.)-Forbes's Oriental Memoirs, like the horn of an unicorn ; ”

(Psalm xcii. 10;) or rather the rbi. The funeral ceremonies of the noceros, it being a most offensive Mahommedans in India resemble weapon in that animal. In Abyssithose in Turkey, Persia, and Arabia. nia the horn, according to Bruce, is Widows and matrons are hired to worn as an ornament by the nobles weep and wail, and beat upon their and great men, and bound upon the breasts with loud lamentations. forehead in the days of victory, pre

This was practised, not only ferment, and rejoicing; on which among the Greeks, but adopted by occasions they are anointed with the Jews, and many other nations. new or_sweet oil; a circumstance The howling and lamentation, on which David expressly unites with such occasions, by the vociferous fe- that of listing up or erecting the males in the suburbs of Baroche fre. born.-Ibid.

WESLEYAN METHODISM AND THE SPIRIT OF THE AGE.

(Concluded from page 533.) “But the spirit of the age,” it is some spoken, and others recorded ? * said, “ demands a reform of abuses!"

* “ The entire economy of Methodism, And, I would ask, what are the qua- both as to its spiritual and temporal pros. lifications of mind necessary for perity, may now be considered as having those who shall undertake to new. attained such a degree of maturity and model Wesleyan Methodism? Ought perfection, as is not likely soon to admit they not to show cause for the of any material improvement."-Dı. change of their own opinions, - Warren's Digest, p. xviii., 1827.

In eating up their own praises of by the rules of other churches ; and our present constitution, and revers- it exists for no purposes of party. ing their own sentence upon it, they They who would improve upon must show their former ignorance, the systein of Methodism must be or folly, or naughtiness, in extrava- men of enlarged mind and solid gantly lauding a systein so corrupt. judgment; clear, expanded, consiThey must show their own consist- derate; with a large preponderance ency and high principle, and make of the deliberative faculties; comout a good case for themselves, not ing slowly and cautiously to a deonly with their own party, but be- termination ; regarding well the infore the bar to which they now ap- terests of all parties, and not, by peal, for continuing, or wishing to every change, abridging the power continue, in religious fellowship of one estate, or class, merely to with that body with which “no ho. aggrandize another. They must not, nest and upright man ” can remain. for instance, be men who, out of It must appear that they are disin. doors, cry, "The people,—the people," terested, not merely in a pecuniary to raise a flood-tide of popular preway, but in the matter of ambition, judice, as if the interests of the envy, disappointment, revenge, or Preachers and the

ple were disany other such passion; or there tinct, divisible, and even opposite ; will be prima facie evidence of un- and then, taking it at the flood, bear fitness for legislation. There are themselves on to fortune, securing certain common notions abroad, all the power into their own bands. that they will have to work against ; They must have great judgment and as,-that those who declaim most principle, that they may not have loudly against tyranny are generally too frequently to change their purthose who inost long for power ;

poses, and that no feeble minorities that those who are most anxious for may control and coerce immense its possession are least fit for its majorities. exercise ;—that the appearance of Above all, those who would repassion and prejudice betokens some form should have a paramount reprivate pique ; or perhaps a little gard to the objects for which Meenvy, which somewhat hates the ex- thodism was originally established. cellence it cannot reach ;-or that If their object be to go back to perhaps they have become obnoxi. greater simplicity in preaching and ous to the very laws which they administering ordinances; to greater rage against :-and it is commonly vigour in our whole administration ; understood that their character to greater amplitude in carrying out ought to be free from stains who God's original designs by us ; this come forward as religious reformers, is good; but it must stand out ; it and are themselves most liberal in must become so prominent, that all personal criminations.

shall see it is their one great design. They must especially have a good Such a design, if it be supreme knowledge of Methodism, in its ori- and final, must necessarily influence gin, principles, laws, usages, designs, their measures and their spirit. To and operations. A narrow mind, or bring in, or attempt to apply, politia one-eyed justice, may quibble at cal principles, excitements, watchsome errors or defects in the admi- words, or remedies, does not indi. nistrators, and charge them upon cate such a design. To assert that the system; or may attribute to the a political partisansbip is already principle that which is only an error manifested or existing, and to apply in the application. They must un. the spirit of another faction as a derstand our rules, as well as keep counter-irritant, is no indication of them, before they attempt to mend spiritual wisdom; albeit it may show them. They ought to know that some desire to swell the amount and Methodism will not square with influence of another political creed. High-Churchism, or low Dissent; They who trust to cure a worldly nor will it quadrate with any political priesthood by the application of a creed whatever. It cannot be gauged political remedy, are ignorant quacks, who neither understand the nature tions, containing striking exhibi. of the disease, nor the constitution tions of the singular zeal and piety of the patient. Political partisanof the first Methodists; their great ship, simply as such, is one of the regard for the paramount duties of deepest devices of Satan to hinder honesty, industry, and liberality,– the work of God, and thie most con- sobriety, loyalty, and catholicity; centrated curse that can come upon and examples from these primitive the church of Christ. If ever such days of high spiritual attainments a spirit should infect any portion of and services, associated with the the Methodists, the great majority most profound humility. And since of them will know better than to the spirit of gain so easily generates expect Satan to cast out Satan. a spirit of covetousness, that they “ This kind can come forth by no- would advertise every Methodist thing but by prayer and fasting.” that he could not be a Christian who

The right sort of inen to effect the did not contribute of bis substance renovation of Methodisin could not to the cause of Christ, by that aposmake their attainment of ecclesias- tolic rule, “as the Lord had prospertical power their chief object, and ed him,” according to the good old the spiritual good of the societies a doctrines and practices of our fasecondary matter. On the contrary, thers. And we might also have exwe might expect them tv revert to pected some noble examples of selfthe original designs of Mr. Wesley, denial and generosity, in supplying as embodying their learling priuci. the wants of worn-out Preachers, ples; and we might then suppose widows, and orphans, helping the they would publish, as the condi- poorer Circuits, and extending our tions of union with themselves in a Missions; and in the bland spirit of Grand Central Association, that the Gospel, merging all minor points every member should promise sa- in these great and worthy purposes. credly to set apart some portion of But if it were to appear that the every day to plead for an increased men who toss up the cap of liberty, effusion of divine influence on the and shout “ Methodist reform," whole Connexion, lest, by the de- were the men to oppose the instivices of Satan, “strife, and envy. tuted ministry; if they endeavoured ing” should creep in, and be fol. to represent the body of Preachers lowed by “ confusion and every evil as a set of proud, arrogant, tyranwork.” We might expect of those nizing, untrustworthy men; if they who would effect glorious changes were to exert themselves to stop all in Methodism, to inquire how the supplies, and only aim at retaining spirit of prayer, of brotherly union, their own membership in order to and forgiveness, of compassion for trouble and divide the church of our neighbour, and of pity for a Christ; if they were eager tu carry perishing world, might be rendered matters before the world, and to more scriptural, more lofty, more overturn the constitution as at pretender, more practical. Some reser- sent existing; and if in private life ences might be expected to the puri. also, they were fond of legal profication of the church from such as ceedings; if they were to clap their walk disorderly, who, in their eager- hands at every scattered congreganess for gain, violate God's Sah- tion, and every small collection ; and baths, cannot endure sound doctrine, if they hailed every flaw or mistake refuse the hire of the labourer, or in Ministers of Christ as a good cause divisions and offences ; with omen to their cause ; judge, let distinct reference to the conduct of who will judge,—whether these are Mr. Wesley in cutting off“ practi. the men who should legislate for us cal, ranting Antinomians," after to the very core! They who can bearing with them for a season. hear of peaceable societies being We should have reason, if spiritual convulsed, mutual confidence degood were their chief aim, to expect stroyed, and souls scattered, thouthe country to be deluged with sands of whom will probably never tracts, letters, and various publica- be recovered, and rejoice rather in

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