CHAPTER XXXIX.- FROM THE OPENING OF THE WAR WITH SPAIN TO THE
BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR, JANUARY-OCTOBER, 1805.
Napoleon proposes peace to Great Britain, 1.-Influence of the French press
in his favour, 3.-His speech to the senate, ib.—Commencement of indirect
taxation in France, ib.--Alliance between England and Russia, 4.-Basis as-
sumed for the war, 5.—Treaties between Russia, Prussia, and Sweden, ib.
Supplies for 1805, 6.-Charges against Lord Melville, ib.-Debates on the
Catholic question, 7.—Total failure of Catholic emancipation to pacify the
country, 11.-Unfitness of the Irish for a free constitution, 13.—Measures
of Napoleon, 15.—Change of government in Holland, ib.—Napoleon assumes
the crown of Lombardy, 16.-His journey into Italy, 17.–Napoleon enters
Milan, 18.—Is crowned with the iron crown of Charlemagne, ib.—Adulatory
addresses from Naples and Genoa, 19.-Incorporation of Genoa with France,
ib.- Eugene appointed Viceroy of Italy, 20.—Extinction of Lucca, and incor-
poration of Parma and Placentia with France, 22.-Jealousy of Austria, 23.
-—Treaty between Russia and England, ib.—Accession of Austria to the
Alliance, 24.-Sweden also is included, ib.—Neutrality of Prussia, 26.-Force
collected for the invasion of England, 27.- Organisation of the flotilla, 30.
-His secret projects for effecting the passage, 32.-Actions with the British
cruisers off Boulogne, ib.—Operations of the combined fleets of France and
Spain, 33.—Sir Robert Calder's action, 39.—Injustice to which Sir Robert
Calder was subjected, 40.- Napoleon sets off for Paris, 43.—Hostile prepara-
tions of Austria, 44.—Bavaria joins France, 45.—The Austrians cross the
Inn, 46.—Preparations of Napoleon, ib.—Breaking up of the armament at
Boulogne, 47.-Restoration of the Gregorian Calendar, 48.–Battle of Tra-
falgar, 52.—Nelson's last hours and death, 55.— Tempest, and disasters to
the prizes, 57.-Courteous intercourse with the Spaniards at Cadiz, 58.-
Honours granted to the family of Nelson, 59.-Character of Nelson, ib.
Victory of Sir R. Strachan, 60.—Comparison of victories at land and sea, 61.
-Reflections on breaking the line, ib.—On the introduction of steam into
naval warfare, 62.