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REPORT

OFFICE OF COMMISSIONERS SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY LANDS.

Madison, Jan. 1, 1855.

To the Legislature:

The Board of Commissioner3 "for the sale of School and University Lands, and for the investment of the funds arising therefrom," respectfully submit the following

REPORT.

The following tabular statement exhibits the number of acres of School and University Lands, sold in the several counties in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, the amount sold for, the amount of principal paid, amount of interest paid, and the amount of principal unpaid; and also exhibits the number of acres unsold, of such lands as have been offered at public sale and are now subject to private entry:

Sales of School Lands in 1854.-16th Section.

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30

600 160 118.64

60

1520

840

463

74

Kenosha......
Racine...
Walworth...
Milwaukee...
Rock ........

1320
Washington....

1240 Dodge.........

279 Jefferson........

161
Sheboygan.....

720
Fond du Lac.... 1000
Columbia...... 260
Dane.....

3080
Green.......... 879
La Fayette...

1230 Iowa......

8193
Grant.......

8750
Brown....... 3760
Calumet..... 1740
Manitowoc..

4755
Sauk.......

7400
Marquette...

5915
Washara .... 5360
Winpebago.. 1950
Outagamie ... 1880
Waupacca....

5280
Portage .......

3880 Richland....

8720 Crawford..... 1240 "La Crosse....

5121 St. Croix,.....

8440 Pierce....

8060 Polk.....

6600 Bad Ax.... 12400 Adams........

10320 Door .........

2720 Kewauuee....... 2160

2,494 00

282 50 2,371 95 4.541 10 7,172 06 4,892 80 569 68

232 02 1.952 03 1,905 00 8.677 93 8,150 08 1,464 38 3,488 44 22,792 64 11,731 40 6,186 56 4,574 90 6,450 36 10,689 68 9,756 32 7,332 44 2,173 54 2,293 04 5,636 18 5,704 78 18,561 35

1,847 72 6,633 53 10,900 20 10,014 28

8.492 55 14.364 50 14.115 85 3,764 44 4,465 85

252 00 57 68

28 50 13 68 235 95 115 36 454 10 265 56 1,115 06 260 21 565 80 200 93 58 68 26 44 23 02 12 25 197 03 91 47 188 00 83 04 895 93 275 880 08

333 161 38 364 44 | 166 62 2,587 64 894 67 1.291 40 2,142 92 | 99 476 90 174 08 649 36 | 3 6 12 1,328 68 | 358 1,027 32 410 15 776 44 06 231 54

90 86 227 04 585 18 260 46

972 78 121 2.220 35 792

209 72 65 16 668 53 222 39 1,179 20 632 54 1,090 28 567 58

922 55 361 85 1,653 50 542 27 1,866 85 71 10 420 44 162 16 479 85 | 171 07

2,242 00

254 00 2,133 00 4,057 00 6,047 00 4.327 00 511 00

219 00 1,755 00 1,716 00 7,782 00 7,270 00 1,303 00 3,124 00 20,205 00 10,440 00 4.043 64 4,098 00 5,801 00 9,361 00 8,729 00 6,556 00 1,942 00 2.066 00 5,0.0 00 4.732 00 16,341 00 1,638 00 5 965 00 9.721 00 8.924 00 7.570 00 12,711 00 12,249 00 3.344 00 3,986 00

2560 840 240 2520 1520 2240

174 4404 5800 19560

200 4920 3640 640 480 5800

1640 14000 4360 3689

200

59

38

Total........ 177041 | 69304.64

106,794 27 | 12,497 27 4041 12 | 94,298 64

Sales of School Lands, 500,000 Acre Tract, 1854.

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Outagamie....... Oconto...... Shawanaw.... Sauk....... Ricbland... Iowa..... La Crosse...... St. Croix..... Bad Ax...... Crawford...... Columbia ...... Fond du Lac..... Calumet ....... Manitowoc...... Brown.. ..... Dane.......... Jefferson........ Waukesha....... Grant.........

29,775

37,531 95 5 130

6,338 40 60,947

76,820 90 3,621

4,663 77 3,600

5,849 66 3,152

7,971 82 2.992

3,625 78 30,168

37,926 00 18,410.52

23218 74 2,986

3 954 48 80

101 60

438 75 19,600 3,080 27.935 13 8.320

11,313 40 8,040 11,000 10,748 04 360

920 53 1,497.59 1,856.361 2,014 06

480 112 520 40 4,444.86 .. 5,031 46

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120

438 75

27,935 13 11.090 60 10,745 04

920 53 1,804 00

551 40 6,034 46

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15489.881 3941 156,499 19 1 7,290 19 11,987 31 | 49,209 00

SALE OF LANDS.

From the foregoing statement it will be seen that since the first day of January last 237,119 87-00 acres of land have been sold, and that of the lands which have been offered at public sale, and are now subject to private entry, there remain unsold of 16th sections, 83,526 64-100 acres; of the five hundred thousand acre grant, 6,530 36-100 acres; and of university lands, 3,941 acres.

Under the five hundred thousand acre grant, there remain about twenty-three thousand acres to be selected, and there are about 10,580 acres of selections in Wupacca county, which have not yet been offered at public sale. These are farming lands of first rate -quality well watered and timbered, and will, it is believed, produce considerably more than the appraised value.

The selections made under this grant by agents appointed sometimes by the legislature, and sometimes by the governor under the direction of the legislature, should all have been from the choicest lands in the state and in the best localities; but in some instances this duty has been shamefully neglected, and the lands selected have been of the most indifferent character, as appears by the reports of appraisers. Such is the character of most, if not all, of the lands so selected, and remaining unsold, excusive of those mention. ed as lying in the county of Waupacca.

In the latter part of the month of September, two university sections, in Grant county, which had been omitted from former public sales, were offered at Platteville, and all taken, some of the subdivisions bringing an advance upon the appraisal.

On the first day of December, selections forming part of the grant of five hundred thousand acres, were offered in Shawanaw county; on the 4th day of December, in Oconto county; and on the 7th day of December, in Outagamie county. On the ninth of of the same month, six 16th sections in Brown county, which had not before been offered at public sale, were so offered at Green Bay, and two of them were taken at the sale.

The amount received on sales of school land effected since the

commencement of such sales, in each year, appears from former reports to be as follows: In 1849

$74,476 72 1850

444,264 15 4 1851

229,790 80 66 1852

61,026 20 « 1853

363,259 86 66 1854

504,753 35

Total,

$1,677,571 08 In the two last years the books in this office show a large amount of sales, and in each year large tracts sold to individual purchasers, the fund being thus greatly increased. The lands once offered at public auction are by law subject to private entry, and the amount to be sold at private sale to any one person is not limited. The Governor and the commissioners have the power to withdraw such portion of them from sale as in their discretion "it may not be advantageous to sell or dispose of, and for as long a time as in their opinion will be most beneficial to the university and school fund.” The extent of this discretion, thus defined by the law, gives no option on the part of the Governor and commissioners to refuse the sale of lands on account of the qnantity applied for by any one person being more than le can occupy for his own use, since the more rapidly sales can be effected, so much sooner will these funds realize the benefit of the endowement of lands bestowed upon the State by the general government. And if in the end only the appraised value is to be obtained, the sooner the lands are sold the better.

It is for the legislature, however, to consider whether there are reasons relating to the promotion of other interests than those of the school fund, and the system of common schools relying upon it for support, sufficient to induce the adoption of a policy limiting and restricting the sales of these lands.

LOANS.

The following statement shows the amounts loaned to individu

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