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Lake," where were several Indian wig wams; and when there, we could obtain soinething to eat, even if it was not of the choicest kind. At about noon we reached the First Lake, and seeing mocca-in tracks in the snow, we followed them a short distance to a wigwam, but found it tentantless. After searching it from top to bottom, we found a few cold rousted potatoes, which, we assure yon, (ufter having fasted for twenty-four hours,) relished well. We remained in this wigwain an hour or two, and then passed on to the point where Madison is now located. At that time, neither the axe, por “the shovel and the hoe,” had been hung up or laid down in that vicinity. It was nearly sundown when we crossed the Third Lake. After travelling over the first eminence--where the Capitol now stands--we struck a lavine, (between Capitol. square and the present site of the University,) where we made a halt, struck np a fire, and encamped for the night, without even making any inquiry about supper. The cold potatoes which we ate at noon, supplied the place of breakfast, dinner and supper. The weather had moderated a little, which, together with the hardships of the jonruey, and our extreme fatigué, cansed us to sleep quite comfortably during the night. The next morning we crossed Fonrth Lake, a distance of about four miles, where we saw a small log cabin, which was the first building of the kind we had seen since leaving Fort Atkinson. We knocked at the door, but all was silent. We were both cold and hungry, and the sight of a cabin was some relief. We did not wait for ceremony, but bolted in, where we fonnd a sqnaw and some four or five
pappooses. We spoke to her in ibe Pottawatamie language, but she wade no reply. We were soon satisfied that she did not understand us. We then made all the signs that our Indian education or ingenuity would adınit of, to show her that we were hungry; but all in vain. We expected that her husband would soon come in and kick us out of doors, without waiting for an explanation, and were at a loss what to do. A white man, however, soon came in, spoke to us in good English, and seemned glad to see 18. He informed us that he was a Canadian, that the equaw was his wife, and that the children
were also his. The sqzaw lelor ged to the Winzebago tribe, and spoke a d fferent language from the other Indiscs in the vicinity. He had been an Indian trader there for years. The lands wbich he had cultivated had been sold without bis bouw.edge; for, in fact, he took no interest in anything, except trading in furs, &c. Ilis wife, on being made acquainted with our facts, flew around and prepared for us a supper. It was a kind of potrie, which rel. ished very well. After finishing our meal, weicquired what kind of meat we had eaten, and were informed that it was musk rat.We remained there till morning, and then left for the “Blue Monds.” In the meantime, we had become blind, from the effect of sore eyes, caused by too frequent exposure of our ocular organs to the smoke.
At Blue Mounds we found Mr. EBENEZER BRIGHAM, who still resides there. By this time, our eyes bad become so sore, that we could not bear the light. We remained at the Mounds a day or two, while our friend Story went on to Mineral Point. Being anxious to arrive at the "diggings,” whether we were able to see or not, we hired an Indian to lead our pony, monnted upon his back, and proceeded to Mineral Point. We were obliged to ride blindfolded, to protect our eyes from the wind. We arrived at the Point a little after dark, on Sunday evening. We were conducted into a room at the principal hotel, kept by Mr. Nichols ; but still kept our eyes bandaged. There were all kinds of fuv, sports and music going on in the room. After sitting a while, we removed the bandage from our eyes, washed them, and found that they were much better. Such a sight as presented itself to our view, we never saw before or since. It seemed that the ininers were in the habit of assembling there on Saturday nights, to drink, gamble and frolic until Monday morning. The house was composed of three or four log cabins put together, with passage ways cnt from one to another. This was the only public house in the place. The bar room, in which we were sitting, contained a large bar, well supplied with all kinds of liquors. In one corner of the room, was a Faro Bauk, discounting to a crowd around it; in ano.
ther corner a Roulette; and in another, sat a party engaged in playing at cards. One man sat back in a corner, playing a fidale, to whose music two others were dancing in the middle of the room. Hundreds of dollars were lying upon the tables; and among the crowd were the principal men of the Territory-men who held high and responsible offices then, and do now. Being pretty much worn out by our journey, we expressed a wish to retire. The landlord showed us through a dark room, and opened the door of azother, in which two men were also playing at cards, and a third lay drunk upon the floor. The landlord sat down his light, seized the drunken man by the collar, and dragged him into the next room. He soon returned, and informed us that we could choose between the beds—there being two in the room—and bid us good night. We sat down upon the side of the bed, and began to figure in our mind upon the chances. We had several hundred dollars in our pocket, which we had brought with us, for the purpose of entering land.* We imagined that in case they should get short,” they might call for our "pile.”
After studying a while, we threw down the outside blanket, and quietly crawled into bed with all our clothes on, except cap and boots. We had a good bowie-knife in our belt, and a pistol in each pocket; we clasped a pistol in each hand, and in this way we lay until daylight, and a longer night we never wish to see.When daylight made its appearance, we got op; our room mates were still playing at cards. On going out to the bar-room, we found that the crowd had mostly disappeared; there were here and there one or two asleep around the room, and all was still.The next day, our companion, (Mr. Story,) who had been visiting some friends near by, came round. We entered our lands and returned to the Blue Mounds, where we laid in a store of provisions and left for home, which we reached in four days, having learned the way, the fare, the manners and customs of the miners, and have seen enough of travelling in a new country to last us from that time to the present.
* Perhaps it would be well to state bere, in connection with this fact, that this was previons to our connection with politics or newspapers,
OBJECTS OF COLLECTION DESIRED BY THE SOCIETY.
1. Manuscript statements and narratives of pioneer settlers-oli letters and journals relative to the early history and settlement of Wisconsin, and of the Black Hawk War; biographical notices of our pioneers, and of eminent citizens, deceased ; and facts illustrative of our Indian tribes, their history, characteristics, sketches of their prominent chiefs, orators and warriors, together with contributions of Indian implements, dress, ornaments and curiosities.
2. Files of newspapers, books, pamphlets, college catalogues ; minutes of ecclesiastical conventions, associations, conferences and synods, and other publications relating to this State, or Michigan Territory, of which Wisconsin formed a part from 1818 to 1835— and hence the Territorial Laws and Journals, and !iles of Michigan newspapers for that period, we are peculiarly anxious to obtain.
3. Drawings and descriptions of our ancient mounds and fortifications, their size, representation and locality.
4. Information respecting any ancient coins, or other curiositses found in Wisconsin. The contribution of such articles to the Cabinet of the Society is respectfully solicited.
5. Indian geographical names of streams and localities in this State, with their sigaifications
6. Books of all kinds, and especially such as relate to American history, travels and biography in general and the West in particular, family genealogies,old magazines,pamphlets, files of newspapers, maps, historical manuscripts, autographs of distinguished persons, coins, medals, paintings, portraits, statuary and engravings.
7. We solicit from Historical Societies and other learned bodies, that interchange of books and other materials by which the usefulness of institutions of this nature is so essentially enhanced-pledging ourselves to repay such contributions by acts in kind to the full extent of our our ability
8. The Society particularly begs the favor and compliment of authors and publishers, to present, with their autographs, copies of their respective works for its Library.
9. Editors and publishers of newspapers, magazines and reviews, will conver a lasting favor on the Society by contributing their publicatiops regularly for its library-or, at least, such numbers as may contain articles bearing upon Wisconsin history, biography, geography, or antiquities; all u bich will be carefully preserved for binding.
Pickrzes for the Society may be sent to, or deposited with, the following gentlenen, who have kindly consented to take charge of them. Such parcels, to prevent mistakes, should be properly enveloped and addressed, even if but a single article; and it would, furthermore, be desirable, that donors should forward to the Corresponding Secretary a specification of books or articles donated and deposited.
JESSE CLEMENT, Editor Western Literary Messenger, Buffalo. er Donors to the Society's Library and Collections will, in return, be placed upon the list of exchanges, and receive equivalent publications of the Society.
INDEX OF PAPERS.
List of officers for the year 1955.......................
06 " " Treasurer.............
GENERAL INDEX. ;;;
26, 41, 43
Philosophical Society's Transactions,
72, 79, 83