Ghaffar Khan, nonviolent badshah of the Pakhtuns
`There Is Nothing Surprising In A Muslim Or A Pathan Like Me Subscribing To The Creed Of Nonviolence. It Is Not A New Creed. It Was Followed 1,400 Years Ago By The Prophet All The Time When He Was In Mecca,' Said Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Whose Influence And Fame As Pashtun Nationalist And Proponent Of Nonviolence And Social Reform Crossed The Durand Line (The Afghan `Border') On Both Sides. Born Into The Muhammadzai Tribe, From The Charsadda Valley In The Pakhtun Heartland, This Passionate Believer In The Nonviolent Core Of Islam Sought To Wean His People-The Fierce Warrior Pakhtuns Or Pathans Of The North-West Frontier Province-From Their Violent Traditions And Fight For A Separate Pakhtun Homeland That Would No Longer Be A Buffer Between Russia And Britain In The Great Game.
In 1929 Came Mahatma Gandhi'S Call For Nonviolent Resistance Against British Rule And Badshah Khan, As He Was Known To Many, Responded By Raising The Khudai Khidmatgars (`Servants Of God'), An `Army' Of 1,00,000 Men Who Pledged Themselves To The Service Of Mankind And Nonviolence As A Creed. For This, And For His Steadfast Devotion To His Principles, This Towering Figure Was Imprisoned For A Total Of Twenty-Seven Years, First By The British And Later By The Pakistani Government.
Rajmohan Gandhi Offers Fresh Insights Into The Life And Achievements Of An Extraordinary Man, Drawing Close Parallels With The Life Of Mahatma Gandhi, His `Brother In Spirit'. He Looks At Ghaffar Khan `With The Spectacles Of Today Rather Than Those Of 1947', Emphasizing That For People In The Twenty-First Century Who Live In The Shadow Of September 11, Badshah Khan'S Unwavering Commitment To Nonviolence And Hindu-Muslim Unity Offers Valuable Lessons.
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The Sons ofBehram Khan 18901919
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Abdul Ghaffar Khan added Afghan Afghanistan Afridis Ahmad arrested Asfandyar asked autobiography Ayub Azad Badshah Khan Behram Khan Bihar Bombay British officers called Caroe Charsadda chief Congress Delhi Dera Desai district Dixit Dr Khan Sahib Durand Line father Frontier Province Ghaffar Khan Ghani Khan Governor Hazara Ibid independence Indus interview Islam jail Jalalabad Jansson Jawaharlal Jinnah joined Kabul Kashmir Khan brothers Khan's Khattak Khudai Khidmatgars killed Lahore later leaders League's Malakand meeting MehrTaj minister ministry Mirza Mohammad Mountbatten Muhammad Naray Muslim League nation Nehru nonviolence NWFP offered older brother Pakhto Pakhtun Pakhtun country Pakhtunistan Pakistan party Patel Pathans Peshawar police political prison Punjab Pyarelal Qaiyum Khan Quit India Qur'an Raj's recall referendum Rowlatt Sardaryab seemed Sikhs Sindh Singh Soviet subcontinent subcontinent's Tendulkar tribal areas tribal territory tribes tribesmen Utmanzai Viceroy village violence Wali Khan Wardha wife Wiqar Ali Shah women