Gender and War in Twentieth-century Eastern Europe

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Nancy Meriwether Wingfield, Maria Bucur
Indiana University Press, 2006 - History - 251 pages
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This volume explores the role of gender on both the home and fighting fronts in eastern Europe during World Wars I and II. By using gender as a category of analysis, the authors seek to arrive at a more nuanced understanding of the subjective nature of wartime experience and its representations. While historians have long equated the fighting front with the masculine and the home front with the feminine, the contributors challenge these dichotomies, demonstrating that they are based on culturally embedded assumptions
about heroism and sacrifice. Major themes include the ways in which wartime experiences challenge traditional gender roles; postwar restoration of gender order; collaboration and resistance; the body; and memory and commemoration.

 

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Contents

Gender and War in TwentiethCenturyEastern Europe
1
challenging gender rolesrestoring order
21
Aristocratic Nursesand the AustroHungarian POW Relief
23
3 Civilizing the Soldier in Postwar Austria
47
Women in Budapest1919
70
gendered collaborating and resisting
93
Women Collaboration andResistance in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
95
Gender Collaboration andRetribution in Bohemia and Moravia during World War IIand After
111
Remembering War Gendered BodiesGendered
155
Serbian Women Commemorate the Wars ofNational Liberation 19121918
157
Gender and RememberingRomanias World Wars
171
Polish Women andWartime Violence
193
Gender Identity and the Memory ofthe Siege of Leningrad
220
Select Bibliography
235
Contributors
239
Index
241

7 Family Gender and Ideology in World War II Latvia
133

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About the author (2006)

Nancy M. Wingfield is Associate Professor of History at Northern Illinois University. She is co-author of Return to Diversity: A Political History of East Central Europe since World War II and co-editor (with Maria Bucur) of Staging the Past: The Politics of Commemoration in Habsburg Central Europe, 1848 to the Present.

Maria Bucur is John W. Hill Associate Professor of History at Indiana University and author of Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania.

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