Words and Images: Chinese Poetry, Calligraphy, and Painting
Alfreda Murck, Wen Fong
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1991 - Calligraphy, Chinese - 589 pages
In May of 1985, an international symposium was held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in honor of John M. Crawford, Jr., whose gifts of Chinese calligraphy and painting have constituted a significant addition to the Museum's holdings. Over a three-day period, senior scholars from China, Japan, Taiwan, Europe, and the United States expressed a wide range of perspectives on an issue central to the history of Chinese visual aesthetics: the relationships between poetry, calligraphy, and painting. The practice of integrating the three art forms-known as san-chiieh, or the three perfections-in one work of art emerged during the Sung and Yuan dynasties largely in the context of literati culture, and it has stimulated lively critical discussion ever since. This publication contains twenty-three essays based on the papers presented at the Crawford symposium. Grouped by subject matter in a roughly chronological order, these essays reflect research on topics spanning two millennia of Chinese history. The result is an interdisciplinary exploration of the complex set of relationships between words and images by art historians, literary historians, and scholars of calligraphy. Their findings provide us with a new level of understanding of this rich and complicated subject and suggest further directions for the study of Chinese art history. The essays are accompanied by 255 illustrations, some of which reproduce works rarely published. Chinese characters have been provided throughout the text for artists names, terms, titles of works of art and literature, and important historical figures, as well as for excerpts of selected poetry and prose. A chronology, also containing Chinese characters, and an extensive index contribute to making this book illuminating and invaluable to both the specialist and the layman.
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album leaf artist Bamboo Beijing brush brushwork Buddhist calligraphy and painting century Ch’i Ch’ien Ch’ien-lung Ch’ing Chang Chao Meng-fu Chao’s characters chih chiian Chin China Chinese calligraphy Chinese painting Chou Chu Ta chuan clouds Cloudy Mountains collection colophon color on silk composition Crawford cursive script difﬁcult dynasty early emperor example ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve Hanging scroll horse Hsiang Hsiao Hsiao-tsung Hsieh Hsii hua-hua jen Huang T’ing-chien Hui-tsung imperial inﬂuence ink and color ink on paper inscribed inscription Kao-tsung landscape painting Liang Liaoning literary masters Metropolitan Museum Mi Fu Ming Museum of Art Northern Odes ofﬁcial painters Painting Academy Palace Museum period poem poet poetic recorded reﬂection regulated verse River seal Shanghai Shen Shih’s shu-hua signiﬁcance Southern Sung strokes style Sung dynasty T’ang Yin Taipei tradition Wang Wang Wei Yiian Yu-jen