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Dr. E. E. WHITE, of Ohio: I like expansion – in order. Our constitution and by-laws determine who shall constitute the Board of Directors. As you are aware, Congress has taken no action as yet on the report organizing a government for Hawaii, and I think under our constitution we could not fill that place until a government is authorized by Congress and the status of Hawaii determined. Let us wait a year, and then we can expand intelligently.

PRESIDENT LYTE : Evidently the motion of Mr. Barnard is not in order.

Dr. WHITE: Mr. President, I move that the report of the Committee on Nominations be accepted and approved, and that the Secretary be authorized to cast the ballot of the active members electing the persons named as officers of the association for the ensuing year.

The motion was seconded and carried unanimously. The Secretary cast the ballot, and the President declared the persons named by the nominating committee duly elected to the respective offices for which they were named.

PRESIDENT LYTE: With a modesty becoming to Ohio, I think the newly elected President has hidden himself away. The chair appoints Dr. White to find him and conduct him to the platform.

DR. WHITE: Mr. President, an Ohio man is easily found when wanted to fill an office (conducting the President-elect to the platform).

PRESIDENT LYTE: Ladies and gentlemen, I have great pleasure in presenting to you a representative of the Buckeye State, large in body and large in heart. I take pleasure in introducing your newly elected President, Hon. 0. T. Corson, Ohio.

0. T. CORSON : Mr. Chairman, and Members of the Association: I have no desire so early in my official career to show my absolute unfitness for the office to which you have elected me by attempting to make a speech. I therefore have nothing further to say at this moment, except to thank you for the courtesy of your call, and to pledge you my highest endeavor, with your aid, to further as best we may the important work of this great association.

On motion, the meeting adjourned.



The meeting was called to order in Hazard's Pavilion by President Lyte.
Music by the St. Cecilia Quartet.

An address on “ The Outlook in Education ” was delivered by Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia University, New York, N. Y.

Music by the St. Cecilia Quartet.

An address on “Progress in Public Education” was delivered by F. Louis Soldan, superintendent of schools, St. Louis, Mo. Adjourned.


SEVENTH SESSION.- FRIDAY, JULY 14, 9:30 A. M. The association met in Hazard's Pavilion, Vice-President Greenwood in the chair. Rev. A. C. Smithers, pastor of the First Christian Church, offered

prayer. Music by the choir of the Temple Bnai-Brith.

Aaron Gove, superintendent of schools, Denver, Colo., gave an address on “Usurpation of Home by School.”

Music - duet — by Mrs. Haralson and Mrs. Scarborough.

E. A. Bryan, president of State Agricultural College, Pullman, Wash., read an address on The Economic Interpretation of History."

E. E. White, of Ohio, submitted the report of the Committee on Necrology, and moved that the report be accepted and the sketches included in the report be printed in the proceedings. Seconded and carried.

John MacDonald, editor of Western School Journal and president of the Educational Press Association, addressed the association on “ Educational Journalism Its Tribulations and Triumphs."

George P. Brown, editor of School and Home Education, Bloomington, Ill., asked to have his paper on “The Function of Educational Journalism" printed in the annual volume without being read. By common consent the request was granted.

** Is the Educational Press Educational ?” was the subject of an address by William George Bruce, editor of American School Board Journal, Milwaukee, Wis.

Ossian H. Lang, editor of The School Journal, New York city, spoke on “Ideal and Practical Considerations in Educational Journalism." Adjournment.

EIGHTH SESSION.- FRIDAY, JULY 14, 8 P. M. The association met in Hazard's Pavilion, President Lyte presiding. Music-"O, Every Joy on Earth is Mine,” Schnecker-by the Immanuel Church choir.

David Starr Jordan, president of Leland Stanford Jr. University, delivered an address on "The Usefulness of the University."

Music — selections from “Robin Hood ”- by the Immanuel Church .choir.

An address on "The School in Relation to the Higher Life was given by Nathan C. Schaeffer, state superintendent of Pennsylvania.

An address on “Professional Sentiment " was given by A. E. Winship, editor of Journal of Education, Boston, Mass.

Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, as chairman, read the report of the Committee on Resolutions, which was unanimously adopted, as follows:

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS The National Educational Association, assembled in its thirty-eighth annual convention and representing in the largest sense the teachers of the United States, makes the following declaration of principles :

We reaffirm our belief that the course of education, despite difficulties, doubts, and discouragements, is steadily upward and onward. The year which has passed has been one of genuine progress. Sound educational ideals are more firmly established, the benefits of school and college education are more widely diffused, the work of teaching is more intelligent and successful, the teachers themselves constantly grow more earnest and more studious. The one dark page in the history of the year is that which records interference with the work of public education and attacks, successful and unsuccessful, made upon it by political traders and spoils-seekers. We appeal to the public and to the press to resist, to resent, and to punish these attacks, and we pledge our best efforts to the absolutely non-political and non-sectarian conduct of the work intrusted to us.

We record with gratitude our sense of obligation to those noble men and women who have held out a generous hand to education north, south, east, and west, and who, by their gifts and endowments, have added so much to the strengthening and upbuilding of the various types of educational institutions, general and special, elementary and higher, thruout the land. The influence of their example is widespread, and the effectiveness of their gifts is incalculable.

We emphasize once more the function of the school, as a community center, to draw to itself the children and the parents for gatherings which reflect the life of the people and which give it inspiration. Particularly, in close association with the library, the school should make itself felt in shaping the thought of the people in ways and by methods which lie outside of the scope of formal instruction.

We support cordially every effort to elevate the profession of teaching by raising the standards for entrance to it, by promoting educational scholarship, and by providing for stability of tenure, and for adequate compensation. We are prepared to accept the complementary principle that inefficient and incompetent teachers must yield to the professional judgment which asks their retirement, and we deplore any and every attempt, org ed or other, to protect such teachers in their posts by influence, whether personal or political

We wish by every legitimate means to aid the invaluable work of the Bureau of Education, and we ask that it be given such support by Congress as will enable it to perform, with fullest efficiency, the tasks intrusted to it. We recognize, perhaps more fully than do others, the value of the statistics of education collected in the census of 1890, and we earnestly urge upon the director of the forthcoming census the desirability of carrying on anew the lines of inquiry then pursued, together with such additions and improvements as experience has shown to be needed.

This association has long insisted, and continues to insist, upon the full recognition of all educational agencies as essentially undertakings in the public interest, whether they are supported by public taxation or by other means. All alike are and should be in heartiest co-operation, and any attempt to array one institution, or one form of educational effort, against another is little short of treason to the nation's highest interests.

The past year has brought new and grave responsibilities to our common country, and has opened before it new and difficult opportunities. With a courage born of high hope and of confidence in democracy, the nation's schools and schoolmasters will assume their full share of the burden so suddenly imposed upon our citizenship, and will contribute by every means in their power to the wise, patriotic, and democratic solution of the problems which confront us as a people.

NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER, of New York, Chairman,
ROBERT B. FULTON, of Mississippi,
Joseph Swain, of Indiana,
John S. Locke, of Maine,
William E. Wilson, of Washington,
W. H. BARTHOLOMEW, of Kentucky,

Committee on Resolutions.


The following resolutions were offered by Dr. Butler, on behalf of the Committee on Resolutions, and, upon motion, were unanimously adopted :

Resolved, That the National Educational Association hereby tenders cordial and hearty thanks to those individuals, committees, and other agencies which have united to make the meeting at Los Angeles unsurpassed in comfort, in interest, and in size. In particular may be mentioned our obligations to F. Q. Story, Esq., chairman, and his associates upon the Local Executive Committee; to Superintendent J. A. Foshay, and the principals and teachers who have so warmly and so generously seconded his efforts for our entertain. ment and welfare; and to all who have co-operated with them.

To the citizens of Los Angeles for their sincere and heartfelt welcome; to the press for its unusually full and accurate reports of all our gatherings; to the various transportation companies for their generous co-operation in perfecting the plans for the meeting; and to Messrs. Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict, proprietors of the Remington typewriter, and to their efficient representative, Miss Orr, for typewriter service freely placed at the disposal of the association and its officers, we are under obligations which will not be forgotten while the memories of this great meeting themselves last.

Dr. Butler then, on behalf of the Committee on Resolutions, offered the following resolution, which was, upon vote put by the Secretary, unanimously adopted :

Resolved, That to the retiring President, Dr. E. Oram Lyte, of Pennsylvania, and to the retiring Treas. urer, Mr. I. C. McNeill, of Wisconsin, we make expression of our high personal regard and of our sincere appreciation of the ability, devotion, and unselfishness with which they have served the association.

PRESIDENT LYTE: It becomes my duty as the retiring President of the association to introduce the newly elected President to you and to transfer to him the emblem of my authority. Before doing so, let me return my personal thanks to the members of the asso. ciation, and particularly to the Secretary, for the kindness uniformly shown to me during the year. The resolutions adopted by this body express somewhat of the feelings of all the visiting members of the association with respect to our reception by Los Angeles and California, but words utterly fail to tell fully how delighted we have been with the cordiality with which we were met as we descended upon this city from the Rockies, from the great middle West, from the Atlantic's rock-bound coast, from the St. Lawrence, and from the Rio Grande. I am sure that you do not fully realize how kind you have been to us and how much you have aided in making this meeting a success. The memory of this visit to your charming city, of your sunshine and perfect weather, of your fruits and flowers, of your open-hearted, refined, cultured hospitality, will remain with us as a delightful recollection long after this beautiful south-land has passed from our vision. It will not be uninteresting for you all to know that the enrollment at this meeting is the largest in the history of this association, and that every one of the multitude which has crossed the borders of this golden state has fallen in love with it. I can only wish that the influence of this meeting for good may be as deep as the memory of its pleasures, and that the good people of Los Angeles and vicinity will think of us in days to come with somewhat of the same pleasure with which we shall think of them.

I now take pleasure in transferring to my successor in office the guidance of this body of educators, the greatest and most influential educational association in the world. I am sure that under the leadership of my distinguished friend from Ohio this organization will make rapid strides onward in the great work in which it is engaged. Permit me to introduce to you your newly elected President, Hon. O. T. Corson, of Ohio, to whom I now surrender the gavel.

PRESIDENT 0. T. CORSON : Mr. Chairman, Members of the National Educational Association, Ladies and Gentlemen :

In expressing to you my grateful appreciation of the honor which comes to me with this introduction, I am not unmindful of the fact that along with that honor come grave responsibilities — responsibilities that I would neither care nor dare to assume if I did not have an abiding faith in the unswerving loyalty of the membership of this great association to its highest and best interests — a loyalty which I know is a positive guaranty that you will extend to the incoming administration that helpful sympathy and cordial co-operation without which failure is inevitable, and with which success may be possible. I thank you for the confidence you have reposed in me, and beg you to give to us your co-operation, so that this great association may continue its great work.

I feel, Mr. President, at this moment that there is but one appropriate thing for me to do, and that is to return to you this emblem of power, that you may close this association, over which you have presided with such honor, such dignity, and such satisfaction. I beg to assure you, sir, that along with this return go the best wishes of the teachers of the United States; and along with this return go also our congratulations upon the great success of this great meeting.

After the singing of America” by the audience, the benediction was pronounced by Dr. Nathan C. Schaeffer, of Pennsylvania, and the meeting was adjourned by President Lyte. IRWIN SHEPARD,





FOR 1898-99


The Board of Directors of the National Educational Association met in the Directors' Room of the Chamber of Commerce, and was called to order by President E. Oram Lyte.

The following directors were present :

E. Oram Lyte, Pennsylvania; I. C. McNeill, Wisconsin; Nicholas Murray Butler, New York; Aaron Gove, Colorado; J. M. Greenwood, Missouri; Albert G. Lane, Illinois; F. Louis Soldan, Missouri; A. R. Taylor, Kansas; E. E. White, Ohio; Will S. Monroe, Massachusetts; W. B. Powell, District of Columbia ; W. H. Bartholomew, Kentucky; J. L. Holloway, Arkansas; L. D. Harvey, Wisconsin; Miss Estelle Reel, Wyoming; L. C. Greenlee, Colorado; Mrs. E. R. Jackson, New Mexico; F. S. Hafford, Arizona; 0. C. Whitney, Washington; Elmer E. Brown, California; Irwin Shepard, Minnesota.

Director Gove moved that the reading of the minutes of the last meeting be dispensed with, and the minutes be approved as printed in the Washington volume, with a correction inserting record of the action of the board at its last meeting appropriating $75 for the expenses of the Committee on Forms of Reports for School Statistics. Seconded and carried.

The resignation of Director Gastman, of Illinois, was read, and upon motion was accepted. The informal resignation of Director Kirk, of Missouri, was read, and upon motion accepted, and W. G. Carrington was elected to fill the vacancy. Director Gove moved that the resignation of Director Bass, of Mississippi, be accepted, and that R. B. Fulton, of that state, be elected director in his stead. Carried.

Treasurer I. C. McNeill presented his annual report.

Director Butler called attention to the increased revenue of the association thru the office of permanent Secretary.

The Secretary reported that two of the terminal lines at Washington, D. C., had not yet closed their accounts for last year, and that an additional $1,000 could be expected from that source.

Director Bartholomew moved that the Treasurer's report be accepted and ordered printed in the minutes. Seconded.

Chairman of the Board of Trustees, A. G. Lane, stated that the report of the Treasurer had been examined by the trustees and found to be correct.

Director Bartholomew's motion was then carried

Director Lane, chairman of the Board of Trustees, presented the report of the Board of Trustees, explaining the various items in effect as follows:

Altho there has been default in the payment of interest on $9,300 of Kansas bonds, upon careful investigation, in which we have been greatly aided by J. N. Wilkinson, of Emporia, Kan., we are convinced that the final loss on the principal will not be very great.

The Board of Trustees has voted to accept a proposition to receive 50 per cent. of the amount due from the city of South Hutchinson, its bond being for $1,000. South Hutchinson is a disorganized city. Business houses have been removed, and it is impossible, under the existing laws, to raise revenue enough to pay the interest on the bond. The board also reports that judgment has been obtained against Seward county for interest on a bond of $1,000, and has voted to accept a compromise on the past interest due and on the rate of interest, on condition that an annual levy be made to retire a part of the principal. It is believed that the full amount of the principal of the Seward county bond will be obtained.

The Grant county bonds, amounting to $2,000, and the Lane county bonds, amounting to $3,000, are in default in payment of interest, and suit will probably be necessary to secure payment.

On motion of Mr. Gove, of Denver, the report of the Board of Trustees was approved, and ordered printed in the volume of proceedings.

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