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JOURNAL OF PROCEEDINGS

OF THE

THIRTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL MEETING

OF THE

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION

LOS ANGELES, CAL., JULY 11-14, 1899

FIRST DAY'S PROCEEDINGS,

OPENING SESSION.- TUESDAY, JULY 11, 3. P. M.

The association met in Hazard's Pavilion, and was called to order by Hon. F. Q. Story, chairman of the Local Executive Committee, Los Angeles.

Invocation by Rev. Charles Clark Pierce, of Memorial Baptist Church.

Music — “N. E. A. March,”. Mackenzie (composed by a Los Angeles high-school student) — rendered by the Woman's Orchestra, under the direction of Mr. Harley Hamilton.

Addresses of welcome were made by Hon. Henry T. Gage, governor of California, on behalf of the state; Hon. Thomas J. Kirk, state superintendent of public instruction, on behalf of the educational interests of the state ; Professor Elmer E. Brown, University of California, state director, on behalf of the state management; Hon. Fred Eaton, mayor of Los Angeles, on behalf of the municipality; and J. A. Foshay, superintendent of schools, Los Angeles, on behalf of the educational interests of the city.

The conduct of the meeting was then transferred to Dr. E. Oram Lyte, President of the National Educational Association.

Responses to the addresses of welcome were made by N. C. Dougherty, superintendent of schools, Peoria, I.; Emerson E. White, Columbus, O.; and J. H. Phillips, superintendent of schools, Birmingham, Ala.

John Swett, of California, was then introduced, and spoke as a representative of national educational interests, both past and present.

Music - Overture, “Don Juan," Mozart - by the Woman's Orchestra.
President E. Oram Lyte delivered the annual presidential address.
The President then announced the following Committee on Resolutions :

Nicholas Murray Butler, New York, chairman.
N. C. Dougherty, Illinois.

John S. Locke, Maine.
R. B. Fulton, Mississippi.

William E. Wilson, Washington.
Joseph Swain, Indiana.

W. H. Bartholomew, Kentucky.
Music — Paraphrase of Melody in F, Rubinstein -- by the Woman's Orchestra.
Adjourned.

SECOND SESSION. – TUESDAY, JULY II, 8 P. M.
The meeting was called to order in Hazard's Pavilion by President Lyte.
Music by the Aoedean Club, under the direction of Mrs. Gertrude B. Parsons.

Dr. W. T. Harris, United States Commissioner of Education, delivered an address on “An Educational Policy for Our New Possessions."

Music by the Aoedean Club.

Henry S. Townsend, inspector general of schools, Hawaii, addressed the association on the subject, “ The Educational Problem in Hawaii.”

The meeting then adjourned.

SECOND DAY'S PROCEEDINGS

THIRD SESSION.- WEDNESDAY, JULY 12, 9:30 A. M. The association met in Hazard's Pavilion, President Lyte in the chair.

Prayer was offered by Rev. Romaine S. Cantine, D.D., pastor of the First Methodist Church.

Music –“ Spring Song,Henschel by Miss Eisenmayer, of Los Angeles.

L. D. Harvey, state superintendent of public instruction, Wisconsin, delivered an address on “Fundamentals in Teaching.”

Mrs. Helen Grenfell, state superintendent of public instruction, Colorado, read an address on the subject, “ Quo Vadimus ?

Superintendent J. H. Hinemon, of Arkansas, was introduced as the authorized representative of the Southern Educational Association. He invited the members of the National Educational Association to unite with the teachers of the South in their next convention at Memphis, Tenn.

Superintendent Frank Rigler, Portland, Ore., addressed the association on “The Average Scholarship of the Average Pupil.”

Miss Canady, of Los Angeles, rendered a violin solo.

Will S. Monroe, State Normal School, Westfield, Mass., spoke on “Fatigue among School Children."

The Committee on Nominations, appointed by President Lyte in accordance with sec. 1 of the By-Laws, was announced by the Secretary, as follows:

COMMITTEE ON NOMINATIONS

AARON Gove, chairman.

North Atlantic Division Maine .. John S. Locke Rhode Island..

Horace S. Tarbell New Hampshire.. Channing Folsom Connecticut.

.E. N. Kendall Vermont W. O, Wheeler New York.

A. S. Downing Massachusetts.. Charles H. Keyes New Jersey..

.J. H. Hulsart
South Atlantic Division
Pennsylvania...

George Howell
West Virginia..

.J. R. Trotter
Delaware.
A. H. Berlin North Carolina.

G. A. Grimslee Maryland. W. H. Shelley South Carolina.

F. Q. O'Neal District of Columbia, W. B. Powell Florida....

William N. Sheats Virginia .....

E. C, Glass

Kentucky Tennessee Georgia.. Alabama Mississippi..

Warren Easton G. T. Winston .S. N. Hopkins George B. Cook L. W. Williams

South Central Division
McHenry Rhoads Louisiana..

M. M. Ross Texas..

.W. F. Slaton Oklahoma
James K. Powers Arkansas..

R. B. Fulton Indian Territory

North Central Division
John A. Heizer Minnesota,
Robert A. Ogg

Missouri..
Alfred Bayliss North Dakota.

D, W. Springer South Dakota
William George Bruce Nebraska..

H. E. Kratz Kansas

Ohio....
Indiana
Illinois..
Michigan.
Wisconsin
lowa

F. V. Hubbard ...F. B. Tharpe

.J. G. Halland
Miss Ada F. Hatch

J. W. Dinsmore
..J. W. Spindler

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FOURTH SESSION.- WeDNESDAY, JULY 12, 8 P. M. The association was called to order by President Lyte.

Music — “Thorough Brier,Tonnah — by Mrs. Grace Miltimore Stivers, Miss Abbie Gilman, Mr. J. P. Dupuy, and Mr. D. H. Morrison.

An address on “The United States Exhibit at Paris" was delivered by Howard J. Rogers, director of education and social economy, United States commission to the Paris exposition.

Music by the quartet.

Dr. Elmer E. Brown, University of California, Berkeley, addressed the association on “Art in Education."

Adjourned.

THIRD DAY'S PROCEEDINGS
FIFTH SESSION. – THURSDAY, JULY 13, 9:30 A. M.

HAZARD'S PAVILION The meeting was called to order by Vice-President R. S. Bingham, superintendent of schools, Tacoma, Wash.

Prayer was offered by Dr. Nathan C. Schaeffer, of Pennsylvania.
Music by the Queen Vocal Quartet.

An address on “The Religious Element in the Formation of Character" was given by Rt. Rev. George Montgomery, bishop of Los Angeles.

Professor G. W. A. Luckey, University of Nebraska, spoke on “The Development of Moral Character."

"Evolution and Ethics” was the subject of an address by Sidney T. Skidmore, City Normal School, Philadelphia, Pa.

R. H. Webster, superintendent of schools, San Francisco, Cal., addressed the association on “The Scholar and the State.” Adjourned.

SIMPSON TABERNACLE Vice-President E. B. McElroy, of the University of Oregon, presided. Rev. Warren F. Day, D.D., pastor of the First Congregational Church, offered prayer. Vocal solo by Mr. D. H. Morrison.

President R. B. Fulton, University of Mississippi, addressed the meeting on “Growth of Confidence between High Schools and Colleges."

Mrs. Josephine Heermans, Kansas City, Mo., read a paper on “The Spirit of the Classics."

Vocal solo — “Ninon,” Tosti --- by Mrs. Florence F. Bruce.

Frank J. Barnard, superintendent of schools, Seattle, Wash., spoke on the subject, “Let Pupils be so Classified as to Allow Unrestricted Progress or Unlimited Time, According to Ability."

This paper was discussed by J. W. McClymonds, superintendent of schools, Oakland, Cal.

The meeting then adjourned.

MINUTES OF THE ANNUAL BUSINESS MEETING OF THE ACTIVE

MEMBERS

HAZARD'S PAVILION, THURSDAY, JULY 13, 12 : 20 P. M.

The annual meeting of the active members of the National Educational Association was called to order by President Lyte.

PRESIDENT LYTE: The first order of business is a communication from the Board of Directors.

Secretary Shepard read the communication, as follows:

“The Board of Directors, at its annual meeting held on Tuesday, July 11, passed a resolution recommending to the active members that the following amendment be made to By-Law No. 1:

“That the last sentence which reads, “The meeting of active members to nominate members of the nominating committee shall be held at 2 P. M. on the second day of the meeting, at such place as shall be announced in the general program,'be amended by striking out the phrase 'at 2 P. M on the second day of the meeting,' and inserting 'at 5:30 P. M. on the first day of the meeting.'”

PRESIDENT LYTE: The Secretary will be kind enough to explain briefly the object of this change, so that the members may vote intelligently.

SECRETARY SHEPARD: The by-law which it is proposed to amend provides that the President shall, at the third session of each annual meeting, appoint a committee on nominations consisting of one member from each state. It also provides that the active members of the several states shall meet at 2 P. M. on the second day to nominate to the President members of the general nominating committee. Under the arrangements this year, by which the first session was held at 2 P. M., you will clearly see that the session at which the President is ordered to appoint the nominating committee was held before 2 P. M. on the second day of the meeting, and therefore the operation of the by-law would be impossible. It was, therefore, necessary to make an arbitrary change in order to carry out the purpose of the by-law by setting the meeting for the active members at 5:20 P. M. on the afternoon of the first day, in order that such meeting should be held before the President, by the terms of the by-law, should appoint the nominating committee. The change proposed brings the different parts of the by-law into harmony and makes it possible to observe them all.

Dr. E. E. WHITE, of Ohio : I move that the amendment proposed by the Board of Directors be adopted.

The motion was duly seconded.

MR. WEBER, of Tennessee: The by-law provides that there shall be a member of the nominating committee from each state, but in fact we have a member of that committee named from each state and territory.

SECRETARY SHEPARD: The by-law'reads “from each state." It does not read “from each state and territory;" but I believe every territory has been by custom represented as well as every state.

The President put the question of the adoption of the amendment proposed by the Board of Directors, and the same was carried unanimously.

Mr. Weber, of Tennessee : Do I understand the word "territory” is inserted ? PRESIDENT LYTE: The word "territory” is not inserted.

MR. BINGHAM, of Washington: I move that the word "territory” be inserted, so that the by-law shall read “one member from each state and territory."

The motion was duly seconded and carried.

PRESIDENT LYTE: Is it the wish of the association that 'the report of the Treasurer be read ? It is a very interesting report. Has the report been circulated among the members ?

MR. GREENWOOD, of Kansas City, Mo.: It has, and the members are in possession of the report.

MR. Coy, of Ohio: I think we should hardly be rendered familiar enough with this report by simply having it read. We need to have it in our hands. Therefore I move that the reading of this report be dispensed with.

The motion was duly seconded and carried.

E. O. VAILE, of Chicago, Ill.: I make a motion, in which I am sure all will concur, that we pass a vote of thanks to our retiring Treasurer for his long and valuable services to this association.

The motion was seconded by various members and carried unanimously by a rising

vote.

PRESIDENT LYTE: The next order of business is the report of the Board of Trustees, by the chairman.

CHAIRMAN A. G. LANE of the Board of Trustees : The printed report is being distributed to the members. There is nothing new in the situation compared with the report made last year. I shall be very glad to answer any questions that any member of the association may wish to ask with reference to it.

PRESIDENT LYTE: You have heard the remarks of Chairman Lane of the Board of Trustees. This report is also very interesting, and we are all glad to have the opportunity to look thoroly into the financial management of the association. I myself have examined the reports of the Treasurer and of the Board of Trustees with a good deal of care, and find that every cent of the money of the association is fully accounted for.

L. E. WOLF, of Kansas: A year ago, when the report was made, the interest on some of the invested funds was in default. I think it might be well to give Chairman Lane an opportunity to explain the condition of those funds now.

CHAIRMAN LANE : There has been no change in the amount of bonds that were in default of interest since the last report. Quite a number of them have been paid. The total amount which is in default of interest is $9,300; but many of these represent school districts where there have been changes of officers. In the changes of officers they have neglected to provide for the payment of interest on the bonds of the district. We have been able to make collections on quite a number of the bonds that were in default of interest. Recently we received payment on some bonds that have been in default three years. The fiscal agency at New York failed to follow up those cases, and we found it necessary to go to the district officers to reach them. In conferring with those who are familiar with the situation in Kansas we find that there is more doubt about the bonds known as the “Grant county bonds" and the “ Lane county bonds." The Board of Trustees accepted a compromise in the case of the city of South Hutchinson. We have a thousand-dollar bond issued by that city. The city of South Hutchinson was organized some years ago. Soon disasters befell their schoolhouses and public buildings. The result was that they moved quite a number of buildings over into Hutchinson; and I am informed, and observed as I passed thru there, that all that is left of the city of South Hutchinson is three or four salt plants, a few railroad tracks leading to them, and a few scattered houses. The information we received was such that we voted to accept a compromise of fifty cents on the dollar on that bond. In the case of the Seward county bond we obtained a judgment a year ago, and it has resulted in a compromise on the rate of interest, and a provision by which they have agreed to levy an annual tax to provide for the retirement of a certain portion of the total indebtedness. So that I think we shall get the full amount of the principal in the case of the Seward county bond. In the case the Lane county bonds suit has been instituted on about thirty thousand dollars' worth of those bonds. We did not join in the suit, but ultimately we will join in it. Our interests are being looked after carefully. From the best estimate that I can make, and from reliable information obtained,

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