Japan at War: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia

Front Cover
Louis G. Perez
ABC-CLIO, Jan 8, 2013 - History - 615 pages
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Japan's military prowess is legendary. From the early samurai code of morals to the 20th-century battles in the Pacific theater, this island nation has a long history of duty, honor, and valor in warfare. This fascinating reference explores the relationship between military values and Japanese society, and traces the evolution of war in this country from 700 CE to modern times.

In Japan at War: An Encyclopedia, author Louis G. Perez examines the people and ideas that led Japan into or out of war, analyzes the outcomes of battles, and presents theoretical alternatives to the strategic choices made during the conflicts. The book contains contributions from scholars in a wide range of disciplines, including history, political science, anthropology, sociology, language, literature, poetry, and psychology; and the content features internal rebellions and revolutions as well as wars with other countries and kingdoms. Entries are listed alphabetically and extensively cross-referenced to help readers quickly locate topics of interest.

 

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Contents

Ainu Military Resistance to
1
Aizawa Seishisai 17821863
3
Aizu Samurai Spirit
4
Akihito Heisei Emperor b 1933
6
Amau Doctrine
7
American Antialien Movement
8
United StatesJapan Security Treaty 1951
11
AngloJapanese Alliances 19021921
12
Nara Heijōkyō to Heiankyō
263
Nativism Rise of
265
Navy Modernized 18681894
267
New Guinea Campaign March 81942September 13 1945
269
New Religions in Imperial and Postwar Japan
272
Newsreels
273
Nichiren 12221282
275
Ninja
277

AntiComintern Pact 1936
14
AntiJapanism in China
15
AntiNarita Airport Movement
16
Araki Sadao 18771966
17
Ashikaga Takauji 13051358
19
Surrender of Japan August 15 1945
20
Azuma kagami
22
Bakumatsu Fencing Schools and Nationalism
24
Bataan Battle of 19411942
25
Bataan Death March April 1942
27
AntiVietnam War Movement
28
Bikini Island Atomic Tests 19461958
29
Boissonade de Fontarabie Gustave E mile 18251910
30
Boshin Civil War 18671868
31
Boshin Civil War Causes
33
Boshin Civil War Consequences
35
Boxer Rebellion 18981900
37
Buddhism Copes with Imperialism 19001945
38
Buke Shohatto
40
Bunmei kaika
41
Burma Air Campaign 19411942
43
Bushidō
44
Bushidō in Japanese Sports
47
Christian Era Suppression Fumie
49
Civil Wars 14671570 Causes
51
Civil Wars 14671570 Consequences
52
Civil Wars Sengoku Era 14671570
53
Cloister Government Insei
55
Colonization of Hokkaidō
57
Colonization of Taiwan 18951945
58
Comfort Women
59
Continental Adventurers Tairiku Rōnin
61
Coral Sea Battle of May 78 1942
63
Corregidor Battle of AprilMay 1942
67
Dōmei News Agency Dōmei Tsūshinsha
69
Doolittle Raid April 18 1942
70
Dutch on Deshima 16411859
71
Early Meiji 18681890 Political Reforms
74
Kojiki and Nihon Shōki
76
Emigrants from Japan
77
Enomoto Takeaki 18361908
83
February 26 Incident 1936
85
Firearms in Premodern Japan
86
Fujiwara Family
88
Fukuzawa Yukichi
89
Genyōsha Nationalism
91
Gilbert Islands Campaign November 1943
92
GoDaigo
93
Golovnin Affair 18111813
95
Gordon Beate Sirota b 1923
96
Gōtō Shinpei
97
Greater East Asia Coprosperity Sphere
99
Great Kanto Earthquake 1923
100
Guadalcanal Land Battle for August 1942February 1943
101
Guam Battle for July 21August 101944
106
Hakkō Ichiu
108
Hansan Battle of 1592
109
Harakiri Seppuku
110
Hara Takashi 18561921
111
Harris Townsend 18041878
113
Hashimoto Kingoro 18901957
114
Heike monogatari
115
Heusken Henry 18321861
116
High Treason Incident 19101911
117
HimikoIyo Succession Crisis Third Century CE
119
History Textbooks Controversy
121
Hitotsubasi Keiki Tokugawa Yoshinobu 18271913
124
HogenHeijiGempei Wars 12th Century
126
Hj Masako 11571225
128
Hj Tokimune 12511284
129
Hong Kong Battle of December 8251941
130
Ichigō Campaign AprilDecember 1944
132
Ichikawa Fusae 18931981
133
Ienaga Saburō 19132002
135
Ii Naosuke 18151860
136
Ikeda Hayato 18991965
138
Imjin War
140
Inoue Kaoru 18361915
141
International Military Tribunal for the Far East 19461949
142
Ishiwara Kanji 18891949
144
Isshi Incident
145
Itagaki Taisuke 18371919
146
Itō Hirobumi
148
Itō Noe 18951923
150
Itō Yū ko 18431913
152
Iwakura Mission 18711873
153
Iwakura Tomomi 18251883
154
Iwo Jima Battle for February 19March 26 1945
156
Jiang Jieshi Chiang Kaishek 18871975
159
Jimmu Tennō 711 BCE?585BCE?
160
Jingū Kōgō
161
Jiyu Minken Undo
163
Jky War of 1221
164
Kagoshima Bombardment of
167
Kakitsu Disturbance
168
Kakure Kirishitan 750
170
Kamakura Bakufu 11851333
172
Kamikaze Tokkōtai
173
Katsu Kaishū 18231899
175
Kawakami Soroku 18481899
176
Kimigayo National Anthem
177
Kim Okkyun 18511894
179
Kita Ikki 18831937
180
Kitabatake Chikafusa 12931354
181
Kokutai and Ultranationalism
182
Komura Jutarō 18551911
185
Konoe Fumimaro 18911946
186
Korea Added to the Empire19051910
188
Korean War 19501952
189
Kōtoku Shūsui 18711911
190
KusanaginoTsurugi
191
Kwantung Army Adventurism19261936
192
Change in the Sixth to EighthCenturies
196
Change in the 19th to 20th Centuries
199
Law on Assembly and Political Association of 1890
203
League of Nations Mandates
204
Leyte Gulf Battle of October 23261944
206
London Naval Conference
210
Loyalist Verse Shishigin
212
MacArthur Douglas 18801964
215
Malaya Campaign 19411942
216
Manchukuo
218
Manila Battle for February 3March 31945
219
Maria Luz Incident 1872
221
Maruyama Masao 19141996
222
Matsudaira Sadanobu
223
Matsukata Masayoshi 18351924
225
Matsuoka Yōsuke 18801946
226
May Fourth Movement 1919
227
Meiji Constitution 1890
228
Meiji Economic Reforms 18701880s
230
Meiji Emperor 18521912
232
MeijiEra Peasant Uprisings
233
Meiji Ishin Shishi
236
Meiji Land Tax 1873
237
Meiji Press Laws
239
Midway Battle of June 36 1942
241
Minamoto Yoritomo 11471199
243
Minamoto Yoshitsune 11591189
245
Minobe Tatsukichi 18731948
246
Mishima Yukio 19251970
247
Mito School
250
Mongol Invasions of Japan 1274 1281
251
Lytton Report
254
Muromachi Bakufu 13381573
256
Mushae Warrior Prints
257
Mutsu Munemitsu 18441897
259
Namamugi Incident
261
Nanjing Massacre
262
Nishi Amane 18291897
278
Nitobe Inazō 18621933
279
Nitta Yoshisada 13011338
281
Nogi Maresuke
282
NomonhanKhalhinGol Battle of 1939
283
Nozu Michitsura 18421907
284
Occupation of Japan
286
Oda Nobunaga 15341582
288
Okinawa Invasion of Operation IcebergMarchJune 1945
290
Oku Yasukata 18461930
292
Ōkuma Shigenobu 18381922
294
Ōnin War 14671477
296
Organ Theory of the State
297
Orientalism
299
Osaka Castle Battle of 16141615
301
Ōshio Heihachirō 17931837
303
Ōtori Keisuke 18331911
304
Ōyama Iwao 18421916
305
Oyatoi Gaikokujin
306
Pacifism
308
Pal Radhabinod 18861967
311
PanAsianism
312
Party Cabinets 19181933
314
Peace Preservation Law 1925
316
Pearl Harbor Attack on 1941
317
Perry Matthew 17941858
320
Philippine Sea Battle of June 19211944
322
Port Arthur Siege 19041905
323
Portsmouth Treaty
325
Postwar Politics
326
Puyi Henry 19061967
329
Qingdao Siege of August 23November 71914
330
Red Army Sekigun
333
Rice Riots 1918
334
RightWing Politics in Japan 1945Present
335
Rise of the Modern Army 18681894
337
Ritsuryō
339
Russian Invasion of Manchuria 1945
340
Russian Neutrality Pact 1941
342
RussoJapanese War 19041905
343
RussoJapanese War Causes
346
RussoJapanese War Consequences
347
Saga Rebellion 1874
350
Saigō Tsugumichi 18431901
352
Saionji Kinmochi 18491940
353
Sakamoto Ryōma 18361867
354
Sakoku 16331854
356
Sakuradamon Incident 1860
357
San Francisco Peace Treaty 1951
359
Sankin kōtai Alternate Attendance
360
Sasakawa Ryōichi 18991995
361
SatChō Oligarchy
362
Satō Eisaku 19011975
364
Seinan Satsuma Rebellion 1877
366
Seito Bluestockings 19111916
367
Sekigahara Battle of 1600
368
SelfDefense Forces Jieitai from the Bomb to Iraq
370
Senninbari and Comfort Bags
373
Sensōe War Prints
374
Shanghai Battle of August 13November 9 1937
376
Shiba Ryōtarō and Bushidō
378
Shidehara Kijuro 18721951
379
Shimabara Rebellion 16371638
381
Shimoda Treaty 1858
382
Shimonoseki Bombardment of 18631864
383
Shimonoseki Treaty of
384
Shōen and Rise of Bushi
386
Shōtoku Taishi 573621 CE
389
Shōwa Emperor Hirohito 19011989
390
Shōwa Restoration
391
Siberian Intervention
393
SiemensVickers Scandal 1914
394
Singapore Battle for February 8151942
395
SinoJapanese War 18941895
397
SinoJapanese War Causes
400
SinoJapanese War Consequences
402
Sōhei Monk Warriors
404
Sonnojōi
405
South Manchurian Railway
406
Southern Court Yoshino
408
State Shintō Exporting to the Colonies
411
Sun Yatsen 18661925 and the Japanese
412
Taiheiki
416
Taika Reforms
417
TairanoMasakado died 940
418
Taiwan Expedition 1874
419
Takahashi Korekiyo 18541936
421
Takeda Shingen 15211573
423
Tanaka Chigaku 18611939
425
Tanaka Giichi 18641929
426
Tanuma Okitsugu 17191788
427
Tarawa Battle of November 20241943
428
Tenko Political Conversion
430
Tōgō Heihachirō 18481934
431
Tōjō Hideki 18841948
432
Tokugawa Bakufu Political System
433
Tokugawa Bakumatsu Military Reforms
435
Tokugawa Ieyasu 15431616
436
Boshin War
438
Tokugawa Nariaki 18001860
439
Tokyo Bombing of March 9101945
440
Tokyo Rose 19162006
441
Tyama Mitsuru 18551944
443
Toyotomi Hideyoshi 15361598
444
Tripartite Pact
446
Tsushima Battle of 1905
448
TwentyOne Demands 1915
451
Uchida Yasuya Kōsai 18651936
453
Uchimura Kanzoˆ 18611930
454
Unequal Treaties
455
Unit 731
458
Versailles Treaty 1919
460
Violence in Wartime Cinema
462
Warrior Tales
464
Washington Naval Conference 19211922
466
Western Medicine in Imperial Japan
468
Kokubo Fujinkai and Aikoku Fujinkai
469
World War I
472
World War I Causes
475
World War I Consequences
476
World War II
477
World War II Consequences
480
World War II Continental Theater
482
World War II Japanese Atrocities
485
World War II Pacific Theater
489
World War II Southwest Pacific Theater
494
Xian Incident 1936
498
Yalu River Battle of 1894
500
Yamagata Aritomo 18381922
502
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe 18521933
504
Yamamoto Isoroku 18841943
505
Yamashita Tomoyuki 18851946
506
Yasukuni Shrine Controversy
507
Yosano Akiko 18781942
510
Yoshida Shigeru 18781967
512
Yoshida Shōin 18311859
513
Young Officer Movement
515
Zaibatsu
519
Zen Buddhism and Militarism
521
Zen Buddhism in Japanese Sports
523
Zengakuren
524
Zhang Zuolin 18731928
526
Primary Documents
529
Chronology
543
Glossary
553
Bibliography
565
Editor and Contributors
589
Index
595
Copyright

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About the author (2013)

Louis G. Perez, PhD, is professor of Japanese history at Illinois State University, Normal, IL. His published works include Greenwood's The History of Japan, Revised Edition and Daily Life in Early Modern Japan.

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