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which you preside, who feel an interest in the ral and moral philosophy, physiology, anatomy, advancement of that most needful branch of in- book-keeping, political economy, drawing, algestruction, the study of natural science, to the bra, geometry, surveying, trigonometry, chemis. following notice :

try, geology, botany, and in short, all branches I am now making arrangements (having lately necessary to a complete English education. returned from the geological survey of the state

He also offered a resolution recommending the of Virginia) to furnish all those who may de use of slates for small scholars. sire collections in geology and mineralogy with ! The committee are aware that teachers at specimens arranged in suits, on the plan of the present are not generally qualified to teach the state collections at Albany. These will be se branches named, but that consideration proves it lected from the most extensive collection of geo-none the less important or necessary that all and logical specimens in the United States. It em. even more should be taught in our common braces more than 60,000 specimens, most of schools, as until then they cannot be what they which were obtained wth a careful view to this ought to be, such as to supersede the necessity object, and brought together at Albany with of private and select schools, and many of the great expense, and by far the largest portion of academies of the state. them are from the strata of our own state, to Resolved, That we recommend and urge upon which the Araerican geologist must ever refer, the attention of teachers of common schools, the and gathered during the late survey. I think it importance of becoming qualified to teach the can be safely said that the collection embraces a branches of study named, as soon as practicable, better and more extensive variety of fossils than preparatory to their introduction there. can now be made, as known localities of many | On motion of D. R. Randall, species are exhausted. They will be carefully

carefully Resolved, That this convention regard the of. selected, labelled, and arranged in sets, in a man.

an: /fice of Town Superintendant as one of great im. ner to illustrate and distinguish the different formations, under the inspection and critical ex.

portance, and believe that upon a faithful disamination of James Hall, late State Geologist,

charge of its duties essentially depend the benefits and now reporting upon its Paleontology, of | By Mr. Hawiey,

resulting from our school system. whom it has been justly said that “he would be looked to as authority in this department of

Resolved, That the thanks of this convention American geology." All the formations in the

be presented to Dr. Potter of Union College, for United States will be amply illustrated, and the

his most able and effective lecture delivered be. specimens will be put up in sets to suit purcha.

fore the convention and assembly of citizens last sers, say from 100 to 1000 in each.

evening, and that the officers of this convention

A large por. tion of my collection will be arranged expressly

are hereby directed to communicate this resolu. to supply the cabinets of school districts. Sec.

tion to Doct. Potter, and request a copy of said tions and drawings will be prepared to accom.

lecture for publication. pany each suit, illustrating the superposition and

Mr. Henry moved the following resolution : arrangement of the strata. In a few months I Resolved, That the members of this conven. hope to have the collection arranged and in rea. tion tender to the citizens of Rochester their cor. diness for the inspection of purchasers, and all

dial thanks for the hospitality which they have who may be pleased to honor me with a call at

extended to them on this occasion, and that they

earnestly hope that the prosperity of this city Most respectfully, I am

may be commensurate' with the public spirit of Your obedient servant,

its inhabitants.

ISRAEL SLADE. Mr. Henry remarked that at the last conven. Messrs. Dwight, Randall and Fonda were ap- vention at this place. He had heard much

tion he had strongly advocated holding the con. pointed a committee with reference to this com. | Rochester and western New-York, but he munication. The Chair presented a communication from bad never been told him. He had been excee

truly say, with the Queen of Sheba, that the hall Col. Stone of New York, chairman of the comingly gratified and pleased with his visit her

ere. mittee, last year, of text books. Mr. Randall suggested that as the convention resolution to hold the convention here--to wa

Mr. Randall claimed that he originated the did not intend to recommend any particular set of Mr. Henry assented. text books, the communication be laid upon the The Chair. before putting the question:.. table, and that the committee on text books bel that the citizens were equally grated

the disbanded. Mr. Henry hoped on account of the great ser. I would ever remember the occasion

visit of so highly intelligent a body of men, and vices of Col. Stone, the paper would be read.

mber the occasion which had

I brought them, with pleasure. Mr. Dwight moved its reference to the commit. Mr. Arnold called up the report ol." tee on publication. Laid on the table for further I mittee in favor of the purchase or text ! consideration. Mr. Sprague made the following report:

the public moneys, and spoke at length in favor

of it. The committee to whom was referred the sub. Mr. Hawley suggested many more. ject to recommend a list of studies proper to be purchase of books, on account ol me shume

at di pursued in our common schools, ask leave to versity of sentiment. submit the following :-Orthography, includi

. Tollowing :-Orthography, including Mr. Fonda was opposed to any further legis. thed mental and written arithmetic. penmaneh

ol me letters, reading, definitions, llation. He believed these minor appropriations

ten arithmetic, penmanship. I were disrespectful to the people. Such propos.: geography, history of English grammar. analy. I tions

O English grammar, analy. I tions ought to emanate from them. The spirit

a language, science of govern.) and enterprise of the people would in a short ment, vocal music, composition, elocution, natu.' rime do more than any amous

more than any amount of legislation.


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He considered the proposition insulting to the upon it, to devise the best means for accomplishgood sense of the people.

ling the object. Much can be done by the intro. Mr. Dwight stated that the most ardent friends duction of books on agriculture into ihe district of education in the Legislature generally con. school libraries. This object has received con. sidered the measure injudicious and unsafe. Laid siderable attention from the New York State on the table.

| Agricultural Society, and premiums are now of. Mr. Johnson, of Kings, offered the following fered for the best essays for the purpose. There resolution :

| is still wanting a suitable text book on agricul. Resolved, That the thanks of this convention ture, for the use of schools. be presented to Mr. Mack, city superintendent In view of this whole subject, therefore, the of Rochester, for the interesting exhibition of committee, beg leave to recommend this subject the schools under his charge. Carried unani. to the earnest consideration of this convention, mously

and to submit the following resolutions : The convention then took up the order of the

Resolved, That this convention recommend to day, which was to hear the suggestions of county teachers, as far as is in their power, to impart superintendents in reference to the examination instruction on agriculture, by occasional dia. of teachers and the management of schools. logues or conversations, and the reading of agri.

The following gentlemen were heard :- cultural books and periodicals, so as to explain Messrs. Dwight, of Albany ; Spencer, of Alle the principles of this art, and show its respectagany ; Storkes, of Cayugu; Tidd, of Chemung;bility and importance to themselves and society, Woodin, of Columbia; Arnold, of Duchess; Ely, Resolved, That the convention deem it of the of Erie; Shumway, of Essexi Sprague, of Ful highest importance that our school libraries conton; Nay, of Genesee; Olney, of Greene; Henry, tain more works on the principles and practice of Herkimer; Brown, of Jefferson; Sylvester, of of agriculture, suitable for the perusal of the Lewis; Patchin, of Livingston; Hawley, of Buf. young; and therefore we take pleasure in re. falo; Rochester, Brown and Mack, of Monroe; commending to the trustees of school districts Mills, of Niagara; Wetpore, or Oneida; Barnes, under our charge to purchase works of that chaof Onondaga; and Hopkins, of Ontario.

racter. Mr. Dwight, of Albany, moved a vote of Resolved, That we will, as county superinthanks to the editors of the Daily Democrat and tendents, take the subjeet into consideration, Daily Advertiser for their courtesy in reporting and be prepared, at our next annual convention, the proceedings of the convention. Also to the to express our opinions respecting it, and to act trustees of the Washington-street church, for the decisively upon it, if deemed advisable. use of their commodious building.

| Resolved, That a committee of three be now Mr. Patchin presented the following report on appointed to take this matter under their special the subject of introducing the study of agricul. consideration, and report thereon at our next an. türe in common schools, recommending that it nual convention; and that the State Agricultural be frequently made the subject of school exerci. Society be requested also to appoint a committee ses, and that more agricultural works be placed to confer with them. in the libraries.

A committee of three was appointed, to take REPORT ON AGRICULTURE

the subject into consideration, and report at the The committee to whom was referred the con."

next convention.

lo A vote of thanks was presented unanimously sideration of the subject of introducing the study to Theo. E. King, president of the last conven. of agriculture as a branch of education in our tion. now a resident of the state of New Jersey. schools, respectfully report,

and also to the ex-county superintendents, for That, as agriculture is the art on which all their

their attendance. other arts depend, and the profession in which

Mr. King presented a report from the commit the greater part of our population are engaged, its improvement and prosperity is a subject of the

tee on text books, declaring it inexpedient for

the convention to recommend any particular set the highest importance ; and the committee are

of text books, leaving the subjeci entirely to the of the opinion that the time has arrived when die the elements and scientisc

nen discretion of county and town superintendents. wciples of agricul.

The committee, at their own request, was die ture should be taught in all our schools, espe- lcharged from further consideration of the sul cially to the older class of pupils. The rapid progress which has of late years

ject. been made in those parts where the discoveries

Vocal Music. of science have been brought to bear on the im. Mr. Shumway subinitted the following report provement of agriculture, affords the strongest in favor of the introduction of vocal music in evidence of the importance of diffusing a know. schools : ledge of the principles upon which these im. The committee to which was referred the subprovements are based, among those who areject of vocal music, conscious of the peculiar soon to become the owners and cultivators of barrenness of the spirit and instruction which our naturally fertile, though much abused soil. characterizes a great proportion of our public There can be no doubt but that such knowledge, schools, respectfully report, that in our opinion if properly imparted, would have a direct ten the time has come when the united efforts of all dency to improve the practice of agriculture, the friends of popular education should be directand elevate the profession to that high rank ined to the institution and establishment of all such públic estimation which it so justly deserves. J best means as will tend to raise the living spirit

Your committee have perceived, however, of education" in all its appropriate power ; that there are numerous difficulties connected and that from some obeervation and experience with the subject, and that it requires more deli. we are led to believe that the general introduc berate consideration than they have bestowed 'tion of the study and praefice of vocal music in our schools would constitute one of these best lectual, moral and social beings, and especially means. That it would, in a great degrece, con. to qualify them for all their high duties as ciu. tribute to the realization of a more just, whole.zens of a republic, in view of their being law some and mild, but efficient system of discipline makers, and at the same time the subjects of law in the school-room proper, and throughout the and order ; and if (as is proved) nineteen out of larger school of society, by listing into ascend- every twenty of our citizens, receive all their ancy the moral and intellectual over the animal rudiments of knowledge in our common schools, "nature—by substituting the elements of harmo. and with such knowledge they go forth to mould ny and order in place of discord and contrariety. the institutions of their country : Then that syg. That it would so secure the love of children for tem of school instruction must be deemed singu: the exercises of the school as to make it a larly defective which does not furnish its schopleasant instead of a repulsive place of resort, lars the means to become intimately acquainted and thus have a strong tendency to prevent with the form and constitution of the govern. the prevalent evil of “absenteeism.” That it ment under which they live, and whose destiny would (in skilful hands) so temper the pursuits is committed to their guidance. Especially of learning as to kindle the heart as well as should every child be early taught the great es quicken the intellect, and instead of presenting sential features of the constitution and laws of the “Tree of knowledge” as a dry stump his own state. In the early days of the republic lifeless, leafless and forbidding, it would be to it was ordained in the New England colonies, the scholars a living tree ; beneath whose ex. that all should “teach their children and aptended branches and rich foliage they could find prentices so much learning as may enable them rest, whose blossoms would yield their exquisite perfectly to read the English tongue, and know odors, and whose abundant fruits would heal ledge of the capital laws." In a more advanced and nourish.

and highly favored age, it is quite too apparent It will not be necessary to speak of the suc. that we have fallen far behind the spirit of our cess which has every where attended the ex venerated progenitors in both these essential periment of practising vocal music in schools specifications. And believing that the useful. It has long constituted one of the prominent ness of oar schools would be greatly promoted, pursuits in the schools of Prussia ; and is thus and that they would more nearly fulfil the obnoticed by the Hon. Horace Mann, in his sev. ject of their institution by furnishing the facilities enth annual report : “ All Prussian teachers for learning the nature of the government of our are masters, not only of vocal but of instrumental own country, the committee submit the fol music. One is as certain to see a violin as a lowing resolutions : black-board in every school-room.

Resolved, That in the opinion of the conven“Generally speaking, the teachers whom I saw tion, the introduction of the study of the science played upon the organ also, and some of them of government into our common schools would upon the piano and other instruments. Music greatly increase their value ; and that we most was not only taught as an accomplishment, but cordially recommend to parents, school officers, used as a recreation. It is a moral means of and teachers, the introduction of some suitable great efficacy-its practice promotes health ; it text book on this subject, and that it be taught disarms anger, softens rough and turbulent na. I particularly to the older classes of scholars. tures, socializes, and brings the whole mind, as Resolved, That a knowledge of the general it were, into a state of fusion, from which con. principles of our own government should constidition the teacher can mould it into what forms tute an indispensable qualification of a teacher, he will as it cools and hardens." These senti. and that we invite their serious and prompt atments your committee believe to be in accordance tention to the subject. with the expressed views and instructions of all Mr. Sprague called up the resolution in regard the best educators of the age, without a single to the reading of the Bible in schools. exception ; and without dwelling upon the many The previous question being ordered, the vote advantages which might be mentioned as con was taken by ayes and noes, with the following nected with the practice of vocal music in result : Ayes 23, noes 4. schools, we submit the following resolutions : 1 The convention continued to hear the views

Resolved, That experience has proved that of superintendents in reference to the examina. the good effects of the practice of vocal music tion of teachers and management of schools. in our schools have equalled the anticipatione ori The following gentlernen were heard : its early friends thus far, and that we earnestly Messrs. Putnam, of Chautauque; Wilsea, of recommend its general introduction and practice

Orleans ; Randall, of Oswego; Palmer, of Ot. in all our schools throughout the state as far as

sego; Cropsey, of Richmond; Robertson, of possible.

Tompkins; Thompson, of Warren ; Wright, of To this end, Resolved, That all the teachers Washington, and Stevens, of Wyoming. of our common schools should aim to qualify | The convention proceeded to hear Mr. Lind. themselves to instruct and lead a school in this sley explain his system of teaching vocal music. exercise.

A vote of thanks was presented to the authors POLITICAL SCIENCE,

and publishers who had increased the interest

of the convention by their attendance. Mr. Shumway, from the committee on the

The following resolution was read and adopt introduction of political science into common ed : schools, made the following report :

Resolved, That we view in our present state The committee on the subject of political sci. superintendent, the indefatigable, firm and deva ence report, that if (as is universally assumed) | ted friend to the cause of popular education; and it was the object of the founders of common that his previous counsels have contributed much schools to educate the whole people, so as to fit to the advancement and prosperity of our com: them for the discharge of their duties as intel. 'mon schools. We have only to regret that

pressure of business has prevented his attend. Rochester, to believe that the Journal can be susance at this convention.

tained in its present form and at its low price, Also a resolution to Mr. S. 8. Randall, state deputy superintendent, for his distinguished ser.

without loss. Its friends should however under. vices in the cause of education.

stand that it depends entirely upon its increased Mr. King offered a resolution of thanks to circulation for its support; the state appropria. Henry E. Rochester, for the able and dignified manner in which he had presided over the con.

tion not paying the expenses of supplying the vention. Carried unanimously.

schools with the Journal. Mr. Rochester thanked the convention for its courteons consideration of his services. That

(For the Journal.) they had been imperfectly rendered, no one felt THE CONVENTION AT ROCHESTER. so deeply as himself, but his associates had, by their forbearance and kindness, rendered all the The transactions of this body are better evi. duties of the chair comparatively light and dence of the character and spirit of the third con. agreeable. If, however, said Mr. Rochester, in the hurry

vention of county superintendents, than any opiof business I have unintentionally wronged any nion of the press. To these we confidently member, or invaded any rights, in my anxiety refer all who take any interest in that system of to maintain the order and to sustain the dignity Lohan of our body, I beg my associates to believe that

school supervision, now in full and successful by none will it be more regretted than myself, operation, and if there is a want of interest in the

We are now to part, each to his own county, reported proceedings, there will not be discover." to diffuse the principles of thorough and univer:

ed any want of discretion or of zeal in the memsal education, Let us remember how honorable, how sacred is our office, and permit no other in.

bers of this convention, or any evidence of indif. terest than that of education to withdraw our fernce to, or perverson of the functions of their hearts or hands from our high vocation. If we

most important office. lodeed, the disinterested are faithful, the cause is safe. Mr. Brodt, of Broome, moved a vote of thanks

devotion of many, who, with limited means and to the other officers, for 'their attention and assi. receiving but a scanty salary, hesitated not to duity in the duties of the convention. Carried. travel hundreds of miles, to share in the delibe. Adjourned to meet at Syracuse, on the 24th

erations of this body, is one of the most honora. of April, 1845.

ble indications of a spirit worthy of the cause to DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL. which it is pledged, and one of the surest grounds

of anticipating the triumph of these efforts to dif. ALBANY. JUNE, 1844.

fuse the inestimable blessings of sound education. To SUBSCRIBERS.-Many subscriptions to the It may be thought that we say too much, but Journal close with the present number, and if any those who know the self-sacrificing labors of a one of our readers is disappointed in not receiv. large proportion of these officers, will feel that ing his July number, we hope he will remember we have said by far too little. However, they that the renewal of his subscription will be wel need not our eulogy, their eulogy will be found come. At 50 cents all subscripiions must be paid in the hearts of those children to whose happiness promptly in advance, for the price charged will their best powers have been consercated. not pay the expense of subsequent collection. I

We wish to acknowledge the obligations we THE JOURNAL.

are under to the editors of the Rochester Demo

crat, for the full and interesting report of the pro-, We have made arrangements with S. S. Ran-ceedings of the Convention. Our own report is dall, Esq., author of "Mental and Moral Cul-i mainly taken from the columns of that paper. ; ture," who, as general Deputy Superintendent, is widely known as an able and devoted advocate

To the citizens of Rochester, we would say, of education, to aid in editing the Journal. in behalf of the members of the Convention, that

.With his assistance, and by the introduction of the resolution which refers to the hospitality and a greater variety into its columns, we hope to courtesy of that beautiful and flourishing city, increase its usefulness and extend its circulation. but feebly expresses the feelings with which we

By enlarging the Journal, and thus supply parted from those, who made our brief stay among ing the eleven thousand schools with nearly dou. them so delightful. ble the amount of reading formerly found in its

THE CHALLENGE. pages, we have incurred some pecuniary hazard; but we are encouraged by the strenuous efforts Mr. Patchin of Livingston county, exhibited to to extend its circulation, already made in a few the Convention some beautiful specimens of map. counties, and by the strong assurance of similar ping done in the district schools under his super. efforts, cordially given by the superintendents at vision, and CHALLENGED the other county officers


to compete with Livingston in this interesting subject of much inquiry, and of some debate, department of education.

But wh!le some of the county superintendents Mr. Brown of Monroe, produced works of si. await its organization, more in doubt than in milar, if not equal merit, and the county super. hope, all exhibited the deepest interest in its perintendent of Albany offered satisfactory evi. I prosperity; and the resolution introduced by dence that that county would not prove a laggard Mr. Randall, as chairman of the committee on in this generous struggle for excellence. this subject, received a cordial and unanimous

Mr. Dwight also exhibited some beautiful response from the convention. drawings and maps from public schools No. 12

CHAPTER 311. . and No. 4 in the city of New York, by pupils of 14 and 15 years of age.



Passed May 7, 1844. Challenges were given and accepted by Mr.) The People of the State of New York, repreMack, city superintendent of Rochester, Mr. lows:

sented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as folHawley, city superintendent of Buffalo, Mr. Tho. $1. The Trensurer shall pay on the warrant mas, of Rensselaer, in behalf of Troy, and Mr. Jof the Comptroller, to the order of the Superin. Dwight, of Albany in behalf of the schools of that tendent of Common Schools, from tha: portion

of the avails of the literature fund appropriated city, that for improvement in writing and attend. by chapter two hundred and forty-one of the ance the schools of these several cities would laws of one thousand eight hundred and thirtypresent their comparative claims for rank, at the rour, to the support of academical departments next convention.* Will not New York, Brook.

for the instruction of teachers of common

schools, the sum of nine thousand six hundred lyn, Utica, Hudson and Schenectady send on their dollars; which sum shall be expended under the statistics on these subjects, in relation to the pro-direction of the Superintendent of Common gress of improvement in remedying this greatest

| Schools, and the Regents of the University, in evil of the school, irregularity of attendance.

the establishment and support of a Normal

School for the instruction and practice of teache In order to judge of merit and improvement in ers of common schools in the science of educa. writing, each teacher is expected to prepare a 110

tion and in the art of teaching, to be located in copy book of as many pages as there are writers

the county of Albany in his school, and to require each pupil to write

$ 2. The sum of ten thousand dollars shall,

after the present year, be annually paid by the two lines and sign his name and the date; and at Treasurer on the warrant of the Comptroller, the close of every three months to write two more | 10 the Superintendent of Common Schools, from lines, and sign name and date. In thiş manner

the revenue of the literature fund, for the main.

tenance and support of the school so established, the progress of each writer will appear. for five years, and until otherwise directed by NORMAL SCHOOL.

$3. The said school shall be under the superWe forbear making at this time any remarks perintendent of Common Schools and the Re.

vision, management and government of the Su. upon the proper organization of this great insti. gents of the University. The said Superinten. tation. It is in the hands of the Regents of the dent and Regents shall from time to time mako University, whose characters are a guarantee ber and compensation of teachers and others

all needful rules and regulations, to fix the num. of fidelity and ability in the discharge of their be employed therein, to prescribe the prelimi. high trnst; and the friends of education a wait nary examination and the terms and conditions their action with deep interest. conscione thor on which pupils shall be received and instructed upon the results of their labors mainly depends tive cities and counties, conforming as nearly as

therein, the number of pupils from the respecs the success or failure of this munificent endow.may be to the ratio of population, to fix the lo. ment. Nor is this feeling manifested in our cation of the said school, and the termsand condiown state alone, the letter of Horace Mann,

tions on which the grounds and buildings there.

Mann, for shall be rented, if the same shall not be propublished in this journal, and the communica- vided by the corporation of the city o! Albany. tions that have reached us from Connecticut, and to provide in all things for the good govern. Ohio and New Hampshire, show that in other

ment and management of the said school. They and far.distant sections of the Union, the pro.l of whom the said Superintendent shall be one,

shall appoint a board, consisting of five persons, gress of this institution is watched with the who shall constitute an executive committee, deepest interest.

for the care, management and government of At the convention at Rochester, it was the preseribed as aforesaid, whose duty it shart

the said school, under the rules and regulations Mr. Stevens was understood to prosent the name of from time to time to make full and detailed rem Wyoming, offering to show similar or greater improve. ports to the said Superintendent and Regents i ment is that whole county, than any city could exhibit land among other things to record pend the ruita

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