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the studies, books and course of instruction and such plans and suggestions for their improvediscipline generally adopted in all the schools of ment, as to then may seem calculated substan. the same class—that the proper attention is not tially to promote the usefulness of schools and yet given to the establishment of school and so the interests of education. cial libraries, and evening schools or classes for RESOLUTIONS ACCOMPANYING THE REPORT OY such children as are necessarily employed du- THE JOINT STANDING COM. ON EDUCATION. ring the day-that sufficient encouragement is Resolved, That his excellency the governor of not given to the establishment of lectures, espe. this state be, and he hereby is authorized and cially in winter season, and on some department empowered to nominate a committe of nine per of science connected with the pursuits of the peo sons in this state, to be and to constitute a com. ple, and calculated to supply interesting and promittee to report on the subjcct of education to fiitabie topics of conversation " to stimulate en the next general assembly. quiry, direct the reading of the young, bring all Resolved, That the person first named on this classes together, and thus cultivate happier so. committee shall be chairman thereof, and that cial relations." 'It is required that a more vigo- this committee, when constituted, shall take in. rous pu liri sentiment should exist upon the to consideration the state of common schools in subjeet of education than now exists-a more Connecticut, and of the public mind respecting active interest be created, and increased provi. them, together with such plans and suggestions sions be made, if the state of Connecticut would for their improvement as to them may seem do justice to itself, and fulfil the sacred injunc. calculated substantially to promote the useful. tion of that law which two centuries ago, at the ness of schools and the interests of education birth of Connecticut, provided that not a sin. generally in the state, and shall report their do gle child should be found unable to read the holy ings herein to the next General Assembly. Word of God, and the good laws of the Colony. Resolved, That the school visitors in the ser.

In accordance with these remarks, with the eral school societies shall lodge with the clerks view of procuring the intelligent agitation of of their respective societies such returns of the this subject, and furnishing the basis of prudent condition of each common school within their and beneficial action hereafter, your committee limits, in such particulars and at such times as recommend the appointment of a committee to the committee mentioned in the foregoing resoconsist of nine persons, to be appointed by the lutions shall specify and direct, together with a governor of the state, whose duty it shall be to written report of their own doings, with such receive the returns from the several school dis. observations as their experience and reflection tricts, proposed in an accompanying resolation, may suggest: and said clerks shall, at the exto digest the same, and report to the next legis- pense of the several school societies, transmit the lature, the state of the common schools, an l of same when required, to the chairman of the comibe public mind respecting them, together with i mittee sbove named.



AN AMERICAN DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH | "The etymological department throws new and ste LANGUAGE: first edition in Oclavo, containing the king light on the bistory of language ; tbe poosbulary is whole vocabulary of the quarto edition, with correc enlarged by the addition of many thousand words, com tions, improvements, and several thousand additional prising the technical words of science and the arts; words. By Noah WESTER, L. L. D. To which is added words not found in any other dictionaries, aad many of a Supplement of several thousand words, prepared by them the words for the precise meaning of wbich the the anthor, and first published since his decease, con general reader is most frequently at a loss ;-the orthe tained in pone of the Abridgements of Webster's Dic.graphy of several classes of words, instead of following tionary. - Price reduced to $10.50.

cumbrous and obsolete modes of spelling, is conformed BRITISU NOTICES.

to the present usage of the best writers, and the de

nitions bave a character of discrimination, copiousaek The following is an extract from the Liverpool Mer

perspicuity and accuracy, not found, we believe, in at cory of May 29th : "By far the best English Dictionary-indeed the only

Olber dictionary of the English language." Signed by

President Day, and Prosessors Silliman, Kingsley, Good one to which appeal can now be made as an authority,

rich and Olmsted, of Yale College-by President Bates is Webster's.


and Professors Hough, Fowler and Turper, of Middle " This Dictionary is decidedly one of the most valuabury College-by Professors Woods, Stuart and Emer. ble and important works at preseat in the course of pub- son, of Andover Tbeological Seminary. lication. No library can be considered complete with out it." - Bristol Joursi.

"We make Dr. Webster's Dictionary our general of We repeat our opinion, that it is the most copious

standard of orthography, and would cordialiy recom® accurate, and scientific Dictionary of our language,

mend its adoption in schools and seminaries of learg. which has hitberto been compiled."

ing." Wm. L. Stonc, F. Hall and Robit C. Sands, Edit. Aberdeen Jour

lors of the N Y. Spectator and Com. Advertiser ; E. Professor JAMZISON of Edinburgh, hastemarked, that Morse, Editor of N.'Y. Observer; F, G. Halleck, Editor " the American Dictionary of Dr. Webster is as great of the Journal of Commerce : J. Lang, Editor of the a. an improvement on Johnson's Dictionary, as the latterly. Gazette: M. Burnham, Editor of the Evening Post; was on those of his predecessors.

TA. Peters, Editor of the Home Missionary and Amer. "When it is as well known in Britain as it is in Pastor's Jousnal; E. Thompson, Editor of the Evening

ica, it will supersede every other book in the same Journal departavent of letters." --Cambridge Independeni Press. Publiebed by G. & E. Merriam, Springfield Mama., sad

" The American Dictionary of the English language, sor sale by B. H. Pease, Albany; W. & H. Merrian, is a work of profound investigation, and does infinite 1 Trov: M. HL Newman, New York: Carey & Hart, belaj honor to the philogical learning and general literaturo! Lite and Brown. Boston, and Booksellers generally of this country.





No. 12.


those to whom they belong, involuius so heavy a For one copy, in all cases, (per annum, ... 50 cts. draft upon the treasury, that it has been deemed " one hundred copies, each, .......

... 31 1

most advisable to retain them in the office of the

State Superintendent, subject to the order of those OFFICIAL

who may have opportunities of sending for them

by persons passing through the city, members of STATE OF NEW-YORK-SECRETARY'S OFFICE. the legislature, &c. DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS.

By an unanimous vote of the House of STATE SUPERINTENDENT.

Assembly, one copy of the Annual Report of the The Hon. NATHANIEL S. BENTON entered on togelher with the reports of the several County

| late State Superintendent of Common Schools, his official duties as Secretary of State and Super Superintendents, handsomely bound, is directed intendent of Common Schools, on the 6th of Feb

to be furnished to each school district library of ruary. Samuel 8. Randall has been re-appointed Gen. I tendent. The work will be ready for delivery

the State, and to each county and town superin. eral Deputy Superintendent of Common Schools.

immediately after the opening of navigation in TO COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS.

the spring. County Superintendents are directed to for.

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. ward to the Department the names, towns,

Albany, Feb. 14, 1844. and post office address of the town superintend. By an act of the legislature (see chap. 311 ents elected during the current year in their se laws of 1844,) an appropriation was made for veral counties. N. S. BENTON the establishment and support of a “NORMAL March, 1844. Sup't Com. Schools. School for the instruction and practice of teach

ers of common schools in the science of educa. TO TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS.

tion and in the art of teaching." In conformity

with the law above referred to, this school was THE Town Superintendents of Common

opened on the 18th day of December, 1844, in Schools of the several towns, are hereby autho.

the city of Albany, under the direction and con. rized to pay over from the library money appor.

trol of an executive committee, consisting of the tioned to the respective distriets within their ju.

superintendent of common schools, by virtue of risdiction, to the clerk of each district, on the

his office, and four other gentlemen appointed order of the Trustees, or a majority of them, the

by the regents of the university. amount certified by them to have been necessa.

The executive committee have adopted the rily expended in procuring the numbers of the

following District School Journal heretofore forwarded, or

REGULATIONS OF THE NORMAL SCHOOL. which may hereafter be forwarded to their re. I I. The year shall be divided into terms as tol. spective districts, in pursuance of law, from the lows : the first term commencing on the second several Post offices to which they have been or Wednesday of April, in each year, and continu. may be transmitted, and in suitably binding the ing twenty weeks. The second term commengame, and causing it to be deposited in the li. cing on the third Wednesday of October, and brary of the district.

continuing twenty one weeks. N. S. BENTON, Supt. Com. Schools.

II. All pupils intending to enter the normal

school at the next term, must join it during the G STATE CERTIFICATES of qualification as

first week of that term. teachers of common schools, have been granted

III. After the close of the current term, an by the Superintendent to the following individu.

equal number of state and volunteer pupils will

be received from each county, and in case of the als, since the publication of our last number,viz:

failure of any county to send its quota of pupils, Archibald Gow, of Argyle, Washington co. the committee will at their discretion receive Sidney De Golyer, Fort Ann,

volunteers from other counties, until the num. Louisa A. Ripley, Granville,

| ber in the school, of state and volunteer pupils, Pamela Cross, Kingsbury,

shall be two hundred and fifty-six. Catbarine E. Hallenbeck, Greene, Chen."

| IV. During the summer term, there shall be Jedediah Winslow, Henderson, Jefferson "

two daily sessions, except on Saturdays ; viz. Jane P. Raymond, Austerlitz, Columbia "

from 8 A. M. to twelve o'clock, and from 3 to 5 The cost of transmitting these certificates to P. M. During the winter terin, there shall be

but one daily session ; viz, from 9 A. M. to 2 | not exceed the number of state pupils, such voP. M.; with such extra sessions in the afternoon lunteer pupils who may desire io attend the for general exercises, as the principal, subject to school, should first apply to the superintendents to the approbation of the executive comınittee, 1 of their respective counties for information, and shall judge necessary.

if there should be any vacancies at the time of V. Since the branches required by law to be

such application, the said superintendent will taught in all the common schools, viz. reading,

grant a certificate to that effect, which will en. orthography, writing, arithmetic, geography and

title such volunteer pupil to admission into the English grammar-are of primary importance,

school, on complying with the requisites required they shall receive in all cases primary attention by vue ergan regulation. in the pormal school: nor shall the pupils be al.. The sTATE PUPILS, i. e. those who are selected lowed to pass to the higher branches. iin in tbe by the county authorities to attend the school. judgment of the teachers. they are thoroughly

will receive during the next term towards pay. prepared to do so. The instruction in these

ling for their board-if males, $ •, if females,

$ . . The price of board in respectable fami: branches as far as the nature of the subjects will admit, shall for the present be given by topics,

lies, varies from $1.50 to $2.00 per week, exclu. allowing to the pupils the use of any text-books,

sive of to which they have been accustomed or may

| It is hoped that all pupils for the next have access.

term will feel the inportance of being presenton

the first day of the term. VI. Exercises in drawing, vocal music and

At the opening of the school-(Dec. 18,) an English composition shall be attended to, by all address was delivered by Hon. Samuel Young, the pupils throughout the whole course of study. lihe state superintendent, and chairman of the

VII. Among the branches to be pursued, in executive committee. There were then present addition to the above, are Physiology, History | twenty-nine pupils. The number during the of the United States, Natural Philosophy, Alge term increased to ninety-eight-the number of bra, Geometry, Surveying, Application of Sci. males and females being nearly equal. ence to the Arts, Use of Globes. Intellectual ! There are now accoinmodations for two hun. and Moral Philosophy, with such other branch. Ured and fifty-six pupils, and the board of in. es as the executive committee may from time to struction will be extended to meet the wants of time direct.

these who may attend. VIII. The state pupils shall be admitted at

EXPERIMENTAL SCHOOL. the commencement of any term, on presenting a certificate of their having been selected to attend

Preparations have also been made for the es. the school, by the proper authorities of their re.

tablishment in the same building of an EXPERI. spective counties. All volunteer pupils shall,

MENTAL SCHOOL. This school will consist of before they can be admitted, present satisfactory

about forty pupils of various ages, from six testimonials of their moral character from a

years to sixteen, who will be instructed by the county or town superintendent, and be able to

more advanced pupils in the normal school, unsustain, to the satisfaction of the principal, an

der the supervision of the principal. It is hoped examination in reading, spelling. writing, arith.

here to afford an ypportunity for the practical metic, geography, and English grammar.

application of the principles of government and

instruction inculcated in the normal school, and IX. The pupil's title to a recommendation or that each normal pupil will be thus enabled to certificate as a well qualified teacher on leaving become, to a considerable extent, acquainted the school, shall depend on his unoral character with the detail of the business of teaching. The and literary attainments, and not on the length pupils of the experimental school will be inof time spent in the school; though no pupil structed free of charge. Applications for admis. shall be entitled to such recommendation or certi.sion to this school should be made to the secreficate who shall not remain in the school onetary of the executive committee, entire term, and no certificate except one of full qualifications shall be given.

Board of Instruction. X. The internal regulations of the school David P. PAGE, Principal. shall be left to take their form and character from the circumstances as they arise ; and such

GEO. R. PERKINS, A. M., Prof. Mathematics. regulations as the teachers may hereafter suggest


Prof. Nat. Sciences. for the government of the school, shall be sub. F. J. ILSLEY, Teacher of Vocal Music. mitted to the executive committee for their ap.

J. B. Howard, Teacher of Drawing. proval, before they go into effect.

Executive Committee.
For the further information of any whom it

Hon. N. S. BENTON, Sup. C. S., Chairman. may concern, it may be mentioned: that voLUN.

Hox. GIDEON HAWLEY, LL.D. TEER PUPILS hefore they can be admitted, are Rev. Alonzo Potter, D. D. expected to express their intention to prepare

Rev. WILLIAM H. CAMPBELL, D. D. themselves to become teachers. They will re. | ceive instruction in all the branches taught, and

Francis DWIGHT, Secretary. will be furnished with the use of text-books,

N. S. BENTON, gratis. They will not receive anything towards

State Sup. Com. Schools. paying for their board. If they complete the course of study in the school, they will graduate The male Siate pupils will probably receive 6.100 on the same terms as the state pupils,

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per week ; the fernale Stare pupils $1.25, during the As the volunteer pupils from any county cao.

next term.



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on PROGRESS OF EDUCATION. To out a uniformity of text-books, we will use our

efforts to produce such uniformity. COUNTY AND TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS; THEIR

The following resolution, introduced by the PLANS, THEIR LABORS, AND THE RESULTS.

Rev. J. R. Irish, was passed by the association:

Resolved, That the use of tobacco, for smo

king, spuffing or chewing, is a practice so loath(For the Journal.] some and infectious, that no teacher should allow ALLEGANY

him or herself in it. TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.

The association then adjourned till evening, The annual meeting of the teachers' associa.

Met agreeable to adjournment at 6 o'clock, and tion for the southern division of Allegany co.,

listened to an address from J.J. Rockafellow, was held at Frienship, in the Baptist church,

county superintendent, and remarks from W.C.

Kenyon and R. H. Spencer. A committee of agreeable to notice, on the 16th of December, 1844. The meeting was called to order by H.

five were appointed for determining the time and

place of holding the next annual meeting. E. Nye, President-N. Wardner appointed Se.

Resolved, That the proceedings of this assocretary pro tem.

| ciation be published in the county papers, also A. Hosley, J. Allen, and S. S. Buckley were

l in the District School Journal. appointed a committee to nominate officers, and

ASA W. SMITH, Pres't. A. W. Smith, C. Niver, and C. Cotton, a com

1 D. D. PICKETT, Sec'y. mittee on resolutions; after which the following questions were discussed :

CAYUGA. Should corporal punishment in our common schools be prohibited by law?

TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. Decided that it should not. Believing that the The Teachers' Association of Cayuga County frequent discussion of this question within a few met on Saturday, the 18th iost., according to preyears past, has had a tendency to make scholars vious notice. more refractory; and should a law be passed The gathering of teachers and friends of eduprohibiting corporal punishment, that it would cation, considering the inclemency of the mornbe far more difficult to maintain wholesome dis-ing, far exceeded the most sanguine expectations. cipline in our common schools than at present. The capacious school-room of the academy,

Is the practice of requiring the teacher to which it is estimated will hold nearly three hun"board round" to be recommended ?

dred people, was filled to its utmost capacityDecided in the negative.

Among others present on the occasion, were the The report of the committee for nominating Hon. Salem Town of Aurora, F. G. Storkes, Esq. officers received. They report as follows, viz : the County Superintendent, J. B. Glendening,

A. W. Smith, President, Independence ; S.S. A. M., Principal of Cayuga Academy, Wm. Buckley, Bolivar ; Dr. Barney, Independence ; Hopkins, A. M., Principal of Auburn Academy, Esq. Bartlet, New-Hudson ; Ř. Crandall Gen. Rev. c.'J. Rudd, A. N., Principal of Auburn esee; Martin Butts, Clarksville ; J. C. Cran. Female Seminary, Wm. Allen, Esq., of Auburn. dall, Amity ; A. L. Cady, Almond ; H. Dimick, The town superintendents of Cato, Victory, Wirt; D. Ford, Belfast; J. Harrison, Friend: Fleming, Owasco and Aurelius, with seventy ship; S. K. Hale, Andover; Dr. Jones, Scio ; five or a hundred teachers of common schools, J. M, Powers, Cuba ; L. Sturdyvant, West Als from the different towns in the county. The nummond ; P. M. Vincent, Alfred ; M. Wygant, An. ber present, and the unwavering attention paid gelica, VicePresidents ; D. D. Pickett, Secreta to the various exercises, avgur well for the chary; A. Hosley, Treasurer ; N. Wardner, Li-racter of the association, and the growing intebrarian,

rest felt in the cause of education throughout the The committee on resolutions presented the community. After the meeting was called to orfollowing, which were adopted by the associa- der, the first business was the reading of an able tion :

and lucid report by E. G. Storke, the chairman Resolved, That we, as teachers, feel the need of the committee appointed to consider the imof advice in discharging the high and sacred reportance of teachers' associations, and the best sponsibilities of our profession.

mode of their organization. The principal alteResolved, That in our opinion, those holding rations proposed were to change the present the offices of town and county superintendents name of the society to the Common School Assoshould be fully capable of giving such advice. ciation of Cayuga County, that every patron,

Resolved, That in choosing them, reference teacher, pupil and friend of common schools in should be had only to high moral, intellectual, the county be considered members of the asso and scientific attainments, regardless of sectari- ciation, and that the annual meeting be held on anism, either in politics, religion, or any person. the Saturday preceding the first Monday of Janu. al favor whatever.

ary. Resolved, That they should be a pattern for The report was unanimously adopted. teachers rather than beneath any of them in per- The assembly was then favored with an elosonal, moral, practical or scientifie attainments. quent and practical address by Prof. Town, upon

Resolved, That we, as teachers, feel that pa. the Empire of Mind. A copy of the address was rents, guardians, and citizens generally, show solicited for publication, and it is hoped the speagreat disregard for the welfare of our common ker, who has spent a long life in developing schools by withholding their sympathy, and al. Mind, will comply with the request, that the pubmost wholly neglecting to visit and co-operatelic may share the pleasure of perusing it, and with us in our labors.

profit by the venerable author's experience and Resolved, That no school can prosper with-wisdom. out system, and as system cannot be had with. The next business in order was the report of

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the committee on resolutions. The resolutions | our thanks for gratuitously publishing the notice gave rise to an animated and interesting discus. of our meeting. sion upon the importance of forming teachers'

J. B. THOMSON, PRES'T. associations, on the prevailing defects and the best C. P. WILLIAMS, Sec'y.. mode of teaching reading, spelling, geography, grammar and arithmetic. Among the speakers who participated in the discussion, were Messrs. Having in a former number inadvertently Glendening, Storke, Hopkins, Allen, Benedict of Union Springs. Van Fleet of Owasco. Dr. An. published an incorrect account of the Oneide drews of Victory, Meachan of Cato, and Hunt of County Normal School, we take pleasure in preAurelius. Perfect harmony and unanimity presenting to our readers the following corrected vailed throughout the meeting, and a real enthusi.

version.-Ed.] asm in the great subject of education was awa. kened, that cannot fail to give an impulse to every

ONEIDA. school in the county.

NORMAL SCHOOL. The following resolutions were presented, and

The Normal School in the village of Cam. unanimously adopted :

den, closed on Friday, November 1. It has 1st. Resolved, That in vew of the importance of common schools, we consider them entitled to

succeeded beyond the most sanguine expecta

| lions of those who have been engaged in it. the active co-operation of all friends of our com.

" The Exhibition was highly gratifying to all who mon country and of human happiness.

witnessed it, and impressed every mind with a 2d. Resolved, That in order to carry out fully belief of the perfect practicability of Normal the views of the Hon. Salem Town, and act ef Schools, and of their great utility in giving ficiently in extending the Empire of Mind," the teachers correct notions of the art of teaching teachers in every town should form themselves and government in Common Schools. And the into an association, to meet at specified times, high estimation in which the services of the hear an address from one of the members, and President, Mr. S. R. Sweet, and his excellent discuss the various topics connected with their manner of teaching, and the benefits of such profession.

temporary schools, were held by the town su. 3d. Resolved, That a correct habit of reading perintendents, are set forth in the following recan best be fixed by the frequent example of the solutions. teacher. That in our opinion this has been too Owing to the bad travelling, there were not frequently neglected, and formal directions too so many of the town superintendents in attend. much relied upon, and that therefore an imme- ance as was desirable. After the exercises diate change in this particular is earnestly called were concluded, the town superintendents or. for.

ganized by choosing Julius C. Thorne, Esq., 4th. Resolved, That in our opinion, arithme- County Süp't, Chairman, and L. D. Baker, tic has been taught too much by rules—"rules Esq., Secretary. which played around the head, but have never The following resolutions were offered by A. entered it”-and that its application either to D. Wright, Esq., of Verona : the business of life or to the purposes of mental Resolved, that we consider Normal Schools and discipline, have been too generally unattended Teachers' Institutes, as productive of great good to the

cause of education, by educating the teachers of comto. 5th. Resolved, That in the teaching of Eng. ence, but also in the most approved methods of teach

mon schools, not only in the great principles of scilish grammar, we conceive a great error has ex. ing. isted, viz : that of imparting the theory without Resolved, That as the most efficient means of elevathe practice, which renders it a dead letter to

to ting the cause of common school education is, to eda

cate the teachers-Therefore, we are of opinion that the pupil, and that this defect should be correct. the State of New York would render a lasting benefi ed by giving more time to practice and less to to the whole people, by apportioning a part of its me the theory of the science.

nificence to ihe support of Normal Schools and Teacă 6th. Resolved, That geography can best beResolved, That we, as citizens of Oneida county, look

ers' Institutes in each county. taught in connection with drawing, and to this with pride and satisfaction upon the Normal School end we recommend the teachers of this county which has been in session during several weeks in this not to require their pupils to learn descriptions place-hat the teachers in attendance have made such of any country, town, river, &c., until they can to

| improvements as to be highly creditable and honorable

to themselves. produce them in outlines on their slates and Resolved. That we owe a debt of gratitude to the blackboards.

Principal, Mr. S. R. Sweet, for his enterprize in estab7th. Resolved. That the experience of a large lishing this temporary Normal School among us, and number of schools in this county during the past ried it through to its termination.

for the efficient and happy manner in which he has car. year, clearly shows that spelling can be most Resolved, That we greatly admire the tact and talent succ

of Mr. A. J. Coburn, one of the instructors. His exbi. accomplishing a double object of improving in bi

bition of the School upon Mitchell's Outline Maps, far

exceeded any thing of the kind that we bave ever wit. spelling and penmanship.

nessed. It was very instructive and truly wonderful.

! Resolved, That Mins Harriet Stevens, Ruth B. Haw. Town our warmest thanks for his highly useful in

ley, Edwin Miller and Aaron Fuller, are entitled to the

thanks of the Principal and Students, for the able mar. and interesting address on this occasion, and re-, ner in which they discharged their duties as monitors. quest that he will give us a copy for publication. Resolved, Thai the several teachers, (as far as in

9th. Resolved. That we tender to Prof. Hop-, their power) endeavor to carry out the wishes of the kins our warmest thanks for the use of his

county and towa superintendents, by introducing the

text-books adopted by them, so that a uniformity maj on this occasion.

be produced in the schools of this part of the county. 10th. Resolved, That we tender to the editors

J. C. THORNE, Chairn. and publishers of the several papers of Auburn, L, D. BAKIR, Secr'y.



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