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DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL. ing a collection of the best and most standard ALBANY, FEBRUARY, 1815.

works, annually augmented and rendered more

valuable, would become the pride and ornament SCHOOL DISTRICT LIBRARIES. of each town—the unfailing resource of the We have on a previous occasion expressed fountain from whence the living streams of prac

young aspirant for knowledge the perpetual our conviction that great advantages would re. sult to all interested in these invaluable institu- Such an arrangement, should it be thought desira.

tical wisdom and virtue and goodness would flow. tions, by uniting such portions of the library ble, may at any time be entered into, under the fund, hereafter to be received by the several

existing laws ; and may embrace either the en. school districts of each town, as the inhabitants cire population of the town or any number of might think expedient to appropriate to the

contiguous districts, the inhabitants of whicla purchase of books, into one common fund, to be mighi deem it proper thus to combine their libra. annually expended under the direction of the

ry funds for this purpose. The requisite assent county or town superintendent, in the purchase of the State Superintendent will be readily and of a town school library, to be centrally loca.

cheerfully given, whenever applied for. ted and placed under the charge of some com

If conventions and associations of town and petent person, to be designated by the town su. county officers connected with the administration perintendent, or by the librarians of the several of the schools, and of the friends of education district libraries for that purpose. We recar generally would freely and fully examine and again to the subject, in the hope that we may discuss this proposition, great good would be be able more fully to direct public attention to

accomplished, whatever might be the conclusions the practical benefits likely to result from such to which they arrived. We therefore commend an arrangement. A more comprehensive and

it to their attention, and request its dispassion judicious selection of standard American and

ate and thorough consideration. English works would, we are confident, be se. cured at a greatly reduced cost; works not now

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION. within the power of the districts separately to purchase, owing to the limited fund at their dis. COUNTY AND TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS ; THEIR posal, and the necessity of expending that fund PLANS, TITEIR LABORS, AND THE RESULTS. in the purchase of as many different works as possible, in order to accommodate the inhabi.

GREENE. tants generally; would then assume their prop.

From the Catskill Messenger. er place in the library,-light and frivolous

SUPERINTEN works would be dispensed with and purchases, instead of being made, as from the necessity of tendents of common schools, for the county of

Agreeably to public notice, the town superinthe case, they now too often are, by incompetent Greene, assembled in convention, at the Methojudges, of designing and unscrupulous itinerants, clock, P. M., on Monday, the 16th of September,

dist church, in the village of Cairo, at one o': at an extravagant rate compared with their val. 1844. ue, would be effected under the supervision of The convention was called to order, and Joan agents well acquainted with the standard litera.


county superintendent, appointed ture of the age, at wholesale prices, and at es. kill, secretary.

chairman and WILLIAM H. VAN ORDEN,of Cats.

The chairman then stated the tablishments where the amplest range of selec. object of the meeting to be, the adoption of mea. tion could be attained. Each district being al. sures for the improvement of our ready provided with a library of its own, com. schools, and also the formation of a permanent

county association of town superintendents, prising from one to five hundred volumes, no teachers, and the friends of education. sensible inconvenience could be experienced The following gentlemen were chosen oficers from the slight additional distance to which the

of the association : town library would be removed: and frequent Wm. H. Van Orden; 2d Vice-President, Jacob

President, Judge Fenn; 1st VicePresident, opportunities would be presented for sending G. Bedell ; Corresponding Secretary, John Olfrom all parts of the town, to the central libraney; Recording Secretary, Ruel P. Bascom ;

Treasurer, Hulett P. Bedell. ry for such books as might be wanted. Thus, Mr. Palmer delivered a lecture on intellectual instead of ten, fifteen, or twenty small and badly education. selected libraries, consisting mostly: or to a very meet at one o'clock, P. M.

On motion, the convention then adjourned to great extent at least, of substantially the same Afternoon Session. The convention was cal. works, one judiciously selected library, contain. led to order, and Mr. Beach, chairman of the




committee on district libraries, submitted the fol. for the consideration of the convention, submit lowing report:

the following: That, in their opinion, the institution of dis- Resolved, That the business of educating the trict libraries'is at present useful, and will event. rising generation is the most responsible of all ually be of incalculable benefit. It places with earthly trusts, and that it is the imperative duty in the reach of every inhabitant a fund of useful of employers in school districts to select those to knowledge--it has a tendency to create a taste fill this high office who are moral in their hab. for reading, and thus cause the time which might its, and competent in respect to their literary otherwise be spent in less worthy pursuits, to qualifications, to secure the proper development be devoted to the improvement of the immortal and training of the moral and intellectual faculmind. Therefore

ties of their children. Resolved, That the district library being the Resolved, That we tender our cordial thanks only source whence many derive their opportu- to Thos. H. Palmer, Esq., for the instruction we nities for reading, it cannot be too strongly urged have received in listening to his course of lecupon trustees and others to procure such books tures on moral and intellectual education ; we only as have a moral, useful, and ennobling ten believe his views are sound, and of the highest dency.

practical importance to the community, The committee on school celebrations and Resolved, That we regard the “District School conventions report

Journal" as a powerful auxiliary in the dissemi. That, whereas a want of interest in our com. nation of useful and popular intelligence, and mon schools is manifest among a large portion increasing the interests and efficiency of common of the community, the best method of arresting schools; that its recent enlargement, without this evil, and awaking the public to this all-im any additional expense, isan indication of the portant subject, is by forming town associations zealous and devoted attachment of its editor to of teachers and other friends of education, and the cause of popular education, and entitles bin holding celebrations in the several towns in this to a liberal support. county.

Resolved, That we approve the course of John Committee on vocal music report—That, as Olney, Esq., our county superintendent, both the practice of vocal music, wherever its influ. in calling this convention, and the performance ence is felt, has a salutary effect in softening and of the various duties devolving upon him, and subduing the passions of our nature, its introduc. believe that in him we have not only an effi. tion into our district schools would tend, in an cient officer, but a warm friend of education. eminent degree, to promote the health and rcfine

The above resolutions were read and adopted. the feelings of children, and produce order and

F. A. FENY, President. decorum in the schools. Therefore

Wm. H. VAN ORDEN, Vice Presidents. } Resolved, That the members of this conven.

JOHN OLNEY, tion use their influence in every laudable way to

R. P. Bascom

Secretaries. procure the introduction of vocal music in the common schools of this county, as soon as prac.

H. P. BEDELL, Treasurer. ticable. The above reports and resolutions were read,

JEFFERSON and on motion of Dr. King of Cairo, were uzan. Report of P. Montgomery, Esq., to the Jefferson imously adopted.

County Teachers' Association, on the co-opeLecture on education, by Mr. Palmer.

ration of Parents with Teachers. Mr. Thos. H. Palmer presented the following

[We regret that we can only give aa extract resolutions, which were adopted :

Resolved, That though it would be highly in. from this excellent report.-E..] expedient to make frequent changes in the list of "Irregularity of attendance is a serious evil to text books that we have adopted, still, to con- nearly all our schools, and can be remedied only sider it fixed and unalterable, would be to bar by a co-operation of parents with teachers. the door against all reform; to assume that this in my opinion, this evil is more alarming than is important subject has already reached perfec. generally supposed. If the parents who are too tion, when, in fact, it has only commenced the often governed by the caprice of their children, career of improvement.

could trace the ultimate influence of this evil upResolved, That it is the especial duty of sue on their habits and future welfare, there would perintendents to keep a watchful eye on the edu. be less importance given to the frivolous excuses cational press, and while they eschew all chan. and cunning reasons children often devise to rid ges from light and trifling causes, to be always themselves of school discipline. Irregularity on the alert to secure every really valuable im- does more than to defeat the object for which the provement for the youth under their care. child attends school. The irregular pupil fails On motion of Mr. Olney, it was

to obtain a complete knowledge of the branches Resolved, That when this convention adjourn, he studies. By his absence he loses many illus. it adjourn to meet at Windham Centre, on Mon trations and demonstrations of principles in sci. day, the 25th of November next, at 10 o'clockence from his teacher, and instead of obtaining in the forenoon.

a clear and comprehensive view of his studies, Mr. Olney was appointed to deliver an address and mastering difficulties and meeting principles at next meeting, and H. B. Bedell to prepare as they come up in proper consecutive order, he and read an essay on education.

becomes confused, falls in the rear of his class, B. H. Hays, J. Olney, and J. G. Bedell were is disheartened and eventually comes to the in. appointed execative committee of the examina- glorious and fatal conclusion that he can never tion.

rise above his difficulties, and must be content to The committee appointed to draft resolutions grope his way through life ignorant of the branch.

es which his fellows have successfully mastered. " Pareats are generally too credulous in listenThus a mind once active, promising much for ing to the complaints of their children. Great society, is disabled and rendered almost passive care is often used in catechising them in relation and powerless by the neglect of the parent. It to the faults of the teacher-indeed, I am credi. is not a momentary evil to the child ; he feels it bly informed of an instance where a man having through life ; weakness of purpose and want of a large family, and making considerable preten. ability to execute, defeat every attempt he makes sions to intelligence, offered a premium to his to surmount difficulties—he lives and dies, and boys for faults they should succed in detecting leaves the impress of his imbecility upon eve- ' in their teacher. And another instance where ry act of his life. I have no doubt this is the a reward was actually offered and paid to a history of hundreds. Parents are not conscious young man for entering the school-room clad in of the hazard they venture when they allow tri military uniform for the purpose of making dis. vial causes to interrupt a gradual and healthy turbance. What can a parent expect from the cultivation of mind.

efforts of a teacher to benefit his children when "Moreover, every papil feels to some extent the such a clandestine and cursed spirit rises in op evil arising from irregular attendance of any position to his ininence? How will the children one of his fellows. It interrupts the uniform of such parents look upon such examples when advanoement of the classes. The teacher finds they arrive to manhood, should they be rescued those who have been absent from former recita from the debasement, the despicable meanness tions unprepared to receive the instruction due to which such examples tend. to the constant attendants-he must bestow time " Parents often dwell and comment upon the and labor upon them which belongs to others. stories of their children as though they were as

“It is an enormous waste of public money. important as the sapient counsels of old philosoThe same amount is expended for teacher's wa- phers, and echo and trumpet the exaggerated as ges as would be if every pupil attended puncta. count which a hapless transgressor may bear ally, and at the same time less actual benefit ac. from the school-room, till finally the rumor ascrues to the punctual attendants as well as to sumes a magnitude at once awful in the ear of absentees, besides the fatal influence upon their the most candid. habits.

“If every parent had the manly independence, " This irregularity is often a source of com- the moral courage, the integrity of purpose, that plaint and dissatisfaction in districts. Many pa. would prompt him to meet the teacher when he rents who send irregularly, finding their children considers him in the fault, and frankly converse do not improve, attribute it to the teacher, and with him in relation to the matter, it would be be who has already suffered great inconvenience ish a multitude of difficulties from our counoz from the irregularity of his pupils, must now schools, and crimes from the republic." have his reputation assailed, is brought before the public and held responsible for evils which

ONEIDA, parents have fixed upon their own children, and which the teacher has zealously labored in vain

NORMAL SCHOOL, to avert. Often have competent and useful

The normal school in this village clooed on Friteachers suffered much in their feelings and re: day last. It has succeeded beyond the most putation from this ungenerous treatment, though sanguine expectations of those who have been often perhaps the result of carelessness and ig. engaged in it. The exhibition was highly gta

tifying to all who witnessed it, and impressed " How can teachers remedy this evil without every mind with a belief of the perfect practicathe co-operation of parents ?

bility of normal schools, and of their great utility "Another evil fraught with similar consequen- in giving teachers correct notions of the art of oes, and equally difficult for the teacher to rem. teaching and government in common schools. ody without the aid of the parents. is tardiness. Resolded, That we consider normal schools

Both evils to some extent arise from the first and teachers' institutes as productive of great mentioned evil, viz:-, want of comfortable, good to the cause of education, by educating the pleasant and inviting accommodations.

teachers of common schools not only in the great "Again, a teacher's influence over bis pupils is principles of science, but also in the most appro often destroyed by a wantor concurrence among ved methods of teaching, parents to render his government efficient. It is

Resolved, That as the most efficient means of lamentable to see how ready many parents are elevating the cause of common school education to pass unnoticed and encourage a resistance to is to educate the teachers. Therefore, we are of wholesome government. I have no doubt that opinion that the state of New York would ren. many a convict when overtaken by the vender a lasting benefit to the whole people by ap. geance of law, has found that when his parents portioning a part of its munificence to the sapor guardians were witnessing with indifference port of normal schools and teachers' institutes in his opposition to the restraints of the teacher, each county. that he was then taking the incipient steps to in. famy. The same disposition that leads to revolt ty,

look with pride and satisfaction upon the nor

Resolved. That we,as citizens of Oneida com À against government in the school-room is like an mal school which has been in session during se infant Hercules, and only needs time, strength veral weeks in this place that the teachers in and opportunity, to reveal itself in begetting hos attendance have made such improvements as to tility to civil authority, and spreading the dire be highly creditable and hoporable to themselves. influence of anarchy in society. This disposi

Resolved, That the several teachers (as far as tion should be regarded as a dark and fearful el. in their power,) endeavor to carry out the wish. ennent in a republic, and should be repressed by es of the county and town superintendents, by the mutual efforts of parents and teachers.

l'introducing the text books adopted by them, so


that a uniformity may be produoed in the schools else to elevate the character of schools, and ad of this part of the county.

vance the cause of education ; that it is a work J. C. THORNE, Ch'n. which should be found in the hands of every L. D. BAKER, Sec'y.

trustee, parent, guardian, and teacher,

Resolved, That our state and county superiaOSWEGO.

tendents deserve our warmest approbation, and

most lively gratitude, for their untiring exertions From the Fulton Sun.

in behalf of common school education. COMMON SCHOOL CONVENTION.

Resolved, That the President of this associaFirst Annual Meeting of the Common School As- tion, J. B. Park, Esq., by his indefatigable and

sociation of the Western Jury District of Os. successful labor, and personal sacrifices, in ele. wego county.

vating the standard of primary sehool education, Pursuant to notice, the above association con. is entitled to the heartfelt gratitade of every phi! Vened at the Mechanics' Hall, in the village of lanthropist. Oswego, on the 11th inst.

J. B. PARK, Prest. The meeting was called to order by the Presi. G. R. JACKSON, Sec'y. dent, J. B. Park, Esq., who offered some very

SARATOGA. appropriate remarks on the subject of common schools, and the importance of education.

TBACHER'S INSTITUTE. On motion, it was

In compliance with a public notice, given by Resolved, That the session be principally de. the county superintendent of common schools, voted to practical illustrations of the different Mr. Allen, several town superintendents, and branches of science taught in our primary schools. Other friends of common schools, assembled at

Mr. A. Leonard having been called upon,gave the court-house in Baliston Spa, Sept, 18, 1844. an eloquent and interesting address on the sub. After the organization of the meeting, and the ject of mental arithmetic.

transaction of necessary business, the conven. While the committee were preparing their re. tion listened with much interest to addresses port,

O. W. Randall, county superintendent, in. from Messrs. Dwight of Albany county, Sprague troduced Mitchell's Series of Outline Maps, with of Fulton,and Wright of the south part of Washsome interesting and practical remarks on their ington county. ntility and peculiar adaptation to the study of ge. A resolution was unanimously adopted that it ography in schools, illustrating his remarks from is advisable to establish a "temporary normal the maps.

school” for the benefit of those persons about to The business committee reported the follow- engage in teaching the coming winter. Whereing order :

upon Rev. J. Westcott, and Rev. C. 0. KimMental arithmetic, A. Leonard ; orthography, ball, of Stillwater, and A. J. Chadsey, M. D., G. R. Jackson ; grammar, J. Mattison ; ge of Ballston Spa, were appointed a committee to ography, L. A. Fish ; reading, M. G. Leonard; make such inquiries and arrangements as they practical arithmetic, E. B. Doolittle ; music, G. might deem necessary to carry out the resolu. G. Alvord ; composition, J. A. Place.

tion, and report at a meeting to be held October On invitation, Mr. M. G. Leonard introduced 15th, at the same place. a class from his school, and gave some interest. At this meeting the committee reported their ing exhibitions of concert reading, mental arith. proceedings, strongly recommending the imme. metic, and vocal music.

diate organization of an institute. The convention Oa motion, it was

adopted the report, and referred the business of Resolved, That a committee of five be ap- making arrangements as to time, place, and the pointed to draft resolutions expressive of the securing of suitable teachers, 10 the county susense of the meeting. The following persons perintendent, who succeeded in securing the serwere appointed such committee, viz: E. A. Fish, vices of Zalmon Richards, A. M., Principal of J. A. Place, G. G. Alvord, A. Leonard, and Os. Stillwater Academy, as the Principal of the Insian Clark.

stitute, and Messrs. Olmsted and Gillum as atAn election of officers for the ensuing year sociate teachers. was held, with the following result:

On Wednesday, Nov. 6, according to previous President, A. Leonard ; Vice Presidents, E. notice, a very respectable number of ladies and B. Doolittle, Oswego ; G. G. Alvord, Scriba; gentlemen assembled the court-house, B. F. Colby, Granby ; Dr. G. Bacon, Volney; and after

necessary arrangements, A. Tanner, New Haven ; H. H. Bronson, Han- preparatory to opening the session, adjourned titi nibal ; Cyrus Graves, Palermo; George Snyder, evening to hear a lecture from Dr. Potter, of Schreppel ; Recording Secretary: Ossian Clark; Schenectady ; but as Dr. Potter could not be preCorresponding Secretary, 0. W. Randall ; Trea- sent, Mr. Richards, the Principal of the institute, surer, G. R. Jackson.

addressed the teachers and the inbabitants on The convention was very ably addressed at dir." the necessary moral qualifications of teachferent times, by several gentlemen.

ers." Though the number of teachers at first Resolved, that the patrons and officers of was small, yet it constantly increased until there common schools cannot be too scrupulously ex. were nearly forty gentlemen and eighteen ladies act in securing teachers ofelevated literary quali. on the list, who attended the whole or part of fications and irreproachable character.

the term of sixteen days. Resolved, That in the opinion of the members The course of instruction was, so far as poss of this association, the District School Journal, sible, so arranged as to make the plan of con. by its circulation of information in relation to decting the exercises a model for the practical everything pertaining to schools and the common benefit of the teachers. All the teachers were school system, is better calculated than any thing in session at the same time, and engaged per:



sobally in every exercise. All were required to Resolved, That the disorganizing and revolubecome as familiar as time would allow, with tionary proceedings of the primary assemblies in giving all the elementary sounds of the English one or two counties of this state, in opposition language, with correct articulation, and with to our admirable common school system, have the most approved rules for the inflections and our decided disapprobation; that we are satismodulation of the voice in reading. The above fied with the existing school law for the most points were insisted upon as indispensably ne. part, and that we will lend our influence and cessary in the qualification of every teacher.- co-operation to have its excellent provisions car. While going through the studies of common ried into execution. schools, not only were the principles of the seve- Resolved, That the elevation of the standard ral branches illustrated, but the most approved of common school instruction is a consummation methods of teaching these principles were prac. in which both teacher and citizen are highly intically explained, and every teacher required to teresied. exhibit his knowledge of the principles and prac. Resolved, That we lament the present prevailtice by actual demonstration. Familiar lectures ing practice on the part of parents and guardians were given daily upon moral subjects, and the of children, in tolerating frequent changes of importance of constant vigilance on the part of teachers in our district schools, therefore we will the teacher over the moral character of his endeavor to raise the standard of teachers' quali. scholars, and of making the Bible the standard fications in order that this evil may be remedied, of morals.

and will adopt, as far as practicable, that mode Frequent conferences were held on the best of instruction which, by experience, has been methods of organizing, classifying, and of go- found best adapted to promote the object to be verning schools. Objections to certain methods accomplished by us as teachers, and has been so and queries were made and answered. During often recommended by those who have addressed the session several of the town superintendents us. and supervisors visited the institute, and at the Resolved, That the reading of the Scriptures close a public examination was held, which in school is calculated to exert the most happy plainly showed the beneficial effects of the in. influence, and to aid in the cultivation of good stitute.

order and correct raorals. Mr. F. Dwight, of Albany county, did the Resolved, That we deem the introduction of teachers a good service by his familiar and re. vocal music into our common schools as an exally practical lectures, and also Mr. Mather, the ercise at once calculated to blend pleasure with author of Mitchell's Series of Outline Maps, utility, also to exert a favorable influence on the which met with special favor. What is pecu. moral atmosphere of the liarly encouraging to the friends of the institute Resolved, That we consider the “ District is, that there seemed to be an increasing interest School Journal” one of the most efficient means in its favor, both among the teachers and visit that the teacher can obtain to assist in the acing friends. In fact, it may be safely said, that complishment of the above object-therefore we a new impulse has been given to the cause of will do all we can to extend its present circulacommon school education in Saratoga county, tion. and that a spirit has been awakened which will Resolved, That we tender our most cordial spread, it is to be hoped, until the schools of this acknowledgments and thanks to Francis Dwight, county shall deservedly rank with the best in the Esq. of Albany, for the much valuable instrucstate. It may also be confidently expected that tion given by him on the best methods of instructhe influence and success of the members of the tion, government, and other appropriate subjects institute will be such as to make all the town -also to Prof. Sweet for his lecture on Elocu. superintendents of this county feel a proper de. tion. gree of interest in the efforts to improve and ele. Resolred, That in view of the many benefits vate the standard of teaching, raise teachers wa derived frora a teachers' institute, we recommend ges, and make the profession of icaching what its re-opening next fall. it ought to be—respected, honorable, and perma.

In behalf of the association, nent.

ZALMON RICHARDS, The following resolutions were adopted by

Com. of Publication. the teachers, after which they formed themselves into an association, to hold its first meeting on

SENECA. the first Saturday in February, 1915. The part.

From the Observer. ing hand was given with kind wishes for each other's prosperity, cach regretting most of all the necessity of closing the present agreeable ses. Pursuant to the call of Charles Sentell, Esq., sion, though fondly anticipating the enjoyment County Superintendent, the town officers, teachof another similar, yet larger meeting in the ers and friends of education met at the court. course of the coming year.

house, in the village of Waterloo, on the 15th The following resolutions were offered and of October last. The house was called to order adopted

by the county superintendent, and on motion, Resolved, that we decm the use of tobacco Wm. Hogan was appointed secretary. by the teachers (to say nothing of its deleterious The first business in order was the report of effects on the human system,) incompatible with the committee, appointed at the last convention, the proper and consistent performance of his duon studies appropriate to common schools, and ties, as the guide and exemplar to the youth the minimum standard qualifications of teachers. placed under his care; and that we therefore the chairman of said committee, Mr. Brundige, respectfully and earnestly request all teachers presented substantially, the following report every where to discountenance its use

Tiat into district schools, organized as they


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