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Jas. HeXRY, Jr., Corresponding Secretary. hibition at Watertown, from a correspondent of I. E. L. HAMILTON, Recording Secretary. the Watertown Journal, we take much pleasure in

Half past 1 o'clock, P. M. Association again transferring to our columns. We are glad to see met pursuant to all journment. 2 P. M. the community waking up to the importance of pri. Association adjourned to the Brick Church to hear mary Schools--for they are truly the seed time of the address of Rev. O. R. Howard, orator of the life to the children of our land-in which we may day.

behold, as in a glass, the future history of our At the conclusion of the oration, Dr. Turtelot country. “The child is father to the man," is of Newport, on invitation of the President, read inscribed in letters of living light and truth upon an essay on Physical Education.

every page of the history of the past, and yet the On motion of Rev. G. Morgan.

startling truth is too frequently passed over and Resolved, That the interests of school districts forgotten. will be best promoted by employing teachers The exhibition was held in the Universalist whose qualifications are of the first order. church, which was tastefully decorated with flowOn motion of I. E. L. Hamilton,

ers, and banners hung around the house. Too Resolved, That James Henry, Jr. be appointed much credit cannot be awarded to the gentlemen orator of the next anniversary. Alternate, Ezra who have planned and ably carried out the ex. Graves.

hibition. The following resolution was offered by the Mr INGALLS, teacher of the School in district county superintendent, and after debate was No. 3, of this village, officiated as Marshal; be unanimously adopted :

was prompt, vigilant, appeared well, and acquit. Resolved, Thai,this association recommend to ted himself with much credit. The Rer. Mr. school officers, teachers and parents to hold com. Knox opened the exercises with prayer. sing. mon school celebrations in each of the towns in ing by the choir led by Mr. LEONARD, followed; this county during the ensuing winter.

and here it may be as well to remark in full up: The following general resolutions were then on this most cheering part of the exercises.offered, debated and adopted unanimously : We never listened to sweeter or more harmoni.

Resolved, That virtue and intelligence in the ous voices. The choir was composed of little great body of the people are the only sure loun- girls and boys. dations of republican government, and that it is Mr. Leonard, the teacher of the choir, is en. the imperative duty of all States to make ade. titled to much praise ; he must have spent time quate provision for the thorough education of and taken much pains to attune so many tongues, youth of both sexes. ..

and make them move so perfectly together. Resolved, That the members of this Associa. ! H. D. SEWALL, was the first of the gentle. tion cordially congratulate their fellow-citizens inen who addressed the audience. His speech upon the greatly improved state of the Common was able and profound, perhaps too much so, Schools in this county and in the State generally, for the occasion. and that we again unanimously express our deep! Mr. MONTGOMERY, Superintendent of the conviction that our present school organization Southern District of this County, followed Mr. is far more perfect and efficient than any other Sewall. He spoke as one interested in his subby which it has been preceded, and that to aban-ject, distinctly and energetically_his address don or to essentially change that organization, in contained many excellent sentiments and valuathe opinion of this association, would be fraught ble suggestions, and was, no doubt, well apwith serious anl enduring evils. .

proved by his attentive listeners. Resolved, That this association does cordially The next speaker was the Rev. J. R. BOTD. approve of the law enacted by the last Legisla. On rising, he remarked that those who had preture of New York, establishing an experimental ceded him, had addressed the elder members of normal school for the instruction of Common the audience ; he wanted to talk to the children. School Teachers: that the city of Albany is the And he did talk to them in a manner that held proper place for making such experiment, as it their attention, and interested and delighted us will afford members of the legislature opportu. all. He spoke with his characteristic tender; nity personally to inspectits operations and there. ness of heart—as an affectionate father would by to determine conclusively whether its advan. talk to his own children. He reminded them tages are such as to render the permanent that the object that brought them there was establishment of similar schools in other parts of not unimportant. We have come, said he, lo the State desirable.

instruct and benefit you. This celebration was

arranged for you. And it has cost considerable JEFFERSON.

time and pains to bring it about. Somebon

has felt an interest in your welfare or we shoul Those who read the extracts we are able to not be here. He alluded to the table spread give from Mr. Brown's admirable address on this outside the church, covered with the choices... occasion, will regret that anything was omitted.

delicacies, and ready to welcome them all

close of the meeting. He had no doubt some He speaks from the heart, and his words will them wanted to be there now, for the refres not fall unheeded.

ments were very tempting. He directed the We regret that we have not also a report of attention to the mottoes on some of the banner

explained their import and fitness. He dren the remarks of his efficient co-adjutor, Mr. Mont

valuable and impressive lesson from the one: gomery.

Tall Oaks from little Acorns grow," and (From the Jefferson County Democrat.]

not less felicitous in his remarks on the two

lowing : “ We seek for Mental Treasures," a COMMON SCHOOL CELEBRATION.

Science is Nature's Master." The following notice of a Common School Ex. After the choir had sung one of our favor

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lays, T. DzwEY, Esq., arose and addressed the our system of education. It is in them that our assemblage in a plain, sensible style. This gen. children receive more or less of the rudiments of tleman was succeeded by LYSANDER H. Brown their education. These schools are not what Esq., Superintendent for the Northern District they should be ; and, there are many reasons of this County. Mr. Brown's address was par why they are not ; but the principal one is the ticularly entertaining. He spoke in substance fact that they do not receive sufficient attention as follows :

from those for whose benefit they are designed. MR. BROWN'S ADDRESS.

1 I do not propose to speak of the schools in The young are, at all times, objects of in general, but to mention a few reasons why those terest. The season of youth is, in itself, one of in our immediate vicinity are not so useful as such artlessness and truth as to command our they should be. The first I shall mention is attention and excite our love : but it is when we because we have so many selector private look to the future that children are chiefly in Schools. The Cominon School has a rightful teresting ; when we contemplate them as grow. claim to every dollar squandered in sustaining ing up to assume the responsibilities which are small, inefficient Select Schools. The number to devolve upon them. Not an interest lies near of Select Schools in our village is almost ina our hearts that is not soon to pass into their credible. Scarcely a street or lane is destitute hands. No hope of the patriot, no desire of the of them. Those who sustain them, excuse philanthropist, no aspiration of the Christian, themselves by saying that the common school reaching through the next generation, but which does not present ihose advantages which their if realized at all, must be realized in the persons, children require. This may be the case, and and by the agency of those approaching the for the very reason that. instead of laboring to stage of action.

make that school what it should be, they have When we think of the importance of educa. deprived it of the means of becoming so by ta. tion to the children in our midst, we are apt to king their children out of it, and withdrawing confine our reflections to the fact that some of their support. There are many ways in which them are to be our statesmen and jurists-our sustaining select schools operates injuriously great men ; and not to the less public, but not upon the Common School. In the first place, less important consideration, that they are, also, I those who withdraw their children, thereby reto be the fathers, and mothers the future teach fuse it so much pecuniary means as they ought ers of the land. Every child, who lives to be to pay to it for their tuition. In the next place the head of a family, will be intrusted with the their children being withdrawn, their own inmanagement of a litlle empire, more delicate in terest in the welfare of the School is lost ; and its nature, and scarcely less important in its re in the last place, those children that are withsults than any in the political world. Well drawn, are generally the very ones who would regulated families are even more rare than well benefit the school most. Take the best schol. regulated governments. It is not always our ars from any school and you prostrate that public characters that are the most useful in the school ; you take away its life. Now, I hazard community. The little business world immedi. nothing in saying that your common schools atély around us, for instance, wants very few poor as they are, from the fact that those who public officials to carry on its operations. Some should be their most prominent supporters renbody to take charge of these stores, and shops, der them no aid, are nevertheless betier, in every and public houses ; to regulate yonder machine. particular, than your select schools. They ry, to cultivate these surrounding farms, whose possess better accommodations, better facilities; prolific bosoms have just yielded an abundant and they are furnished with abler and more eleharvest; that is what our circumtànces require; vated teachers. Nothing is wanting to place and it is all that they absolutely require. All these Schools in a condition to furnish every th is will be done by these children. This pro. necessary means for educating all the children perty is to fall into their hands, these interests in their immediate vicinity, except the united, are to be committed to their charge. These zealous, and efficient support of all those who fire-sides they are to protect or disgrace ; these have children to educate. Our Select Schools family altars to sustain, or prostrate ; these so. sap the life blood from the common school; cial relations to adorn, or lay waste ; these tem- were they merged in the common school, eduples of public worship to preserve, or desecrate. cation would become cheaper, more uniform, If all these things, which we so ardently cherish, more extensive. Knowledge and virtue would which constitute our life, our joy, our all; if not be confined to the privileged sew, but would they are, so soon, to be directed by these minds, become common blessings to the common massand guided by these hands; is other inducement es. Would it not be better that they should be necessary to prompt our efforts for the right edu. universally diffused ? that light should encircle cation of these children?

the coinmunity and beam on every intellect, Our attention is, at this time, particularly rather than a few should enjoy it, and all the called to our Common Schools ; not common be. rest be enveloped in the darkness of midnight? cause they are low, or unimportant in their ori. I would not utter a word to injure the feelings gin, or design, but because they are, like the air of those who support select schools ; but my we breathe, or the light by which we see, free to position makes it my duty,(and my inclination all. The brightest feature in our system of pub. coincides with my duty.) to present the superior lic instruction, is that by which pecuniary want claims of our common schools. I am directly does not deprive the child of the means of admonished of my duty by a motto which I knowledge. In our public schools the child of saw floating on the breeze as this youthful propoverty, and the heir of wealth receive the same cession approached the house we now oceupy. kind of physical descipline, the same kind of That motto has not been alluded to. All the mental food, the same kind of moral training. others have been eloquently and beautifully il. Our Common Schools constitute the basis of all, lustraied and explained by one who has already

addressed you. My young friends, I like all roughly, religiously, rightly,these children whom the devices on those appropriate little flags which God has given you, and whom He requires you you bear to day : but this one is the nearest my to rear up to his service. heart. Will the brave lad who has charge of that banner, shake it out, that the people may see what is written on it :"SUSTAIN YOUR

OTSEGO. COMMON SCHOOLS." That is my text ;

(From the Freeman's Journal.] and in obedience to it, I stand here the exclu! The following account of the closing exercises sive advocate of common schools. I see here also another banner. It is our Country's Flag.

of the Otsego Teachers' Institute will be read There it waves in peerless beauty, without mot with much interest by all who look beyond the to or mark, except the "glorious stripes and exciting scenes of the present hour. For it is stars" that have ever adorned it. That banner upon the Teacher that the destiny of our coun. also points out my duty. I look upon common schools as the hope of my country ; and with try depends, and if he can be prepared worthily the flag of my country before me, I dare not do to discharge his high, his sacred duties, all will otherwise than advocate the claims of those be well with us and with our children. schools, to the entire exclusion of those of a se. lect or private character. Education, general Disego is on

Otsego is fortunate in having a county supereducation, the education of the whole people; intendent equal to the exigencies of his office, just such an education as our common schools and we recognise with pleasure the name of one ought to be nble to furnish, is destined to be. come the regenerator of the race. Its blessings

of the carliest and ablest friends of this moreare rich; let them descend upon all.

ment, among his strong supporters; we mean · Fellow-Citizens, contemplate this assemblage the president of our first convention, the Hon. of children. Tell me how many hopes of pa. Jabez D. Hammond. rents and friends are centered here! and ob ! are these hopes not to be realized are they to be crush.

COMMON SCHOOLS. ed by the conduct of these children? Tell me of how much joy, or bitterness they are to be the au.

The members of the Teachers' Institute for thors to themselves and others Tell me how the County of Otsego, assembled and organized many of the issues, not only of this life, but of that at the Court House, in Cooperstown, on the 16th which is to come, are awaiting the kind of edu. of September, 1844. The students consisted of cation they shall receive. Let me remind you sixty.tour young gentlemen and twenty-six lathat they are a portion of the children of your dies, John G. K. Truair, A. M., Principal of common schools, and then tell me if those

Gilbert's. Ville Academy, Salem Town, A. M., schools are not worthy of your attention. Why of Aurora, Jacob C. Tooker, Esq. of Orange is it that the subject of primary education does County, late county superintendent, and G. Gil. not elicit a deep, pervading interest ? Our pop. lam, A. M , of Aurora, constituted the Board ular excitements take hold of almost every thing of Instruction. else : but the common school, which constitutes The exercises of the Institute terminated on the basis of our educational system, and which. I the 27th of September, when a public examina. if rightly directed and attended to, would become lion of the students took place in the Court a mighty lever to lift up and carry forward all Room, in presence of a number of ladies and our schemes of benevolent enterprise, all our gentlemen of the village and from other parts of plans of intellectual and moral advancement, is the county. The result of the examination was left to survive as best it can, or to perish for highly creditable to the members of the instiwant of the breath of life, which should be tute and to the teachers; and the scene was ex. breathed into it by our men of wealth and influ. ceedingly interesting and gratifying to the friends ence. Is it thas because the subject is not one of popular e.lucalion. of magnitude ? True there are only between sir! We have neither time nor space for dilating and seven hundred thousand children in this Em on the demonstration afforded by the brilliant pire State interested in these schools, in annual land successful issue of this experiment, and can attendance upon these schools, and receiving only say, that it furnished the most cheering the public money of the State. There are little hopes and well founded anticipations to the less than twenty thousand in our own County in. I friend of common schools, to the lover of our terested in these Schools, and are you aware that I civil institutions, and to the philanthropist.. in ten of the eleven towns north of your noble! After the exercises were closed, the Institute river, there are nenr eleven thousand children be. I was briefly aduressed by L. R. Palmer, the coun: tween the ages of five anl sixteen years? What Ity superintendent, Jabez D. Hammond, Esq., an army to be educated! Will you not obey that J. W. Taylor, principal of the Cherry: Valley Inotto to which I have alluded ? will you not Academy, and in a most able and allectionate obey it in its letter and in its spirit, and " SUS. I manner by the teachers, Messrs. Truair, Town TAIN YOUR COMMON SCHOOLS"? - and Tooker. During the delivery of the ad. Show me an interest dear to man, or to life, that I dresses by the teachers, the students, and many does not look, for its advancement, to the edu. Iof the audience, were much excited, but the cation of children such as these. Show me an stead of cheers many tears were shed, and individual who is not a partner in that interest. suppressed sobbing was heard in every part If then as parents, you love your children ; it the room. as patriots you love your country ; if as philan ! Too much praise cannot be bestowed on : throphists you love the world of mankind; if as Palmer, for his great aad successful eltoris " Christians you love that heaven whence all your forming and organizing the association, in pro lessings descend-educale! yes! educate tho. lcuring teachers, and, though in fceble and great

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ly impaired health, for his unwearied and con. Hon. G. Corning, Mayor of the city. Asithe stant attention during its session.

time was limited to about two hours in conse. The exercises closed by singing an ode com quence of a convention to assemble in the allerposed for the occasion, which we hope to see in noon, it was not deemed expedient to enter upon print, and by an eloquent and servent prayer by any examinati n of the schools, but the occa. Mr. Town.

sion was one of much interest, and will un. Immediately after the prayer, the citizens in doubtedly exert a saiutary influence on the great attendance organized by the appointment of cause of popular education. Sheriff Winsor chairman, and Doct. Hangay secretary, when on motion of Judge Hammond,

RENS. CO. ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT the following resolutions were unanimously

OF EDUCATION. adopted :

This Association held its annual meeting at : Resolved, That Salem Town, John G. K. | the court-house in Troy on the 16th inst. The Truair, Jacob C. Tooker,' and G. Gillam, are following are the officers for the ensuing year : entitled to the grateful thanks of the citizens of Dr. Lansing of Greenbush, President, Dr. I. this county and the public in general, for their Hogeboom of Schodack, Vice President; E. laborious, able and faithful services as teachers Wilson, Jr., Recording Secretary; X. Hay. in this institute.

| wood, Corresponding Secretary. Resolved, That the demonstration this day al. An address was given by T. H. Palmer, Esq., forded by the inembers of the institute of their and an able report was presented by Rev. John ability and capacity for teaching, their aptitude Smith on the comparative state of education in to acquire knowledge, and their industry and different countries. There were reports also on successful application to the exercises assigned the relative importance of school studies, and them, in connection with the recollection of their on school celebrations. . courteous and commendable deportment since' The association adjourned to meet at the they have been in attendance on this occasion, same place on the third Wednesday in April. entitle them to the cordial thanks and unqualifi. ed approbation of this community, and indica te that a new and brilliant era is about to dawn

SARATOGA. upon the common schools in this county, equally

An adjourned convention of Town Superin. consoling to the patriot and grateful to the feel) tendents was held at the court-house in the vil. ings of the philanthropist.

lage of Ballston Spa, on the 15th day of Octo• Resolved, That this meeting most respectfully

liber, at 11 o'clock, A M. The Convention was recommend to the supervisors of the county of

called to order by the chairman of the last conOtsego, at their next meeting. lo make such

vention, and the several committees submitted provisions for defraying the incidental expenses

their respective reports, incurred for fuel, lights, stationery, &c., by the

Mr. Kimball, from the Committee on Normal instituto during its session, as can be done in ac. Schoo's, reported as follows: cordance with their legal and constitutional

The committee appointed to investigate the powers.

propriety and feasibility of establishing a nos. Resolved, That in view of the great and per.

mal school in this county the present season, beg manent benefits which in our judgment may rea.

leave to present the following report: sonably be anticipated from the association of

Your Committee are of the opinion that Nor. teachers of our primary schools upon principles

mal Schools are of immense advantage to the similar to those of the institute in this county,

cause of common school education, and the obwe respectfully but most earnestly recommend

ject cannot be immediately and rapidly advanced and request the legislature at their next session,

in this county without their aid. The destitu. to make an appropriation adequate to the defray.

tion of trained teachers for common district ing of the expenses of an institute which shall

schools is so great that a supply cannot be obmeet and continue its session at least two weeks

tained without some such efforts are made. once a year in every county in the state.

Facts might be adducel showing the importance Resolted, 'That the proceedings of this meet.

and necessity of this measure in every county ing be published in the Common School Journal

of this state, but especially in this county. Your and in the newspapers printed in this county.

committee would therefore gladly recommend The chair thereupon appointed J. D. Ham.

the immediate establishment of a permanent mond. L. J. Walworth, J. W Taylor, C. N.

school of this character in this county did they Partengill, and J. B. Wood, a committee to car.

believe it could be accomplished; but as there ry into eflect this resolution.

appears to be no means by which this subject, AMOS WINSOR, Chairman.

so desirable in itself, can be speedily effected, Joun HANNAY, $ecretary.

they are constrainel to confine their recommena

dation to the establishment of a temporary insti. RENSSELAER.

tution of a few weeks continuance during the

protni season, hoping this will lead to more TROY PUBLIC SCHOOL CELEBRATION.

extensive and permanent operations. On the 16th inst, a Public School Celebration Your commiitee beg leave further lo state that was held at the suggestion of Dr. Thomas, the should such an institution be established in this County Superintendent.

county and conducted, as they doubt not it would The several public schools, under the direc. | be, under either of the respectable gentlemen at tion of their respective teachers, assembled at the head of the academies from whom they have one of the churches, where the exercises cou. I received replies, with the supervision of the sisted of music by some of the schools, and ad. County Superintendent, which must of course dresses by Hon. D. Buel, Dr. Crandall, and be considered indispensable, an incalculable

amount of good would result to the cause of the convention then proceeded to the eleccommon school education in this county.

tion of officers. The following are the names All which is respectfully submitted.

of the officers of the Association: C. 0. KIMBALL, John M. Holley, President; George W. Cuy.

Chairman of Committee. ler, George W. Scott, Vice Presidents; Loren. An animated debate arose upon the reception zo P. Ireland, Recording Secretary; and the of the report, but it was finally adopted, and Town Superintendents of the several towns, the county superintendent was appointed to car. Corresponding Secretaries. ry into effect the recommendation contained in On motion, a comunittee was appointed who the report, and to establish a temporary normal reported the following resolutions, which, aster school in such place as he may deem expedient, some discussion, were unanimously adopted : and to give public notice of the time such school Resolved, That it is indispensable to the sucis to commence, and also the place at which it cess of the object contemplated by such associa. is to be held.

tions, that parents should give an active and Mr. Gillman being present, by request gave cheerful co-operation with the efforts of teach. a short and an able address on the subject of ers in the cause of education, and that all im. Normal Schools.

provement in our common school's very greatly Mr. Thomas H. Palmer also addressed the depends on the inhabitants themselves, and that convention on the subject of Moral Education. the best teachers and superintendents will be of

On motion the thanks of the convention were little avail, if the people withhold their sanc tendered to the gentlemen for their interesting tion and generous support. and able addresses.

Resolved, That the object of education should The committee on text-books made their re. be the full development of the entire charac port, and submitted a list of text-books, (which ter—social, moral, intellectual and physical they strongly recommend to be used in the the directing and strengthening of the moraland county,) and which were unanimously adopted mental powers. by the convention.

Resolved, That females who devote them. A resolution was also adopted, recommending selves to the cause of education, occupy one of the Town Superintendent to call meetings of the most important and appropriate stations the trustees of the several districts in their re-possible for them to occupy, and that in this ca. spective towns for the purpose of selecting and pacity they can exert an influence more lasting adopting the text-books recommended; and, and salutary than the statesman and philanthrowhere more than one author was recommended pist. to say which they would adopt. By such a Resolved, That the introduction of vocal mu. course, an unity of freling and interest will be sic into our common schools is highly conducive awakened, and the town superintendents and to the intellectual advancement, the moral eletrustees of school districts would act in concert vation, the individual and social happiness of and in harmony, and the advvancement of com- the pupils of our schools. mon school education be rendered more certain | Resolved, That the study of Physiologyby each of the several officers in the town uni. 'i the house we live in"-and its adaptation to ting in adopting an uniformity of text-books. the preservation of health, demand the atten.

The town Superintendents have exhibited tion of all, and especially of those under whose much devotion to the cause of education, which instruction the youth of our country are placed, will lead them to renewed exertions to carry I and that the introduction of this study into our out, so far as they are concerned, the design common schools be recommended by this conwhich the founders of our glorious system of vention. common schools hat in vicw. All who attended Resolved. That we recommend "Mitchell's the conventions, (and many strangers were pre. Outline Maps" to be added to each district libra. sent at both meetings) have expressed much ry for the use of schools, whenever authorized

bation at the result ; and we are resolved by law. that “ Old Saratoga" shall not be behind any | Resolved, That in the estimation of this con. other county in the State in urging forward the vention the District School Journal is a valua. completion of that system of education which ble auxiliary, and eminently calculated to prothe State has been so lavish in its expenditure mote the cause of education, and that we re. to sustain, and on account of which she may commend it to the patronage of teachers and justly claim the title of the "Empire State." parents.

It was resolved also that the proceedings be Resolved, that the diversity and frequent published in the District School Journal and in change of text-books are injurious, and ought, the county papers.

as far as possible, to be avoided, and that a On motion the convention adjoured sine dic.

committee of five be appointed to report a se. A. MIEKER Chairman.

ries to be recommended to the schools in this J. 0. NODYNE, Secretary.


Resolved, That Messrs. Cole, Peddie, WesWAYNE.

cott, Hunt and Curtiss be such committee, to COUNTY CONVENTION OF TOWN SUPERINTEND. | report at the next convention. ENTS OF COMMON SCHOOLS.

Resolved, That our thanks be presented to H. AGREEABLY to public notice, the Town Su. E. Rochester, Esq., County Superintendent of perintendents of Common Schools, for the county Monroe county, for his attendance at this cod. of Wayne, assembled in Convention at the Pres.

vention. byterian church in Lyons on Wednesday, the Resolved, That the proceedings of this con.. loth day of October, 1944.

vention be published in the several papers Ol The Convention was called to order by S., this county.. Cole, County Superintendent.

Resolved, That this convention adjourn to

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