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President-POTER BARKER, of Evans. which will in the shortest period convey to the po

Vice President--DANIEL TROWBRIDGE, of pila thorou: h knowledge of the branches taught, Newstead.

and most fully discipline and expand all his Secretary-JOHN G. House, of Clarence.

mental faculties. Aller some discussion the re The President having announced the coinmit. port was adopted. lees, the convention a ljourned for one hour. The committee on moral culture reported

Whereas, The acquisition of intelleetaal Several resolutions were introduced by differ. knowledge without virtue is but an increase of ent individuals, and alier being discussed were intellectual power liable to be applied to purpoadoptel. Among which were the following: ses at variance with the permanent happiness

Resolved, that the teachers who diligently of its possessor, and the highest good of society: qualiiy themselves for the important business of therefore, educating the rising generation-who are labor. Resolved, That educators ought always. to ing assi luously to promote the great cause of give serious and ciretul attention to the deve. moral and intellectual a lvancement--who wield lopment and cultivation of the moral senti. the poweriui influence they possess in support! ments of their pupils ; among the best means of of truth and virtie, well deserve the thanks of doing which we recognize those of personal ex: this convention and the gratitude of the entire ample and the frequent inculcation of moral communiiy.

precepts. Resolved, That one of the best methods of The report was supported by several memimproving the schools and promoting proper orbers and gentlemen from abroad, and adopted. der therein, is, that parents frequently visit Adjourned io half past 7 o'clock. them and encourage and sustain teachers, by im. In the evening an able lecture on the subject pressing upon the minds of pupils the impor. of elucation was delivered by the Rev. Mr. tance of strict attention to their several duties as | Tucker, of Butralo. scholars,

The following ode, composed for the occasion Resolved, That we approve of the enlarge by a resident of the town, was, in the course of ment of the District Scivol Journal; and, be. the exercises of the evening, sung by the village lieving its publication of great importance to choir : commion schools, will exert ourselves to extend

There is a dawn more blest and bright its circulation, and increase the number of its Thinever neams from earthly skies, readers.

It rises like thie holy light The committee on examination of teachers

That gilded sinless paradise. reported

As on the wings of cherubim, Resolved, That we demand from the candi. It comes in leally and in power dates who present themselves for examination,

No cloud iis golden light con dim. with whose moral character we are not other.

No sturm can stay its promised hoor. wise acquainted, a certificate of the same from So strong, no cell its beams can bar; sume good authority.

So mild, the fowers serm glad the while: Also, the following heretofore adopted :

So wide, it streanus o'er earth afar,

And lights the ocean's ui most isle. Resolved, That for the purpose of ascertain. ing the qualifications of teachers, it would be

So calm, 0 soft, so beautiful! proper for the officer to ascertain by appropriate

Il gladdens een the very bliad;

It is ihe morning of the soul, inquiries: First : His ability to govern himself : The day.spring of the deathless mind. Second : His love for the business of teaching,

In its warm light shall science rear and whether he designs making it a temporary Her trees in beauty to th- sky. or permanent employment: Third: His experi. While the rich fruit and leaves they bear ence and success in teaching: Fourth : Whe. Shall gladden every wenry eye. ther he has obtained a specific preparation : Thick, in its soft celestial airs, Fifth, T hemode he proposes to adopt in teach. The Eden flowers of art shall hans, ing each branch of elementary science : Sixth,

And songs go up such as the stars

O'er the youne earth in triumph sangHis knowledge of the various branches he may be required to teach : Seventh : His ability to May God, the Lord of life and light, communicate instruction in the manner best

Koli ihis glad morning on its way, adapted to develop the faculties of the mind, to

Till its bright beitins, to human sight,

Are lost in everlasting day! form correct habits of thought, to make the studies of the various branches interesting to

Resolutions of thanks to Mr. Tucker, the the minds of his pupils, and above all to inspire choir, and to the author of the ode, were passed, them with a love of order and decorum, and to The Convention then a journed to nine o'clock, inculcate those moral precepis, without which Sept. 13, Friday morning. our schools would be divested of a large share Committee on School Celebrations reported of their usefulness-Report adopted.

as follows: The committee on methods of instruction re. Resolved, That to awaken in the minds of the ported

people a greater degree of interest in the comWhereas, Improper moles of instruction tend mon schools, and secure more fully the co-ope to render study disagreeable nnd repulsive to the ration necessary to accomplish the object for pupil, discourage his application, and interpose which they were established, we recommend the most em harrassing obstacies 10 his profi. the holling of school celebrations in the towns ciency: therefore

of the county as often as one a year, and that i Resolved, That teachers ought to avail them. public examination of the pupils be held in each selves of every practicable opportunity 10 ac. Jistrict, at near the close of the term. quire a knowledge of the most appropriate nie. Adopied. thods of communicating instruction--methods The Chairman of the Committee on Teachers'



Institute stated, that temporary schools for Resolved, That they ought not to be sent to teachers had been found of great practical utility the common school to rob the teacher's time and in other counties, that several friends of educa- the public for nursing to prevent hiring nurses tion might be expected to aid in conducting the at home. exercises of an institute, should one be estab. Resolved, That we recommend to the school lished for a short time near Buffalo, and recom. districts of our respective towns, which have the mended the following resolution :

number of volumes in their libraries required by f"! Resolved, That a Teachers’ Institute be estab. law, to expend their library money for the ensulished in this county, and that on the 21st of Oc. ing year in the purchase of globes, maps or other tober next, a session of two weeks be com. apparatus for the use of the schools. menced at Williamsville, under the direction of Resolred, That we regard Teacher' Institutes the County Superintendent and Mr. Kinsgley of as valuable auxiliaries in the cause of Common Buffalo.

Schools, and recommend that such an institution *. After an interesting debate, in which severall be opened in this county the ensuing autumn, eitizens of the place participated, the report was and will use our best exertions to induce the adopted.

teachers of our respective towns to attend the Resolved, That we tender to the inhabitants Institute, and follow in their teaching the recom. of Williamsville our thanks for the kind and mendations of the same. hospitable manner in which they have received Resolved, That we believe the School Journal and entertained the members of the convention. worthy of the patronage of teachers especially,

Resolved, that the proceedings of this con- and will use our influence to extend its circula. vention be signed by the President and Secretary, \tion. and published in the several papers of the county Resolved, That we consider it the imperative and in the District School Journal. Adjourned, duty of trustees, parents, and guardians of youth sine die.

PETER PARKER, Pres't. to visit their respective schools, which duty we JOHN G. House, Secretary.

are compelled to say has been most unreasonably

neglected. (From the Palladium.)

Resolved, That the proceedings of this conFRANKLIN.

vention be published in both the county papers.

Resolved, That the convention adjourn to PROCEEDINGS OF THE COUNTY CONVENTION or meet in the court-house at Malone, on the 2d

Tuesday of May next at 9 o'clock A. M.

R. BATES, President. Malone, Aug. 20, 1844. JOHN WARE, Sec'y. In pursuance of notice given by Ď. H. Stevens, esq., the following town superintendents met in

FULTON. the Court House at Malone:

We received a notice of the Text.Books adoptR. R. Stetson, Bangor; John Ware, Bombay; ed at the late Mayfield Convention, with a reCyrus Merrill, Bellmont; James H. Holland, Brandon; Mr. G. W. Darling, Constable; Clau- quest that it should be published in the Journal. dius Hatchins, Dickinson; Dr. Roswell Bates, For the reasons stated under the head of Erie, Ft. Covington; T. K. Phillips, Moira; H. W. Purdy, Westville.

our friends will excuse us for not violating a
The meeting being called to order, Dr. R. rule long since laid down with the advice of the
Bates was appointed Chairman, and J. Ware department and rigidly adhered to.

The following resolutions were adopted :
WHEREAS, The education needed by our

[From the Mohawk Courier.) youth is that which shall prepare them physi.

HERKIMER. cally, intellectually and morally to act well their Old Herkimer has won an enviable distinction part in the great drama of life, whereas most of The children and youth of our beloved country

by the interest and energy shown in the cause of must ever receive iheir education at the common her district schools. Her motto is–ONWARDS ! school, and whereas the future happiness and prosperity of our nation and the world depend

HERKIMER COUNTY COMMON SCHOOL ASSOin a great 'measure upon the instruction there given and the habits there formed; therefore, Resolved, That the interests of the common

The Herkimer County Common School Assoschools should arouse and enlist the feelings, and ciation held its Anniversary meeting at the Court excite all to action who wish to preserve and House, in the village of Herkimer,on Wednesday, perpetuate our republican institutions ; of all / Sept. 11, 1844. Rev. David CHASSELL, Presi. who wish to see mankind shake off the chairs dent, opened the proceedings with prayer. of ignorance, superstition and bigotry; and of

The meeting though not large was very reall who with a pure faith and ardent zeal look spectable; its proceedings were conducted in the forward to that day'" when the sword shall be best spirit and are destined, as we trust, to probeaten into the ploughshare, and the spear into a duce a salutary impression upon the public mind. praning hook."

On motion of Ezra Graves, the following gen. Whereas, Children under five years of age tlemen were unanimously elected officers for the are not physically fitted to endure the confine. ensuing year : ment of the school-room ; their minds are not Rev. DAVID CHASSELL, Pres't. sufficiently matured to understand the reason of

Rev GILBERT MORGAN } Vice Pres’ts. hings, and are not capable of confining their at. ition to one object for a length of time :

John C. UNDERWOOD, Treasurer.


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Jas. Henry, Jr., Corresponding Secretary.

hibition at Watertown, from a correspondent of I. E. L. HAMILTON, Recording Secretary. the Watertown Journal, we take much pleasure in

Half past 1 o'clock, P. M. Association again transferring to our columns. We are glad lo see met pursuant to a journment. 2 P. M. the community waking up to the importance of pri. Association adjourned to the Brick Church to hear mary Schools for they are truly the seed time of the address of Rev. 0. R. Howard, orator of the life to the children of our land-in which we may day.

behold, as in a glass, the future history of our At the conclusion of the oration, Dr. Turtelot country. “The child is father to the man," is of Newport, on invitation of the President, read inscribed in letters of living light and truth upon an essay on Physical Education.

every page of the history of the past, and yet the On motion of Rev. G. Morgan.

startling truth is loo frequently passed over and Resolved, That the interests of school districts forgotten. will be best promoted by employing teachers The exhibition was held in the Universalist whose qualifications are of the first order. church, which was tastefully decorated with flowOn motion of I. E. L. Hamilton,

ers, and banners hung around the house. Too Resolved, That James Henry, Jr. be appointed much credit cannot be awarded to the gentlemen orator of the next anniversary. Alternate, Ezra who have planned and ably carried out the exGraves.

hibition. The following resolution was offered by the Mr INGALLS, teacher of the School in district county superintendent, and after debate was No. 3, of this village, officiated as Marshal; be unanimously adopted :

was prompt, vigilant, appeared well, and acquit. Resolved, that this association recommend to ted himself with much credit. The Rer. Mr. school officers, teachers and parents to hold com. Knox opened the exercises with prayer. sing. mon school celebrations in each of the towns in ing by the choir led by Mr. LEONARD, followed; this county during the ensuing winter.

and here it may be as well to remark in full op. The following general resolutions were then on this most cheering part of the exercises.offered, debated and adopted unanimously : We never listened to sweeter or more harmoni.

Resolved, That virtue and intelligence in the ous voices. The choir was composed of little great body of the people are the only sure foun. girls and boys. dations of republican government, and that it is Mr. Leonard, the teacher of the choir, is en. the imperative duty of all States to make ade. titled to much praise ; he must have spent time quate provision for the thorough education of and taken much pains to attune so many tongues, youth of both sexes.

and make them move so perfectly together. Resolved, That the members of this Associa. H. D. SEWALL, was the first of the gentle. tion cordially congratulate their fellow-citizens men who addressed the audience. His speech upon the greatly improved state of the Common was able and profound, perhaps too much so, Schools in this county and in the State generally, for the occasion. and that we again unanimously express our deep Mr. MoxtGOMERY, Superintendent of the conviction that our present school organization Southern District of this County, followed Mr. is far more perfect and efficient than any other Sewall. He spoke as one interested in his subby which it has been preceded, and that to aban- ject, distinctly and energetically-his address don or to essentially change that organization, in contained many excellent sentiments and valuathe opinion of this association, would be fraught ble suggestions, and was, no doubt, well apwith serious anl enduring evils.

proved by his attentive listeners. Resolved, That this association does cordially The next speaker was the Rev. J. R. Boyd. approve of the law enacted by the last Legisla. On rising, he remarked that those who had preture of New York, establishing an experimental ceded him, had addressed the elder members of normal school for the instruction of Common the audience ; he wanted to talk to the children, School Teachers: that the city of Albany is the And he did talk to them in a manner that held proper place for making such experiment, as it their attention, and interested and delighted us will afford members of the legislature opportu. all. He spoke with his characteristic tender: nity personally to inspectits operations and there. ness of heart—as an affectionate father would by to determine conclusively whether its advan. talk to his own children. He reminded them tages are such as to render the permanent that the object that brought them there was establishment of similar schools in other parts of not unimportant. We have come, said he, to the State desirable.

instruct and benefit you. This celebration was arranged for you.

And it has cost considerable

time and pains to bring it about. Somebody JEFFERSON.

has felt an interest in your welfare or we should Those who read the extracts we are able to not be here. He alluded to the table spread give from Mr. Brown's admirable address on this outside the church, covered with the choicest of occasion, will regret that anything was omitted. Close of the meeting. He had no doubt some of

delicacies, and ready to welcome them at the He speaks from the heart, and his words will them wanted to be there now, for the refresh: not fall unheeded.

ments were very tempting. He directed their We regret that we have not also a report of attention to the mottoes on some of the banners, the remarks of his efficient co-adjutor, Mr. Mont- valuable and impressive lesson from the ones

explained their import and fitness. He drew a gomery.

Tall Oaks from little Acorns grow," and was (From the Jefferson County Democrat.)

not less felicitous in his remarks on the two fol.

lowing : " We seek for Mental Treasures," and COMMON SCHOOL CELEBRATION.

"Science is Nature's Master." The following notice of a Common School Ex. After the choir had sung one of our favorite

lays, T. DEWEY, Esq., arose and addressed the our system of education. It is in them that our assemblage in a plain, sensible style. This gen. children receive more or less of the rudiments of tleman was succeeded by LYSander H. Brown their education. These schools are not what i Esq., Superintendent for the Northern District they should be ; and, there are many reasons of this County. Mr. Brown's address was par. way they are not; but the principal one is the ticularly entertaining. He spoke in substance fact that they do not receive sufficient attention as follows:

from those for whose benefit they are designed. MR. BROWN'S ADDRESS.

I do not propose to speak of the schools in The young are, at all times, objects of in. general, but to mention a few reasons why those terest. The season of youth is, in itself, one of in our inmediate vicinity are not so useful as such artlessness and truth as to command our they should be. The first I shall mention is attention and excite our love : but it is when we because we have so many select or private look to the future that children are chiefly in Schools. The Common School has a rightful teresting ; when we contemplate them as grow. claim to every dollar squandered in sustaining ing up to assume the responsibilities which are small, inefficient Select Schools. The number to devolve upon them. Not an interest lies near uf Select Schools in our village is almost in. our hearts that is not soon to pass into their credible. Scarcely a street or lane is destitute hands.

No hope of the patriot, no desire of the of them. Those who sustain them, excuse philanthropist, no aspiration of the Christian, themselves by saying that the common school reaching through the next generation, but which does not present ihose advantages which their if realized at all, must be realized in the persons, children require. This may be the case, and and by the agency of those approaching the for the very reason that. instead of laboring to stage of action.

make that school what it should be, they have When we think of the importance of educa. deprived it of the means of becoming so by ta. tion to the children in our midst, we are apt to king their children out of it, and withdrawing contine our reflections to the fact that some of their support. There are many ways in which them are to be our statesmen and jurists-our sustaining select schools operates injuriously great men ; and not to the less public, but not upon the Common School. In the first place, less important consideration, that they are, also, those who withdraw their children, thereby reto be the fathers, and mothers—the future teach: fuse it so much pecuniary means as they ought ers of the land.' Every child, who lives to be to pay to it for their tuition. In the next place the head of a family, will be intrusted with the their children being withdrawn, their own in. management of a liille empire, more delicate in terest in the welfare of the School is lost; and its nature, and scarcely less important in its re. in the last place, those children that are with. sults than any in the political world. Well drawn, are generally the very ones who would regulated families are even more rare than well benefit the school most. Take the best schol. regulated governments. It is not always our ars from any school and you prostrate that public characters that are the most usefui' in the school ; you take away its life. Now, I hazard community. The little business world immedi. nothing in saying that your common schools atély around us, for instance, wants very l'ew poor as they are, from the fact that those who public officials to carry on its operations. Some should be their most prominent supporters renbody to take charge of these stores, and shops, der them no aid, are nevertheless belier, in every and public houses; to regulate yonder machine particular, than your select schools. They ry, to cultivate these surrounding farms, whose possess better accommodations, better facilities; prolific bosoms have just yielded an abundant and they are furnished with abler and more eleharvest; that is what our circumtances require; vated teachers. Nothing is wanting to place and it is all that they absolutely require.

All these Schools in a condition to furnish every this will be done by these children. This pro necessary means for educating all the children perty is to fall into their hands, these interests in their immediate vicinity, except the united, are to be committed to their charge. These zealous, and efficient support of all those who fire-sides they are to protect or disgrace ; these have children to educate. Our Select Schools family altars to sustain, or prostrate ; these so. sap the life blood from the common school ; cial relations to adorn, or lay waste ; these tem- were they merged in the common school, edu. ples of public worship to preserve, or desecrate. cation would become cheaper, more uniform, If all these things, which we so ardently cherish, more extensive. Knowledge and virtue would which constitute our life, our joy, our all; if not be confined to the privileged sew, but would they are, so soon, to be directed by these minds, become common blessings to the common massand guided by these hands; is other inducement es. Would it not be better that they should be necessary to prompt our efforts for the right edu. universally diffused ? that light should encircle cation of these children?

the coinmunity and beam on every intellect, Our attention is, at this time, particularly rather than a few should enjoy it, and all the called to our Common Schools ; noi common be. rest be enveloped in the darkness of midnight? cause they are low, or unimportant in their ori. I would not utier a word to injure the feelings gin, or design, but because they are, like the air of those who support select schools ; but my we breathe, or the light by which we see, free to position makes it my duty, (and my inclination all. The brightest feature in our system of pub. coincides with my duty.) to present the superior lic instruction, is thai by which pecuniary want claims of our common schools. I ain directly does not deprive the child of the means of admonished of my duty by a motto which I knowledge. In our public schools the child of saw floating on the breeze as this youthful propoverty, and the heir of wealth receive the same cession approached the house we now oceupy. kind of physical descipline, The same kind of That motto has not been alluded to. All the mental food, the same kind of moral training. others have been eloquently and beautifully ilOur Common Schools constitute the basis of all lustrated and explained by one who has already

addressed you. My young friends, I like all /roughly, religiously, rightly, these children whom the devices on those appropriate little fags which God has given you, and whom He requires you you bear to day : but this one is the nearest my to rear up to his service. heart. Will the brave lad who has charge of that banner, shake it out, that the people may see what is written on it :="SUSTAIN YOUR

OTSEGO. COMMON SCHOOLS." That is my text ;

(From the Freeman's Journal.] and in obedience to it, I stand here the exclu. The following account of the closing exercises sive advocate of common schools. I see here of the Otsego Teachers' Institute will be read also another banner. It is our Country's Flag. There it waves in peerless beauty, without mot with much interest by all who look beyond the to or mark, except the "glorious stripes and exciting scenes of the present hour. For it is stars" that have ever adorned it. That banner also points out iny duty: I look upon common upon the Teacher that the destiny of our coun. schools as the hope of my country; and with try depends, and if he can be prepared worthily the flag of my country before me, I dare not do to discharge his high, his sacred duties, all will otherwise than advocate the claims of those be well with us and with our children. schools, to the entire exclusion of those of a se. lect or private character. Education, general

Otsego is fortunate in having a county supereducation, the education of the whole people, intendent equal to the exigencies of his office, just such an education as our common schools and we recognise with pleasure the name of one ought to be able to furnish, is destined to be of the carliest and ablest friends of this movecome the regenerator of the race. Its blessings are rich; let them descend upon all.

ment, among bis strong supporters; we mean Fellow-Citizens, contemplate this assemblage the president of our first convention, the Hon. of children. Tell me how many hopes of pa. Jabez D. Hammond. rents and friends are centered here! and ob ! are these hopes not to be realized, are they to be crush.

COMMON SCHOOLS. ed by the conduct of these children? Tell me of how much joy, or bitterness they are to be the au.

The members of the Teachers' Institute for 'thors to themselves and others Tell me how the County of Otsego, assembled and organized many of the issues, not only of this life, but of that at the Court House, in Cooperstown, on the 16th which is to come, are awaiting the kind of edu. of September, 1844. The students consisted of cation they shall receive. Let me remind you sixty-four young gentlemen and twenty-six la: that they are a portion of the children of your lies. John G. K. Truair, A. M., Principal of common schools, and then tell me if ihose Gilbert's-Ville Academy, Salem 'Town, A. M., schools are not worthy of your attention. Why of Aurora, Jacob C. Tooker, Esq. of Orange is it that the subject of primary education does County, late county superintendent, and G. Gil

. not elicit a deep, pervading interest? Our pop- lam, A. M , of Aurora, constituted the Board ular excitements take hold of almost every thing of Instruction. else : but the common school, which constitutes The exercises of the Institute terminated on the basis of our educational system, and which, the 27th of September, when a public examina. if rightly directed and attendej to, would become lion of the students took place in the Court a mighty lever to list up and carry forward all Room, in presence of a number of ladies and our schemes of benevolent enterprise, all our gentlemen of the village and from other parts of plans of intellectual and moral advancement, is the county. The result of the examination was left to survive as best it can, or to perish for highly creditable to the members of the insti. want of the breath of life, which should be tuie and to the teachers; and the scene was ex. breathed into it by our men of wealth and influ. ceedingly interesting and gratifying to the friends ence. Is it thus because the subject is not one of popular e jucation. of magnitude? True there are only betiveen sir We have neither time nor space for dilating and seven hundred thousand children in this Em on the demonstration afforded by the brilliant pire State interested in these schools, in annuai and successful issue of this experiment, and can attendance upon these schools, ani' receiving only say, that it furnished the most cheering the public money of the State. There are little hopes and well founded anticipations to the less than twenty thousand in our own County in friend of common schools, 10 the lover of our terested in these Schools, and are you aware that civil institutions, and to tlie philanthropist. in ten of the eleven towns north of your noble After the exercises were closed, the Institute river, there are near cleven thousand children be. was briefly addressed by L. R. Palmer, the countween the ages of five and sixteen years? What ly superintendent, Janez D. Hammond, Esq., an army to be educated! Will you not obey thai J. W. Taylor, principal of the Cherry: Valley Inotto to which I have alluded? will you not Academy, and in a most able and affectionate obey it in its letter and in its spirit, and " SUS manner by the teachers, Messrs. Truair, Town TAIN YOUR COMMON SCHOOLS"? and Tooker. During the delivery of the ad. Show me an interest dear to man, or to life, that dresses by the teachers, the students, and many does not look, for its advancement, to the elu: Tor the audience, were much excited, but in cation of children such as these. Show me an stead of cheers many tears were shed, and a individual who is not a partner in that interest. cuppressed sobbing was heard in every part of If then as parents, you love your children ; if the room. as patriots you love your country ; if as philan. Too much praise cannot be bestowed on Mr. throphists you love the world of mankind; it'as Palmer, for his great and successful efforts in Christians you love that heaven whence all your forming and organizing the association, in pro: lessings descend—educate! yes! educate tho. Icuring teachers, and, though in feeble and great.

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