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DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL.
OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.
ALBANY, NOVEMBER, 1844.
POR THE ENLARGED JOURNAL.
who owns or hires real property in such district,
subject to taxation for school purposes, is, withFor one copy, in all cases, (per annum,).... 50 ets. out any other qualification, entitled to vote upon
" one handred copies, each, Postmasters will forward silver.
any question, at any school district meeting held
in such district. This class includes all ocauNOTICES.
pants of real estate taxable in the district, whether owners or tenants, and it is immaterial, if the property which they occupy is taxable for
district Teachers' Drills will be held at New Salem, to and paid by the owner or occupant.
purposes, whether such tar is assessed for the lown of New Scotland, on the 12th of
2. No other inhabitant of the district, except November; at Bangall's, for Guilderland, on the owners or occupants of real estate, can vote the 13th ; at Adams, for Bethlehem, on the 14th; at district meetings: unless they are voters at at the Hollow, for Coeymans, on the 15th ; town meetings, and unless in addition to this, and at Troy, for Watervliet, on the 16th. The Teacher's Conventiont adjourned to meet
they possess one or more of the following quali:
fications : at Albany on the 23d inst. at 10 A. M., when Dr. Potter, of Union college, will address them. such district, within one year preceding the time
1. Have paid a rate bill for teachers' wages in All who heard Dr. Porter's address on the 19th of offering their vote: or, ult., will make an effort to secure the general 2. Have paid a district tax within two years: attendance of our teachers. In no way can the day be so profitably and so pleasantly spent.
3. Own personal property liable to be taxed
for school purposes in such district, exceeding To the County Superintendents of Schools:
GENTLEMEN— Many of you expressed a wish $50 in value, exclusive of such as is exempt in extending your inviiations to me, that my visit
from execution. could be delayed till after election, on acconni taxable in the district for school purposes, may
The owners or occupants of real property, of the violent political excitement which now generally prevails. I cheerfully accord with vote at school district meetings, whether they are your wish. But as bad roads and inclement voters at town meetings and elections, or not: weather will quickly follow after the time speci. Provided only they are males of full'age, and fied, I have thoughi it best to postpone further in the case of aliens,) entitled to hold lands in
this State. operations till the months of May or June next,
But these inhabitants, who are when we may reasonably look both for a pleasani neither the owners nor occupants, (and by occuseason for travelling, an I a more peaceful state pancy is, of course, to be understood, legal ocof the public mind. Ample notice will be given cupancy by tenancy, either for years or at will of the resumption of my tour, through the Jour. derived from the owner,) must, at all events, be pal.
voters at town meetings, and in addition to this, Oct. 10, 1844. THOS. H. PALMER.
in some way directly interested in the school, either by paying taxes for district porposes, (not
highway taxes,) or rate bills, or having perso. OFFICIAL.
nai property to the amount of $50 liable to
taxation for school purposes. STATE OF NEW.YORK-SECRETARY'S OFFICE.
S. YOUNG. QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS IN
NOTICE TO PUBLISHERS.
The Montgomery County Common School As
sociation bas appointed a committee consisting Dear Sir :-In answer to yours of the 5th of J. R. Herrick, D. B. Hagar, F. P. Mout: inst. respecting the qualifications of voters in ton, C. Pallerson and C. E. Dubois, to select a school district meetings. I reply:
series of text books for the schools of said 1. Every male person, of lull age, (21 years county, and report the same at the next annual or upwards) residing in any school districi, and meeting of the association, which convenes in entitled to hold lands in this state, (including April next, at the village of Fonda. aliens not naturalized, but who have filed in the
Authors and publishers are requested to foroffice of the Secretary of State, a certificate or nish copies of such orks as may be published their intention to become citizens, thereby enti by them, directed to the care of the chairman of Uing themselves to take and hold real estate, the committee, al Mirraville, Mont. Co.
J. R. HERRICK, Chair. Com.
DUTIES OF COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. only as a due regard to the preservation and
general diffusion of the books require-the in. No. II.
dispensable necessity of unity, harmony and
concert of action, to the accomplishment of the The officers, either separately or in conjunction beneficial results contemplated by the school with the respective Town Superintendents, arere. 'act-and more than all, the importance of a uniquired to "inquire into all matters relating to form manifestation of an enlightened interest in the government, course of instruction, books, I behalf of elementary education, by every mem. studies, discipline and conduct of the schools, ber of the community :-these are considerations and the condition of the school-houses, and of which the County Superintendent should press the districts generally." The faithful perform- upon the attention of otřcers and inhabitants of ance of this duty, in all its parts, is obviously districts, with an earnestness and an urgency essential, in order to enable the Superintendents commensurate with their value and importance. to possess themselves of an accurate and practi. The government and discipline of the schools, cal knowledge of existing evils or imperfections including the mode of teaching pursued, constiin every department of the school, and to apply tute an essential feature in their character and the appropriate remedy. They are then * to ad- means of usefulness, and should be faithfully vise and counsel with the trustees and other offi. and thoroughly scrutinized. In the absence of cers of the district in relation to their duties, a systematic preparation of teachers, through particularly in relation to the erection of school the agency of a seminary expressly devoted to houses ; and to recommend to such trustees, and this purpose, the officers called upon to investi. the teachers employed by them, the proper stu- gate their qualifications can of necessity look dies, discipline and conduct of the schools, the no farther than their general moral character, course of instruction to be pursued, and the and intellectual attainments. They possess no books of elementary instruction to be used there. means of knowing their capability of comma. in."
nicating instruction to others, even in those In the discharge of the important functions branches in which they are ihemselves most thus devolved upon them, they will naturally thoroughly conversant and familiar. They can. direct their attention in the first instance to the not penetrate behind the veil of that external general condition of the district-its organiza. moral deportment which may nevertheless con. tion—territorial boundaries—taxable property, ceal deplorable inequalities of temper, uncon number of children entitled to attend the school- geniality of spirit, with the vocation of the location and extent of its site for a school teacher, and a total want of aflinity to the nature house,-the condition of its finances and the of youthful mind—a nature sure to be attracted mode of their administration-its resources and as the needle to the pole, towards the magnet of liabilities-its library-number of volumes, a congenial mind. They must see the teacher average circulation and the character of the in his school-room-ascertain his practical quali. books--the existence of dissensions of any na. fications for the discharge of the duties which ture calculated to interrupt the harmony or af. he has undertaken-his views of the science of fect the efficiency and prosperity of the school, education, and the practical result of those and the practica bility of their amicable adjust- views--bis mode of developing the intellectual ment--the interest manifested by the inhabitants faculties and cultivating the moral nature of his in reference to the affairs of the district gene. pupils, under the diversified manifestations of rally, and particularly in reference to the school-each, which are constantly presented to his no in short, all those elements which favorably or tice-his system of government and discipline, unfavorably affect the external interests of the and its effects; and they must critically observe, school and the district. The importance and ne. from time to time, the progress which, under cessity of such an arrangement of the territory his direction, his pupils have made-not in of the district as suitably to accommodate each knowledge merely-but in that sound mental and inhabitant with the necessary facilities for keep. moral culture which forms and matures charac. ing his children in regular attendance at the ter. school, and at the same time secure a sufficient Under the vast impulse which has been given amount of taxable property to be able to meet, to the philosophy of the human mind during the without embarrassment or difficulty, the ordina: past half century, elementary education has asry expenditures for the support of the school, somed the rank, and we may almost add the prethe building and repair of the school.house, &c., cision and certainty of a science. Its principles together with an adequate number of children to have been thoroughly investigated by the ablest keep up an efficient organization.-lhe advanta. and most profound minds; and all its details ges resulting from an ample ani if practicable, have been subjected to the test of practical a cultivated play ground--a neat and substan. analysis, under circumstances well adapted 10 tial school-house, constructed in reference to the the ascertainment of truth. The teacher, there. most appoved models, and furnished with the va. fore, who feels the dignity and importance of rious conveniences of every description which his profession, and honestly desires to discharge the physical or mental wants of the pupils re. his whole duty, has it in his power to familiar. quire--the value of such an administration of ize himself with the results of the experience the financial affairs of the district as shall pre of those who, in his own and other countries, clude the possibility of embarrassment in this bave sought out and applied the best methods of respect, arising either from the neglect, dishon. instruction and discipline : and he owes it to esty or want of judgment of its officers--the in. himself as well as to his employers and the com. estimable benefits of a well selected library, munity, to attain and avail himself of this know. embracing works adapted to every grade of men. ledge to the utmost practicable extent. His systal improvement and every class of readers, and tem of instruction should be in accordance with rendere! accessible to all, with such restrictions I the soundest principles of educational science
adapted to the moral and intellectual require slight influence on the progress and advancement ments of every grade of mind-eminently practi. of the school. He will rely wholly upon the cal in all its departments and so administered richly furnished stores of his own mind; and as to carry forward the mental faculties of each from the treasures of experience, reflection and and every pupil to the attainment, in the shortest constant study, be at all times prepared to meet possible period, of that power of self culture and the various exigencies of each individual mind sell.control, which shall enable him, in every placed under his supervision. Familiar with emergency of life, to "act well his pari," and the elementary principles of each science he is fulfil the various duties appertaining to him as called upon to teach, he will readily be able to a moral and intelligent being. If the teacher is reconcile every apparent diversity in diflerent radically deficient in these high requisites of his text books; and instead of communicating to calling-if he lacks practical efficiency-if he is his pupils a transcript, however accurate and wanting in that aptitude in the communication of clear, of the results io which any given author instruction, without which the highest degree of may have attained, he will communicate to them learning is of no avail beyond the precincts of the fundamental principles of the science itself, his own mind-above all, if he manifests no in- and thereby enable them to master it in all its terest in his vocation-no sympathy with the details, however complicated or extensive. The expanding minds around him-no enlight. more general adoption of this system of instrucened appreciation of the interests committed tion will relieve our schools at once of all the to his charge-and no capability of drawing embarrassments arising from the great diversity forth and developing the immortal germ of mind of lexi-books, without necessarily excluding in the rich and various soil spread out before from them any work which, in the judgment of him-he should be frankly and fully advised of either parent or teacher, may be best adapted to his deficiency, and promptly removed from a sla. the wants of the respective pupils. There can tion where his longer continuance must be pro be no question of the vast superiority of oral in. ductive of unmitigated evil-evil, the conse. struction in every branch of science which the quences of which, immediate and remote, is, teacher himself thoroughly understands. and must from the nature of the case, be incal.
S. S. R. culable. With reference the "books of elementary
PROGRESS OF EDUCATION. instruction to be used in the schools," a greatdi. versity of opinion must undoubtedly exist in the COUNTY AND TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS ; THEIR minds of the ditlerent officers charged with the PLANS, THEIR 1. ABORS, AND THE RESULTS. duty of recommending such works as they may deem best adapted to the improvement and ad.
ALBANY. vancement of the school. Allattempts to secure entire uniformity in this respect, will, it is be. The day was un propitious, but the schools aslieved, as they hitherto have done, prove fruit. sembled al the appointed hour, and moved in less. Indeed, it is very problematical, lo say procession from the Capitol park with music the least, whether such an uniformity is, in the und banners. The Governor, owing to illness, : existing condition of educational science, on the was absent, but a few distinguished strangers, whole desirable. Improvements are constantly some of the clergy and Regents of the Univer: making in elementary treatises on all the sity, together with the Mayor and a few other branches of youthful instruction ; and it would citizens, manifested their interest by walking in be premature to assume that any work, however procession with the happy youth of our city. standard or approved, has reached perfection in The Orphans of the Asylum led on the van, any of the numerous departments of learning. With their simple white banner; then followed the
The best interests of education, however, impe. schools in their numerical order, some fourteen ratively require such an approximation to uni. hundred strong, as orderly, happy and beautiful formity in this respect as is attainable consistently an array of children as ever assembled. Some with a due regard to manifest improvement, and of the schools had tasteful and appropriate ban. to the rights and interests of authors and pub., ners, and ihe pupils of one of them, we believe lishers. The permanent employment of a duly it was No. 2, wore badges. Among the banners, qualified teacher is probably the first and most that of District No. 8 had on its reverse a new indispensable step in the accomplishment of this demonstration of the 47th proposition, and Dis. desirable object. The frequent change of teach. | tricts 1, 2, 7, 9, and 10, had each upon its ban. ers, now so common in the various school dis-, ner an appropriate and beautiful device. On tricts, has a direct and powerful tendency to im. one we noticed the simple word "Try,"-on pede its attainment; inasmuch as the views of another, “Rulers we are coming," with many each teacher will be very likely essentially lo more, all well adapted to the occasion, and filled differ in reference to the proper text-books to be to deepen the impressions of the day. used in nearly every branch of learning. But a Two fine looking schools from the country, system of instruction once adopted upon mature one from Coeymans, and the other from Guilder. reflection and alter dispassionate investigation, land, with their banners, closed the long proby a competent teacher, will be perpetuated by cession. his continuance in the district, and whatever At 1 o'clock the schools were seated in the may be its comparative excellence, will, in his North Dutch Church which had been most courhands, develop its best tendencies, and accom. teously offered for the occasion. After an im. plish the best results of which it is capable. pressive prayer from Dr. Kennely, the exercises Modern investigations have, however, gone far began; recitations, declamations, &c. alternatto demonstrate that in the hands of a thoroughly ing with sweet music from the choir, under the prepared and well qualified teacher, uniformity respective charge of Dr. Flagler and Prof. Ils. or diversity of text.books will exercise but al ley, -music which touched every heart wilt iull sweet cadences swelling forth from more coming pride the arrival of the youthful band. than five hundred happy hearted youth. In In the church the exercises were of a happy truth nothing gratified, nothing impressed us and gratifying character. After the customary more than the harmony and taste displayed by forms of organization, and an appropriate and this multitude of little singers.
I fervent prayer by the Pastor of the Church, the or the comparative merits of the schools we teachers in succession examined their respective shall venture no opinion-all did well, some ad. schools in the elements of Orthography, Read. one of the most pleasing was the presentation Music, &c., the band, or some one of the schools, of a little token of respect to the Commissioners, performing a piece of music at the different in. from the girls of District School No. 1. Weare iervals. Though the time allowed to each sure it gave the gentlemen of the Board more teacher was only a quarter of an hour, the pleasure than any single incident of this happy amount and character of the exercises crowded day.
into that limited space, gave pleasing evidence After the exercises of the schools were over, that the schools had not been kept merely, but J. O. Cole, Esq., one of the Commissioners, in taught. behalf of the President of the Board, who was
The banners, hung around the house, had & necessarily absent, expressed in strong but most charming effeci to heighten and give spirit and appropriate language, the gratification of the interest to the exercises. One of them in parti. Board in witnessing the admirable condition of cular, was peculiarly chaste and elegant. ll be. the schools, and proudly challenged the private longed to a lady every way worthy of it. It was schools of the city to show a nobler body of silk, displaying in gilt letters at the top the num. neat, orderly and well taught pupils. He claim. ber of the district to which it belonged, and at ed that in no private school were children bel- the bottom the unpretending moito- Our OBter taught than in our district schools, and la.
JECT IS TO IMPROVE.” In the middle was a mented the indifference which hitherto had chill. large Bible, well painted, and opened at “The ed the hearts of their teachers and their friends. Gospel of St. MATTHEW." I saw other lite.
Dr. KENNEDY followed in a few admirable re: rary and patriotic devices; and such mottoes, as marks, to which more than a thousand gentle “ KNOWLEDGE is Power;" " THERE IS NO MO voices responded. He succeeded in interesting XOPOLY IN Knowledge;" “ WE ARE OUR Coun. his little auditors, while he instructed them—a TRY'S STANDING ARMY of FREEDOM,” &c. rare gilt. Dr. Pohlman closed with an anécdote and an
As to the relative merit of the different schools, aphorism from the Sandwich Islands, which will it may not be proper to advance an opinion; but pot soon be forgotten by his gratified auditors.
of the whole it may be said with great truth, that We must not close this sketch without ex. they did themselves very great honor. There pressing again the surprise and pleasure mani. was a difference, indeed, in the appearance and tested on all sides by our fellow-citizens at the performance of the schools; and to some one of admirable appearance of the schools; and if this them belongs, in justice, the crown of excellence; exhibition has in any degree lessened the unjust but which one deserves this distinction, I doubt prejudice which has heretofore existed in regard whether any two of the intelligent gentlemen to our district schools, then the Commissioners present would agree. Inust feel that this celebration has not been had When these exercises were completed, there in vain.
was a recess for half an hour, and the schools To the excellent Marshal of the day, the Compartook of a repast, served upon temporary ta: missioner, Col. Haswell, all award ihe merit of bles placed in the grove, and ornamented with discharging most creditably his numerous and boughs of evergreen.
They then re-assembled arduous duties.-Alb. Eve. Journal.
in the Church, attended to some farther'exercises
in Algebra and Grammar, and were addressed DETHLEHEM CELEBRATION. Ar the request of Mr. Dwight, the county priately, by several speakers. "The benediction
briefly but, in general, very happily and appro: superintendent of common schools, I took a ride was then pronounced and the assembly dismissed. with him last Saturday, to witness the celebration of the schools in the town of Bethlehem. be but one intelligent opinion. Every lover of
of the utility of such celebrations, there can The day was fine, and nearly all the schools in his country and his race must hail them with enthe town were present. I know not when I ihusiastic piety and patriotism. bled at the school house nearest the church, in a similar festivals; among these are New Scot er or more lively interest. The schools assem county are going to have—or have already had
I am informed that some other towns in this very beautiful grove, with bann“rs and a band Tand, Coeymans, Watervliet, &c. In conclusion a procession was formed, and the teachers and general supervision which is over them, is, though iheir schools, and a long line of visitants, pro keenrand prying-connected with a heart of some passed along through a field of green velvet 10 best interests of the schools and competent teach: the national air of Hail Columbia," every heart instinctively responded." This is indeed a
ers, but indignant at idle and unqualified quack. HAPPY LAND!” The different schools had
appro. priate banners, differing in devices and moitoes, but all in good taste and happily adaptel to the occasion. As we neared the church we could
CHAUTAUQUE. see the happy and smiling faces of the parents
We received a list of text-books adopted by and relatives of the scholars, waiting with be the County and Town Superintendents
, for the
OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.
use of the schools of Chautauque, which, for Mr. Geo. Wright offered the following reso. the reasons briefly hinted at under the head
lution ; “ Erie,” our friends will excuse us for not pub. demonstrate more fully that they feel an inter
Resolved, That Town Superintendents would lishing in the Journal.
est in the cause of Education, if they would at. As soon as all of the counties have acted on tend the county nieetings on that subject. Pass. this subject, measures will be taken to obtain a
On motion of Mr. Wright,şmith's Geography, perfect list of the text-books recommended (edition of 1841) was adopted, xnd recommended throughout the State, to ascertain what books to be used in our district schools.
Also Kendall's Astronomy, or Geography of are in most general use, and what approach has
the Heavens. been made towards uniformity.
On motion a committee of five was appointed, Perhaps a uniform system of orthography and consisting of H. H. INGRAHA,. M, V. Cavert. pronunciation may be found practicable, by ar
H. Corfin, A. R. McCord, and A.S. CLEMENT,
to prepare and present business for the action of rangements with the publishers of the books in the next convention. general use.
On motion, Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the county papers
and in the District School Journal.
On motion the convention adjourned.
A.S. CLEMENT, Chairman. work ofeducational reform, and we doubt not that The above resolutions were discussed fully and it will be carried on with enlightened zeal. Few ably and adopted by large majorities. The
greatest harmony prevailed throughout the meetcounties have exerted more decided influence on ing, and we trust good will result from it. the past history of the State. May her youth be so educated that her future will be even more
ERIE. prosperous than the past,
The proceedings of this convention are most
honorable evidence of intelligent interest in the The Dutchess county Convention of Teachers, &c., met pursuant to adjournment at the house cause of general education. The resolutions of S. Tomlinson, Pleasant Valley, Oct. 5th, 1844. are wisely drawn, presenting distinctly many of On motion, Mr. A. S. CLEMENT was called to the great leading principles which should be adthe Chair, and Mr. M. V. Cavert was appoin. hered to in promoting the reform of the schools. ted Secretary
The object of the meeting was stated to be, the The first resolution, declaring that the good unfinished business of the last meeting.
teacher merits something more than his pay, we
timation of his fellow.citizens.
It may be noticed that in publishing these and
with the advice of the head of the department, 2. Resolved, That such convention be held on that there should not be the slightest ground for the first Saturday in June of each year ; and due notice shall be given by the county super. charging upon it any wish to influence the free intendents in at least two of the county papers action of the several counties on this difficult and the District School Journal.
subject. 3. Resolved, That the County Superintendent We need hardly add that we regret to omit engage some person to deliver an address at each Convention.
any part of the proceedings of these conventions, 4 Resolved, That there is great lack of activity but want of room oftentimes compels' us to on the part of trusiees; and a want of attention mutilate the most interesting reports. on the part of teachers, to the cleanliness of their pupils, and also a deficiency in the supply of
[From the Buffalo Gazette.) books, which demand attention and a remedy.
SCHOOL CONVENTION. Resolved, That the office of a teacher of youth A Convention of Superintendents of Schools is eminently high and honorable, and should be of Erie county, assembled at Williamsville, at regarded with great respect. The first minds in 10 o'clock, Sept. 12, 1844, pursuant to public nothe community should be encouraged to assume tice. it, in view of the momentous consequences result. The meeting was called to order, its objects ing from it, and we pledge ourselves to use all stated, and a chairman appointed pro tem. honorable means to set the public mind right on Prayer was offered by Mr. Daniel Trow this subject.