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adapted to the moral and intellectual require slight influence on the progress and advancement ments of every grade of mind-eminently practi; of the school. He will rely wholly upon the cạl in all its departments—and so administered richly furnished stores of his own mind; and as to carry forward the mental faculties of each from the treasures of experience, reflection and and every pupil to the attainment, in the shortest constant study, be at all times prepared to meet possible period, of that power of self.culture and the various exigencies of each individual mind self-control, which shall enable him, in every placed under his supervision. Familiar with emergency of life, to "act well bis part," and the elementary principles of each science he is fulfil the various duties appertaining to him as called upon to teach, he will readily be able to a moral and intelligent being. If the teacher is reconcile every apparent diversity in diflerent radically deficient in these high requisites of his text books; and instead of communicating to calling—if he lacks practical efficiency--if he is his pupils a transcript, however accurate and wanting in that aptitude in the communication of clear, of the results to which any given author instruction, without which the highest degree of may have attained, he will communicate to them learning is of no avail beyond the precincts of the fundamental principles of the science itself, his own mind-above all, if he manifests no in. and thereby enable them to master it in all its terest in his vocation-no sympathy with the details, however complicated or extensive. The expanding minds around him-no enlight. more general adoption of this system of instruc. ened appreciation of the interests committed tion will relieve our schools at once of all the to his charge—and no capability of drawing embarrassments arising from the great diversity forth and developing the immortal germ of mind of texi-books, without necessarily excluding in the rich and various soil spread out before from them any work which, in the judgment of him-he should be frankly and fully advised of either parent or teacher, may be best adapted to his deficiency, and promptly removed from a sta- the wants of the respective pupils. There can tion where his longer continuance must be probe no question of the vast superiority of oral in. ductive of unmitigated evil-evil, the conse. struction in every branch of science which the quences of which, immediate and remote, is, teacher himself thoroughly understands. and must from the nature of the case, be incal

S. S. R. culable. With reference to the "books of elementary

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION. instruction to be used in the schools," a great diversity of opinion must undoubtedly exist in the COUNTY AND TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS ; THEIR minds of the different officers charged with the PLANS, THEIR ABORS, AND THE RESULTS. duty of recommending such works as they may deem best adapted to the improvement and ad.

ALBANY. vancement of the school. Allattempts to secure entire uniformity in this respect, will, it is be. The day was un propitious, but the schools aslieved, as they hitherto have done, prove fruit. sembled at the appointed hour, and moved in less. Indeed, it is very problematical, to say procession from the Capitol park with music the least, whether such an uniformity is, in the and banners. The Governor, owing to illness, existing condition of educational science, on the was absent, but a few distinguished strangers, whole desirable. Improvements are constantly some of the clergy and Regents of the Univer: making in elementary treatises on all the sity, together with the Mayor and a few other branches of youthful instruction ; and it would citizens, manifested their interest by walking in be premature to assume that any work, however procession with the happy youth of our city. standard or approved, has reached perfection in The Orphans of the Asylum led on the ran, any of the numerous departments of learning. with their simple while banner; then followed the The best interests of education, however, impe. schools in their numerical order, some fourteen ratively require such an approximation to uni. hundred strong, as orderly, happy and beautiful formity in this respect as is attainable consistently an array of children as ever assembled. Sume with a due regard to manifest improvement, and of the schools had tasteful and appropriate ban. to the rights and interests of authors and pub. ners, and he pupils of one of them, we believe lishers. The permanent employment of a duly it was No.2, wore badges. Among the banners, qualified teacher is probably the first and most that of District No. 8 had on its reverse a new indispensable step in the accomplishment of this demonstration of the 47th proposition, and Dis. desirable object. The frequent change of teach tricts 1, 2, 7, 9, and 10, had each upon its ban. ers, now so common in the various school dis- ner an appropriate and beautiful device. On tricts, has a direct and powerful tendency to im. one we noticed the simple word Try,"-on pede its attainment; inasmuch as the views of another, “Rulers we are coming," with many each teacher will be very likely essentially to more, all well adapted to the occasion, and filled differ in reference to the proper text-books to be to deepen the impressions of the day. used in nearly every branch of learning. But a Two fine looking schools from the country, system of instruction once adopted upon mature one from Coeymans, and the other from Guilder. reflection and after dispassionate investigation, land, with their banners, closed the long proby a competent teacher, will be perpetuated by cession. his continuance in the district, and whatever At 1 o'clock the schools were seated in the may, be its comparative excellence, will, in his North Dutch Church which had been most courhands, develop its best tendencies, and accom. teously offered for the occasion. After an im. plish the best results of which it is capable. pressive prayer from Dr. Kennely, the exercises Modern investigations have, however, gone far began; recitations, declamations, &c. alternatto demonstrate that in the hands of a thoroughly ing with sweet music from the choir, under the prepared and well qualified teacher, uniformity respective charge of Dr. Flagler and Prof. Ils. or diversity of text.books will exercise but al ley,--music which touched every heart-wilt

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iull sweet cadences swelling forth from more coming pride the arrival of the youthful band. than five hundred happy hearted youth. In In the church the exercises were of a happy truth nothing gratified, nothing impressed us and gratifying character. After the customary more than the harmony and taste displayed by forms of organization, and an appropriate and this multitude of little singers.

fervent prayer by the Pastor of the Church, the or the comparative merits of the schools we teachers in succession examined their respective shall venture no opinion-all did well, some ad. schools in the elements of Orthography, Read. mirably; but among the incidents of the day, ing, Arithmetic, Geography, History, Vocal one of the most pleasing was the presentation Music, &c., the band, or some one of the schools, of a little token of respect to the Commissioners, performing a piece of music at the different in. from the girls of District School No. 1. Weare tervals. Though the time allowed to each sure it gave the gentlemen of the Board more teacher was only a quarter of an hour, the pleasure than any single incident of this happy amount and character of the exercises crowded day.

into that limited space, gave pleasing evidence After the exercises of the schools were over, that the schools had not been kept merely, but J. 0. Cole, Esq., one of the Commissioners, in taught. behalf of the President of the Board, who was

The banners, hung around the house, had & necessarily absent, expressed in strong but most charming effeci to heighten and give spirit and appropriate language, the gratification of the interest to the exercises. One of them in parti. Board in witnessing the admirable condition of cular, was peculiarly chaste and elegant. It be. the schools, and proudly challenged the private longed to a lady every way worthy of it. It was schools of the city to show a nobler, body of silk, displaying in gist letters at the top thenum. neat, orderly and well taught pupils. He claim. ber of the district to which it belonged, and at ed that in no private school were children bet- the bottom the unpretending moito—OUR OBter taught than in our district schools, and la. JECT IS TO IMPROVE.” In the middle was a mented the indifference which hitherto had chill large Bible, well painted, and opened at“ The ed the hearts of their teachers and their friends. | GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW." I saw other lite

Dr. KENNEDY followed in a few admirable re. rary and patriotic devices; and such mölloes as marks, to which more than a thousand gentle " KNOWLEDGE IS Power;" " THERE IS NO MOvoices responded. He succeeded in interesting NOPOLY IN Knowledge;"? • WE ARE OUR Coun. his little auditors, while he instructed them—a TRY'S STANDING ARMY OF FREEDOM,” &c. rare gist. Dr. Pohlman closed with an anécdote and an

As to the relative merit of the different schools, aphorism from the Sandwich Islands, which will it may not be proper to advance an opinion; but not soon be forgotten by his gratified auditors.

of the whole ii may be said with great truth, that We must not close this sketch without ex. they did themselves very great honor. There pressing again the surprise and pleasure mani. was a difference, indeed, in the appearance and tested on all sides by our fellow-citizens at the performance of the schools; and to some one of admirable appearance of the schools; and if this them belongs, in justice, the crown of excellence; exhibition has in any degree lessened the unjust but which one deserves this distinction, I doubt prejudice which has heretofore existed in regard whether any two of the intelligent gentlemen to our district schools, then the Commissioners present would agree. must feel that this celebration has not been had When these exercises were completed, there in vain.

was a recess for half an hour, and the schools To the excellent Marshal of the day, the Compartook of a repast, served upon temporary ta. missioner, Col. Haswell, all award ihe merit ut bles placed in the grove, and ornamented with discharging most creditably his numerous and boughs of evergreen. They then re-assembled arduous duties.-Alb. Eve. Journal.

in the Church, attended to some farther exercises

in Algebra and Grammar, and were addressed BETHLEHEM CELEBRATION. At the request of Mr. Dwight, the county priately, by several speakers. The benediction

briefly but, in general, very happily and approsuperintendent of common schools, I took a ride was then pronounced and the assembly dismissed. with him last Saturday, to witness the celebra: tion of the schools in the town of Bethlehem. be but one intelligent opinion. Every lover of

of the utility of such celebrations, there can The day was fine, and nearly all the schools in his country and his race must hail

them with enthe town were present. I know not when I thusiastic piety and patriotism. er or more lively interest. The schools assem county are going to have or have already had

I am informed that some other towns in this bled at the school-house nearest the church, in a similar festivals; among these are New Scon. of music. At about 10 o'clock in the morning, I am glad that in this county, at least, the eye code their schools, and a long line of visitants, pro. Keenrand prying-connected with a heart of some passed along through a field of green velvet 10 Best interests of the schools and competent teach the national air of "Hail Columbia,” every heart ers, but indignant at idle and unqualified quacko instinctively responded." This is indeed a HAPPY LAND!" The different schools had appro.

ery. priate banners, differing in devices and moitoes, but all in good taste and happily adaptel to the occasion. As we neared the church we could

CHAUTAUQUE. see the happy and smiling faces of the parents

We received a list of text-books adopted by and relatives of the scholars, waiting with be the County and Town Superintendents

, for the




use of the schools of Chautauque, which, for Mr. Geo. WRIGHT offered the following reso.

lution ; the reasons briefly hinted at under the head “Erie,” our friends will excuse us for not pub. demonstrate more fully that they feel an inter.

Resolved, That Town Superintendents would lishing in the Journal.

est in the cause of Education, if they would at. As soon as all of the counties have acted on tend the county nieetings on that subject. Pass. this subject, measures will be taken to obtain a

ed unanimously. perfect list of the text-books recommended (edition of 1844) was adopted, and recommended

On motion of Mr. WrightSmith's Geography, throughout the State, to ascertain what books to be used in our district schools. are in most general use, and what approach has

Also Kendall's Astronomy, or Geography of

the Heavens. been made towards uniformity.

On motion a committee of five was appointed, Perhaps a uniform system of orthography and consisting of H. H. INGRAHAM, V. CAVERT. pronunciation may be found practicable, by ar- H. Corfin, A. R. McCord, and A. S. CLEMENT,

to prepare and present business for the action of rangements with the publishers of the books in the next convention. general use.

On motion, Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting be published in the county papers

and in the District School Journal. DUTCHESS.

On motion the convention adjourned. The old county of Dutchess is rousing to the

A.S. CLEMENT, Chairman. work of educational reform, and we doubt not that The above resolutions were discussed fully and it will be carried on with enlightened zeal. Few ably, and adopted by large majorities. The

greatest harmony prevailed throughout the meet. counties have exerted more decided influence on ing, and we trust good will result from it. the past history of the State. May her youth be so educated that her future will be even more

ERIE. prosperous than the past,

The proceedings of this convention are most EDUCATION,

honorable evidence of intelligent interest in the The Dutchess county Convention of Teachers, &c., met pursuant to adjournment at the house cause of general education. The resolutions of S. Tomlinson, Pleasant Valley, Oct. 5th, 1844. are wisely drawn, presenting distinctly many of On motion, Mr. A. S. CLEMENT was called to the great leading principles which should be ad. the Chair, and Mr. M. V. Cavert was appoin. hered to in promoting the reform of the schools. ted Secretary.

The object of the meeting was stated to be, the The first resolution, declaring that the good unfinished business of the last meeting.

teacher merits something more than his pay, we On motion of Mr. INGRAHAM. a committee of commend to every reader, trusting that the time three was appointed to prepare business for the meeting. A. R. McCORD, H Corfin, and E. is at hand when the faithful and able educator B. Johnson. were appointed said committee. of our youth will rank second to none in the es Convention then adjourned for dinner.

timation of his fellow.citizens. Afternoon Session.-The committee reported the following resolutions.

It may be noticed that in publishing these and 1. Resolved, That an annual convention shall other similar reports of the prgceedings of school hereafter be held, consisting of the County and conventions, we have omitteil the resolutions in Town Superintendents, Teachers, both male and relation to text-books. This is in accordance female, and that all friends of education be invi. ted to attend.

with the advice of the head of the department, 2. Resolved, That such convention be held on that there should not be the slightest ground for the first Saturday in June of each year ; and due notice shall be given by the county super.

charging upon it any wish to influence the free intendents in at least two of the county papers action of the several counties on this difficult and the District School Journal,

subject. 3. Resolved, That the County Superintendent

We need hardly add that we regret to omit engage some person to deliver an address at each Convention.

any part of the proceedings of these conventions, 4 Resolved, That there is great lack of activity but want of room oftentimes compels us to gi', on the part of trustees; and a want of attention mutilate the most interesting reports.

on the part of teachers, to the cleanliness of their pupils, and also a deficiency in the supply of

[From the Buffalo Gazette.) 1 books, which demand attention and a remedy. Resolved, That the office of a teacher of youth

A Convention of Superintendents of Schools is eminently high and honorable, and should be of Erie county, assembled at Williamsville, at regarded with great respect. The first minds in 10 o'clock, Sept. 12, 1844, pursuant to public no. the community should be encouraged to assume tice. it, in view of the momentous consequences result.

The meeting was called to order, its objects ing from it, and we pledge ourselves to use all stated, and a chairman appointed pro tem. honorable means to set the public mind right on Prayer was offered by Mr. Daniel Trow this subject.



Presidenl—PETER BARKER, of Evans. which will in the shortest period convey to the po

Vice-President--Daniel TROWBRIDGE, of pil a thorou: h knowledge of the branches taught, Newstead.

and most fully discipline and expand all his Secretary-John G. House, of ciarence.

mental faculties. Alter some discussion the reThe President having announced the coinmit. port was adopted. lees, the coavention a ljourned for one hour. The committee on moral culture reported AFTERNOON SESSION.

Whereas, The aequisition of intelleetaal Several resolutions were introduced by differ- knowledge without virtue is but an increase of ent individuals, and after being discussed were intellectual power liable to be applied to purpoadoptel. Among which were the following: ses at variance with the permanent happiness

Resolved, that the teachers who diligently of its possessor, and the highest good of society: quality themselves for the important business of thereforeeducating the rising generation-who are labor. Resolved, That educators ought always to ing assiduously to promote the great cause of give serious and careful attention to the deve. moral and intellectual alvancement-who wield lopment and cultivation of the moral senti. the powertui iluence they possess in support ments of their pupils ; among the best means of of truth and virtire, well deserve the thanks of doing which we recognize those of personal ex: this convention and the gratitude of the entire ample and the frequent inculcation of moral communiły.

precepis. Resolved, That one of the best methods of The report was supported by several memimproving the schools and promvting proper orbers and gentlemen from abroad, and adopted. der therein, is, that parents frequently visit Adjourned to half past 7 o'clock, them and encourage and sustain teachers, by im. In the evening an able lecture on the subject pressing upon the minds of pupils the impor- of education was delivered by the Rev. Mr. tance of strict attention to their several duties as Tocker, of Buffalo. scholars.

The following ode, composed for the occasion Resolved, That we approve of the enlarge. by a resident of the town, was, in the course of ment of the District School Journal; and, be. the exercises of the eveniag, sung by the village lieving its publication of great importance to choir : common schools, will exert ourselves to extend

There is a dawn more blest and bright its círculation, and increase the number of its Thin ever heams from earthly skies, readers.

It rises like the holy light The committee on examination of teachers That gilded sinless paradise. reported

As on the wings of cherubim, Resolved, That we demand from the candi. It comes in leauty and in powerdates who present themselves for examination,

No cloud ils golden light can dim, with whose moral character we are not other.

No storm can stay its promised hoor. wise acquainted, a certificate of the same from So strong, no cell its beams can bar; some good authority.

So mild, the fuwers serm glad the while:

So wide, it streams o'er earth asar, Also, the following heretofore adopted :

And lights the ocean's utmost isle. Resolved, That for the purpose of ascertain. ing the qualifications of leachers, it would be

So calm, so soft, so beautiful!

li gladdens e'en the very blind; proper for the officer to ascertain by appropriate

It is the morning of the soul, inquiries: First : His ability to govern himself: The day-spring of the deathless mind. Second : His love for the business of teaching, and whether he designs making it a temporary

In its warm light shall science rear

Her trees in beauty to the sky, or permanent employment: Third: His experi. While the rich fruit and leaves they bear ence and success in teaching: Fourth : Whe- Shall gladden every wetry eye. ther he has "8btained a specific preparation : Thick, in its soft celestial airs, Fifth, T hemolle he proposes to adopt in teach. The Eden flowers of art shall hang, ing each branch of elementary science : Sixth,

And songs go up such as the stars His knowledge of the various branches he may

O'er the young earth in triumph sang. be required to teach : Seventh : His ability to May God, the Lord of life and light, communicate instruction in the manner best

Koll this glad morning on its way, adapted to develop the faculties of the mind, to

Till its bright beans, to human sight,

Are lost in everlasting day! form correct habits of thought, to make the studies of the various branches interesting to

Resolutions of thanks to Mr. Tucker, the the minds of his pupils, and above all to inspire choir, and to the author of the ode, were passed, them with a love of order and decorum, and to The Convention then a journed to nine o'clock, inculcate those moral precepts, without which Sept. 13, Friday morning. our schools would be divested of a large share, Committee on School Celebrations reported of their usefulness-Report adopted.

as follows: The committee on methods of instruction re. Resolved, That to awaken in the minds of the ported

people a greater degree of interest in the com. Whereas, Improper modes of instruction tend/mon schools, and secure more fully the co-ope: to render study disagreeable and repulsive to the ration necessary to accomplish the object for pupil

, discourage his application, and interpose which they were established, we recommend the most embarrassing obstacies to his profi. the holding of school celebrations in the towns ciency: therefore

of the county as often as one a year, and that Resolved, That teachers ought to avail them. public examination of the pupils be held in each selves of every practicable opportunity to ac. listrict, at or near the close of the term. quire a knowledge of the most appropriate me. Adopied. thods of communicating instruction-methods The Chairman of the Committee on Teachers'


Institute stated, that temporary schools for Resolved, That they ought not to be sent to teachers had been found of great practical utility the common school to rob the teacher's time and in other counties, that several friends of educa. the public for nursing to prevent hiring nurses tion might be expected to aid in conducting the at home. marlin 19.1948 Adet Hotell exereises of an institute, should one be estab. Resolved, That we recommend to the school lished for a short time near Buffalo, and recom. districts of our respective towns, which have the mended the following resolution :

number of volumes in their libraries required by * Resolved, That a Teachers’ Institute be estab. law, to expend their library money for the ensulished in this county, and that on the 21st of Oc. ing year in the purchase of globes, maps or other tober next, "a session of two weeks be com apparatus for the use of the schools. menced at Williamsville, under the direction of Resolved, That we regard Teacher Institụtes the

County Superintendent and Mr. Kinsgley of as valuable auxiliaries in the cause of Common Buffalo.

W Schools, and recommend that such an institution After an interesting debate, in which several be opened in this county the ensuing autumn, citizens of the place participated, the report was and will use our best exertions to induce the adopted.

teachers of our respective towns to attend the Resolved, That we tender to the inhabitants Institute, and follow in their teaching the recom. of Williamsville our thanks for the kind and mendations of the same. hospitable manner in which they have received Resolved, That we believe the School Journal and entertained the members of the convention. worthy of the patronage of teachers especially,

Resolved, that the proceedings of this con- and will use our influence to extend its circula. vention be signed by the President and Secretary, ) tion. and published in the several papers of the county Resolved, That we consider it the imperative and in the Distriet School Journal. Adjourned, duty of trustees, parents, and guardians of youth sine die. 917 PETER PARKER, Pres't. to visit their respective schools, which duty we JOHN G. House, Secretary.

are compelled to say has been most unreasonably 309913com 12:12

neglected. (From the Palladium.)

Resolved, That the proceedings of this conFRANKLIN.

vention be published in both the county papers.

Resolved, That the convention adjourn to PROCEEDINGS OF THE COUNTY CONVENTION OF meet in the court-house at Malone, on the 2d

Tyesday of May next at 9 o'clock A. M.

R. BATES, President. Malone, Aug. 20, 1844. JOHN WARE, Sec'y. In pursuance of notice given by Ď. H. Stevens, esq., the following town superintendents met in

FULTON. the Court House at Malone:

We received a notice of the Text.Books adoptR. R. Stetson, Bangor; John Ware, Bombay; led at the late Mayfield Convention, with a reCyrus Merrill, Bellmont; James H. Holland, Brandon; Mr. G. W. Darling, Constable; Clau. quest that it should be published in the Journal. dius Hatchins, Dickinson; Dr. Roswell Bates, For the reasons stated under the head of Erie, Ft. Covington; T. K. Phillips, Moira; H. W.

our friends will excuse us for not violating a Pardy, Westville.

The meeting being called to order, Dr. R. rule long since laid down with the advice of the
Bates was appointed Chairman, and J. Ware department and rigidly adhered to.

The following resolutions were adopted :
WHEREAS, The education needed by our

[From the Mohawk Courier.]

vaba youth is that which shall prepare them physi

HERKIMER. cally, intellectually and morally to act well their Old Herkimer has won an enviable distinction part in the great drama of life, whereas most of by the interest and energy shown in the cause of The children and youth of our beloved country must ever receive iheir education at the common her district schools. Her motto is-ONWARDS ! school, and whereas the future happiness and

G prosperity of our nation and the world depend in a great measure upon the instruction there

CIATION given and the habits there formed; therefore, Resolved, That the interests of the common

The Kerkimer County Common School Asso. schools should arouse and enlist the feelings, and ciation held its Anniversary meeting at the Court excite all to action who wish to preserve and House, in the village of Herkimer, on Wednesday, perpetuate our republican institutions ; of all / Sept. 11, 1844. Rev. David CHASSELL, Presi. who wish to see mankind shake off the chairs dent, opened the proceedings with prayer. of ignorance, superstition and bigotry, and of The meeting though not large was very re. all who with a pure faith and ardent zeal look spectable; its proceedings were conducted in the forward to that day '" when the sword shall be best spirit and are destined, as we trust, to probeaten into the ploughshare, and the spear into a duce a salutary impression upon the public mind. praning hook."

11. On motion of Ezra Graves, the following gen. WHEREAS, Children under five years of age

tlemen were unanimously elected officers for the are not physically fitted to endure the confine. ensuing year: ment of the school-room ; their minds are not

Rev. DAVID CHASSELL, Pres't. sufficiently matured to understand the reason of

Rev GILBERT MORGAN | Vice Pres’ts. hings, and are not capable of confining their at: ition to one object for a length of time:

John C. UNDERWOOD, Treasurer.


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