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In confirmation of the views of the committee COMMON SCHOOLS IN N. HAMPSHIRE. as to the eligibility of this location, one of several authorities must suffice. The able and
A lively interest in the improvement of Com. popular treatise of The School and Scholmaster asks, " Why not plant a teachers' seminary or shire. In some parts of the State, County Con.
mon Schools has been excited in New.Hamp-normal school, sufficient to accommodate one or ventions have been regularly held for several two hundred pupils, at the capital, where it can be overlooked by the officer who has been charged years, and a good deal has been done, to good by law with the superintendence
of primary in effect. The Journal gives a fall account of a struction, and where it can be visited by mem- week. A similar one was held last year ; and
State Convention held at Concord during election bers of the legislature, strangers and others, Mr. Bouton, from a committee then appointed, thus sending its influence to the remotest extre. mities of the state, and even of the nation.”
reported for consideration this year, the followIf located here, it would be as easy of access
ing resolutions :
1. Resolved, That a committee of three be for pupils from all parts, as any selection that could be made; here it could be placed under appointed to report to the
Convention what the direction of the superintendent of common
Grammars, Spelling Books, Geographies, His schools and of the Regents of the University; tories, &c. &c., so far as they can obtain inforif located elsewhere, a new class of officers must mation, are used in the schools in this state :
and such other facts and suggestions concerning be created to take charge of the institution.
text books as they may think best. One objection of considerable force may be 2. Resolved, That a committee of three be wged against the location, increased expense of appointed to report to the Convention on the subsistence in the city, over the country; that expediency of establishing a Normal School in has not been found an obstacle in the way of the this state: and to suggest some method for its prosperity of, and large attendance at, the Medi. establishment. cal College and Female Academy of this city, 3. Resolved. That a committee of three be and at several institutions of literature and science appointed to report to the Convention, whether in New.York. Perhaps, as more than an equiva. any revision of ihe laws regulating the schools lent offset to this objection, the committee are in the state is required : and if so, to suggest authorized to say, if a normal school is establish what alterations are required. ed and located here that buildings and rooms The committee appointed under the last rersuitable to accommodate the institution will be olution subsequently reported, among others, provided without subjecting the state to any ad. the following :: ditional expense.
Whereas by the 83d article of the Constitution In concluding this long report, the committee of New Hampshire, the public and primary would fain ask, is there no responsibility resting schools and seminaries, and the interests of lite upon this legislature to do something to lessen rature and science, as also the moral education of some of the evils of our school system? Is there our youth, are placed under the superintending no obligation resting upon us to make at least an care of our legislature: therefore, effort to renovate the schools—to supply them Resolved, That the duty imposed npon the with competent teachers? Can we adjourn, hav. legislature cannot be duly performed without ing filled a volume with private and local bills, full and ample information upon those subjects. without yielding a pittance of our time to con.
Resolred, That no efficiency can be expected sider, and perfect and pass an act of vital inter in the furtherance of those objects, without proest to the right education--the well being of per officers, whose specified duty it shall be to more than 600,000 of the children of this state? discharge the details thereof. Have none of us read and felt as that noble Prus. Resolved, That a Superintendent of Common sian expressed himself: "I promised God that Schools, or a Board of Education, should by law I would look upon every Prussian peasant as a be appointed, whose daty it shall be to receive, being who could complain of me before God, if prepare and publish a suitable and annual digest I did not provide for him the best education, as a of the common school statistics : and that a copy man and a christian, which it was possible for of such digest shall be furnished to the town clerk me to provide ?"
of each town in the State ; and that said superin. “When education is to be rapidly advanced," tendent or board, take a general supervision of says president Basche, “ seminaries for teachers the school. afford the means of securing this result." Do Resolved, That the town clerk of each town we not owe it to the long neglected children-do I should by law be required, under penalty, to we not owe it to the state itself—do we not owe make seasonable return to said superintendent it to the whole country-that these “approved or board, of a copy of the report of the superinmeans " for the rapid advance of the best educa. tending school committee of such town. cation-should at once be prepared? "Duties rising out of good possessed,
Resolved, That we deem it highly important And prudent caution neediul to avert
that provision be made by law for the establishImpending evil, equally require
ment of school libraries in the several school dis.
These resolutions were adopted. There was
a good deal of discussion, and formal addresses Like an inheritance from age to age."
were made by Hon. Salma Hale of Keene, und.
Hon. Horace Mann of Boston. The meetings *Page 249. Vide also Superintendents' Reports, 1844, continued three days; and the Journal pronoun-page 636.
ces it the most important School Convention Dinter.,
ever held in New Hampshire.
(Cotton- Gossypium herbaceum COTTON
baceous, rising scarcely to the height of eighten There are many species of the cotton plant, or twenty inches. It bears a large yellow for and their number is being constantly inereased er with a purple centre, which produces a pod by the researches of botanists, while their vari. about the size of a walnut. This, when ripe
, eties appear scarcely to have any limit. To the bursts; and exhibits to view the fleecy cotton, cotton planter it is a matter of rauch interest to in which the seeds are securely imbedded. It is become acquainted with all these distinctive ra. sown and reaped like corn ; and the cotton barrietics, as some are incomparably more valu. vest in hot countries is twice, in colder eli
. able than others, in the
quantity and quality of mates. once, in the year. This species is a natire their produce.
of Persia, and is the same which is grown The Gossypium herbaceum, or common her largely in the United States of America, in sic baceous cotton plant, is the species most gene ly, and in Malta. There is another species e rally cultivated. This species divides itself into herbaceous cotton which forms a shrub of fram nantal and perennial plants. The first is her. I four to six feet high.
The Gossypium arboreum, or tree cotton, is ofed why Linnæns should have bestowed on it so auch larger growth. If left without being pru. singular a title. It is cultivated in the Maari.. ied to luxuriate to its full height, it has sometius. There are two varieties of this species, imes attained to fifteen or twenty feet. The in the one the cotton is extremely white, in the eaves grow upon long hairy footstalks, and are other it is of a yellowish brown, and is the ma. livided into five deep spear-shaped lobes. This terial of which the stuff called nánkeen is made; shrub is a native of India, Arabia, and Egypt. it may therefore be presumed that this species is
Another species is distinguished by the name a native of China, whence nankeen cloths are of Gossypium religiosum. No reason is assign- l obtained.
Of all the species the annual herbaceous plant riod is, however, well indicated by the spoatayields the most valuable produce. The " sea. neous bursting of the capsule or seed.pod. The island cotton,"imported into England from Geor. plantations at this time present a very pleasing gia, bears a price double to that imported from appearance. The glossy dark green leaves fineany other country.
ly contrast with the white globular forms pro The quantity of cotton which each plant yields fusely scattered over the tree. In the East the is as various as its quality. Accordingly there produce is gathered by taking off the whole of are scarcely two concurrent opinions to be col. the pod. In other parts, and this is the more lected on this subject. The average produce per general practice, the seeds and cotton are taken English acre is reckoned by different writers at away, leaving the empty husks. The first is of various quantities, varying from one hundred course much the most expeditious method, but and fifty to two hundred and seventy pounds of it has a very serious disadvantage. The outer picked cotton.
part breaks in minute pieces and thus mixes with The cotton plant will grow in most situations the cotton, which cannot be freed from it withand soils, and is cultivated with very little trou. out much time and difficulty. Whichever meth. ble or expense. According to Humboldt, the lar. obis
pursued this work is always performed ia ger species which attain to the magnitude of trees the morning before sunrise, as soon as possible require a mean annual tem perature of 630 Fah. after the cotton displays itself, because long exrenheit ; the shrubby kind may be cultivated posure to the sun injures its color. The cotton with success under a mean temperature of 600 shrub does not in general last more than five or to 640. The plant is propagated by seed. six years in full or productive bearing; the plam When the season has been favorable, the cot- tation is therefore generally after that periodo ton is in general fit for pulling about seven or newed. eight months after it has been sown. This pe.
[Cotton, showing a pod bursting.] The separation of the cotton from the seeds is a very long and troublesome operation, when 1787, the demand for cotton-wool in England
Before the invention of spinning machinery in performed by the hand; for the fibres of the was comparatively small. In the 17th century cotton adhere tenaciously to the seed, and some we obtained our trifling supply wholly free time is consumed in cleansing even a small weight Smyrna and Cyprus, and when we were, era of so light a material. In the greater part of receiving
it from our own colonies, we find tas India, the use of machinery for this purpose is from 1763 to 1787, the average annual importe unknown, and all the cotton is picked by hand. was barely four 'millions of pounds. In A man can in this manner separate from the we imported 19,900,000 pounds ; viz. 5,800 W seeds scarcely more than one pound of cotton in pounds from the British West Indies ; 9,10.00 very much facilitates the process. This machine Colonies ; and 5,000,000 from Smyras sal in general consists of two or three fluted rollers Turkey. Net in motion by the foot in the manner of a tur. ning. Inthe, nnd by its means one person may se years has been 177,372 "packages—each bale
The average annual import for the last ein parate and cleanse sixty-five pounds per day, weighing about 21 or 3 cwt. and thus, by the use of a simple piece of machi. nery, increase his effective power sixty-five into the United Kingdom in 1828,
Of 227,760,000 lbs. of cotton wool imported times. But still greater increase may be ob- lbs, were from the United States ; 29,143,000 gines. In the United States of America mills Indies ; 6,454,000 lbs. from Egypt; 5,893,000 are constructed on a large scale, and which are lbs. from the British West Indies ; 726,000 lbs. Eight or nine hundred pounds of cotton are and Continental Greece. cleansed in a day by one of these machines, which requires the attendance of very few per
NOTICE TO PUBLISHERS. sons. ing fragments of seed, it is subjected to Knother intendents
and others, or the county of Serena Entirely to cleanse the cotton from any remain.'
A Committee has been appointed by an Eduprocess. This consists
in whisking it abont in consisting of De Witt Clinton Van Slyck, Goreng made to pass. As it is tossed out of this win. | full series of Text-Books, and report the same a light wheel, through which a current of air is H. Bottsford and Watts Livingston, to select a to the packing-house, where, by means of screws, this village on the 15th of October next. it is forced into bags, each when filled weighing Authors are requested to furnish copies of about three hundred pounds. These are then such works as are published by them, directed to where they are again pressed and reduced to half ceived, will be duly appreciated by the committee. sewed up and sent to the place of shipment, the care of E. R. Lundy, Waterloo. All works retheir original size.
W. C. LIVINGSTON, Pres't. Com
VALUABLE SCHOOL BOOKS,
PUBLISHED BY HUNTING TON & SAVAGE, 216 PEARL-STREET, NEW-YORK. The Geography of the Heavens, and Class Book of i A Dictionary for Primary Schools. By Noah WobAstronomy, 1 vol. 18mo., accompanied by a Celestial ster. I vol. 16.no., 330 pp. Atlas, imperial 4to, neatly colored.
The Child's Picture Defining and Reading Book, by Contents of the Atlas.
the Rev. Thomas H. Gallaudet. 1. Plan exhibiting the relative magnitudes, distances, The Malte Brun School Geography and Atlas, 288 and positions of the different bodies which compose the pages royal 18mo. and 32 engravings from original de Solar System. 2. The Visible Heavens in January, signs. By S. Griswold Goodrich. February, and March. 3. The Visible Hearens in Oc- A practical Grammar of the English language, or an tober, November, and December. 4. The Visible Hea introduction to Composition; in which the construcvens in July, August, and September. 6. The Visible tions of the language are classified into Predications Heavens in April, May, and Jane. 6. The Viaible Hea- and Phrases, by Edward Hazen, author of "The Syn. vens in the south polar regions for each month in the bolicae Spelling Book," "The Speller and Definer, year. 7. The Visible Heavens in the north polar regions and Popular Technology, or Professions and Trades." for each month in the year. 8. The Planisphere of the Peter Parley's Geography for Children; illustratod. whole Heavens, on Mercator's Projection. By E. A. with 9 maps and 75 engravings. Burritt, A. M., with an Introduction by Thomas 'Dick, Peter Parley's History of the World, 75 engravings. LL. D., author of the Christian Philosopher. Written A New Introduction to the Science of Algebra; de expressly for this work.
signed for Students in Colleges and the higher Schools Astronomy for Beginners, with a Map and twenty. and academies. By Silas Totten, M. A., Presidentof seven Engravings. By Francis Fellowes, A. M.
Washington College, Connecticut. Familiar Lectures on Botany; practical, elementary,
The Ecclesiastical Class Book, or History of the and physiological; with an appendix containing descrip. Chureh, from the birth of Christ, to the present time; tions of the Plants of the United States, the Exotics, adapted to the use of Academies and Schools. By &c.; also a Dictionary of the Symbolical language of Charles A. Goodrich. 1 vol. 18mo. Flowers.-1 vol. imperial 12mo., by Mrs. Almira H. Elements of Criticism by Henry Home, Lord Kaimes, Lincoln.
Judge of the Court of Sessions in Scotland, &c. &ccar Botany for Beginners; an Introduction to Mrs. Lin. with Analyses and Translations of the Illustrations. coln's Lectures on Botany, for the use of Common Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independ Schools and the Younger Pupils of Higher Schools and ence, with an Introduction, giving a short sketch of the Academies. By Mrs. Lincoln Phelps, 1 vol. royal 18mo. causes which led to the Declaration of Independence,
Familiar Lectures on Natural Philosophy, for the use containing seven beautiful engravings on steel, among of Schools and Academies, 1 vol. 19 mo.
which is one taken from Col. Trumbull's celebrated Natural Philosophy for Beginners; designed for Com- picture of the "Signing of the Declaration of Inde mon Schools and Families. By Mrs. Phelps, author of pendence." I vol. imperial 12ino. pp. 479. * Familiar Lectures on Botany," &e. I vol. 18mo.
Towprow's Stenography; prepared expressly for Familiar Lectures on Chemistry, for the use of Schools Schools and private instruction. and Academies. By Mrs. Phelps (formerly Mrs. Lin
DA number of recommendations from the highest coln,) I vol. 12mo.
Chemistry for Beginners; designed for Com. Schools sources, could be appended to each of the above menand the Younger Pupils of Higher Schools and Acade- tioned works; but, from their extended and very gene
ral use, the publishers deem this unnecessary. mies, with Engravings. By Mrs. Phelps,1 vol. 18mo.
A Dictionary of the English Language : Abridged H. & S in addition to their own publications, keep an from the American Dictionary, for the use of Primary assortment of School, Miscellaneous, and Classical Schools and the Counting-House. By Noah Webster, Books, and Stationery, which will be sold on the most LL. D. I vol. duodecimo, 650 pp.
GLOBES, MAPS AND SCHOOL BOOKS,
Roe Lockwood and Son,
411 BROADWAY, NEW-YORK. The subscribers keep constantly for sale " MITCH- They have also just published two certificates for the ELL'S OUTLINE MAPS,” together with all of Tanner's district schools, beautifully engraved on steel, one for and Mitchell's complete maps, both general and local. monthly and the other for semi-annual distribution. They would particolarize but one, and that was got up The last is surmonnted by a tasteful vignette, in which especially for the schools of this state; viz: Burr's the arms of the state are blended with the emblems of new and beautiful map of the State of New-York--size, education. 4 feet by 4 feet 10 inches.
The subscribers also beg leave to say, that their nose They have globes of 5, 6, 10, 12, and 13 inches diame sortment of sehool books is not surpassed, if it is equal. ter; and all except the first are made in the most per: led, by any other in this state. And it is their intention fect'minner, as it regards both firmness and accuracy. to sell for cash, at the lowest prices possible.
Some of the maps are oftered al prices greatly redac. School committees and others wanting school books, ed, and the globes are sold at the manufacturers' low are respectfully solicited by the subscribers, to favor est rates. They are carefully packed in boxes, and caa them with orders. safely be transported to any part of the country. * The 13-inch Globes are of a new edition, with corrections, &c. to 1844.