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centuries, expands to such a gigantic trunk,
throws ont such massive arms, and spreads the
shade of its shining green leaves over such a The common mahogany (called by botanists vast surface, that even the proudest oaks of our Swietenia mahagoni) is one of the most majestic forests appear insignificant in comparison with troes of the whole world. There are trees of it. A single log, such as is brought to this coun. greater height than the mahogany—but in Cuba try from Honduras, not unfrequently weighs six and Honduras this tree, during a growth of two or seven tons.
[Mahogany Tree.) When we consider the enormous size of a the latter number. They are composed of slaves trunk of mahogany, and further learn that the and free persons, without any comparative dis. most valuable timber grows in the most inacces- tinction of rank, and it very frequently occurs sible situations, it must be evident that a great that the conductor of such work, here styled the portion of the price of this timber must be made Captain, is a slave. Each gang has also one up of the cost of the labor required for trans. person belonging to it termed the Huntsman. porting it from its native forests to the place of He is generally selected from the most intelli. its embarkation for other countries. The mode in gent of his fellows, and his chief occupation is which this difficult work is accomplished is high- to search the woods, or, as it is called, the bush, ly interesting; and we have, fortunately, the to find labor for the whole. Accordingly, about means of giving an account of the process the beginning of August, the huntsman is de. (which, we believe, has never before been mi. spatched on his important mission. He cuts his nutely described in any publication) from some way through the thickest of the woods to some statements printed in a Honduras Almanac, elevated situation, and climbs the tallest tree he which has been kindly put into our hands for finds, from which he minutely surveys the sur. this purpose.
rounding country. At this season the leaves of The season for cutting the mahogany usually the mahogany tree are invariably of a yellow commences about the month of August. The reddish hue, and an eye accustomed to this kind gange of laborers employed in this work con. of exercise, can, at a great distance, discern the gist of from twenty to fifty cach, but few exceed places where the wood is most abundant. He
COUNSELS FOR THE YOUNG.
He that revenges knows no rest;
The meek possess a peaceful breasi.
If you have an enemy act kindly to him, and
make him your friend. You may not win him NEVER be cast down by trifles. If a spider over at once, but try again. Lei one kindness breaks his thread twenty tiines, twenty times be followed by another, till you have compassed will he mend it again. Make up your ininds to your end. By little and little great things are do a thing, and you will do it. Fear not if a completed. trouble comes upon you ; keep up your spirits,
Water falling, day by day,
Wears the hardesi rock away. though the day be a dark one.
And so repeated kindness will soften a heart of Troubles never stop for ever, The darkest day will pass away!
stone. If the sun is gone down, look up at the stars ; if
Whatever you do, do it willingly. A boy that the earth is dark, keep your eyes on heaven is whipped 10 school never learns his lesson well. With God's presence and God's promises, a man A man that is compelled to work cares not how or a child may be always cheerful.
badly it is performed. He that pulls off his coat Never despair when i he fog's in the air! cheerfully, strips up his sleeves in earnest, and
A sunshiny morning will come without warning. sings while he works, is the man for me. Mind what you run after! Never be con- A eheersul spirit gets on quick;. tented with a bubble that will burst, or with a
A grambler in the mud will stick. firework that will end in smoke and darkness.
Evil thoughts are worse enemies than lions Get thathwhich you can keep, and which is worth and tigers, for we can keep keep out of the way keeping
of wild beasts, but bad thoughts win their way Something sterling that will stay
everywhere. The cap that is full will hold no When gold and silver fiy away.
more; heep your heads and your hearts full of Fight hard against a hasty temper. Anger good thoughis, that bad thoughis may find no will come ; but resist it sloutly. A spark mayroom. set a house on fire. A fit of passion may give Be on your guard, and strive, and pray, you cause to mourn all the days of your life.
To drive all evil thoughts away. Never revenge an injury.
Youth's Penny Gazette.
DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL. modes of overcoming there, and for ascertaining
with as much clearness as possible, the present BOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. condition of the schools. We again remind or contributors that the
He also submitted a letter from Mr. Palmer,
an eminent teacher from Vermont, proposing to Journal is made up on the 18th of every month. deliver gratuitously, a course of five lectures to Frequent disappointments have occurred from the friends of education in this county, on topics inattention to this rule; and in some cases, we of the greatest import to the cause of moral
and intellectual improvement, have been held responsible for the delays thus
Mr. Woodin next called the attention of the. occasioned.
convention to the value of the District School
Journal. He said that from his repeated visits NOTICE.
to the various districts of this county, he knew The reports of Common School celebrations that where the Journal was most frequently eir. in Washington, Onondaga, (at Camillus,) and culated, there the schools were invariably the best
and most flourishiug; the Journal not only deOrleans, reached us after the August Journal tails those improved modes of instruction of was in type. They shall appear in the next which the people are ignorant, but it stirs them number.
up by its monthly visits, to put in practice more
vigorously those methods which they already STATE CONVENTION OF COUNTY SU-know. The paper has hitherto been sustained PERINTENDENTS.
by the editor, whose main object in publishing
it is not for profit, but for the promotion of the Our attention has been called to an error in great cause of education. Mr. Woodin thought the reported proceedings of the Convention, that he was in duty bound to do what he could
to assist him in his benevolent enterprise. which we are anxious to correct.
On motion of Mr. Gould of Stockport, Mr. Mack, the distinguished superintendent Resolved, That this convention is deeply im. of the Rochester city schools, is made to ex. pressed with the value of the District School çuse himself from voting because he had but the Journal, and cordially
commend it to the patron.
age of the public, believing that its wide dissen. use of one eye-the other being temporarily dis- ination would be in the highest degree conducive eased and he would be likely to see but one side to the welfare of our schools, and that we will of the question.” This piece of pleasantry, subscribe for it ourselves and circulate subscrip.
tions in our respective neighborhoods. copied from the Rochester Democrat, uninten
On motion, tionally misrepresented Mr. Mack, who made Resolved, That Thomas H. Palmer be invited no objection to voting on any question, but, on to visit Columbia county, and give a series of account of the state of his eyes, wished to be about the 1st of September, 1844. The lectures
lectures on the subject of Common Schools, excused from serving on committee.
to be given in Hudson.
Resolved, That the town superintendents be The Committee on Agriculture was not report requested to give a history of the condition of ed as filled, no name but the chairman's, Mr. the schools in their respective towns. Patchin, appearing on the minutes. Mr. Roches. three be appointed by the chair for the purpose
Resolved unanimously, That a committee of ter, the President of the Convention, has advised of taking into consideration the Text-Books best us that the committee consists of Mr. Patchin, adapted to our common schools. John Stanton of Livingston; Mr. Bateham, editor of the Ge Gould, David G. Woodin and Henry B. Salmon,
were appointed said committee. nesee Farmer, Rochester; and Dr. Potter of
Resolved unanimously, That the trustees, Union College.
teachers, and friends of education generally,
hold a meeting in each town in the county for The Convention adjourned to meet on Tuesday the purpose of benefiting and improving the prethe 22d of April, at Syracuse.
sent condition of our common schools.
Resolved unanimously, That this convention COLUMBIA.
adjourn to Tuesday, the 18th day of October, at
10 o'clock A. M., at the court-house in Hud. Agreeabiy to previous notice, the town superintendents of common schools for the county of
WM. E. HEERMANCE, President. Columbia, assembled in convention at the court
Henry B. SALMON, Secretary. house in the city of Hudson at 10 o'clock A. M., on Friday the 14th day of June, 1844.
NOTICE TO PUBLISHERS. The convention was called to order by David A committee consisting of John
Stanton Gould, G. Woodin, County Superintendent, and on his David G. Woodin and Henry B. Salmon, has motion, Col. Wm. E. Heermance, of the town of been appointed by the Educational Convention Greenport, was called to the chair, and Henry of Columbia County to select Text Books on B. Salmon of Stuyvesant, was appointed Secreta. Algebra, Surveying, Natural and Moral Philosory. Mr. Woodin stated the object of the con.phy and Chemistry. Authors are requested to vention to be the interchange of views on the furnish copies of such works asare published by subject of education in this county-for aseer-them on these subjects, for the examination of laining the nature of the obstacles which op the committee, directing them to the care of the pove ile.progress-for expositions of the best coors. Wynkoop, in the city of Hudson.