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Are teachers responsible for the conduct of neglect the instruction of the younger scholars. their scholars while going to and froin school? The relative importance of different subjects Decided in the negative.

was ably treated and their views, expressed at Is the practice of " boarding round," as it is considerable length, were in a high degree satistermed, as beneficial in its ultimate consequen- / factory io the Institute. ces as it is to board at one piace? Decided in

THE TEACHERS' CONFERENCE. the negative. Would declamation and writing compositions Institute resolved itself into what may be

During the last three days of the session, the in common schools be beneficial? Decided in termed the Teachers' Conference, during which the afhrmative. Several other questions of some importance ing were submitted for consideration, and the

time various topics connected with school keepwere discussed. which were either subsequently reconsidered by the Institute, and crabodied in members of the Institute were severally called the form of a resolve, or were. by consent, pon to state their own experience and practice

in teaching, and to express such views as they erased from the minutes.

possessed in regard 10 these topies. The follow. REPORTS OT COMMITTEES.

ing are some of the subjects which were more The committee appointed to report to the In- or less fully considereil during the conference: stitute a daily order of exercises for a common The best raethod of teaching the Alphabetschool, consisted of the Misses Jones, Tuttle, The best method of teaching Spelling, Reading, and Andrews, and Messrs. Throop and Bundy. Orthography or the sounds of the letters, Pen. It is a matter of sincere regret that the space manship, definition of words, &c. The follow. allotted to the publication of the proceedings ing topies elicited many interesting remarks, the of the Institute, will not admit the entire and results of the experience of eminent and practical. able report of Mr Throop on this subject. It teachers: First lessons to be committed to me. exhibited much practical knowledge of the du- niory by children ; Oral instruction ; Story tel. ties of a teacher, and contained many valuable ling or anecdotes by the teacher; Self education; suggestions in regard to physical education, and Biography; Mode of suppressing falsehood; sound views on the various common school ex. Calling out classes for recitation ; Study out of ercises, &c. The following is the order of reci. school hours; Proper degree of study for chil. tations for common schools as amended by the dren; Physical education; School Libraries; Institute, on examination of the report: District School Journal; &c. Very deep inter

9 A. M., Reading a portion of the Scriptures,est was awakened among the members of the and hearing the first class in reading.

Institute, while these several topics were under 9 1.3. The second class in reading.

consideration. On several occasions much zeal 9 2.3. Reading and spelling of younger and learning were exhibited in placing these scholars.

subjects before the Institute in such a manner 10. Intellectual Arithmetic, 2d class. as to give correct views and principles to those

10 1.3. Recess of ten minutes for each divi. who were inexperienced, and awaken in their sion.

minds a lively sense of the teachers' high and 10 2.3. Arithmetic, first class,

responsible duties. The subject of physical 11. Geography, first class.

education was commented upon with great ear11 1.3. Reading and spelling of smaller nestuess, and the moral sense of the members schojars.

of the Institute was appealed to in an eloquent 11 2.3. Spelling of 2d and 1st classes. manner, to give more attention to the subject 1. P. M. English Grammar, first class, and set such examples before the rising

genera. 1 1.3. Second classes in Grammar and tion as would be safe to be followed. The fol. Geography

lowing resolutions were ably advocated by seve. 1 2.3. Arithmetic, 2d class, or reading of ral persons, and submitted to the young ladies smaller scholars.

of the Institute for their action, the gentlemen 2. Penmanship.

by consent declining to take any part in their 2 1.3. Recess of ten minutes for each divi. adoption : sion.

Resolved. That we, the members of the 2 2.3. Intellectual Arithmetic.

Teachers' Institute, regard physical education of 3. Reading of smaller scholars.

the most vital importance, and that we will give 3 1.3. Spelling and recitations of smaller increased attention to this subject in teaching scholars.

our schools. 3 2-3. Spelling of the first class, and miscel. Resolved, That we regard binding the human aneous exercises.

body with ligatures unnecessarily tight, to be The committee did not expect that this daily attended with the most pernicious and often fatal order of exercises for a common school could be consequences, and that we will discountenance exactly followed by all schools, or even by very it in our practice, and endeavor to persoade few, without some modification, but regarding a others to do the same by convincing them of its time for every thing and every thing in its time, injurious tendency. as of great importance to teachers, they thought Resolved, That we consider the fashion plates the order proposed would serve as a guide to in our periodical magazines a representation of teachers in modelling a system for themselves. Ita distortion of the human form, and calculated was supposed by the committee that scholars to be productive of great evil to those who are pursuing the higher branches of English educa. guided by them in their practice. The mover of tion would recite cither before or after school, these resolutions remarked that the ladies might or during the recesses, or at such time as would vote to lay them on the table, or reject them, or not draw the teachers' attention from a due re pass their opinion upon them, as they chose. gard to the comraon branches and cause them to Their introduction bad elicited the desired infor:

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mation and discussion upon them, and his object philanthropic services they have rendered durhad consequently been accomplished. It was ing the session, in the plan and routine of teach. immediately moved by severai ladies at once, ing, the means requisite for preserving order in that the resolutions be adopted, and they were school, the divisions of time and arrangement accordingly adopted by a large majority of classes, and of impressing the principles of

The following resolutions were presented and morality on the youthful mind and exciting it to adopted:

the pursuit of knowledge and virtue. Resolved, that the co-operation of parents Resolved, That the clergy, in their able and with teachers is necessary to the successful dis. appropriate addresses before the Institute, and cipline of schools.

in their hearty co-operation with us in sustain. Resolved, That the wages of female teachers ing it, are entitled to our highest regard, as the are not what their qualifications demand, or patroos of education generally. what they should be in comparison with those The large and attentive audience rose while of the males.

the members of the Institute sung a parting

hymn, mingled as it was with the most unfeign. EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS.

ed and friendly expressions of attachment from During the last three days of the Institute the every countenance, their tears bespeaking the County 8npt. examined about 100 teachers, to true sentiments of the heart, and deeply affecting most of whom he gave certificates for the towns the audience which had assembled to witness in which they resided, declining to give county the parting scene. The Institute and congregacertificates to those whose schools he had not tion were disinissed with a feeling and appropri. visited and satisfied himself of their ability to ate benediction by the Rev. Mr. Burtis, when teach. He gave county certificates to several the parting salutation and separation ensued. whose literary qualifications he knew, and whose success in teaching was such as to entiile

HERKIMER them to that distinction. He devoted hall a day COUNTY CONVENTION OF TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS to each class which he examined, and the Insti.

OF COMMON SCHOOLS, tute was divided into six classes for that purpose. Agrecably to public notice, the Town Super.

The Institute closed its session on Wednesday, intendents of Common Schools, for the county April 10th, and the occasion of separation of its of Herkimer, assembled in Convention at Wash. members was ono of unusual interest. They ington Hall, in the village of Little Falls, at had felt that for two weeks, they had been la. 11 o'clock A. M. on Friday, the 14th day of boring in a common cause, and their minds had June, 1844; Wm. Brooks, Sr. Esq., President; become deeply impressed with the responsibili. STEPHEN BOWEN, JEFFERSON TILLINGHAST, ties and duties of their vocation. They ac- Vice-Presidents; JEREMIAH OSTRANDEB, Secrea knowledged that many new facts and principles tary. had been set before them during the session, The President, on taking the chair, briefly and with feelings of deep regret they rose up and appropriately addressed the convention. from the intellectual banquet which had been In conformity to the rules of proceedings, the spread before them, and of which they had par. business of the day was opened by prayer by taken so largely and agreeably. Mr McKoon the Rev. Mr. Dennis. delivered the concluding lecture at half past ten The County Superintendent said, it had oc. o'clock, in which he illustrated the duties of the curred to him, that a code of rules briefly indica. teacher, especially in reference to order in his ting the principal duties of scholars, printed in employment, kindness in his intercourse with large and fair type, and hung up in each school. his scholars, the proper character of his miscel. house in the county, would be found a useful laneous, moral and religious instruction. He monitor to both teachers and pupils. Such had addressed an appropriate exhortation to the already been adopted in many of the best regų. members of the Institute to aim at excellence in lated schools in the country, and with the leave their profession, and concluded with an affect of the convention he would then submit a code ing valedictory on their separation.

which he had drawn up for that purpose. After the address of Mr Mc Koon, resolations Mr. Henry then read as follows: were offered and adopted, the first of which, at

EXCELSIOR. the special request of several individuals who

Rules for this School.
were present, has been somewhat altered in its 1.
style, and an additional sentiment introduced, This rule requires me to attend the school

Resolved, That we, the members of the Insti- every day it is kept, and in good season in the
tute, heartily approve of such temporary Nor morning and in the afternoon.
mal Schools as the one just closed for the first 2. I MUST PRACTISE CLEANLINE 38.
time in Chenango Co., and that we feel deeply This rule requires me to be neat in person.
indebted to D. R. Randall, Co. Supl., for the My face and hands, my clothes, books and pa.
valuable instructions which the Institute has pers must always be clean. I must not mark
afforded, and that we recommend a continua. with chalk or charcoal upon the walls, either
tion of such schools to be held annually at such within or without the school. house. I must not
time and place as the Co. Supt. shall think scribble upon my writing books, reading books,

nor upon the desk or table. I must keep my Resolved, That we tender our sincere and writing books free from blots. I must clean heartfelt thanks to Mr. Mc Koon, for his able my shoes or boots before entering the school. and instructive lectures on Natural Philosophy, house. I must not spit upon the floor. I must Chemistry and Astronny, and also for his ar. keep the school-house yard and out-buildings duous labor and care, during the entire session. clean. I must not cut the desks, seats, or any

Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the part of the school house or out-buildings with eachers of the Institute for the gratuitous aad knife.


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MONTGOMERY 3. This rule requires that I shall make no un. PROCEEDINGS OF ITS COMMON SCHOOL A86OCIA

TION, necessary noise with my feet, with the door, or in any other way on going in or on coming out

The association assembled at Fonda on the of the school-house-on getting my place in the 22d of March. class, or my seat from the class. I must make Prayer by Mr Yates. no noise with my lips while reading to myself. [ We have been compelled to abridge the proI must not whisper to others in study hours.

ceedings of this interesting meeting. They oc4. I MUST BE INDUSTRIOUS. This rale requires me to fix my thoughts upon cupy more than a page of the Fonda Sentinel, my lesson, and to keep them steadily upon it, and are deeply interesting to the friends of edu. until I have learned it well. It forbids me to sit cation.] looking carelessly about the school-room, neg. lecting my lesson and setting a bad example for stated the objects of the meeting to be the adop

Mr. Moulton, the County Superintendent, others.

tion of neasures for the improvement of our 5. I MUST UNDERSTAND MY LESSONS THO

common schools and also the formation of a This rule forbids me to use any word' in con.

permanent co ty association of town supeversation without knowing distinctly what par.

rintendents, teachers, and friends of education. ticular thing I intend to represent by it. It for all the town superintendents except from Root,

The secretary called the names of delegates; bids me to read any word in a book without knowing clearly and distinctly what the author Amsterdam, 6 from Mohawk, 3 from Palatine,

answered to their names, also 3 teachers from meant to represent by it. In grammar, in arith- 1 from Minden, 1 from Canajoharie, 4 from metic, in geography, and in every other study, Root, 3 from Glen, and 5 from Florida. it for bids me to assert anything before I can give the right reason for making the assertion.

Amsterdam-town superintendent, H. M. knowledge, and it is the rule which has been ville-Jno. Nellis; 8. Minden-U. Potter; 15. This is the most important rule for acquiring Dewey; No. of schools, 15. Mohawk-3. Van

Allen; 12. Palatine—A. Hees; 10. St. Johnsthe most neglected. I must not be guilty of such Canajoharie-Winther Reagles; 21. Root-Dr. negleot. 6. I MUST BE OBEDIENT.

Snow; 13. Chai ston-F. Hoag; 12. GlenThis rule requires me to believe that my pa.

E. Jenkin; 10. Florida-J. R. Herrick; 12. rents and teachers know the things that I ought the town superintendents made a report of the

After the adoption of a constitution, each of to do, and the way done, better than I do. I cannot, therefore, be schools under his superintendence. Mr. Sprague, a good child or a good scholar unless my obedi- the County Superintendent of Fulton, gave some ence to my parents and teachers be prompt and account of the plans adopted in that county. cheerful.

The committee appointed to report relative 7. I MUST DO TO OTHERS AS I WOULD

to recommending a grade of studies requisite 10

eligibility for teaching, submitted the following: This rule requires me to be just, true and

In addition to a correct knowledge of orthokind. I must never do any act to another that graphy, the art of reading, and writing, Gram. ander the same circumstances I would not wil: mar, mental and written Arithmetic, Natural lingly have done to me. This is the most per: ation, teachers are recommended to prepare

Philosophy, History, Composition and Declam. feci rule for regulating our actions towards each other, and no person can be either good or ho themselves, as soon as possible, for teaching the norable who does not strive to observe this rule. following branches, viz: Astronomy, Geometry, 8. I MUST ALWAYS SPEAK THE TRUTH.

Algebra, Science of Government, Chemistry, This rule forbids me ever to misrepresent or

Lincar Drawing, the use of Globes, and the ru. conceal anything which others have a right to

diments of Vocal Music. know. It requires me, on all occasions, to speak

Mr. E. Jenkins, chairman of committee on according to fact, or not speak at all. It is base, resolutions, reported the following, which were cowardly and wicked to lie, and every child

adopted. who desires to be either honored or happy must

REPORT : love and speak the truth.

The committee appointed to draft resolutions 9. I

for the consideration of the association, believ. ing that it is essential to the success of the com.

mon school enterprise, that parents should take 10. I MUST READ THESE RULES EVERY DAY, la deep interest in the mental and moral culture

These rules were unanimously approved, and lowing resolutions.

of their children, beg leave to submit the fol. recommended to be placed in the manner pro- Resolved, That as a means of awakening and posed in every school-house in the county. Mr. Henry next submitted a repori vpor commend that parents read the volumes of the

keeping alive such interest, we earnestly re. Text-Books

District School Journal, and also a work en. This was long, able and interesting, and cor. titled the "School and Schoolmaster. dially and unaniinously approved and adopted. That they frequently examine their children

After resolving to hold another convention as to the progress they make in the acquisition previous to the winter schools, the convention of knowledge. adjourned.

That they often visit the schools. Old Herkimer will not easily be excelled in That they encourage and sustain the teacher. efforts to secure and diffuse the blessings of edu- That in their visits and intercourse as neighcation. Hier motto is "onward."

bors they make the education of their children





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primary subject of conversation and discussion. Jorn Drake, President ; J. G. K. Truair, V.

That ihe irregular attendance of pupils at President; A. P. Strong and J. S. Pattengill, school is highly detrimental to their interests, Secretaries. and to the interests of the school which they at- On motion, the convention received the followlend, and that it is the duty of parents and guar. ing gentlemen as substitutes for the towns not dians to correct this evil, by seeing that children represented by their respective town superintendunder their charge are prompt and regular in ents, viz: Messrs. L. S. Chatfield, E. N. Bar. their attendance at school.

ber, Wm. D. Stocker, L. S. Bundy, L. S. Bowen That teachers frequently visit the parents and and Wm. Pattengill. patrons of the school, and make it their business Mr. Bowdish, from the committee on teachers' to be eloquent in the cause of education; evincing institutes, read and submitted a report and reso. in truth that “the Schoolmaster is abroad." lutions, from which we extract as follows:

That those who are alarmed at the expense The committee on a teachers' institute desire necessarily incurred in sustaining well regulated to report, that in every stage of their investiga: schools, would find a much better cause of alarm tions they have found themselves interested and in the enormous expenses entailed upon the com- admonished, but must confine themselves to the munity by the evils of ignorance.

importance, feasibility and fitness of this measure. That teachers may be greatly benefited by A slight survey of the actual condition of our visiting each others' schools, and becoining ac- common schools, will force the mortifying con. quainted with the different modes of instruction clusion that a lamentable deficiency exists, after and of discipline pursued in each; and that this all that has been done by public munificence for aggociation accordingly recommend this practice their elevation and efficiency; and that although as generally and as frequently as is consistent teaching a common school, common school edu, with other duties.

cation, and the district school-house, are asso. By Dr. Potter ; Resolved, That we, the mem. ciations which have clustered around us from bers of this association, tender to Mr. Moulton, the nursery up to manhood, yet some of the best the superintendent of this county, our warmest among us, some of the most acute and critical sympathies, and promise him our ardent support in their observations upou causes and their prac. and co-operation in the discharge of the subse tical results, seem to be just emerging from a queot duties of his office.

region of shadows and appearances into one of JOHN FREY, President. realities and tangible forms; and standing in M. FREEMAN, Secretary.

our present responsible position, the past preOTSEGO.

sents a scene of mortification and regret, the fu.

ture of expectation and hope. Although there This important county is also aroused to the are many ingredients in this scene of mortificaconsideration of the great cause of our country-tion and regret,it is the opinion of your commit. universal and thorough education—and nobly tee that a want of well qualified teachers,consti. leads on the work of reform.

tutes a very important part. We intend by this

remark, no reflection on a class of individuals The convention sat two days, and its reported who have expended a vast amount of mental and proceedings manifest that devotion to duty, which physical exertion, without enjoying a proportionpromises the most beneficent results. We recompensation for their vexatious, though im.

ate share of public attention, or receiving a fair gret that we can only give paragraphs, where we portant, toils : we believe in many instances would gladly publish every detail.

they have done the best they could under exist. (From the Freeman's Journal.)

ing circumstances : nor would wc indulge or en. OTSEGO COUNTY COMMON SCHOOL CONTENTION. | factions and exertions which have been made for

courage a spirit of unthankfulness, for the bene. The town superintendents of common schools their advantage and improvement. of the several towns of Otsego county, assembled It is now an opinion that prevails extensively, in convention, pursuant to adjournment, at the perhaps universally--that the profession of teach. Christian Church, in the village of Laurens, on ing should be as respectable as any in society; Tuesday the 11th of June, 1844, at 10 o'clock and that this estimate must be placed upon it, A. M., and was called to order by Mr. Lewis before all the advantages contemplated can be R. Palmer, county superintendent, on whose secured. It is also acknowledged that the feelmotion it was temporarily organized, by the ap. ings and opinions of men, are governed to a conpointment of HERVEY WILBER, Esq., of West- siderable extent by appearances and names. ford, Chairman, and Mr. JOUN S. PATTENGILL, Froin these two axioms we may see, that the re. of New-Lisbon, Secretary.

spectability of teaching will be graduated by the On calling the list of superintendents, the for character of the institution where instructors lowing persons answered to their names: are taught. And will any person pretend to say

County SUPERINTENDENT--... R. Palmer, that a mere appendage to a seminary or an acade.

my can be as respectable in the eyes of the peo.
Town SUPERINTENDENTS-Butternuts. J. G. ple, as original, independent institutions having
K. Truair; Burlington, L. D. Brown; Cherry. their own professors, presidents and buildings,
Valley, L. H. Robinson; Decatur, Amos Bourne; apparatus, &c. Your committee deem it impos.
Edmeston, Wm. H. Brown; Hartwick, Wm. s. sible in the nature of things.
Bowdish ; Laurens, A. P. Strong ; Middlefield, Your committee respectfully suggest that young
L. H. Bowen; Maryland, D. H. Sevier ; New- persons who are preparing to teach, will not be
Lisbon, Joha's. Patiengill; Otego, David B. as well instructed in the theory or practice of
Shepherd ; Oneonta, Andrew G. Shaw; Pitts. teaching in the above appendages, as they would
field, O. Adams ; Plainfield, R. Huntley ; Una be in a teacher's institution. It is believed,

illa, J. S. Palmer ; Westford, Hervey Wilber. I without intending any disrespect to those who have the charge of academies and seminaries, their work, but where is their appropriate effithat professors cannot feel the same interest in ciency. Let each of these persons be thoroughtheir lectures and instructions to pupils of a sub- ly educated in the branches of science to be ordinate department, as would be selt by the taught, and let them be made familiar with the professors of a teachers' institute, where instruc- best methods of imparting instruction, and what tions and lectures on school-keeping would be an influence might in ihis way be brought to their sole and constant business.

bear upon the public mind; what an inconceiv. Lastly, the method of teaching in an academy ably happy result might be produced upon the or college and in common schools, is so very dis-thousands of young persons and children who similar; the state of mind to be reached and the are soon to wield the destinies of this section of object to be secured so peculiar to each, that it our mighty nation. We venture to predict that is certainly possible that an individual may be in the short reversion of a single year the schools abundantly qualified to fill the professorship of of this county would put on a character and asa college or a seminary, and still be esscntially sume an efficiency perfectly astonishing to the deficient in the chair of a teachers' institute. most enthusiastic and sanguine of all our people. Your committee know of several young gentle- Therefore, Resolved, That the subject of edu. men of respectable parentage as well as intellec. cating teachers for common schools, demands tual culture, who spent several weeks in an aca. the serious and immediate attention of this con. demic school not long since, and then went out vention. as school teachers, but were under the mortifying And Whereas, There is no certain prospect necessity of returning to their homes before they that this important object can be obtained frona had completed the term for which they contract the seminaries now among us, ed. It requires no far reaching mind to perceive Therefore, Resolved, That this convention, that if these young men bad so been instructed take immediate steps for the organization of a as to be “ apt to teach," that a far different, Teachers' Institute for the county of Otsego. more honorable and less perplexing result might all of which is respectfully submitted. have been obtained. Some whom we have ex. On motion of Mr. Chatfield, the report was amined, will solve a problem in algebra and pass laid on the table for further consideration ; and well in astronomy, &c., and yet cannot tell the the convention adjourned to 7 o'clock in the sound of b or r or ch, and are equally wanting evening. in the elementary branches of science.

EVENING SESBION, Last session of our state legislature was sig. Mr. Pierce, of Rome, Oneida co., by (ovitanalized for the unanimous passage of a bill fortion, occupied the evening session by an address the organization of a regular Normal School for upon the moral, intellectual and physical cul. the education of teachers. This last measure ture of man. He treated this important and has been adopted as an experiment, and if suco comprehensive subject with much ability, and cessful, is designed as a beginning, for subsequent evinced a thorough acquaintance with every repetition. Your committee rejoice that the good branch of educational reform. Mr. P. gave a work is begun. As to the departments, they are so very graphic description of the condition and exceedingly sparse, that they must, to the great wants of our common schools, and an able and body of teachers, be remote, so exceedingly re. comprehensive view of a system of popular edunote, that but a small fraction of them can pos.cation adapted to the preparation of the citizen sibly enjoy their advantages, and the only remedy for the discharge of his various and complicated now left us is to look back to our high schools duties arising from the social condition and peand academies generally, and try to throw around culiar institutions of this country. them such guards and obtain such assurances as On motion, the convention proceeded to the shall give us some relief from the anxiety which consideration of the reports in their order. has so long distressed us to engage spiritedly The report on Teachers' Institutes, was taken in teachers' drills, call out teachers' meetings, up, and the resolutions considered separately. and organize educational associations, until They were discussed at length, by Messrs. something more satisfactory can be obtained. Chatfield, Bowdish. L. R. Palmer, Truair,

The interest which has existed among !egis. Gillam, L. D. Brown and Wilber ; and the reLators upon the subject of general education, is port and the first resolution, were adopted. still alive. Past enactments made for it upon The question being on the adoption of the the petition and sor.etimes upon the suggestion second resolution, Mr. Tyuair moved to strike of the people, authorize us to conclude that they out the second resolution and the preamble acmay be approached again. Your committee companying it, and adopt the following as a would suggest, in view of the magnitude of the substitute: object intended to be secured; the proper educa. Resoloed, That in view of the success which tion of the entire mass of the rising generation, has attended the establishment of voluntary that the appropriation for the education of tea. Teachers' Institutes, and the efficient aid thus chers be increased to something like the public rendered in the thorough preparation of teach. demand for it, and that instead of having here ers, this convention take immediate steps for and there a mere appendage to a seminary, or the organization of a Teachers' Institute for the one normal school, that there be an indepen. county of Otsego. dent seminary to educate teachers in every The preamble and resolution were stricken counts of our state ; and thus let the sentiment out ond the substitute was adopted. of the Hon J. A. Dix be reduced to a reality, After many discussions of the leading mea. namely, “it is advisable to establish separate se. sures of educational reform, and the adoption of minaries for the education of teachers." There many admirable resolutions,-On motion of Mr. are, during the year, 410 individuals employed as Pattengill, it was Resolved, that the convention teachers in the common schools of this single adjourn to meet at Cooperstown on the Tuesday county. Here are your materials, and there is' after the second Monday of April, 1846,

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