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there is not, however, the smallest foundation in against the inconveniences that would attend any fact, since copper is never used for the purpose. interruption to a trade entirely dependent upon Repeated experiments have been made to disco. the caprice of an arbitrary government. ver, by an unerring test, whether the leaves of!
The people of China partake of tea at all their
Thi green tea contain any impregnation of copper,
copper, meals, and frequently at other times of the day. but in no case has any trace of this metal been
They drink the infusion prepared in the same detected.
manner as we employ, but they do not mix with The Chinese do not use their tea until it is
it either sugar or milk. The working classes about a year old, considering that it is too ac.
in that country are obliged to content themselves tively narcotic when new. Tea is yet older
with a very weak infusion. Mr. Anderson, in when it is brought into consumption in Eng. I his narrative of Lord Macartney's Embassy, re. land, as in addition to the length of time occu.
lates that the natives in attendance never failed pied'in its collection and transport to this coun.
to be the tea leaves remaining after the Eurotry, the East India Company are obliged by
by peans had breakfasted, and with these, after their charter to have always a supply sufficient
submitting them again to boiling water, they for one year's consumption in their London made a beverage, which they acknowledged was warehouses; and this regulation which enhanh
better than any they could ordinarily obtain. ces the price to the consumer, is said to have P
Penny Magazine. been made by way of guarding in some measure !
CAPTURE OF ELEPHANTS. Ilarger and ferocious, going about cither single
or only two or three in company. It is probable It is remarkable that in every mode of cap. ihe laiter kind are only the full grown males." turing the wild elephant, man avails himself of They probably, in many cases, separate them. the docility of individuals of the same species, seles from their companions in search of fresh which he has already subdued. Birds may be pastures. But as they are sometimes found in taught to assist in ensnaring other birds; but a state of considerable irritation, doing much this is simply an effect of habit. The elephant, mischief wherever they pass, it has been thought on the contrary, has an evident desire to join its that these have been driven away by the strong. master in subduing its own race; and in this er males, and that they are suffering all the agoTreachery to its kind, exercises so much ingenies of unavailing jealousy. Being the finest nuity, courage, and perseverance, that we can elephanis, and therefore the best adapted for not find a parallel instance of complete subjec. sale, the hunters soon mark them for their own, tion to the will of him to whom it was given to They follow them cauriously by day and by "have dominion over the fish of the sea, and night, with two, and sometimes four trained fe. over the fowl of the air, and over every living males, called Koomkies. If it be dark, they can thing that moveth upon the earth."
hear the aniinal striking his food, to clean it, From some peculiar circumstances which have against his fore legs, and they then approach not been accurately explained, large male elc. iolerably close ; if light, they advance more cau. phants are sometimes found apart from the herd. tiously. The females gradually move towards Sir S. Rafies says, spenking of the elephants that him, apparently unconscious of his presence, he met with in his journey through the southern grazing with great complacency, as if they were, Presidencies to. Passumah, “The natives fancy like him, inhabitants of the wild forest. It is that there are two kinds of elephants, the gaja soon perceived by them whether he is likely to berkam-pong, those which always go in herds, be entrapped by their arts. The drivers remain and which are seldom mischievous, and the gajá concealed at a little distance, while the koomkies salunggal, or single elephants, which are much press round the unhappy goondah or saun, (for
so this sort of elephant is called.) If he aban-sbort as is required to transmit it from Washing. don himself himself to the caresses of his new ton to Baltimore ; or at least, the difference companions, his capiure is almost certain. The would not be perceptible. It is easy to see that hanters cautiously creep under him, and during such a ielegraph would be of great importance the intoxication of his pleasure, fasten his legs in case of war. It a hostile fieet should make with a strong rope. It is said that the wily fe. its appearance off Portland, the fact could be males will not only divert his attention from made knowu at New Orleans, or at any intertheir mahouts, but absolutely assist them in last
av assist them in fast. I mediate station, in three minutes. Moreover ening the cords. Mr. Howitt made a spirited this telegraph can be worked with the same fa. drawing of this curious scene, from the descrip-|
from the descripcility and effect by night as by day-in stormy tions of Captain Williamson.
weather as it sunshine-which is not the case The hind legs of the captive being secured in /with the telegraphs heretofore in use. The lat a similar manner, the hunters leave him to him. ter also are worked but slowly, and at every self, and retire to a short distance.
In some ca.
In some ca. / station the process inust be repeated. Not se ses he is fastened at once to a large iree, if the with Morse's telegraph. Supposing the commusituation in which he is first entrapped allows nication to be complete, a single touch of the this. But under other circumstances, in the wire would send the intelligence around the first instance his legs are only tied together. globe. At least this is probable, for Professor When the females quit him he discovers his ig. Morse's experiments show that although the nominious condition, and attempts to retreat to power of the magnet diminishes for the first ten the covert of the forest. But he moves with miles, there is no perceptible diminution after. difficulty, in consequence of the ropes which wards, within the limits to which the experi. have been lashed round his limbs. There are ment has been extended beyond the 10th milel long cables trailing behind him, and the ma. viz. 33 miles. From the 10th to the 33d mile in houts, watching an opportunity, secure these to clusive, the weight sustained by the magnet was a tree of sufficient strength. He now becomes a constant quantity. And the presumption is. farious, throwing himself down, and thrusting that the same law holds good for any greater his tusks into the earth. If he break the cables, i distance. The scientific lacis on which Profes. and escape into the forest, the hunters dare not sor Morse's inrention rests, are thus stated by a pursue him ; but if he is adequately bound, he commitee of congress. soon becomes exhausted with bis own rage. lle First. That a current of electricity will pass is then left to the further operation of hunger, to any distance along a con luctor connecting the till he is sufficiently subdued to be conducted, two poles of a voltaic battery or generator of under the escort of his treacherous friends, to an
electricity, and produce visible etfects at any de appointed station, to which, after a few month's sired points on that conductor. discipline, he becomes reconciledi.
Second. That magnetisin is produced in a piece of soft iron (around which the conductor, in its
progress, is made to pass) wben the electric cur. [From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.) rent is permitted to flow, and that the magneMORSE'S ELECTRO-MAGNETIC TELE. tism ceases when the current of electricity is GRAPH.
prevented from lowing. This current of elec
tricity is produced and destroved by breaking THE complete success which has attended the and closing the galvanic circuit at the pleasure working of this telegraph, now in operation be- of the operator of the telegraph, who in this tween Washington and Baltimore, has attracted manner directs and controls the operation of a public attention to it, even in this bustling city, simple and compact piece of mechanism, styled and led to many inquiries to the method by which the register, which at the will of the operator such wonderful results are achieved. It was at the point of communication, is made to refortunate both for the inventor and the invention, cord, at the point of reception, legible characthat the communication was completed between ters, on a roll of paper put in motion at the same Washington and Baltimore prior to the meeting time with the writing instrument. of the Democratic National Convention, (the These characters, consisting of dots and hori. proceedings of which were awaited with so zontal lines, the inventor has arranged into a much interest,) because an opportunity was coaventional alphabet, as follows: thereby afforded to test the practicability and
NUMERALS. usefulness of the invention, in the most effectual
1 - manner. By means of this telegraph, every new movement of the convention was made known at Washington almost simultaneously with its! occurrence; while with the same rapidity, the proceedings of congress were made koown at Baltimore. The Washington Spectator of Wed. Resday, said :
" The locomotive, with the mail, came thun. dering along last night with the intelligence up 10 5 o'clock, which had been received here by the lightning express two hours and a ball pre
In fact, by the electro-magnetic telegraph, railroad speed is rendered comparatively snail. like. Were this telegraph extended from Porta Ja nd to New Orleans, intelligence could be transmitted the whole distance in a space of time as
Oh, thou Alpha Beta row, The machine which produces these characters,
Fun and freedom's earliest soe,
Shall I e'er forget the primer, (called the register,) is moved by a weight like
Thumb'd beside some Mrs. Trimmer, a clock, the slip of paper being wound about a While mighty problem held me fast, cylinder, and carried under the style by the ope.
To know if Z was first or last ?
And all Pandora had for me ration of the machinery. To the style 'or pen
Was emptied forth in A B C. which makes the marks, is attached a piece of iron, resting just above a mass of soft iron,
Teazing things of toil and trouble, which last is instantly rendered a magnet by the
Fount of many a rolling bubble,
How I strived with pouting pain, transmission of the electric current. This cur. To get thee quartered on my brain. rent is transmitted by means of protected wires, But when the giant feat was done, supported at suitable distances and at a proper How nobly wide the field I'd won !
Wit, reason, wisdom, all might be elevation, by posts or spars. Suppose the ope
Enjoyed through simple A B C. rator to be at Washington, and that he wishes to transmit intelligence to Baltimore. He has
Steps that lead to topmast height,
Of worldly fame and human might, before him the two extremities of the wires, and
Ye win the orator's renown, the means of sending along a current of the
The poet's joy, the scholar's gown: electric fiuid. The instant he brings them to
Philosophers must bend and say gether, the soft iron mass in Baltimore becomes
Twas ye who ope'd their glorious way:
Sage, statesman, critic, where is he a magnet-the iron above it is drawn towards it;
Who's not obliged to A B C. and the style to which it is attached, is pressed
Ye really ought to be exempt, upon the paper ; and this, being carried forward
From slighting taunt and cool contempt : by the machinery which is at the same instant
But drinking deep from learning's cup, by another magnet set in motion, receives the We scorn the hand that filled it up. impression. As soon as the two wires are sepa. Be courteous, pedants,--stay and thank
Your servants of the Roman rank, rated, the soft iron is no longer a magnet-the
For F. R. S. and L. L. D. iron above is no longer attracted, and the pen
Can only spring from A B C. no longer rests upon the paper. By bringing the wires in contact and instantly separating them,
OFFICIAL, a dot is made ; by keeping them in contact for a little time, a dash : and by the combination of The certificate heretofore issued to Thomas E. these two, all the words in the language and all | Burdick, of the county of Fulton, was, on the the numerals, may be written and read.
30th of April last, duly annalled, for causes By means of this telegraph, 12 to 20 charac. made known to the Department, on satisfactory ters i. e. (in effect.) letters of the alphabet, can evidence. be transmitted in a minute ; or as fast as a prin The Superintendent desires it to be expressly ter could set up the types. So if the communi. understood that the number of State certificates cation were complete from Washington to New. I of qualifications granted by him. in pursuance Orleans, the president's message, if not unrea- of law, will be restricted to fire in each county sonably long, might be read entire in the latter annually, to be specially recommended for this city in 24 hours after it was delivered, and por:
purpose by the County Superintendent, in his tions of it in a much less time.
annual report ; specifying particularly the supe. rior qualifications of the candidates recommend.
ed, and the length of time he or she may have A LITERARY CURIOSITY.
been engaged in teaching a common school, and
that no certificate will be granted, except under A poetical friend of ours (says the Boston special circumstances, to any teacher who has Transcript) has a paper folder, with the follow. / taught for a less period than three years. ing line from Gray, marked on it:
S. YOUNG, Supt. of Com. Schools. "The ploughman homeward plods his weary way."
• TERMS On looking at the quotation, it occurred to him
FOR THE ENLARGED JOURNAL. that it might be expressed in various ways, with. out destroying the rhyme or altering the sense. For one copy, in all cases, (per annum,)... 50 cts. In a short time, he produced the following eleven
1 twelve copies, each, ........
....... 37 1 different readings. We doubt wheiher another ! " one hundred copies, each, ...... ........ 31 1 line can be found, the words of which will ad. | Payable in advance, in all cases. mit of so many transpositions, and still retain N. B.-Postmasters will forward silver without the original meaning :
charge. The legal postage on this sheet is one cent to The weary ploughman plods his bomeward way.
any office within this State. The weary ploughman homeward plods his way. (All snbscriptions to commence with the volume.) The ploughman, weary, plods his homeward way. The ploughman, weary, homeward plods his way.
Isaac C. SHELDON and FREDERICK H. Bacon Weary the ploughman plods his homeward way. Weary the ploughman homeward plods bis way. are appointed travelling agents for this Journal. Homeward the ploughman plods his weary way. Homeward the weary ploughman plods his way.
The friends of the Journal are respectfully re. Homeward the ploughman, weary, plods bis way.
quested to favor their efforts to extend its circu, The komeward ploughman weary plods his way. The homeward ploughman plods his weary way.
VALUABLE SCHOOL BOOKS, PUBLISHED BY THOMAS COWPERTHWAIT & CO. PHILA.
And for sale by the Booksellers generally throughout the United States.
MITCHELL'S AMERICAN SYSTEM OF STANDARD From Prof. Booth, of the High School, Phila. SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY,
Phila., Nov. 30, 1843. In a series; adapted to the progressively developing I find, upon a careful examination of Johnston's Macapacities of youth.
nual of Chemistry, that it is extrernely well adapted to MITCHELL'S PRIMARY GEOGRAPHY.
the object for which it is designed. As a text book, I re.
gard it as superior to Turner's Chemistry, on which it r Containing 120 Engravings, and 14 colored Maps, de. Lis based, being more condenscd and practical, and yet signed as a first book of Geography for children . I sufficiently expanded, and equally presenting the late MITCHELL'S SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY.
rapid advancement of the science. Accompanied with an Atlas, containing 18 Maps, en
Respectfully yours, graved from original drawings, and executed in a clear
JAS. C. BOOTH. (Signed,]
Messrs. Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., Phil'a. and distinct manner. MITCHELL'S ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY.
FROST'S UNITED STATES, Consisting of a part of the High School Geography. I and accompanied with an Atlas, containing 19 Maps,
and Academies, by John FROST; illustrated with forty expressly designed for this work, and illustrated by 25
Engravings. Engravings, Tepresenting some of the most interesting i events of Scriptural and Ancient History.
FROST'S HISTORY OF THE U. STATES, MITCHELL'S ATLAS OF OUTLINE MAPS, For the use of Common Schools, condensed from the
(An Accompaniment to the School Atlas,) anthor's larger History of the United States. Possessing all the advantages to be derived from map.
FROST'S AMERICAN SPEAKER, drawing, with a great saving of time.
Embellished with engraved Portraits of distinguish. MITCHELL'S GEOGRAPHICAL READER, i ed American Orators, on steel. Designed as a reading book for classes using the School Geopraphy, or pupils farther advanced.
Dr. GOLDSMITH'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND, MITCHELL'S KEY
(Pinno:k's improved edition ;) TO THE STUDY OF THE Maps; comprising his Atlas, in! From the invasion of Julius Cæsar to the year 1838; a series of lessons for beginners in Geopraphy, illustrated with thirty Engravings. MITCHELL'S HIGH SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY,
Dr. GOLDSMITH'S HISTORY OF GREECE, With an Atlas, will contain about 600 pages, and com
(Pinnock's improred edition ;) prise a complete system of Mathematical, Physical, Po. litical, Statistical and Descriptive Modern Geography;
With Questions for examination at the end of each together with a Compendium of Ancient Geography : il. / section; thirty Engravings. lustrated by Engravings, executed by the first artists of Dr. GOLDSMITH'S HISTORY OF ROME, the country. The Atlas to accompany the above will contain not less than thirty Maps, constructed particu.
(Pinnock's improved edition ;) larly for the work, and designed to correspond with,
With Questions for examination at the end of each and illustrate it, in tbe most precise manner. This section; thirty Engravings. work is progressing, and will be issued at the earliest
GOLDSMITH'S NATURAL HISTORY, day consistent with the importance of the undertaking. Numerous recommendations from the highest autho.
Abridged for the use of Schools, by Mrs. PILKINGTOS; rity, in favor of the above series, are in the possession ! revised and corrected by a Teacher of Philaldelphia, of the publishers; but as they prefer that any works
works with Questions, and upwards of 100 Engravings. published by them should stand upon their merits alone, The CHILD'S HISTORY of the UNITED STATES, They deem it unnecessary to insert them here.
By CHARLES A. GOODRICH; designed as a first book of
History for Schools; illustrated with numerous Engray. JOHNSTON'S TURNER'S CHEMISTRY.
ings and anecdotes. A Mannal of Chemistry, on the basis of Dr. Turner's Elements of Chemistry, containing, in a condensed
BRIDGE'S ALGEBRA, 1 jorm, all the most important facts and principles of the Science, designed as a Text Book in Colleges and other A Treatise on the Elements of Algebra, by the Rev. Seminaries of learning. By JOHN JOHNSTON, A. M., Pro. P. BRIDGE, B.D., F. R. S., Professor of Mathematics, &c. fessor of Natural Science in the Wesleyan University.
GUY'S ASTRONOMY and KEITH on the GLOBES. RECOMMENDATIONS.
| Guy's Elements of Astronomy, and an abridgement of From J. W. Bailey, Prof. of Chemistry at West Point. Keith's New Treatise on the use of the Globes, 1 vol.
West Point, N. Y., May 1943. My Dear Sir, I have too long delayed thanking you
BROOKS'S ROSS'S LATIN GRAMMAR, for the copy of your Manual of Chemistry, which you! Comprising all the rules and observations necessary kindly sent me. I have looked through the book with to an accurate knowledge of the Latin Classics; having considerable attention, and it appears to me that you l the sign of quantity affixed to certain syllables; with an have succeeded in making a judicious selection and ar. | Alphabetical Vocabulary; by James 'Ross. Revised, rangement of the most important facts and theories of corrected and improved, by N. C. BROOKS, Principal of Chemical Science. There is much usually included in the High School, Baltimoré. A new edition, 1844. text books, which is only useful to refer to, but which
RUDDIMAN'S RUDIMENTS of the LATIN TONGUE, cannot advantageously form a part of the usual course of instruction : and I thiok you have done well in omit. A new and improved edition, with Notes, by WM. ting such matter. I think your Manual well adapted to MANN, A. M. the course of chemical instruction usually given in this country, and without hesitation would recommend it
CLARK'S CÆSAR. for the use of students
The Notes and Intrepretations translated and improvBelieve me sincerely your friend, ed by Thomas CLARK. Carefully corrected by compari.
J. W. BAILEY. son with a standard London edition, and containing va1108. J. Johnston, Wes. Univ'y.
| rious emendations in the Notes; by WM MANN, A.M.
Adapted to the use ol Schooo! Any unprejudiced in
I have read it with great pleasure. The high reputation
which you have acquired by the successful exercise of (George Long's stereotype edition ;)
your profession in this city, during tire and twenty Enitome Historiæ Sacræ, auctore L'Homoxn. Editio years,' renders any recommendation of that work en sya. Quam prosodiæ signis, novaque vocum omnium tirely unnecessary. Neverthless, I cannot help expres.
atatione, adornavit GEORGIUS IRONSIDE, A. M. I sing roy satisfaction at the publication or a work so Editio viginti. 'Quam correxit et emendavit, Troms well calculated for the instruction or our youth in the S. Jay. Literarum Latinarum et Græcaruin, &c., Dr | French lunguna Corrected, enlarged and improved.
I 210, dear sir, your most ob't humble serv't. VIRI ROMÆ.
PETER S. DU PONCEAU.
Charles Picol, Esq. Viri Wustres Urbis Romæ, 2 Ro?lo ad Agustum.
. E L'ILOMOND, in Universitate Parisiensi | From Baron d'Ilaulerire, French Corsul, Philadelphia. Professore Emiritus. Editio Novi-Eboraci. Emnenlatai
My dear Sir-I see with pleasure that you are going to et Stereotype. To which is added a Dictionary of all
offer to the public in a new edition of your "First Lesthe words which occur in the Book ; wherein ihe pri.
sons in French,' and French Student's Assisiant," mitives of compound and derivative words are minute.
some of the fruit of your long and successful experily traced, and the irregularities of anomalons nous
rience. These two publications appear to ne admiraand verbs are particularly mentioned. By James Har.
1 bly adapted to the object for which thcy are intended. DIE, A. H.
I think it would be difficult io suggest anylbing better
than the rules and directions for the attainment of a GRECA MAJORA; 2 vols., 8vo.
good French pronunciation, contained iu your GRÆCA MAJORA; PROSE SELECTIONS. I vol..
Lessons, whilst the arrangement of the pieces, which Eaglish Notes.
you have selected for double translation, it!st give you
a strong claim on the gratitude of those tracbers and GUMMERE'S SURVEYING.
pupils who may be induced to use this book. KEY TO GUMMERE'S SIYVENING
Your "French Student's Assistant" is a remarkable BONNYCASTLE'S MENSURATION.
and most convenient contensa:ion of what is particuKEY TO BONNYCASTLE'S MENSURATION.
larly important in French grammar; it mieht, in my COMLY'S GRAMMAR.
opinion, with equal propriety be called the French TeaPARLEY'S COLUMBUS-Adapted to the use of Scbools. cher's Assistant.
Any unprejudiced instructor, who will take the trouPARLEY'S WASHINGTON-Adapted to the use of
ble to examine these first two nurnbers of your series, Schools.
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I am, with much regard, your most ob't serr't, LIFE and CHARACTER OF PATRICK HENRY.
BAROX D'HAUTERIVE. By WM. Wir r; revised edition, with headings to each
Philadelphia, Oct. 19, 1843.
From Mr. F. A. Bregy, Prof. oj Modern Languages in
the ligh School oj Priladelphia. CHARLES PICOTS SERIES of FRENCH SCHOOL BOOS.
1 Having giren Mr. Pieot's works, entitled "First Les
sons in French, and French Student's Assistant," a No. 1.-FIRST LESSONS IN FRENCH, consisting of!
careful examination. I cannot but express the satisfac. Rules and Directions for the attainment of a just Pro
tion their perusal afforded me, and my decided opinion net nieces, sentences, colloquial phrases of their superiority to any I have seen. The views of Rosciation; select pieces, sentences, colloquial ph and words in general use; conveniently arranged the author on the subject are very correct, and yet they double translation, from French into English, and from
are new and cuite different from the routine generally English into French. By CHARLES Picot.
adopted by instructors of foreign languages. I am
thoroughly convinced that they will not only prove useNo. 2.-THE FRENCH STUDENT'S ASSISTANT, be.
Instant Grammati. ful books, but also valuable and sare guides both to the isg a recapitulation of the most inportant Gr
Teh language; with Students and Teachers of that branch or learning. cal Eramples and Facts of the French language; with Students and a key to Pronunciation ; by CHARLES PICOT. We have
F. A. BREG Y.
Philadelphia Oct 19, 1813. oply room to insert the following recommendations, taken from a large number received:
PORNEY'S SYLLABAIRE FRANCAIS, KETOMMENDATIONS.
Or French SPELLING Eook; revised, corrected and im. LL. D., President of the provcu, by J. MEIER, late Professor of French and GerFrom Peter S. Du Ponceau, LL. D., President of the American Philosophical Society.
man in Yale University. Philadelphia, Oct. 12, 1843.
School Committees and Teachers furnished with
hanks for the copies of all T.C. & Co's publications for examination Dear Sir I beg you will receive my thanks for the copies of all T.C. & Co's
Respectfully, &c. copy of the new edition of your First Lessons in French, which you have done me the honor to present to me. I jy-3t
THOMAS COWPERTHWAIT & Co.
two'nunbers of your series,
A GENTS WANTED.--25 young men, who can furnish A testimonials of character for sobriety, industry and inicgrity, and a small capital of $50 or upwards, can receive immediate, constant and profitable employment on application by letter (postage paid) or personally to the subscriber. The business is The sale by travelling agents of MITCHELL'S CELEBRATED MAPS of the following description :
MAP OF THE WORLD ON MERCATOR'S PROJEC. TION-size 6 feet 6 inches by 4 feet 6 inches.
REFERENCE AND DISTANCE MAP OF THE U.
NATIONAL MAP OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC
Also, to procure subscribers for a new, beautiful Map of the State of New York, soon to be published, which will be sold cbeaper than any map of the kind ever bc. fore issued.
ALEX. HARRISON, General Agent, 8] South Seventh-st., jaly
S. CORNELL'S DISTRICT SCHOOL GLOBE.
A BEAUTIFUL and cheap inA strument, 5 inches in diamcter, accompanied with a card of lessons illustrating the forn of the eartb, day and night, in. clination of the axis of the earth to its orbit, change of seasons, difference of tine in different parts of the earth, and the difference in the length of the day.
Owing to the peculiar construction of this globe, and the accompanying lessons, it is better adapted to ele nentary illuze. trations in geography, than any other in use; and its cheapness renders it admissable to every school. It should be in every school and every family.
Manufactured by Silas Cornell, Rochester, state of New York, and retailed at $1,60. A liberal discount allowed to dealers.