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there is not, however, the smallest foundation in against the inconveniences that would attend any fact, since copper is never used for the purpose. interruption to a trade entirely dependent upon Repeated experiments have been made to disco. the caprice of an arbitrary government. ver, by an unerring test, whether the leaves of

The people of China partake of tea at all their green tea contain any impregnation of copper, meals, and frequently at other times of the day. but in no case bas any trace of this metal been They drink the infusion prepared in the same detected.

The Chinese do not use their tea until it is manner as we employ, but they do not mix with about a year old, considering that it is too ac. in that country are obliged to content themselves

it either sugar or milk. The working classes tively narcolic when new. Tea is yet older with a very weak infusion. Mr. Anderson, ia when it is brought into consumption in Eng. his narrative of Lord Macartney's Embassy, re. land, as in addition to the length of time occulates that the natives in attendance never failed pied'in its collection and transport to this coun.

to beg the tea leaves remaining after the Eurotry, the East India Company are obliged by for one year's consumption in their London made a beverage, which they acknowledged was their charter to have always a supply sufficient peans had breakfasted, and with these, after

submitting them again to boiling water, they warehouses; and this regulation which enhan. ces the price to the consumer, is said to have better than any they could ordinarily obtain.

Penny Magazine. been made by way of guarding in some measure


CAPTURE OF ELEPIIANTS. larger and ferocious, going about either single

or only two or three in company. It is probable It is remarkable that in every mode of cap. ihe laiter kind are only the full grown males." taring the wild elephant, man avails himself of They probably, in many cases, separate them. the docility of individuals of the same species, seles from their companions in search of fresh which he has already subdued. Birds may be pastures. But as they are sometimes found in taught to assist in ensnaring other birds; but a statc of considerable irritation, doing much this is simply an effect of habit. The elephant, mischief wherever they pass, it has been thought on the contrary, has an evident desire to join its that these have been driven away by the strong. master in subduing its own race; and in this er males, and that they are suffering all the ago. treachery to its kind, exercises so much ingenies of unavailing jealousy. Being the finest nuity, courage, and perseverance, that we can elephanis, and therefore the best adapted for not find a parallel instance of complete subjec. sale, the hunters soon mark them for their own, tion to the will of him to whom it was given to They follow them cautiously by day and by "have dominion over the fish of the sea, and night, with two, and sometimes four trained fe. over the fowl of the air, and over every living males, called Koomkies. If it be dark, they can thing that moveth upon the earth."

hear the aniinal striking his food, to clean it, From some peculiar circumstances which have against his fore legs, and they then approach not been accurately explained, large male ele. Colerably close; if light, they advance more cau. phants are sometimes found a part from the herdi. tiously. The females gradually move towards Sir S. Rafies says, spenking of the elephants that him, apparently unconscious of his presence, he met with in his journey through the southern srazing with great complacency, as if they were, Presidencies to. Passumah, "The natives fancy like him, inhabitants of the wild forest. It is that there are two kinds of elephants, the gaja soon perceived by them whether he is likely to berkam-pong, those which always go in herds, be entrapped by their arts. The drivers remain and which are seldom mischievous, and the gaja concealed at a little distance, while the koomkies salunggal, or single elephants, which are much press round the unhappy goondah or saun, (for

so this sort of elephant is called.) If he aban-sbort as is required to transmit it from Washingdon himself himself to the caresses of his newton to Baltimore or at least, the difference companions, his capiure is almost certain. The would not be perceptible. It is easy to see that hanters cautiously creep under him, and during such a telegraph would be of great importance the intoxication of his pleasure, fasten his legs in case of war. It a hostile fleet should make with a strong rope. It is said that the wily fe. its appearance off Portland, the fact could be males will not only divert his attention from made known at New Orleans, or at any intertheir mahouts, but absolutely assist them in fast mediate station, in three minutes. Moreover ening the cords. Mr. Howitt made a spirited this telegraph can be worked with the same fadrawing of this curious scene, from the descripcility and etlect by night as by day-in stormy tions of Captain Williamson.

weather as it sunshine-which is not the case The hind legs of the captive being secured in with the telegraphs heretofore in use. The lata similar manner, the hunters leare bim to him- ter also are worked but slowly, and at every self, and retire to a short distance. In some ca. station the process must be repeated. Not se ses he is fastened at once to a large iree, if thc with Morse's telegraph. Supposing the commusituation in which he is first entrapped 'allows nication to be complete, a single touch of the this. But under other circumstances, in the wire would send the intelligence around the first instance his legs are only tied together. globe. At least this is probable, for Professor When the females quit him he discovers his ig. Morse's experiments show that although the nominious condition, and attempts to retreat in power of the magnet diminishes for the first ten the covert of the forest. But he moves with miles, there is no perceptible diminution afterdifficulty, in consequence of the ropes which wards, within the limits to which the experihave been lashed round his limbs. There are ment has been extended [beyond the 10th mile] long cables trailing behind him, and the ma. viz. 33 miles. From the loth to the 33d mile inhouts, watching an opportunity, secure these 10 clusive, the weight sustained by the magnet was a tree of sufficient strength. He now becomes a constant quantity; And the presumption is, furious, throwing himself down, and thrusting that the same law holds good for any greater his tusks into the earth. If he break the cables, distance. The scientitic facts on which Profes. and escape into the forest, the hunters dare noi sor Morse's invention resis, are thus stated by a pursue him ; but if he is adequately bound, lic commiitee of congress. soon becomes exhausted with bis own rage. He

First. That a current electricity will pass is then left to the further operation of hunger, to any distance along a conductor connecting the till he is sufficiently subdued to be conducted, two poles of a voltaic battery or generator of under the escort of his treacherous friends, to an electricity, and produce visible etfects at any deappointed station, to which, after a few month's sired points on ihat conductor. discipline, he becomes reconciled.

Second. That magnetism is produced in a piece of soft iron (around which the conductor, in its

progress, is made to pass) when the electric cur. [From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.)

rent is permitted to flow, and that the magneMORSE'S ELECTRO-MAGNETIC TELE. tism ceases when the current of electricity is GRAPH.

prevented from lowing. This current of elea

tricity is produced and destroved by breaking The complete success which has aitended the and closing the galvanic circuit at the pleasure working of this telegraph, now in operation be of the operator of the telegraph, who in this tween Washington and Baltimore, has attracted manner directs and controls the operation of a public attention to it, even in this bustling city, simple and compact piece of mechanism, styled and led to many inquiries to the method by which the register, which at the will of the operator such wonderful results are achieved. It was at the point of communication, is made to refortunate both for the inventor and the invention, cord, at the point of reception, legible characthat the communication was completed belween ters, on a roll of paper put in motion at the same Washington and Baltimore prior to the meeting time with the writing instrument. of the Democratic National Convention, (the These characters, consisting of dots and hori. proceedings of which were awaited with so zontal lines, the inventor has arranged into a much interest,) because an opportunity was conventional alphabet, as follows: thereby afforded to test the practicability and usefulness of the invention, in the most effectual


1 manner. By means of this telegraph, every new


2 movement of the convention was made kaown

3 at Washington almost simultaneously with its occurrence; while with the same rapidity, the

5 proceedings of congress were made known at F

6 Baltimore. The Washington Spectator of Wed.


7 Desday, said :


8 The locomotive, with the mail, came thun. IY

9 dering along last night with the intelligence up


0 to 5 o'clock, which had been received here by L the lightning express two hours and a ball pre. viously.”

In fact, by the electro-magnetic telegraph, railroad speed is rendered comparatively snail. like. Were this telegraph extended from Porta Q land to New Orleans, inielligence could be trans- R mitted the whole distance in a space of time as SZ




A B C.


Oh, thou Alpha Beta row,
The machine which produces these characters,

Fun and freedom's earliest soe,

Shall I e'er forget the primer, (called the register,) is moved by a weight like Thumb'd beside some Mrs. Trimmer, a clock, the slip of paper being wound about a While mighty problem held me fast, cylinder, and carried under the style by the ope.

To know if Z was first or last ? ration of the machinery. To the style or pen

And all Pandora had for me

Was emptied forth in A B C. which makes the marks, is attached a piece of iron, resting just above a mass of soft iron,

Teazing things of toil and trouble, which last is instantly rendered a magnet by the

Fount of many a rolling bubble,

How I strived with pouting pain, transmission of the electric current. This cur. To get thee quartered on my brain. rent is transmitted by means of protected wires, But when the giant feat was done, supported at suitable distances and at a proper

How nobly wide the field I'd won !

Wit, reason, wisdom, all might be elevation, by posts or spars. Suppose the ope

Enjoyed through simple A B°C. rator to be at Washington, and that he wishes to transmit intelligence to Baltimore. He has Steps that lead to topmast height, before him the two extremities of the wires, and

or worldly fame and human might,

Ye win the orator's renown, the means of sending along a current of the The poet's joy, the scholar's gown: electric fluid. The instant he brings them to Philosophers must bend and say gether, the soft iron mass in Baltimore becomes 'Twas ye who ope'd their glorious way:

Sage, statesman, critic, where is he a magnet—the iron above it is drawn towards it;

Who's not obliged to A B C. and the style to which it is attached, is pressed upon the paper ; and this, being carried forward

Ye really ought to be exempt,

From slighting taunt and cool contempt : by the machinery which is at the same instant But drinking deep from learning's cup, by another magnet set in motion, receives the We scorn the hand that filled it up. impression. As soon as the two wires are sepa. Be courieous, pedants,--stay and thank rated, the soft iron is no longer a magnet-the

Your servants of the Roman rank,

For F. R. S. and L. L. D. iron above is no longer attracted, and the pen Can only spring from A B C. no longer rests upon the paper. By bringing the wires in contact and instantly separating them,

OFFICIAL a dot is made ; by keeping them in contact for a little time, a dash ; and by the combination of The certificate heretofore issued to Thomas E. these two, all the words in the language and all Burdick, of the county of Fulton, was, on the the numerals, may be written and read. 30th of April last, duly annalled, for causes

By means of this telegraph, 12 to 20 charac. made known to the Department, on satisfactory ters i. e. (in effect,) letters of the alphabet, can evidence. be transmitted in a minute ; or as fast as a prin. The Superintendent desires it to be expressly ter could set up the types. So if the communi. understood that the number of State certificates cation were complete from Washington to New. of qualifications granted by him, in pursuance Orleans, the president's message, if not unrea- of law, will be restricted to fire in each county sonably long, might be read entire in the latter annually, to be specially recommended for this city in 24 hours after it was delivered, and por. purpose by the County Superintendent, in his tions of it in a much less time.

annual report ; specifying particularly the supe. rior qualifications of the candidates recommend.

ed, and the length of time he or she may have A LITERARY CURIOSITY.

been engaged in teaching a common school, and

that no certificate will be granted, except under A poetical friend of ours (says the Boston special circumstances, to any teacher who has Transcript) has a paper folder, with the follow. taught for a less period than three years. ing line from Gray, marked on it:

S. YOUNG, Supt. of Com. Schools. "The ploughman homeward plods his weary way."

TERMS On looking at the quotation, it occurred to him

FOR THE ENLARGED JOURNAL. that it might be expressed in various ways, with. out destroying the rhyme or altering the sense. For one copy, in all cases, (per annum,)... 50 cts. In a short time, he produced the following eleven " twelve copies, each, different readings. We doubt wheiher another it one hundred copies, each, line can be found, the words of which will ad. Payable in advance, in all cases. mit of so many transpositions, and still retain N. B.-Postmasters will forward silver without the original meaning :

charge. The legal postage on this sheet is one cent to The weary ploughman plods his homeward way.

any office within this State. The weary ploughman homeward plods his way. (All snbscriptions to commence with the volume.) The ploughman, weary, plods bis homeward way. The ploughman, weary, homeward plods his way.

ISAAC C. SHELDON and FREDERICK H. BACON Weary the ploughman plods his homeward way. Weary the ploughman homeward plods bis way. are appointed travelling agents for this Journal. Homeward the ploughman plods his weary way. Homeward the weary ploughman plods his way.

The friends of the Journal are respectfully reHomeward the ploughman, weary, plods bis way. quested to favor their efforts to extend its circu, The homeward ploughman weary plods his way. The homeward ploughman plods his weary way.


37 31 1


And for sale by the Booksellers generally throughout the United States.


Phila., Nov. 30, 1849. In a series; adapted to the progressively developing I find, upon a careful examination of Johnston's Macapacities of youth.

nual of Chemistry, that it is extreinely well adapted to MITCHELL'S PRIMARY GEOGRAPHY.

the object for which it is designed. As a text book, I reF Containing 120 Engravings, and 14 colored Maps, de care se as superior to Turner's Chemistry, on which it signed as a first book of Geography for children.

sufficiently expanded, and equally presenting the late MITCHELL'S SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY.

rapid advancement of the science. Accompanied with an Atlas, containing 18 Maps, en.

Respectfully yours, graved from original drawings, and executed in a clear

(Signed, ]


Messrs. Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., Philla. and distinct manner. MITCHELL'S ANCIENT GEOGRAPHY.

FROST'S UNITED STATES, Consisting of a part of the High School Geography, and accompanied with an Atlas, containing 19 Maps; and Academies, by Johs FROST; illustrated with forty

History of the United States, for the use of Schools expressly designed for this work, and illustrated by 25 Engravings, representing some of the most interesting

Engravings. events of Scriptural and Ancient History.

FROST'S HISTORY OF THE U. STATES, MITCHELL'S ATLAS OF OUTLINE MAPS, For the use of Common Schools, condensed from the

(An Accompaniment to the School Atlas,) anthor's larger History of the United States. Possessing all the advantages to be derived from map.

FROST'S AMERICAN SPEAKER, drawing, with a great saving of time.

Embellished with engraved Portraits of distinguish. MITCHELL'S GEOGRAPHICAL READER, ed American Orators, on steel. Designed as a for classes using the School Geopraphy, or pupils farther advanced.


(Pinno:k's improved edition ;) TO THE STUDY OF THE Maps; comprising his Atlas, in From the invasion of Julius Cæsar to the year 1838; a series of lessons for beginners in Geopraphy. illustrated with thirty Engravings.

MITCHELL'S HIGH SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY, Dr. GOLDSMITH'S HISTORY OF GREECE, With an Atlas, will contain about 600 pages, and com.

(Pinnock's improred edition ;) prise a complete system of Mathematical, Physical, Political, Statistical and Descriptive Modern Geography;

With Questions for examination at the end of each together with a Compendium of Ancient Geography; i1. section; thirty Engravings. lustrated by Engravings, executed by the first artists of Dr. GOLDSMITH'S HISTORY OF ROME, the country. The Atlas to accompany the above will contain noi less than thirty Maps, constructed particu.

(Pinnock's improred edition ;) larly for the work, and designed to correspond with, With Questions for examination at the end of each and illustrate it, in the most precise manner. This section; thirty Engravings. work is progressing, and will be issued at the earliest

GOLDSMITH'S NATURAL HISTORY, day consistent with the importance of the undertaking.

Numerous recommendations from the highest autho. Abridged for the use of Schools, by Mrs. PilkingTOS; rity, in favor of the above series, are in the possession revised and corrected by a Teacher of Philaldelphia, of the publishers; but as they prefer that any works with Questions, and upwards of 100 Engravings. published by them should stand upon their merits alone, The CHILD'S HISTORY of the UNITED STATES, they deem it unnecessary to insert them here.


History for Schools; illustrated with numerous Engrav.

ings and anecdotes. A Manual of Chemistry, on the basis of Dr. Torser's

1 Elements of Chemistry, containing, in a condensed

BRIDGE'S ALGEBRA, I formn, all the most important facts and principles of the Science, designed as a Text Book in Colleges and other A Treatise on the Elements of Algebra, by the Rev. Seminaries of learning. By John Johnston, A. M., Pro. P. BRIDGE, B.D., F. R. S., Professor of Mathematics, &c. fessor of Natural Science in the Wesleyan University.


Guy's Elements of Astronomy, and an abridgement of From J. W. Bailey, Prof. of Chemistry at West Point. Keith's New Treatise on the use of the Globes, 1 vol.

West Point, N. Y., May 1843. My Dear Sir,-1 have too long delayed thanking you

BROOKS'S ROSS'S LATIN GRAMMAR, for the copy of your Manual of Chemistry, which you Comprising all the rules and observations necessary kindly sent me. I have looked through the book with to an accurate knowledge of the Latin Classics; having considerable attention, and it appears to me that you the sign of quantity affixed to certain syllables; with an have succeeded in making a judicious selection and ar-| Alphabetical Vocabulary; by JAMES 'Russ. Revised, rangement of the most important facts and theories of corrected and improved, by N. C. Brooks, Principal of Chemical Science. There is much usually included in the High School, Baltimoré. A new edition, 1944. text books, which is only useful to refer to, but which | RUDDIMAN'S RUDIMENTS of the LATIN TONGUE, cannot advantageously form a part of the usual course of instruction : and I think you have done well in omit. A new and improved edition, with Notes, by WM. ting such matter. I think your Manual well adapted to Mann, A. M. the course of chemical instruction usually given in this

CLARK'S CÆSAR. country, and without hesitation would recommend it for the use of students.

The Notes and Intrepretations translated and improv. Believe me sincerely your friend, ed by THOMAS CLARK. Carefully corrected by compari[Signed,]

J. W. BAILEY. son with a standard London edition, and containing vaI 10f. J. Johnston, Wes. Univy.

rious emendations in the Notes; by WM MANN, A.M.

DIE, A. M.


I have read it with great pleasure. The high reputation (George Long's stereotype edition ;)

which you have acquired by the successful exercise of Epitome Historiæ Sacræ, auctore L'Homosp. Editio years, renders any recommendation of that work en

your profession in this city, during tive and twenty sora. Quam prosodia signis, novaque vocum omnium lirely unnecessary. Neverthless, I cannot help expres. interpretatione, adornavit Georgius IRONSIDE, A. M: sing roy satisfaction at the publication of a work so Editio viginti. 'Quam correxit et emendavit, Thomas well calculated for the instruction of our youth in the S. Jox, Literarum Latinarum et Gracaruin, &c., Dr French language. Corrected, enlarged and improved.

I am, dear sir, your most ob'ı humble secy't,

PETER S. DU PONCEAU. Viri Illustres Urbis Romæ, a Romulo ad Agustum.

Charles Picol, Esq. Auctore C. F. L'ILO MOND, in Universitate Parisiensi From Baron d'Hauterive, French Consul, Philadelphia. Professore Emiritus. Editio Novi-Eboraci. Emenilala

My dear Sir-I see with pleasure that you are going to et Stereotype. To which is added a Dictionary of all the words which occur in the Book ; wherein ihe pri- offer to the public in a new edition of your "First Les. mitives of compound and derivative words are minute song in French," and " French Student's Assisiant,* and serbs are particularly mentioned. By James Harrience. These two publications appear to me admira:

bly adapled to the object for which they are intended. I think it would be difficult io suggest anytbing better

than the rules and directions for the attainment of a GRÆCA MAJORA, PROSE SELECTIONS! 1 vol., Food French pronunciation, contained in your " First GRÆCA MAJORA; 2 vols., 8vo.

Lessons," whilst the arrangement of the pieces, which English Notes.

you have selected for double translation, in!!st give you

a strong claim on the gratitude of those teachers and GUMMERE'S SURVEYING.

pupils who may be induced to use this book. KEY TO GUMMERE'S SUYVESING

Your “I'rench Student's Assistant" is a remarkable BONNYCASTLE'S MENSURATION.

and most convenient condensa:ion of what is particuKEY TO BONNYCASTLE'S MENSURATIOX.

larly important in French grammar; it miehi, in my COMLY'S GRAMMAR.

opinion, with equal propriety be called the French TeaPARLEY'S COLUMBUS-Adapted to the use of Schools. cher's Assistant.

Any unprejudiced instrurtor, who will take the trouPAKLEY'S WASHINGTON-Adapted to the use of

ble to examine these first two numbers of your series, Schools. PARLEY'S FRANKLIN-Adapted to the use of Schools.camentorum sure, fail to appreciate and adopt them, is

I am, with much regard, your most ob't sers't, LIFE and CHIRACTER OF PATRICK HENRY. By Wr. Wirr; revised edition, with headings to each


Philadelphia, Oct. 19, 1843.
Chapter and Notes; rendering it suitable for a Cluss
Book for Academies and Schools.

From Mr. F. A. Bregy, Prof. of Modern Languages in

the liigh School oj Piladelphia. CHARLES PICOTS SERIES of FRENCH SCHOOL BOOKS.

Having given Mr. Picot's works, entitled “ First LesRules and directioas for the attainment of a juster Prestion their perusal afforded me, and my decided opinion

No. 1.-FIRST LESSONS IN FRENCH, consisting of sons in French, andFrench Student's Assistant," a Babciation; select pieces, sentences colloquial phrases of their superiority to any I have seen. The views of double translation, from French into English, and from are new and quite different from the routine generalis English into French. By Charles Picot.

N9. 2.- THE FRENCH STUDENT'S ASSISTANT, be: thoroughly convinced that they will not only prove useing a recapitulation of the most important Grammatical books, but also valuable and snre guides both to the cal Examples and Facts of the French language with Students and Teachers of that branch of learning.

have a key to Pronunciation; by Charles Picot.

F. A. B REGY. oply room to insert the following recommendations, Philadelphia Oct 19, 1813. taken from a large number received:


On French SPELLING Eook; revised, corrected and imFrom Peter s. Du Ponceau, LL. D., President of the proved, by J. Meren, late Professor of French and GerAmerican Philosophical Society.

man in Yale University. Philadelphia, Oct. 12, 1843.

r School Committees and Teachers furnished with Dear Sir-I beg you will receive my thanks for the copies of all T.C.& Co's publications for examination copy of the new edition of your First Lessons in French,

Respectfully, &c. which you have done me the honor lo present to me. jy-3t THOMAS COWPERTHWAIT & Co.


testimonials of character for sobriety, industry and inicgricy, and a small capital of 50 or upwards, can receive immediate, constant and profitable employment on application by letter (postage paid) or personally to the subscriber. The business is ihe sale by travelling agents of MITCHELL'S CELEBRATED MAPS of the following description :



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MAP OF THE WORLD ON MERCATOR'S PROJEC. TION-size 6 feet 6 inches by 4 feet 6 inches.

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Also, to procure subscribers for a new, beautiful Map of the State of New York, soon to be published, which will he sold cheaper than ang map of the kind ever before i9gued.

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Owing to the peculiar construction of this globe, and the accompanying lessons, it is bet

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Manufactured by Silas Cornell, Rochester, state of New York, and retailed at 81,60. A liberal discount allowed to dealers.


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