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hope-we are aware that it is asking much, but Resolved, 'That Mr. Hopkins select and assign they are not caucus resolutions-that they will) to each member, such subject as he shall deem

suitable and proper, as themes for such essays. be read.

Whereupon, Mr. Hopkins selected and assignWHEREAS, there exists a relation and inti. ed subjects to the several members as follows: mate connexion between ignorance and crime, On town celebrations of common schoolsinamorality and misery_Therefore

Mr. Brace, oi Victor. Resolved, That the moral, intellectual and sci. On the importance of using black-boards and entific education of our youth, is an object of outline maps-Mr. Jewett, of Richmond. the very first importance, eminently worthy the On the mode of teaching reading-Mr. Pearce, talents and the ambition of the most gifted and of East Bloomfield. influential minds of the country, and is among ! On the mode of teaching spelling-Mr. Rogers, the highest earthly duties of the citizens of these of Canadice. United States; and that indifference to, or ne. On vocal music in comiaon schools, fr. Fin. glect of this subject is inconsistent with the re. lay, of Canandaigua. quirements of good citizens, and at variance On the construction of school rooms-Mr. with the plain manisest obligations of patriots, Prescott, of Phelps. philanthropists and christians.

On physical and moral training--Mr. Sprague, AND WHEREAS, the common schools of our of Naples. country are chiefly to be relied on as the source On government Ir. Allen, of Hopewell. of this education, affording the only means for On corporal punishment--Mr. Simmons, of the education of the whole people ; for at these Bristol. institutions alone are the entire youth of the On the enlargement of school districts---Mr. land equally privileged. Here all are alike en. Trembley, of South Bristol. titled and invited to enter ; whereas at private or On Union schools, in villages---Mr. IIopkins, select schools, few except the heirs of affluence County Superintendent. er the children of fortune ever gain admittance, On teaching small children - Mr. Beebe, of leaving by far the greater number--the rugged Canandaigua. sons of toil-the inheritors of comparative po.! On teaching the higher branches-Mr. Powers, verty, to grow up in ignorance and obscurity, or of Seneca what is worse, to commence an education in the On the necessity of union in feeling and action street, the bar-room, or the gambling house, amongst patrons of cominon schools of their which is too likely to be carried out at the prison duties in sustaining and visiting schools-importor the penitentiary-Therefore

ance of regularity in the attenrlance of scholars Resolved That our common schools are enti. Mr. Arnold, of Farmington. tled to the affectionate regard and tostering care. On female teachers-- Jir. Bostwick, of Westof the wise and good, and ought to receive the Bloomfiek. liberal patronage and confiding support of the On the importance of teaching orthography in whole community, as the nurseries of the mental, coinmon schools---Mr. Fosier, of Manchester moral, social, ani political character of the na!

The following resolution should be school

The following resolution should tion.

Resolved, That ive highly approve of the plan i law. of establishing a Normal School in the city of Resolred, That public examinations at the Albany, for the education of common school close of each term, in every district, are eminently teachers, and look upon it as another step taken calculated to promote the prosperity of common towards raising the dignity and worth of the schools, and that we will use our best exertions teachers' profession.

to bring about an object so desirable. Resolved, That we approve of the celling of If the teachers would respond to the following this convention by Nir. Gilbert Dubois, our coun. ty superintendeni, and that the manner in which resolution, the Journal could be sustained in its he has thus far discharged his important official present form--we hope they may do so. duties entitles him to our thanks, and to the fa. Resolved, That we think it the duty of every vorable consideration of the friends of education teacher to take and read the - District School throughout the country.

Journal,"--we solicit public attention to this ONTARIO.

work, and hope that every family in our county

will be induced to take and faithfully perase this Convention of Town Superintendents on the 8th' most interesting publication. of May.

CORTLAND. The following plan for awakening the interest In May. Henry s. Randall, County Superin. and increasing the usefulness of school officers, is tend

cers, is tendent, issued a circular to teachers, which is ad. novel and well adapted to secure its object. mirably adapted to make the succeeding summer We hope to receive some account of results for visitations in the highest degree usefnt to publication hereafter.

schools. It is direct, frank and pertinent, indi. On motion of Mr. Hopkins,

catirg a sound judgment and a devoted spirit. We Resolved, That each member of this conven.

can give but a few extracts, but hope that they tio write an essay upon some subject connected with common schools, and read the same, before

will induce those county officers, who have not this convention, at some future perioa, as soon been accustomed to prepare in this manner the as may be convenient.

schools for supervision, to adopt the measure On motion of Mr. Beebe,

on the opening of the winter campaign.

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Every school visited by the County Superinten. every one in each class, who has fully discharged dent during the present summer, (and it is his his duty. determination, if practicable, to visit every one 13. Cleanliness of House. in the county,) will be examined in reference to ' 14. Cleanliness about the house. the following points, and the results reported to 15. Damages done by breaking or cutting the the Superintendent of common schools. Trustees' house, seats, desks, out-houses, &c. during the and parents receiving the paper containing this, time kept by present teacher. are earnestly requested to submit it to the peru. The Town Superintendents are requested to sal of the teachers in the district where they direct attention to these particulars, in their reside :

visits to the schools. 1. What are the literary qualificatious of the

HENRY S. RANDALL, teachers.

Co. Supt Com. Schools. 2. Aptness to communicate instruction, and i

ALLEGANY. adapt it to the comprehension of the pupil. 3. Government and disipline.

County Convention of Town Superintendents, The teacher should punish rarely- inflict held at Angelica, 4th June. R. H. Spencer, corporal punishment still more rarely. He should

Chairman ; J. J. Rockafellow, Secretary. not keep a rod in sight--and especially, not be in the habit of carrying one in his hand, unlessi (The County Superintendents.) he would give himself the appearance of a tamer The convention discussed many of the great of wild animals. He should never threaten, and never break his promises to the pupil. He should

is educational topics of the day. Mr. Coe, Memappeal to the feelings and the conscience of the ber of Assembly, Rev. Mr. Irish, Messrs. Diven, erring child-never betraying temper or peevish. Bartlett, Cady and others, took part in a long, ness--but constantly exhibiting kindness, gentle...

: varied, and spirited discussion. The following ness and patience. These will ordinarily beget a corresponding disposition on the part of the resolutions are MOST IMPORTANT; may they be pupil. Good order must be maintained, at all heeded. hazards. When all other means fail the teacher2d. Resolred. That the teacher who only aims is justified in inflicting moderate corporal punto cultivate the intellect ot' his pupils. neglects ishment. This should usually be done alone by far the more important part of his duty, and with the pupil, after the close of the school,

bis may be doing community a serious injury; inas. and alier kindly admonition. A teacher who much as the mere ability to read does not prepossesses the requisite qualifications for govern. ve

| vent crime, but may prompt the individual to its ing a school will rarely be driven to this resort.

• commission. 4. System in teaching,-i.e. a regular organi.

[Remarks by Mr. Irish.] zation of the school into suitable classes, and undeviating regularity in the time and manner

3d. Resol red, That where the moral senti. of hearing every recitation and exercise-The

ments are weak, and the appetites and passions time should be justly divided between the seve.

strong, the depraved taste will give a bias to the ral recitations, giving each pupil his share of the

reading which will only corrupt and demoralize: teacher's time and attention. But one thing

The ability to read is simply a means to purify should be done at a time, which requires the at

and elevate, or to pollute and debase. tention of the teacher: and while attending to

[Remarks by Messrs. Irish and Coe.) that, the teacher should permit no interruptions

4th. Resolved. Therefore, That the education by questions or otherwise.

is defective which does not insure industry and 5. List legally kept. If not, a teacher cannot

integrity. recover wages; and this is no hardship, as the

[Remarks by Dr. Cady.] form of a legal list is plainly set forth in the

The following resolution seemed to contem. District School Journal.

plate a blow at the academy, and called out a

lengthy debate. [We omit Mr. remarks on the following 5th. Resolved, That in a Government like subjects.]

ours, all should have a fair start, and no distinc.

tions should be made in the early education of 6. Music.

all the citizens; and this can never be done un. 7. Reading

til the common school is made the best school, 8. Definition of words.

and all patronize it. 9. Books.

| Mr. Rockafellow thought that the period had 10. Classification.

| not yet arrived, and indeed questioned whether 11. Penmanship.

it would ever arrive, when we should be prepar12. Credit Marks. Every teacher is advised ed to dispense entirely with the academy. He to keep a regular account by credit marks with 'contended that the public school could, should and every class in the school-in reading, writing,! would soon be elevated to the present standard geography, definitions, arithmetic, &c.

of the academy, and that the present number of “Hcail Marks” should not be given, as there the latter, would consequently be greatly dimin. is neither propriety nor justice in giving all the ished, but the remaining academies would neces. credit to two or three scholars in the class, who sarily erect their standard still higher, and thus are older, or who may have had better advanta. serve as an important stepping stone from the ges, or who may actually be able to outstrip common school to the college. their fellow's. Credit is due to every one who Mr. Coe, in reply, said he was fully convinced does all that can be reasonably required of him, I that we needed no such stepping stone, and be and the most backward frequently deserve the believed that every true friend of education most cre lit. Give a credit mark, therefore, to would very soon be of the same opinion. me


would have the student step from the com

WASHINGTON, mon school to the college. He would make the Convention of the Superintendents for the South. public school what the academy now is, and thereby suspend the necessity of the latter. He

ern Section, held at Union village, June 8th; believed that the period was not distant when Mason Martin, of Argyle, in the chair, Wm. the public school would be made to accomplish Wright, County Superintendent, secretary. all that the private school now accomplishes,

We have space but for a few resolutions. To and thus effectually do away the invidious dis. tinction which at present exists between these that which alludes to Mr. Palmer, we would ask two nurseries of intelligence.

particular attention, as every county may receive Dr. Cady could not fully agree with Mr. Coe, lihe hener

coe: the benefit of his services. in doing away with our higher institutions ; at all events, he conceived that time to be yet quite Resolved, That, to render supervision useful remote. His arguments were brief, but to the and economical, it must be thorough and effi. point. Other remarks followed, and the resolu. cient ; and that no efficiency can be secured tion passed unanimously.

where the amount of labor, or multiplicity of

cares, are disproportioned to the number of offi. . We have also received a private letter from

cers charged with the execution of this duty. Allegany, from which we give an extract, as it Resolved, . That, in the opinion of this Conthrows additional light on the state of the vention, the Board of Supervisors of this Coun

ty acted wisely and economically in appointing . Hunt's Hollow, 7th June, 1844.

two County Superintendents, as a less number

would so far impair the efficiency of the system I have just returned from a visiting tour

as to render it nearly nugatory. among our "National Colleges," and I must boast a little ; bear with me one moment, for I The resolution might have added that two must own I am proud of what some of our better officers than the Brothers Wright, could teachers are doing up here in Allegany, (I wish with difficulty be found there were more such,) those who teach instead of merely keeping school. I recollect my friend

Hl. Resolred, That the office of a teacher of Sprague, of Fulton, last summer gave a very in

cominon schools, is one of deep and fearful re. teresting account of a school in that county. I

sponsibilities ; and that those teachers who neg. will not say he is outdone; but I am quite cer

lect to keep pace with the improvements of the tain he is equalled in more than one school that

age-who fail to qualify themselves for the faithI have visited in the last two weeks. Every

ful and enlightened discharge of these responsi. thing in and about the house of these schools, is

bilities which they thus voluntarily assume, calculated to animate, instead of depress, the

helby neglecting to read some of the numerous feelings of the visitor. Flowers and evergreens

Frergreens publications or periodicals of the day devoted in rich luxuriance, bedeck their houses, and little to this subject, are unworthy of the station which misses, and lads too, instead of romping in the they occupy, and ought to be discarded by an streets, and spending their leisure hours in rude

rude intelligent community. and indecorous behavior, as I am sorry to say .

Resolved, That as the "District School Jourthey have too long been in the habit of doing in

in nal" is a correct exponent of the views and sen. many places, are now employed in cultivating timents of

ored in cultivating timents of the great educational pioneers of the flowers and shrubs. in and about their school age, and furnishes the best, and at the same rooms, and in an occasional botanical and geo. time the most economical means of becoming logical excursion in the fields and woods, with acquainted with the past history and present their teachers and friends; the ingenious teacher,

condition of common schools, as well as the going into a detail of facts instead of being con.

modes of teaching, and general management most fined wholly to abstracts; callinginto requisition approve

approved of in them, not only in this, but in that richest of all sources of instruction, conver.

er foreign countries, we feel that it is a periodical sation.

that ought to be in the hands of every teacher This has been too long overlooked and ne. of a common school in this state. glected. Said Mr. Webster, " We have taught! Resolved, That the very liberal offer of too much by manuals, too little by direct dis. Thomas H. Palmer, Esq. to deliver gratuitouscourse with the pupil's mind." I am happy to ly a course of lectures upon the subject of "the see this old verbal method of teaching coming most pressing wants of the schools, and the best into disrepute. Teachers should teach THINGS, method of supplying them,” in each of the instead of mere words. On examining the lists counties or half counties of the state, to which of such schools, I find very few blank's opposite he may be specially invited by its superintendent, the names of any of the scholars, and when I be accepted, and that the County Superintendent do, on inquiry, almost always find they are ab. of this section of Washington Co., be requested sent from necessity, not from choice.

to invite Mr. Palmer to visit us as soon as You will recollect that when in Rochester at practicable. Convention, the members all recommended the District School Journal as a powerful auxiliary

THE ALPHABET. in forwarding the educa tional interests of the

[Continued from last Number.) State. For one, I am disposed to show my sin. cerity by deeds, as well as words—and really hopc oihers will do so too. I now forward Mr. Gall of Edinburgh, is the author of this you, &c.

plan. For the four letters bd, pq, he uses the R. H. SPENCER,

following rhyme: Co. Supt. Com. Schools for the Northern bb right and d left looking upward are found. Section Allegany Co.

p right and q left pointing down to the ground.”

7th. Words are taught first. One word is gi. laudet, My First School Book, and Worcester's ven to the child for a lesson, and after he exa- Primer. mines it attentively, let him pronounce it: he The undersigned, in preparing the various should then select the word from among others; inodes here suggested for teaching the alphabet, and when he can do this readily, give him an. acknowledges a very liberal use of "The Teach. other word aud proceed as before. The words er Taught," by Emerson Davis, a work that chosen should be the names of objects familiar ought to be in the hands of every teacher. This to the pupil; when several words, enough to in explanation is deemed sufficient without the usuclude the whole alphabet, are learned in this al inarks of credit, &c. manner, the child should form them into senten. Further details in this report, respecting the ces, by writing them on the black-board or slate, mode now recommended for ieaching the letters, and he may then learn the letters-ommencing are deemed unnecessary, as full directions are · with those in the first word learned; each word contained in the above mentioned books. again fornis a lesson, and must not be passed

Tis hard to venture where our betters fail, over until the letters are thoroughly learned. Or lend fresh uerest to a twice.told tale." When the letters of a word are learned, let the child spell the word. Care should be taken that no word or letter, when once learned, is forgot. 6 KNOWLEDGE IS POWER." ten. If a class be taught according to this or any other plan here suggested, it is recommend. The following admirable and comprehensive ed that the words or letters be chalked upon the enumeration of what has been and may be effect. Dlack-board.

ed by an early, judicious and enlightened culti. The plan of learning words first, and then the vation of the powers and faculties of the human letters that form them, hay the decided approval mind, is from the pen of THOMAS Dick, L.L.D., of many eminent teachers, and it will, no doubt, author of "- The Christian Philosopher," &c. in a short time, supercede all others. Teach a " is man has a natural desire after knowledge child according to this method and he is interest and a delight in it, so he is furnished with noble ed from the beginning--le knows what he is faculties and vast capacities of intellect for enaabout, and understands the use of words and let. bling him to acquire and to treasure it op. By ters as fast as he learns them; and what is of the powers of his understanding he has sur. paramount importance to the child, he learns to veyed the terraqucous globe in all its varieties of think--his mind is not darkened with a cloud of land and water, continents, is lands and oceans į (to him) unmeaning characters or sounds. He determinedits magnitude,its weight,its figureand is not tasked and drilled for months in commit- motions ; explored its interior rccesses, descended ting to memory the names of the letters, merely, I into the bottom of its spas, arranged, classified without being permitted to know their use. But the infinite variety of vegeta bles, minerals and he is regarded, from the commencement, as an animals which it contains, analyzed the invisible intelligent being and possessing a mind capable atmosphere with which it is surrounded, and deof improvement--his course is constantly on. termined the elementary princ iples of which it is ward, and he will no longer despise the school. composel, discovered the nature of thunder and house, for he finds there amusement; and this arrester the rapid lightnings in their course, asamusement is blended with instruction in a most certainel the laws by which the planets are di happy manner. Let this plan be adoptel and recteu in their courses, weighed the masses of the abcecarian will no longer regard his lesson i distant worlds, determined tirir size and disas an onerous and a use!pas lask, imposed on tances, and explore i regions of the universe iphim for po useful purpose whatever, but he will visible to the unassisted eye, whose distance ex. find his lesson his most interestiog pe-time-aceeds all human calculation and comprehension. continual feast.

The sublime sciences of Geometry, TrigonomeThe tender chili has been carried' found in a try, Conic Sections, Fluxions. Algebra and other circle while learning the alphabet quite long branches of Mathematics, evince the acuteness enough. The time, it may he hoped, has now and perspicacity of his intellect; and their appligone by, when he, uupitied by any one, was cation to the purposes of Navigation and Geodoomed to sit on "hard benches” for days and graphy, and to the determination of the laws ol months in succession, and not allowed to know the celestial motions, the periods of their revo. more than barcly the names of the letters from lutions, their eclipses, and the distances at which A down to Z and back again. The motto now they are placed from our sublunary mansion, de is, " Teach him to think."

monstrate the vigor and comprehension of those But to amplity farther on this subject would. I reasoning faculties'with which he is endowed. in the opinion of the undersigucd, be an act of! “By means of the instruments and contrivances supererogation: teachers that are disposed to which bis inventive faculty has enabled him to plod along a century behind the age, will do so form and construct, he can transport ponderous in despite of a renonstrance. They have chosen masses across the ocean, determine ihe exact a nutshell for their habitation while teaching; position in which he is at any time placed upon recommendations or arguments directed to them its surface, direct his course along pathless e would, therefore, be unavailing. Teachers that serts and through the billows of the mighty are determined to make themselves useful, and deep ;-transforma a portion of stean into a me. who are willing to devote their best energies to chanical pover for impelling wagons along roads. teach the tender mind, will, no doubt, give the land large vessels with great velocity against method now recommended a fair trial, with. / win:) and tide; and can even transport himse out further suggestions: if they do this, it is through the yielding air heyond the region of we confidently beileved they will adopt it, &c. The clouds. He can explore the invisible w following books are suited to this mode of teach. which are contained in a putrid lake, and bring ing: The Mother's Primer, by Rev. T. H. Gal. I to view their numerous and diversified i


tants; and the next moment he can penetrate to We congratalate the friends of education on regions of the universe immeasurably distant, the above selection. The deep interest that and contemplate the mountains and the vales, Col YorxG has always evinced in the cause of the rocks and the plains which diversified the Common Schools, apart from his official station, scenery of distant surrounding worlds. He can renders any comment on the propriety of his extract an invisible substance from a piece of appointment (by the legislature itself,) totally coal, by which he can produce almost in a mo. unnecessary. But as the remaining gentlemen ment, the most splendid illumination throughout have been selected by the Regents, it may seem every part of a large and populous city; he can proper to say, that the Rev. Dr. Potter is univer. detach the element of fire from the invisible air, 1 sally known by his writings and personal ex. and cause the hardest stones, and the heaviest | ertions, to improve the staudard of education ; metals to melt like wax'under its powerful agen. that Mr. Hawley comes to his station with the cy; and he can direct the lightnings of heaven result of many years' experience as a former to accomplish his purposes in splitting immense Superintendent of Common Schools, and also stones into a multitude of fragments. He can with a faithful and unwearied study of the subcause a splendid city, adorned with lofty columns, ject as a science : that the Rey. Mr. Campbell, palaces and temples, to arise in a spot where of this city, was for many years, before he be. nothing was formerly beheld but a vast desert came the pastor of one of the Reformed Dutch or a putrid marsh, and can make the wilder. churches in this city, an eminent and successful ness and the solitary place to be glad, and the Principal of an Academy in the southern disdesert to bud and blossom as the rose.' He cantrict, and that his learning and sound sense are communicate his thoughts and sentiments in a ) acknowledged by all who know him ; and fi. few hours to ten hundred thousands of his follow nally, that Mr. Dwight, from his official situamen-in a few weeks to ihe whole civilized tions, his capacity and his devotion to the cause world; and after his decease he can diffuse im. of education, will also be a useful and efficient portant instruction among mankind throughout member succeeding generations. In short, he can look While this undertaking (importot, highly back and trace the most memorable events which important as it is in its nature and its probable have happened in the world since timp began; he consequences,) is thus ushered under such auscan survey the present aspect of the moral world pices before the public, we trust that at the same among all nations ; he can penetrate beyond time the difficulties incident to its successful ezthe limits of all that is visible in the immense tablishment, and the labor absolutely requisite canopy of heaven, and range amidst the infinity for its management, and which will be gratuof unknown systems and worlds dispersed itously bestowed, will be considered by all our throughout the boundless regions of creation ; | fellow-citizens with a kindly spirit. Let not an and he can overleap the bounds of time, and ex- / unfounded prejudice nar its beginnings, but let patiate amidst future scenes of beauty and sub. all remember that it is preiminently an institulimity which "eye hath not seen” thronghout tion for the public good, and intended for the the countless ages of eternity.”

benefit of all.

(From the Albany Argus.]


A distinguished philanthropist and patriot has

authorized the subscriber to ofier a Prize of One Most of our readers are probably aware that Hundred Dollars for the best Essay on "THE an act was passed at the last session of the le. USES AND ADVANTAGES OF THE TOWN ORGANI. gislature for the establishment of a Normal ZATION." School (i. e. for the education of teachers of By Toun Organization is meant-1st. That common schools) to be located in the courty of geographical division of territory into such cir. Albany. At the same time, a munificent en-cles or sections as allows all the inhabitants con. dowment was provided of ten thousand dollars veniently to assemble for the transaction of local per annuin for the term of five years, to be de concerns; and 2d. The investment of all the invoted to the salaries of teachers, the purchase of hubitants residents of such territory, with corposchool furniture and apparatus, and the support, rate powers for the transaction in primary as. if necessary, of those who may become pupils. semblies of all ordinary municipal affairs; or, The expense of a building will be avoided, as in other words, The Uses and Advantages of the Common Council of the city of Albany have the mode of Organization common in New-Eng. engaged to furnish a proper one.

| land, as contrasted with the county and paroThe Regents of the University, to whom the chial organization adopted in some other parts general care and supervision of this institution of the Union, in its effect upon the pecuniary is entrusted, were directed by the above act, to prospects, the useful arts, the character and the appoint a board or executive committee of five general rental advancement and civilization of persons (of whom the Superintendent of Com the people. mon Schools shall be one,) to whom are com. All competitors for the PRIZE must transmit mitted the care, management and governmeut their Essays to the subscriber, at the office of of the " Normal School." At a meeting of that the Common School Journal. No. 18.1 Washing. body, held June 1, 1844, fifteen members being ton-street, Boston, on or before the first day of present, the following persons were unanimously October next, each Essay containing some seal appointed as said Board or Executive Committee: or cipher by which its author can be known.

The SUPERINTENDENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS, Distinguished men will be selected as judges, Rev. ALONZO POTTER, D.D., of Union College and the prize will be awarded as early as Janu. GIDEON HAWLEY, LL.D.,

ary 1st, 1845. The copyright of the successful Rev. WILLIAM H. CAMPBELI.,

Essay will be the property of its author. Francis DWIGHT, Esq.


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