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INDEX TO VOL. IV.

State Supef school monsuperintendend's notice Oly" | County

Bowen, J. Phort of Count of school of Allegany is.. SCE

Collectors of school districts, 145; not giving bond, office
Abbott, Rev. Mr.-Remarks of, on morals, page 53; on vacated, 66; their jurisdiction, 146; Their mode of pro
text books, spellers and grammars, 58.

ceeding, 145; what property liable, &c. 145.
Account books-to be provided, &c., 133.

Colored children-schools for, 142.
Allegany county report, 2.

Committees appointed by convention of County Super-
Alphabet of Rules, 73: mutation of, 111.

intendents, 51.
Alierations in school districts, 127.

Commissioners or town Superintendents-official order
An aristocratic eagle, 184.

as to apportioning public money on defective reports,
Annual Reports of County Superintendents-cditorial 1; Commissioners' office, if abolished, 17.
notice of, 8; annual reports, 130, 140.

Common Schools, of Syracuse, 29; of Rochester, 16.
Annual and special meetings, 133, 144, 145.

Common School teachers-labors of, 78.
Apparatus-wben may be bought with library n Common School Act, 17; editorial remarks on, 24;
19: school resolutions, recommending, 63.

fund, 165.
Appeals--to the County Superintendent, 162;

Composition-elements of, 110.
State Superintendent, 143.

Contracts with teachers, 138,
Application of school money, &c., 131.

Corporal punishment-Col. Young's views on, 1; re-
Applications to the State Superintendent, 143.

port on, by Col. Stone, 49; discussion in relation
Apportionment-laws of, 89; Col. Young's noti

50, 51; F. Dwight's resolution on, adopted, 52.
report, 169.

County Superintendents-report of, from Allegany, 2;
Assessment and collection of district taxes, 134.

two may be appointed by supervisors, when may
Associations-voluntary, resolutions on, 61. .

be removed, how; how paid; appeals to be made to;
Attendance--irregularity of, 74.

certificates granted by ; annulled by, 18; system,
Ayes and noes-list of, 147.

wby established, not expensive, admirable results of,
27; State Convention of, called, 32; met at Albany. 49:
their duty, 153, 155, 156; Col. Young's remarks on. 166;

List of, 173.
Bible recommended as text-book,by Gov. Pennington, 13. County Conventions, 25; in Erie, 108; Columbia, Otse-
Biography for schools, 106.

go, Wayne, Warren, Albany, Washington, Allegany,
Black-board-instruction on, 71.

109; Dutchess, 110.
Board of Supervisors, their duty, 125.

Couniy Treasurers, 126.
Boarding round, 68.
Bond to be required of the collector, 142; form of, 143.

D.
Bowen, J. B.-report of, 22.

Davies, Charles, Prof.-invited to address Convention ;
Broome-report of County Superintendent of, 19.

thanks for request of, for publication, 56.
Building-furnishing, &c. of school house, 148.

Delaware County-report of, 97.,
Burgess, A., County Superintendent of Allegany-val-Democratic character of common schools, 10; of free

uable report of, on schools, 2; editorial notice of, s. ll schools, 15.
Bushnell, Horace-extract from report of, on schools Denman, J. S.-letter describing Teachers' Institute in
in Hartford, 10.

Tompkins county, remarks on flogging, 52.
Designation of site of school house, 148.
Discipline-bad and good we!l contrasted: effect of

flogging; of constant threatening, 6; should not be
Canada-common school bill, 176. W e

of force, 86.
Cards v. Books, 67.

Districts-inability to support schools, 5; small dis-
raugus County--Superintendent's report or, 20;|| tricts-schools in, 6; how altered, 18; 'small, great
Cayuga County, Superintendent's report of, 21; Che'll loss arising from, 21; gradation of, urged, 67; dis-
mung County, Superintendent's report of, 22; Chau.ltricting, evils and remedies, 104; districts, number
tauque County, Superintendent's report of, 82; Che of, 8; in State, 161.
nango County Superintendent's report of, 83; Clinton District clerk, his duties, 144, 147.
County, Superintendent's report of, 33...

Division of teachers' money into portions, 133. 1
Cautions and counsels, 185.

Duties of Town Superintendents, 129, 130.
Certificates when présented by county or town Super-| Dwight, Francis-his resolution on corporal punish-

intendents, 18; department directions in relation to,ll ment, 51; remarks of, 50, 51; resolution on christian
37; resolutions in relation to, 63.

morals, 52
Celebrations-of Common Schools at Medina,
Allegany, $2; China, (Wyoming Co.) 109.

E.
Change of site of school house, 148.

|| Education--triumphs of, 68.
Children-how injured by bad teachers, 7; non-resi. Employment and payment of teachers, &c. 138.
dent, admission of, into schools, Col. Young's decil England-condition of children of, 73.

ion, 17; how should enter and leave scbool, 26|| Exemption-certificate of, 139.
small schools for, 30; of England-condition of, 74;
how taught to tease, 80; number taught, 162; average |

Elt: 3-

Bol
t

F.
period of tuition, 162.
Citizens--resolution on duties of, 57.

| Female teachers-employment of, increasing, 29; less
Clement, A S., County Superintendent of Columbia-|| paid than operators, 30; resolution in relation to, 68;
remarks of, on teaching, 56.

discussion of, 69.
Clerks-of Boards of Supervisors, 125; of towns, 196;| Fonda, A. C. S.-resolutions of, on voluntary associa-
of counties, 126.

tions, 61.

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to teachers. madopted, 55 : Jucation; amendek

Franklin County-report on schools of, 98.

Mode of providing fuel, 137; of paying toachers, 138;
Frazier, G.T., County Superintendent of Monroe-re- of proceeding, 146; of keeping minutes, &c., by dis.
port of, 19.

trict clerk, 147.
Free Schools-success of, in Rochester, 15; ably vindi- || Moral education, 182.
cated, 14.

Moral training--recommended in New Jersey, 13; how
Form-of draft on State treasurer for school moneys, used in Glasgow, 15; how to do good, 31; resolutions
126 : of notice to trustees not giving their consent toll

on, in convention, 52; discussed, 52, 53; adopted, 54;
alteration of district, 127; of resolution for the al conquer with kindness, 75; set about it, 76; do not
terateon of a district, 128: of teacher's certificate, decieve yourself, 77 ; industry, 79; golden rule, 80;
of instrument annulling do. 130; of district tax list, Il moral influence of schools, 98.
and warrant for its collection, 136; of assessment. Il Mothers should be interested in schools, 13.
rate-bill and warrant, 139.

Music, vocal-its moral effects, 16; resolutions in re-

lation to, 50; report op; discussion of, 6.
G.
General provisions in relation to taxes, &c. 134.

Neatness essential-teachers' neglect of, 9; of school
Genesee report of schools in, 99.

room, 73.
German schools, 91.

Needle manufactory, 77.
Glasgow-juvenile training school in, 15.

New Jersey-extracis from report of trustees of its
Globes-when may be bought with library money, 19,

school fund, 12.
Goodrich, Chauncey, town Superintendent-letter of, on || Normal Schools-ordinance of Regents in relation to
use of cards, 67.

23; teachers' institute in Tompkins County, account
Grammar-practical lessons in, 186.

of, 46, 47; resolutions on, Col. Young's remarks on,
61; training college for teachers, in England, 70; recom.

mended, 97; opened in Fulton, Tompkins, Cayuga;
Hammond, Hon. Jabez D.-letter of, 49.

Orleans and Washington, 110; remarks on in annual

report, 17).
Henry James, jr., County Superintendent of Herkimer,

49; remarks on pbysical education; amends resolu. Notice of the first meeting in district to organize, 127.
tion which is adopted, 55; resolution on, in relation

0.
Hopkins, A. G.-resolutions of, in relation to town Su-Oberlin-or triumphs of education, 68.
perintendents; how to teach children to tease, 80.

Official decisions-admission of non-resident children
Hulbord, Hon. C.T.-official report of, vindicating new into schools, 17; order in relation to appointing town
system of supervision, 27.

Superintendents, 24; apportioning subjects among
Humphrey, Hon. Charles-his notice of institute, 47. County Superintendents for reports, 66; Collector not

giving bond, otfice vacated, 66; instructions of, to the
various school officers, from 125 to 159; to Town Su.

perintendents, enforcing strict observance of law, 160.
ladifference of inhabitants to schools, 5, 19, 20; give up || Oral instruction, 183.
the school wholly to teachers, 22.

Order-unwisely enforced, 5; how should be, 9; how
Individual action-importance of, 32.

school should be classified, 25; how should be urgan.
lospections-form of account of, 144.

ized, 26; of school room, 103.
Iuspectors-office of, abolished, 17.

Orthography--resolutions on uniform standard of, 56;
Institute Teachers-notice of, 16.

committee appointed on, 56.
Instruction to teachers, 143.

P.

Parental interest-importance of, 13.
Jefferson County-report on, 101.

Patcbin, Ira-brings in resolutions on physical educa-
Journal, D. School-resolutions on, 61; new method orlltion, 64; on place of keeping libraries, 56.

directing, 72; notice of, 87, 103; an'appeal in behalf|| Physical training-in Glasgow, 16; education, resolu.
of, 107; noticed in annual report, 171.

tions on, discussed, 64; amended and adopted. 55:
Jurisdiction of Collector, 145.

Prof. Potter's remarks on, 55; neglected, 99; tempe.

rance, Sewall's Pathology noticed, 176.3
Potter, Alonzo, D. D.-remarks in convention on physi.

cal education, 54, 55.
King Henry and the woodeutter, 79.

Powers and duties of inhabitants when assembled in
King, Theodore F., chosen President of State Conven. Il district meeting, 145.
Lion-address of, 49.

Private schools--resolutions on, 58; evils of, 101; num.

ber in State, 162.
| Proceedings in the formation or alteration of schocl dis-

triets, 127; in the formation of a joint district, 1:8; in
Le Roy, D. C.-report of on schools of Syracuse, 29.

case of non-resident lands, 135.
Letter to a primary school teacher, 197.

Public opinion, 75.
Liabilities of town Superintendents, 131.

Purchase, &c., of school house, 137.
Library money-to be applied to purchase of books or

apparatus and maps; when it may be to the latter,

19; when to be spent, 36.
Libraries--too well kept; excellent influence of, 20; || Qualifications of voters, 147; at district meetings, 178.
many improper books in, 22; where to be kept; discus.
sion on, 56; Col. Young's remarks on, 66, 67; resolu-
tion on, 67'; what libraries to be reported by Town Randall, S.S., General Deputy, 19; speech on corporal
Superintendent, 81: how many books in use, 97; re-l punishment, 50, 51; resolution offered by, 52; letter
gulation complained of, 99; noticed in Col. Young's || of on christian morals and prayer in schools, 63.
report, 170; district, 118; do. regulations, No. 1, 149; 1 Randall. H. S-report of, 85
do do. No. 2, 151.

Randall, 0. W.-letter from, on neatness and order, 9.
Licensing teachers, &c. 156.

Reconsideration of proceedings, 147.
Regents-ordinance of, in relation to Normalschools, 23.
Register-recommended by Abbott, 25.

Remarks on seminaries for teachers, 178.
Mack, J. T., Superintendent of Rochester schools-res Renewal of warrants, 137.
port of, 14.

Repeating after teacher-importance of, 11.
McFarland, D., County Superintendent-resolutions of, | Reports-of trustees, when to be made, 34, 36 ; what to
op irregularity of aitendance, 63.

contain, 140; what must state in relation to library,
Maps--when may be bought with library money, 19.

36; particular instructions of department in relation
Marietta school-account of, 104.

to, 36.
Matteawan district, 48; appeal of inhabitants in rela-Resolution creating a new district, 121.
tion to, 47, 48.

Rewards, punishments, &c. 181.
Mayhew, Jra, County Superintendent-resolution and Reynolds, John-letter of, 91.
report on school houses, 61, 101.

Rice, E. A.-report of, 21."
Michigan-annual school report of, 11.

Rochester, H. E., County Superintendent of Monroe, 49;
Missouri-extract from address to its legislature, 13. 1 views on corporal punishment, 61.

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Text books-non-uniformity or, illnstrated by superin

lendent of Michigan, 11; resolutions on importance Snle of school bonse and site, 137.

of uniformity discussed, 58. School houses-editorial notice of their general condi- 11 tion, 8; shameful condition of the Maileawan district

| Tidd, Nathan-county superintendent's report of, 22; school house, 9; improvement of, in Rochester, 14;

resolutions on private schools, 68; advocates right general bad condition of, in Broome County, 20; reso-||

of corporal punishment, 50; remarks on moral cul

ture, 52. Tutions on, 61; in Columbia, 84; elaborate report on, I Tooker, J.C remarks on corporal punishment, bli on 101: condition of, through the State, 163.

| physical education, bỏ. School room as it should be, 103.

Town Superintendent-office crealed, 17; powers of, School house-tax for building, 136

17, 13; consent of when necessary to annul certifiSchool district notice-form of, 144.

cate, shall designute proportions of library and School Journal--recommended by Governor of New

teachers' money, to pay over on order of trustees, Jersey, 12

18; office recommended by legislative committee, 27; Schools, private-resolutions on, 68; evils of, 101; Ger

duties of, 129, 130; as explained by Col Young, 36; man, 91; common, moral influence of, 99, at Mari.

how to license and inspect, 37; resolutions in convenetta, account of, 104.

tion in relation to, 51; called upon to take an interest Set about it, 76. Special district meeting-form of notice for, 144.

in circulating the D. S. Journal, 61; notice to, 72. Spelling-words should be pronounced correctly when

what libraries to report, 81; general character and eiven out, 10, 31; by dictation, and writing Well I Town. Hon. Salem-labors in Tompkins' Intitute, 47.

importance of, 106. taught, 11 ; had methods of teaching, 81.

Trusteesihose popular who hire the cheapest, 6; offi. Spencer, R. H.-his account of school celebration, 82. W

cial term made ihree years, 17; one to go out each Sprague, T B.-report on vocal music, 59; remarks of,

Il year, power to amend rate bill, vacancy occurring, 60; letter of, on a model school, 103 State certificates-to whom granted, 172.

for what time successor to hold, annual reports to be Statistical tables of annual report, 174.

made, when, 15; what to contain, in relation to

school, library, &c., 36; how chosen their duties, &c., Statement of unoccupied and unimproved innds, 137.1

131, 132, 137, 140, 141: Col. Young's notice of in re. Stevens, A. L.-resolutions on teachers' certificates, 63.

Il port, 169; to accotint to their successors, &c., 140. Stevens, D. H., County Superintendent of Franklin-remarks on corporal punishment, 52; on morals, 63

| Trast to yoursell, 186. Stone, W. L-report on corporal punishment. 49;

views on, 50; remarks on employing female teichers, 59 ; on vocal music, 60, 61.

Valuations of property-how ascertained and made of Storkes, E. G. of Cayuga, c. S.-remarks on physical ed. ll

ped, and mode of

proceeding when reduction is claimed, 135, ucation, 54.7

Visiting the districts and inspecting the schools, 154. Supervision-importance of, by Geo. Pennington, 12. 1

Voice- power of, over children, 94. Supervisors-shall appoint County Superintendent; may

appoint two, when, 18; may allow postage to County Superintendents, 18; number of boards recommending

the system of County supervision, 27; duties of, 126. Weekly roll, 143.Suits by and against trustees, 141.

When taxes may be imposed by trustees, without being Swearer rebuked, 79.

specifically voted, 136. Syracuse-common schools of, 29.

When annual report of trustees are to be made, and

whit to contain, 140, T.

Wooden, D. G. County Superintendent of Columbia

reports rules of convention, 49; remarks of on corpoTanner, W. C.-letter of, a school celebration el Medi

ral punishment, 60; resolutions on D. S. Journal, 61; na, 16.

report of, 84. Talking chip, 76.

Wright, A., County Superintendent of Washington-reTaxation of real estate situated partly in two or more

marks on corporal punishment, 60; resolutions on districts, 177.

female teachers, 68. Tax list-when to be made ont, 194.

Wright, w. County Superintendent of Washington-reTax-how and upon whom to be assessed, and for what

marks on corporal punishment, 50; resolutions on property, 134.

text books, 19; letter froni to department, Bl. Taxes should be specifically voted, 17. Teachers-gnalifications of, 181; in s llegany county, 2;

their difficulties with inhabitants, 6; the bargains made with them, by which a dollar is saved and a Young, Hon. Samuel, State Superintendent-letter of, school ruined, 6; repeating after, inportance of, 11; on corporal punishment, 1, decision of, on admitting great influence of, 20; new every term, sad effoci non resident child, en into schools, 17; order to school of, low qualifications of, 22; revo ting character of officers in relation to appointing town superintensome, as shown by Hulburd's report, 27; good, most dents, 24; remarks on place and manner of keeping necessary in summer schools, 30; how to be licensed, distı ict libraries, 66, 67; advice to county superine by, 36 : noble example of, 49; female resolutions in tendents as to the manner of discharging their imrelation to, 59; labors of, 72, poor for poor schools, portant duties, 67; recommends, in debate, the more charge of, 88; number in State, 163; names of those general employment of lemale teachers, 59; remarks to whom State certificates are granted, 172.

on normal schools, 61: on school-houses. 62; resoTeaching-bad methods in use, 4; ridiculous blunders lution of thanks to, 63; apportionment of subjects to

from the late system, 21; resolutions ou method of, ll county superintendents, 65; order as to reporting 56: in Columbia County, S4; in Cortland, 85; me. libraries, 61; instructions of, to officers of school thods recommended, exercise on topics, 99; how to system. from 126 to 159 ; order to town perintendteach, 90; improved methods paining ground in 1 ents, requiring hereafter a rigid execution of the Franklin, 99; of composition, metbods recommended, k law, 160; annual report of, 161 to 172. 110.

Youllie' raiscellany-93, 94, 95, 96, 110, 111, 112.

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زنان

SCHOOL JOURNAL,
OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.

VOL. IV.

ALBANY, APRIL, 1843.

No. 1.

OFFICIAL

strongly on your side, you can reason them into 1 subordination. You can readily make them un.

derstand that no school can be rendered benefi. State of N. Vork-Secretary's Olūce. Icial to the pupils where good government does DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS. not prevail. You can easily convince them that

breaches of order and decorum not only destroy CORPORAL PUNISHMENT.

the utility of a school, but necessarily inflict a

serious injury upon every pupil and parent.-Albany, Jan. 24, 1843.

Address yourself to them as a friend and a bro. DEAR SIR.I have received yours of the 14th

ther. Appeal to the highest motives-to a sense inst., in which you ask my opinion concerning 1,

to of justice, to philanthropy, to honorable feelings, corporal punishment's being inflicted on young I fect, then to a sense of debasement, degradation

and to self-respect ; and if these produce no ef. men over 16 or 17 years of age, and also

and shame. . whether a teacher has power to expel a scholar * before receiving orders from the trustees.'

| But if reasoning and expostulation fail, I do You say you are engaged in a school in the

not advise a resort to brute force. In order to town of Carrol, which has “the reputation of

subdue stubborn young men by flagellation, it being a hard place," that you find it to be

would probably be necessary to inflict an amount about so;" and that "some young men attend

and an intensity of pain, which, for the time school for purposes not of gaining knowledge,

| being, would convert you, both in feeling and but something else.”

age, appearance, into a demon. And the trembling

little children who witnessed this frightful ex. The natural propensities of mankind are the bition would ever after regard you with fear and same in every age and clime; and I therefore

repulsion. infer that there is nothing in the soil or atmos.

You could probably never gain their

love and respect, and without inspiriag these phere of the town of Carrol which has inspired

sentiments in your pupils you can never become the young men to whom you allude with turbulent

a successful teacher. dispositions. Nor can I conceive that parents ever

1 There may be extreme cases in which corpowillingly incur the expense of sending their rai in dicti

ral inflictions upon children, administered in children to school for any other purpose than the

moderation, without passion, with evident reacquisition of knowledge. To suppose that a father or mother would encourter the pecuniary led me

luctance, and where every other means has fail and other loss of sending a son of 16 or 17 years ;

r ed, may be necessary and useful; but such cases old to school for “ something else" than the at- l Aiet

in my judgment are rare. Every voluntary in

alfliction of pain upon an intelligent being, where Lainment of knowledge, would be to stultify the lite

its justice and necessity are not strongly maniparent. If these young men, therefore, attend school to make disturbance and derange the or.

fest, create hatred and resentment, if not rederly administration of instruction, it is not by male pupils. approaching to puberty, can never

venge. And such inflictions upon male or fe. the procurement or concurrence of their parents.de And every one who sends to school would be

do good. If, at such an advanced period in life,

they cannot be reclaimed by proper appeals to injured and outraged by such disturbance and

the head and the heart, I should regard them as derangement. You will perceive, therefore,

te: hopelessly depraved. And the teacher, in such that public sentiment must always be strongly

case should apply to a trustee, stating the cir. in favor of order, regularity and improvement in

cumstances and requesting his interposition with your school. I venture to suppose that these

the parent or guardian; and if the unruly pupil turbulent young men have been made so by your

does not desist, and is not withdrawn, the teachpredecessors--by surly, vindictive and ferocious

er may then exclude such pupil from entering school-masters--that they have been tyrannized

the school-house. over and whipt into pugnacity, until they regard

Yours, &c.

S. YOUNG, Sup't Common Schools. every pedagogue as an enemy to the human

Mr. WM. PHETTEPLACE, Jamestown, N. Y. race; and that they now feel inclined to wreak that vengeance upon you, which they were formerly too weak to inflict upon your predeces. TO COMMISSIONERS OF COM. SCHOOLS. sors.

But it would seem to me, that by a mild, man. It has heretofore been the practice of commis. ly and firm course, and with public sentimentsioners in their apportionment of the public mo

10

ney, among the several school districts of their to all the means within their reach intended to town, to apportion the share belonging to those elevate the condition and character of district districts which do not report in conformity to schools. They are systematic and thorough in law, among the several reporting districts.- every department of their labors. They have a There is no authority for this course to be found time for every thing, and do every thing at its either in the law, or, so far as I am aware, in proper and appointed time. They have a place the instructions of this department. Where the for every thing, and have every thing kept in its annual report of any district is not in conformity proper place. They do but one thing at a time, to law, and the instructions of the Superintend. and never suffer their attention to be diverted ent in pursuance of law, the commissioners will from the consideration of a subject until it is withhold the share of public money belonging to thoroughly gone through with. I believe that such district, report the facts to this department, about one-sixth of all the teachers whose and direct the trustees to apply for the equitable schools I have visited will rank in the first class, interposition of the superintendent, on an affida. and their labors and persevering efforts do honor vit setting forth their excuse, if they have any, to the profession. for a failure to comply with the law. If no di. The next class I shall mention is more nume. rections to the contrary are received from the rous than the former, and who appear to enter department, the commissioners at the next suc- upon the business of teaching with high expecceeding apportionment, will add the amount re- tations and flattering prospects. For a time maining in their hands, to the fund then to be they go on with all that ardor and ambition pe. apportioned, under the 27th section (No. 33) of culiar to the character of the young, infusing all the school act.

the energy of soul they possess into the feelings S. YOUNG,

of their scholars, and drawing into requisition Sup't Common Schools. cvery power within their reach for the attain.

ment of their high object. After pursuing ALLEGANY COUNTY.

this course for a time, they grow tired of the

labor it imposes, and begin to relax in their exTo the Hon. SAMUEL Young,

ertions to do all in their power to elevate the Superintendent of Common Schools.

standard of districts schools ; they begin to de

scend from the elevation they have gained, lose Owing to causes beyond my control, I visited their influence over their pupils, their respect the schools of only four towns fast winter, and subordination ; their systematic course is in although whilst making a distribution of laws some measure abandoned ; they have not that relating to common schools and school district decision of purpose with which they set out; libraries, and blank reports of commissioners they become peevish and fretful, easily thrown of schools and trustees, I called upon most of out of a train of good humor, and are exposed the teachers, and called their attention to the to the mercy of their scholars, who, when they instructions from the Superintendent relative to perceive they can make them appear ridiculous, the manner in which they are required to keep will seek every pretext to harass and irritate their roll, pointed out a course of instruction I their feelings. This class, I am sorry to say, felt willing to recommend, and urged the impor are much more numerous than the one before tance of good order and discipline, and a syste- mentioned, and can be denominated no higher matic arrangement of all the affairs of the than second rate teachers. school.

A third class are those who enter upon the I have visited one hundred and twenty schools, business of teaching for the purpose of raising a thirty-eight of which have been visited twice. sum of money in a given time, which they could Seventy-eight of them were visited in company not do in any other business in which they could with one of the inspectors; forty-two when two find employment. They enter not upon the diswere present, and thirty in company with three; l charge of these vast responsibilities because the remainder were visited alone.

they love to teach or because they have any desire

to see the rising generation up with that know. QUALIFICATIONS OF TEACHERS.

ledge so necessary to fit them for the transaction I have found them from first rate down to the of business, and for usefulness in the communilowest grade, whose services do more hurt than ty in which they may may be placed, but for the good, who communicate more error than truth, I pecuniary benefit derived from the employment. and who would establish more bad habits in the They have no desire so to manage their schools practice of scholars in a single term of fourl as to gain employment in that district again, for months, than a thorough and competent instruc. they wish to form new acquaintances, and tor would break up in eight. I have found therefore prefer to stay but one term in a place. ladies and gentlemen engaged in the responsible It matters not with them whether they commu. business of directing the youthful mind in our nicate ideas to those placed under their charge common schools, whose only ambition seemed or not; whether their pupils have an underto be to shine in their profession, and benefit standing of what they are required to commit to their juvenile charge all in their power ; who memory, or whether they repeat their lessons would scorn alike the sneers of those engaged in parrot-like, without knowing what they mean. private schools, and the contempt of those who It is true, in many instances they succeed in consider the district school fit only for the in. keeping up a show of order and discipline, but struction of the very lowest grade of community, the obedience produced does not flow from a whose breath is contagion, and whose touch is im. hearty good will to please, but to avoid a conmediate moral death. The class of teachers to stant infliction of the rod or ferrule. Are chil. which I now refer, have established themselves in dren generally pleased with such teachers ? Are the estimation of the friends of popular education, they impatient to be away to school in the mornby a course of well doing, and a strict attention ing'; and when they are at home, do they in.

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