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public attention to the pestilential effects of foul of examination was but 16. It was estimated, in air, breathed over and over in the school room. the reports of the Massachusetts Board of EducaHe wanted the truth repeated, until the community tion, that one-fourth of the money appropriated became impressed with it. The report stated his by the State was totally lost, from this cause; and views on the subject and in language by no means Mr. McF. apprehended that the loss in this State too strong. If there was any thing to object to it, it was still more. Teachers had brought to his notice was the use of the phrase "Empire State," which cases where pare ents had been clamorous in their was too common in reports and debates. There was censure of them, because their children did not an egotism in it that was offensive, and he should make progress, when, on referring to the roll, it like to see it discarded.

was found that the children had attended only 13 or Mr. Mayhew said that phrase occurred only in a 15 days in three months. How could it be ima. quotation. It was the remark of an eminent cler- ginect that scholars should advance under such cirgyman in reference to a village in the heart of the cumstances? It was unreasonable to expect it from wealthiest county in the Empire State," and yet a a teacher. He hoped to see some action on this village whose chief school house was in the dis- subject by the convention graceful condition and location designated in the Col. Stone was in favor of the resolution, and report.

would be in favor of something more, if it were The report and resolutions were adopted. within the power of the convention. But until the TEACHERS' CERTIFICATES.

county officers shall apportion the public money Mr. Stevens of Wyoming, offered the following but according to the actual attendance-he feared

honestly-not according to the register of names, resolution which was unanimously adopted :- I the evil would be beyond remedy. Nothing could

Whereas, It is deemed by thi: convention, of the first be more chilling to a teacher, than to be thus importance, that great care should be exercised by the deserted by his scholars. And the fault was osten Coun:y Superintendents in granting county certificates,

in the parent, he keeping his child at labor, while that a thorough acquaintance should be bad by the Su. perintendents with all the qualifications of candidates

ares he was drawing his share of the public money for teaching before giving county certificates. Therefore | Perhaps there was no remedy, but to apply to the Resolrod, That this convention recommend to the

tion recommend to the legislature for a law changing the mode of appor. County Superintendents, that in no case, county certi- tioning the school fund. Col. S, explained the ficates be given to candidates for teaching on the first mode of preventing absenteeism” in the city of erumination, but that such county certificates be given New Varl only alter visiting the schools, and an examination of Mr. Rochester said he had found a very eficient the manner of teaching and of all the requisite qualifications which entitle teachers to such certificate.

means of ensuring prompt attendance in the coun

try districts of Monroe county, to be the introducSCHOOL APPARATUS.

tion of singing at before 9 A.M. In the city of Mr. Myres of Sullivan, chairman of the commit-Rochester, they had the premiums for punctual tee, reported the following, which was adopted attendance, and the dispatching of messengers, unanimously :

described by the gentleman from New York, (Col. Resolved, I hat in the opinion of this convention, the

Stone.) introduction into our district-schools of the proper sci- After some further remarks from Messrs. Tookentific apparatus, especially globes, maps, and black er and Stevens, the resolution was adopted. boards is indispensably necessary to their prosperity A resolution offered by Mr. Sprague, this mornand usefulness.

| ing, on the subject of Dr. rewall's plates of the On motion of Mr. Wright of Washington, human stomach, was called up, but a motion to

Resolved, That the Superintendent of Common Schools lay it on the table prevailed, by a decicul vote. be respectfully requested to take into consideration the Mr. Henry rose, and reminded the President propriety of issuing a requisition upon the County Su. that by a decision made last evening, all parliaperintendents, to inquire into and ieport from time to mentary rules had been ruled out of this conventime, the number of teachers that may hereafter be tion. They were therefore without rules, and it found actually employed in teaching district schools he (Mr. H.) in what he was about to offer, should within their jurisdiction, who have at any time attend. ed “a teachers' department,” to be established by the

: 1 be personal, it would be out of the power of the recent ordinance of the Regents of the University.

President to call him to order. He did intend to

be personal; and if he should get himself into a THE TEACHERS OF OUR COMMON SCHOOLS. worse scrape than he did last night, he should look On motion of Mr. Henry of Herkimer,

to his friend upon his left (Col. Stone,) again to Rosolted, That this convention recognize in the hun

rescue him. He relied upon his strong arm. He dreds of devoted and faithful Common School Teach

rose, however, not to make a speech, but to offer ers, efficient and untiring friends of the great cause of a resolution. He offered the following: popoular education, and that we cordially and earnestly

| Resolved, That the thanks of this convention be ten. invite them to co-operate with us in all our efforts to

dered to Col. SAMUEL YOUNG, for his allendance upon benefit the children and youth of our country.

its deliberations, and his co-operation in our labors ; IRREGULARITY OF ATTENDANCE

and that from the nianner in which he has discharged Three o'clock, P. M.

the duties of his office we recognize in him an efficient Mr. McFarland offered the following resolu

otficer, and a staunch friend of the great cause of pub

lic education. tion:

Resolved, That among the various evils which para Col. Stone cheerfully rose to extricate the genlyze the efforts of teachers, few are more prominent i tleman from his imaginary diñculty. He secondthan irregularity of attendance of pupils, and none led the resolution, proposing to more loudly demands a remedy.

er, according to what he presumed was the intenMr. McF. said he had come to this convention fortion of the mover, by inserting the words “as Suthe purpose of listening, and of going home to ap- perintendent of Common Schools.” He was glad ply to a useful purpose the information he should ihat he had been called upon to second this resoluobtain. He should not have risen now, were it tion; and it afforded unalloyed happiness to know not that he feared the subject he had brought for that there was one subject in regard to which all ward would pass without notice. He coulıl not sects of religion, and all parties in politics, could speak as to other counties; but in the county of meet upon one common platform. He had watchDelaware, this was a very serious evil. In dis.ed the course of that officer-(he imagined that he tricts having on their teacher's roll some 20 chil- was not now present)-he had had personal interdren, the average attendance was from 25 to 30,course with him in his official relations; and he and in one district, the actual attendance on the day had found him to be all that was expressed in the

amend it, i

resolution-vigilant, enlightened, impartial-de- State of N. Pork-Secretarn's Office. termined to do his duty « without fear, favor or affection.” He had spoken of political parties--

DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS. he did not know what the politics of more than one or two members of the convention were. The NOTICE TO COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. gentleman from Herkimer, (Mr. Henry,) to be sure jocosely remarked last evening that he was a The District School Journal will hereafter be directe loco foco---he should not have found it out from led to the Trustees of districts, by their official designa. any thing that appeared here. But he did not de

tion, thus, "Trustees No. 12, Herd's Corners, Avon," sire to know what their politics were---he would not inquire. We are (said Col. S., engaged in a l in the following counties:-Broome, Chemung, Colamdeeper, more permanent, and far more important bia, Dutchess, Franklin, Genesee, Greene, Herkimer, subject than the ephemeral politics of the day.--- Jefferson, Madison, Montgomery, Niagara, Onondaga, Ephemeral, I say, because parties are constantly Orleans, Oswezo, Queens, Schenectady, St. Lawrence, changing, and, in that respect, if we know what we are, none of us know what we shall be. In

Tioga, Wayne, Wyoming and Yates. Notice of this deed, in the present aspects, many of us may be change in the direction of the Journal should be publishpuzzled to tell what we are now. Laughter. 1 Ited in the county paper, and the attention of the town Suis well known that in 1840, we sung too much to perintendents especially called to the same subject, that please me. But, continued Col. S. it is well known

the common school laws, together with the regulations that the Secretary of State and myself have never agreed in politics---that is, that we have always

of the Department may be received and preserved in differed upon great principles---personally I hope

every district. there has never been unkindness. I second the The Superintendents of the remaining counties, will adoption of this resolution, as eminently just and promptly forward the necessary directions, for the Jourmerited.

nal being sent in the same manner to the several dis. The resolution passed unanimously.

tricts under their superintendence, according to the Col. Young, addressing the President, thanked order issued in the May Journal. the convention through him, for this expression of Through the town Superintendents the address of their approbation. It would stimulate him, if pos- | sible, to greater efforts in the discharge of his offi- leve

every district can now be easily ascertained, and the cial duties. The cause of education was truly the reception of the Journal secured. cause of human advancement, and should enlist

Whenever any County Superintendent has occasion the efforts of every philanthropist, of whatever

to make any communication to the Department, he will sect, creed, or party. As the word politics had annex to it a list of the several town Superintendents been introduced, he would make a single remark. in his district, together with their post office address, He should feel hurt indeed, if any County Superin

SAMUEL YOUNG, Supt. Com. Schools. tendent, in the course of his visits should undertake to preach or to practice party politics. It would

NOTICE TO TOWN SUPERINTENDENTS. be a gross violation of his duty. The Superintendent was paid for his services by a tax levied on

Town Superintendents are earnestly requested to the whole county, and should he become a partizan, he must wrong at least a portion of his consti- take a warm interest in extending the circulanı

sti- take a warm interest in extending the circulation tuents. But Col. Y. trusted there was no necessity of the Journal. For one dollar three copies will be for this word of caution.

furnished according to their direction. We put the On motion of Mr. Woodin, the hour for the final Journal at this low rate to them, in order to secure adjournment of the convention was fixed at 4 0'- its general reception by those officers, who, in order clock,

rightly to discharge their duties, must be familiar The President having left the chair,

with the administration of the schools by the De

partment. The law does not require the Journal Mr. Woodin then offered a resolution of thanks

to be sent to the town officers, and we regret that to the President, Dr. King, for the able manner in

its means are not sufficient to allow us to forward it which he had presided over the deliberations of the

at our own expense. convention.

The County Superintendents will confer a great The President returned a feeling and appropri.

personal favor upon us, by calling the attention of ate reply.

the town officers to this subject. Mr. Randall moved a resolution of thanks to

TERMS. the Vice-Presidents and Secretaries; which was For a single copy for one year, .................. $0 50

12 copies to one order, for one year, each....... 33 adopted.

100 copies to one order, for one year each, ....... 0 25 A resolution of thanks to the friends of educa-. Payable in advance

| Payable in advance in all cases. Postmasters will

forward silver without charge. tion who had met with the convention, was adopted.

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. On motion of Mr. Dwight, the thanks of the

This is the last Journal that will be forwarded to convention were tendered to the editors of the se- I those subscribers who neglect to pay for the curveral papers of this city, who had so fully and

rent volume, according to its terms. The friends kindly reported its proceedings.

of the Journal will appreciate the necessity of adOne of the resolutions on the subject of Normal hering to this rule, as the amount charged is too Schools, not acted on this morning, was laid on small to enable us to employ an agent for collecthe table for future action.

tions. We hope our numerous DELINQUENT subThen the convention adjourned.

scribers will attend to this notice.



Vol. IV.

ALBANY, AUG., 1843.

No. 5.


dental matters required to be included in the general report, is taken into consideration. With

this suggestion, the limits of the discussion must STATE OF NEW-YORK-SECRETARY'S OFFICE. be left to the sound discretion of each superin. DEPARTMENT OF COMMON SCHOOLS.


Academies, general duties of in the preparation Albany, Aug. 1, 1843.

of teachers of common schools, Mr. HopIn the exposition accompanying the publica

kins of St. Lawrence. tion of the late act relating to common schools, in

in | Alphabet, best mode of teaching, Mr. Willson the June No. of the Journal, it was suggested to

of Allegany. the several county superintendents, whether the appar

Apparatus, use and importance of, in common interests of education might not be essentially

schools, and the most approved articles of,

Mr. Douglass of Clinton. promoted, by the special consideration, on their parts respectively, in their annual reports, of App

c Apportionment of school money, soundest prin.

ciples of, Mr. Manchester of Madison." some one topic connected with the subject of education, in addition to those general views | App

VS Appartenances to school-house, Mr. Hough of

a Montgomery. and suggestions relative to the condition and

1) Arithmetic, best mode of teaching, Mr. Mayhew prospects of the schools, which would naturally

hy of Jefferson. be presented in those reports. By the adoption of such a course, it was thought, that while al

"| Arithmetic, most approved and best text-book continued repetition of the same general topics la

L in, L. H. Brown of Jefferson.

| Association of teachers and friends of educa. would be avoided, a mass of valuable, well-digested and systematically arranged information,

- tion generally, importance of, Mr. Burdick pertaining to the diversified range of educational

of Rensselaer. science, might be obtained.

Bible, use of, in schools, Mr. Green of Wayne. During the late session of the State Conven

Black-board,' importance and use of, Mr. Wil.

liams of Tioga. tion of county superintendents, this suggestion was unanimously adopted by a resolution of that

Book-keeping, importance of teaching element. body; and the selection of subjects to be assign

ary principles of, in schools, Mr. Edwards

of Onondaga. ed to the several superintendents, where no par.

| Brooklyn, particular description of schools in, ticular preferences should be indicated by them; Mr King of Kings referred to the Department. In the execution

Buffalo, particular description of schools in, of this duty, no slight embarrassment has been

Mr. Ély of Erie. felt as to the most suitable disposition of the se.

Change of teachers, advantage and disadvantage veral subjects, in accordance with the peculiar

of, Mr. Frazier of Broome. scientific pursuits or literary tastes of the

Classification in schools, Mr. Spencer of Alle. al superintendents; but in the absence of any express indication of preference of one subject


Clergy, influence of, on the prosperity and ad. over another, and feeling the utmost confidence in the ability, as well as the disposition of each

vancement of the common schools, Mr.

Fonda of Schenectady. officer to contribute the results of his experi- lo

Common school fund, effect of, and general poence and research upon any or all of the various

licy of increasing, Mr. Fóord of St. Law. topics comprised within the great field of edu. cational labor, hitherto so faithfully and tho.

rence. roughly tiled by their exertions, the Superio. Composition, as a branch of common school tendent has submitted the following general ar

education, Mr. Moulton of Oneida. rangement of topics, subject to such modifica.

Corporal punishment, as a means of school dis. tion as those interested may choose to suggest,

cipline, Mr. Henry of Herkimer; and Mr. or mutually to arrange on consultation with each

Stevens of Franklin. other.

Course and extent of study proper to be pursu. The necessity of comprising the views and

ed in common schools, Mr. Nay of Genesee. suggestions to be made on each of these topics County superintendents, means of usefulness. into as brief a space as may be compatible with and field of labor of, Mr. Patchin of Liv. their clear development, will be obvious, when

ingston. the number of subjects and the variety of inci Definition and meaning of words, importance of


accurate knowledge of in elementary stu Teachers' institutes, Mr. Denman of Tompkins dies, Mr. Barlow of Madison.

Text-books, diversity of, and best means of se. Dissentions in school districts, influence of, on curing uniformity of, Mr. Tallmadge of Os.

the prosperity and efficiency of the school, wego. Mr. Stevens of Wyoming.

| Town superintendents, duties and means of use. District libraries, Henry S. Randall of Cortland. fulness of, Mr. Palmer of Otsego. District School Journal, Mr. Wheeler of Yates. Trustees and officers of school districts, general Division and subdivision of districts, Mr. Rice duties of, Mr. Baxter of Dutchess. of Cattaraugus.

Union schools, Mr. Day of Seneca. Factories, importance of affording the requisite Vacations in schools, utility and advantages of,

facilities for the elementary instruction of Mr. Barnes of Onondaga. children in, Mr. Preston of Suffolk.

Ventilation of school-rooms, Mr. Barnum of Female education, Mr. Potter of Queens.

Putnam. Female teachers, Mr. Rochester of Monroe. 1 Village schools, best mode of organizing and Free schools, Mr. Parsons of Chautauque,

conducting, Mr. Cleaveland of Greene. Fuel, general principles in reference to which | Vocal music, Mr. Shumway of Essex. fuel should be provided for the use of our

SAMUEL YOUNG, Supt. winter schools, J. H. Wright of Cattarau.

UGSTATE CERTIFICATES OF QUALIFICATION, Geography, best mode of teaching, Mr. Harden. as teachers of common schools, under the 10th bergh of Ulster.

section of the late school act, were, on the 4th Geology, expediency of introducing study of, in- day of July last, granted to the following indivi.

to the common schools, Mr. Baldwin of duals: Warren.

Miss ELIZABETH POPE, of Middlefield, Otsego Government and discipline of schools, Mr. W00. county. din of Columbia.

Mr. Geo. W. Fitch, of Plattsburgh, Clinton Grammar, best mode of teaching, and most ap- county.

proved text-books, Mr. Finch of Steuben. | Mr. LINUS HASKEL REYNOLDS, of Granville, History, best mode of teaching, and most ap. Washington county.

proved text-books, Mr. Fitts of Niagara. July 11-Mr. JOHN M. SHERMAN, of Roches. Inhabitants of school districts, duties of, with ter.

reference to the schools, Mr. Storkes of Ca. yuga.

COLLECTORS OF SCHOOL DISTRICTS. Intellectual culture, Mr. Smith of Saratoga. Irregularity of attendance, Mr. McFarland of

CENTRAL SQUARE,... { Delaware.

Oswego co., N. Y., June 3, 1843. S. Modes of teaching, Mr. Comstock of Oneida. DEAR SIR-School district No. 11, in this Moral culture, Mr. Dwight of Albany,

town (Hasting) is destitute of a collector. The New-York city public schools, Mr. Stone of N. collector elected at the last annual meeting in York.

October last accepted, but gave no bail, and col.

lected one or two bills. This spring the bill for Normal schools, Mr. Sprague of Fulton; and

the winter's school was put into his hands and Mr. Tooker of Orange Oral instruction, Mr. Clement of Dutchess.

bail required; this he would not do, and refused Physical education, A. Wright of Washington. |

to serve. We then appointed another, and he

refused to serve at any rate, bail or no. Physiology, expediency of the introduction of, as a branch of common school education, we wish to know what to do.

1. What must we now do? Please instruct us, as Mr. Smith of Schoharie.

Yours, &c.,
Play ground, importance of, Mr. Reynolds of

DAVID BAIRD, Political economy, how far to be taught in su


SAMUEL. Young, Esq., Supt. Schs., &c. schools, Mr. Myers of Sullivan. Practical education, Mr. Holcomb of Hamilton.

BY THE SUPERINTENDENT. Private and select schools, 0. W. Randall of By the 107th section of the school act, it is Oswego.

provided, that when the collector of a district Public opinion, influence of, in the promotion of popular education, Mr. Blauvelt of Rock

shall not execute the bond required by the preland.

ceding section within a specified time, his office Reading, how to be taught, Mr. Grant of Ot. shall be vacated; "and the trustees may apsego.

point any other person residing in the district Religious exercises in opening and closing schools, Mr. Holmes of Westchester.

ng as collector in his place.” If the person so apRochester city, particular account of schools in, pointed refuses to serve, another may be desig. Mr. Brown of Monroe.

nated; and so on until some one is found who School-houses, W. Wright of Washington.

will serve. School registers and school celebrations, use

and importance of, Mr. Reynolds of Orleans. Labor, industry and virtue go hand in hanų. Sites of school-houses, Mr. Tidd of Chemung. Idleness and leisure lead to weakness, immorali Spelling, best mode of teaching, Mr. Bourne of ity and vice. Down with all aristocracy, Chenango.

nobility-save the nobility of true virtue and no. Summer schools, Mr. Hughston of Delaware. nest industry. Toil, either of the brain, of Teachers, on the best mode of elevating the heart, or the head, is the only true manho

qualification of, Mr. Hopkins of Ontario. | the only true nobility.


my of cards, we will suppose that if, instead of

fastening together some five hundred'lessons, to [We have read with interest and advantage | be simultaneously worn out, we present them to the following letter, recommending the substitu. I the pupil singly, it will be perceived four hun. tion of printed cards for books in our district wear and accident, while but one is learned.

| dred and ninety-nine of them are not subject to schools. The plan is not new, it having been in And what is of greater importance in point of successful operation in the Dublin National economy, lessons unbound may be again distri. School more than twelve years since; and it will,

buted to successive classes, thereby reducing the

number requisite for any school to less than a we trust, therefore, receive a more careful con- fourth of that required with books. sideration from those who are too ready to con- Another principle in relation to the economy of demn as Quixotic, every proposed innovation on

cards, is their care and perservation by the our methods of teaching. Mr. Goodrich's high single day, thus properly committing the care of

teacher; without which he could not proceed a character as an educator, adds great weight to the books to the hands of one, instead of many. the reasons urged in its behalf; and we hope that! A reference to the extreme durability of this it will be fairly tested, and its results forwarded litino

material when in the hands and pockets of the

itinerating gamester, will satisfy any one of its for publication.-Ed.]

liability to withstand the urchin at school. Canal, Onondaga co., June 14, 1842. \ *One prominent advantage in the use of cards, DEAR SIR-Many just complaints have been is the easy control it gives to the teacher over preferred against the great diversity of text the rambling propensities and hasty progress of books prevailing in the district schools of this the pupil. Another is, its adaptation to the state, and against their want of adaptation to maintenance of novelty throughout the whole the ages and capacities of the scholars. But I course of instruction, by presenting the lessons think there is a greater evil, and one that de no faster than they are learned. It naturally mands more particularly the attention of your conforms to the great maxim of “Learning one department, and of every school officer in the thing at a time, and conducts the learner im. state, of which, comparatively, but little has perceptibly up the “Hill of Science," without been said. Thousands are utterly destitute, not daunting him with an undue contemplation of only of proper books, but of any books at all; his task. It also relieves the teacher from many and this destitution is not canfined to the child: vexations and delays, arising from loss of places ren of the poor. In reference to a full supply of on the pages of a book. books necessary to a thorough course of instruc! It will be seen that an adoption of the card tion, probably not one-tenth are furnished. system would at once produce uniformity in les. That thousands attend the places of instruction sons, and an impartial supply to all classes, sorely divested of proper bodily covering, is of while it also ado:its of the introduction of all but little importance when weighed against the occasional improvements. want of that which is ultimately to aid in sup. As regards its practical operation, I can speak plying both body and soul. I have witnessed only so far as it could be tested with written the destitution and miseries of the schools until form on common paper for classes in reading, my heart is too full to withhold my efforts, spelling and mental arithmetic. A decided prepuny as they are, in their behalf.

ference on the part of pupils has been manifest. From the great number of absentees, who ed for cards, even in this form. During the ex. have been sought upon the banks of creeks, and piring gratification of the present, and rising in the public streets, during my past labors, the anticipation of that which was to succeed, they answer has been, "We can't go to school, we have uniformly accomplished the lessons with a have no books." . An argument too potent and degree of interest which it is not in the power well founded to be easily overthrown,

I of books to inspire. Their operation cannot. I ascribe the evil in a great measure to the ex. perhaps, be better pointed out than by referring pensive form and want of durability of the books the reader to the peculiar interest and effect furnished. It should be considered, that when with which his own daily or weekly periodical more is demanded for books than for all the other is sought for and perused. expenses of education, it must not only be be. In addition to the several advantages arising yond the ability of the door to supply themselves, from their better adaptation to the condition of but a very potent objection must arise to those the youthful mind, the use of cards as a medium who possess more ample means. I am led to of instruction has been found to excel books in believe that a very simple remedy may be ap- many other respects. The following summary plied to all the evils incident to the present is all that can be referred to at this time: mode of furnishing book materials to district

ADVANTAGES OF ECONOMY. schools. From recent experience. I have disco. By wearing out no more at a time than is in vered that cards may supercede the use of books / actual use. in schools at less than one fourth part of their By admitting immediate distributions of the expense, and at the same time subserve the pur. lessons of foregoing to succeeding classes, there. poses of instruction in a much more efficient by lessening the number requisite to one-fourth manner.

part of that required with books. I shall in this, point out the superiority of By casting the care and preservation of ihe les. cards over books as a medium of instruction, sons upon the teacher alone. and leave it for a the subject of future com

Exemptions from new editions munication, to show how they are to be con

OF EFFICIENCY AND ORDER. structed and used.

Control given to the teacher over the rambling To illustrate as briefly as possible the econo. I propensities and hasty progress of the pupil.

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