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particularly to one by Mr. Mayhew, of Jefferson; all, a propriety in the examples which were given. and there were others also displaying great abi- In this last particular, the committee had found lity.
that the great mass of books failed. Numerous He concluded by urging the Superintendents to examples were given, taken from ditferent works, seek to enlist public feeling--to identify themselves which were objected to on the ground of low vulwith that feeling-in short, to become popular. garity and irreverence. The committee were not That end attained, and there was hardly a limit to fully prepared to report. The investigaiion had their power for good.
been already narrowed down to three grammars, Seven o'clock, P. M. one of which was English, and two American. TEXT BOOKS.
The committee had been most diligently and ardu.
ously engaged for eighteen months. Mr W. Wright reporteil on the subject ofan uni.
The next subject of inquiry would be the arithformity of text books, that
metics. While he had not felt permitted to call While the committee regard the subject of an uni. the names of the books which had been under reformity of text books of great and vital importance, yet view, yet he might be permitted to say that there in the accomplishment of so desirable an object, the
were two books which had been pronounced encommittee find that there are at present insuperable tirely faultless by the unanimous expression of the barriers. It will be recollected that at the last annual meeting of this convention, it was 'recommended that
friends of education throughout the country: these the Deputies of the several counties convenc as many
were “Colburn's First Lessons in Intellectual of the inhabitants of the several districts within their l Arithmetic," and " Porter's Rhetorical Reader.” jurisdiction as may be possible, and recommend the On motion of Mr. King, the thanks of the conappointment of a committee to prepare lists of suitable vention were presented to the “New-York Socitext books for their adoption." Presuming that many, lety for the Diffusion of Useful knowledge," 101 if not all of the Deputies have already acted upon this the interest manifested in the cause of education, subject, and with the concurrence of the friends of po. pular e.lucation in their respective counties, have al.
| and to their corresponding secretary for his able ready committed themselves to certain work, and are
and interesting address this evening consequently unprepared to sanction any selection that The resolutions under discussion when Mr. Aba committee of this convention might hope to make for bot commenced his address, were then taken up the State, we are therefore forced to the conclusion, and adopted. that, however desirable uniformity may be, uniformity The convention then adjourned. at present is impract cable 'The committee beg leave, therefore, to offer the following resolutions, viz:
Friday morning, May 19. Resolved, Thut it is inexpedient, if not impracticable, for ibis convention to recommend, at this time, a list
Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Bullions. of text books for the use of the common schools of)
Mr. Tidd offered the following resolution: this State. Resolred, That a committee of one from each Senato
PRIVATE SCHOOLS. rial district be appointed, to take into consideration
Whereas, the common school is congenial with the the subject of " uniformity of text books," and report institutions of our country, and affords greater facili. at the next convention.
ties for the education of the masses of the people than
any other institution: therefore, The report was discussed by Messrs. Randall,
Resolred, That this convention recommend to parents Woodin, Foord, Stevens, Clement, Patchin, and and guardians that they use all their influence to ele. ollers.
vate the condition of common schools to such a degree Rev. Mr. Abbot addressed the convention, giv of excellence as will wholly supersede the necessity of ing the results of an examination of a committee | select schools. of the “New-York State Society for the Dittusion And after further debate between Messrs. Woodof Useful Knowledge,” in relation to the relative in, Stevens, Cleaveland and Mayhew, the resolumerits of the various text books in use in the tion was adopted. county. Of the spelling books, there were one! The President announced the following as the hundred and twenty brought under critical and committee to report at the next convention on the careful examination for about eight months. The subject of text books: Messrs. Stone, Clement, result was given in a printed report of the com- | Fonda, Sprague, W. Wright, Patchin, Hopkins mittee. The examination resulted in the selection and Roches.er. of only two out of the one hundred and twenty, as being worthy of special examination. These
FEMALE TEACHERS. t!' o were then minutely criticised, the respective Mr. A. Wright, from the committee to whom authors having appeared before the committee, and was referred the subject of female teachers, made explained their distinctive principles. Mr. A. | the following report: then read from the report of the committee, saving l 'The influence of moral and well educated females that he should, from motives that would be appre | has always been salutary in the highest degree. It is ciated by all, withhold the names of the authors of only in savage or barbares nations where the weaker these two books.
*ake and degradation, that woman The next subject was grammars. A catalogue
does not shed a healthy and softening influence on all of uiree hundred and fifiy was furnished the com
who come within her reach. The fireside, the social
circle, and many of the more public assemblies, owe mittee, one hundred and sixty-four of which were
most of their charms to the presence of enlightened British, and the rest American. They had been females. published at different periods, from 1680 10 1810. Nature has wisely constituted the female the earliest More than one hundrell and fifty specimens were guardian and natural protector of the child; and as before the committee. There were two kinds of the God of nature always adopts the best means to ac. grammars: one where the author was an inde
complish the desired ends, he has endowed her with all pendent thinker, and the other where he was a
that beauty of person, mildness of disposition, gentle
ness, kindness, un wearied patience, and love of chil mere copyist. He alluded to the fact that Murray
dren, which eminently qualify her for the arduous and bacl borrowedl largely from one of his predeces important duty of guiding the youth of our land to vir sors, but others had more than retaliated upon him: 1 tue, intelligence, usefulness for the committee found more than one hundred The accomplished female teacher can usually con. grammars which were almost literally copied from
trol by moral means the tumultuous passions and tur Murray. He also spoke of the different styles in
bulent conduct of the scholars, even more effectually which the grammars were got up. The essential
than the male; they more usually introduce into their
schools delightful exercises in vocal music ; they have characteristics of a good grammar were-a proper greater tact in dealing with the minds of small ch system of arrangement-correctness, precision and drer, and are equally capable of teaching nearly all the definition of the rules-and a clcarness, and above sciences which are introduced into our primary schools.
And believing, as your committee do, that frequent that female teachers would be employed in the changes of teachers prove injurious to the schools, and winter schools. Nor was this anticipated some that well qualified females are much to he preferred to three or four years ago in Massachusetts-where ordinary males as tenchers, we think the time has ar.
nas ari | now it had been shown by actual experiment, that Tived when a more general employment of them should female teachers of proper qualifications could betbe encouraged.
We therefore offer for the consideration of the conter manage turbulent young men of 18 and 19 than vention, !he following resolutions :
male teachers. He had concluded, from what he Resolved, That we will use every exertion to induce had heard, that well qualified females could teach the females of our country to qualily themselves for a winter school as well as males, and that they the very appropriate duty of becoming the permanent would eventually supersede males in our common and professional teachers of our primary schools. schools. They were cheaper, and could teach the Adopted. Resolucd, That we earnestly recommend the emplo
elementary branches as well as men. They learnment of female teachers in the summer schools and et perhaps with inore intuitive quickness than in all winter schools, where the circumstances render males. Some of the best mathematicians and asit proper and expedient.
tronomers had been females. Some of the best Col. Young read an extract from the Report of teachers in the higher seminaries of learning had the Board of Education of Massachusetts, showing occa
occasionally been females. He should not, how. the success of the experiment of employing female
ever, recommend such a change as would put them teachers in that State.
at the head of our colleges; but he believed them Col. Stone said it was hardly worth while to dis- |
hardly worth while to dis to be as competent to conduct all branches of comcuss a proposition to which there was no opposi
mon education as males. He did not think the retion. He rose, therefore, not to debate the resolu
solutions went too far; and if he were now to give tion, but to express his entire concurrence in it.
advice and direction in reference to the examinaThere could be no question that females did exer
: |tion of female teachers, he should somewhat vary cise a happier and more powerful influence over
the language of the former State Superintendent. the minds of children than males, and that they
He should not say that they should not undergo as were perfectly competent, might be made obvious
strict an examination in all the departments, as to any one who would look into the schools taught "
males. Particularly where they were to teach by them. He spoke, of course, with reference to winter schools, they should have the same examithe schools under his supervision. There were nation. many of these teachers in New York, that ranked
Col. Stone did not understand the resolutions as as high intellectually, and on the score of attain
contemplating the employment of females to the ment and thorough discipline, as any of the males.
exclusion of males. He was not a disciple of MaHe could name serera!, and would, but for the fact
iry Woolstoncraft. He would not put females on that females shrunk from having their names given in
riven the bench in the courts of justice, or in the jury in the newspapers. In respect to moral influence, room, or in Congress; but as a general rule, he the female teachers were better than males, and in
believed that in moulding the young mind, women all the departments of knowledge taught in the exercised a stronger,? more healthful moral influ
noois, they were fully competent. This i ence. He lud not believe in carrying out the prowas the result of his experience.
jects of modern theorists, such as unsexing the sex, Mr. Woodin fully concurred in these remarks
and putting them in boots and pantaloons. But he saying, however, that as there was no arguing
did know that females were as competent to teach against facts, he would state one or two in illustra- es
every branch of human knowledge as malesmas tion of the capacity and peculiar qualifications of we
well qualified intellectually as in every other re. female teachers—which he did-drawing his illus
18. spect. He had thought they did not as readily trations from results in his own county.
grasp the mathematical science, or the science of Mr. Shumway also took ground in favor of the political economy, as males. resolutions.
Col. Young-Miss Martineau is as good a politi. Mr. Denman remarked upon the army of strength cal economist, if not mathematician, as any of which the resolutions seemed to call out, and the
e them. futility of any attempt on his part to combat the
Col. Stone replied that Miss Martineau was an
cor general feeling. Nevertheless, he felt that quali
li exception to the general rule, and went on to say. fications, and not sex, should be the test; that be
that in a conversation with Dr. Wayland, the other fore females should become professional teachers,
| day, he (Col. S.) had told him that he had examinthe relative duties and avocations of the two sexes e
Šedl a class, recently taught by a female, in moral should be changeu: that until there was such are philosophy, that would vie with any class ever volution in the social system, it was idle to think!
i turned out of Brown University; and it was liteof females taking charge of our primary schools; .
rally true. Away, then, with the idea that we that young women were not the persons to teach were intro
were introducing a sort of he did not know how lads of sixteen. He had no objection that females
Al to express himself-he liked to have said, a lower should have charge of the younger children; but
.but order of petticoat government. There was no fear the idea conveyed in the resolution that females
e of that; and if county superintendents did their were to be encouraged to qualify themselves to, ay
duty, there could be no danger that any evil would teach all the primary schools, with a view ulti
result from encouragement to females to make mately to the exclusion of male teachers, was going
teaching a profession. too far.
*** The resolutions were for the present laid on the Mr. A. Wright denied that the resolutions went table, but alterwards taken up and adopted. that length, insisting that they merely recommend.
VOCAL MUSIC. ed the employment of well qualified female teachers, when first rate male teachers could not be Mr. Sprague, from the committee on the subject had.
of vocal music, submitteil a report, concluding Mr. Myers fully concurred in the resolutions, with a series of resolutions strongly urging the inthough it struck him that they went far beyond the troduction into the common schools of exercises in case contemplated by the State Superintendent, vocal music, and instruction in the rudiments of in his instructions on the subject of female teach-the science. ers.
The hour having arrived for the exhibition of Col. Young said no instructions had been issued the proficiency of Prof. Illsley's pupils in vocal on this subject since he had had charge of the De- music, on motion of Mr. Randall, the resolutions partment. His predecessor had given such instruc-were laid on the table. tions, but Mr. Spencer evidently did not anticipate Prof. Illsley here introduced his choir of juvenile singers, being scholars from the public schools of its great practical value to all classes of the commuthe city, boys and girls of from eight to twelve nity, should be insisted on; and from the ease and years of age--some of whom had been instructed,
facility with which It can be carried on, should begin as he stated, but one year, others two, and a few
with the school education of the pupil, and form a
part of his daily exercise. three years, on an average of about two hours in
All which is respectfully submitted. the week. The juveniles sang a number of songs and chants,
Col. Stone alluded to one passage in the report, in some of them two and four singing songs and
| where he thought the committee, in their enthuduetts, and the rest joining in the chorus, Mr. I.
siasm, had gone too far. It was the passage where leading with his violin. It was a highly interest
the committee asserted that anybody that could ing, and as a musical entertainment, a very credit.
read with the proper inflections, could sing, or able performance-concluding with that immortal
samething to that effect. Now there was a good piece of harmony, Old Hundrei, in which the
deal of music in many persons, but like the Yanwhole audience (which we regret to say did not
kee's fiddle, you could not get it out. That was number many more than the children and the
the case with himself. If he should undertake to members of the convention,) joined con amore. | sing now, he presumed he should drive everybody Upon the conclusion of these exercises, Mr.
out. [Laughter.] Shumway offered a resolution of thanks to Prof.
| Mr. Sprague : -Perhaps you were not well Illsley, and to the teachers and officers of the pub.
trained in youth. lic schools of Albany, for this highly interesting
Col. Stone :-Yes I was. I went to singing school exhibition, and for the incontestible argument to
and learned the gamut, and could sing Bridgewabe drawn from it in favor of the general introduc.
ter, and all the old standard tunes. Col. S. went tion into the common schools of exercises in vocal
on to relate an anecdote of Dr. Bradford, who, he music.
said, had a nice ear for music, and a very bad Col. Stone rose with great pleasure to second the
choir Things went on until the old man got very resolution, and in doing so, he begged leave so
sick of it, and he was rather irritable than otherfar to deviate from parliamentary practice, as to
wise. It happened one Sunday that the choir sang make a few remarks to the interesting group be
particularly ill, and the Dr. got out of all patience. fore the convention. Col. S. went on to address
They had no sooner finished than he rose in the the children at some length on the duties they
pulpit, and addressing himself to the choir, said owed to themselves, to their parents, their teach.
he, "Do you call that singing? I'm sure if the ers, and the responsibilities they would one day be
angel Gabriel should hear you, he would come called on to assume in the social scale, and as citi
down and wring your necks ofl." (Laughter.] zens of a republic where honors and office were
A good many of us, Col. S. presumed, would sing open to all, without distinction-and inculcating a
in that way. It was not philosophically true that generous emulation in the pursuit of knowledge,
every body that could read could sing; and we had kind and forgiving dispositions in all their inter
better not commit ourselves on that point. In course with each other; obedience to their teach
| other respects, he liked the report very well; for ers and parents; obedience to the laws; a strict
there was nothing more calculated to refine and adherence to truth; and as necessary to that, to do
humanize than vocal music; and they who could nothing that they would be ashamed to have known
not sing themselves, generally delighted to hear
it. The power of music, its inspiring and almost to the whole world. After some excellent and judicious precepts of
maddening effect, when brought to bear upon masthis character, the children retired.
ses of men, was well known. The success of the Mr. Sprague, from the committee on niusic and
French revolution, which all must confess had drawing, submitted the following report and reso
contributed something to the progress of human lutions :
liberty, was attributable to the Marselloise Hymn,
and to its influence on the public mind, rather perThe committee to whom was referred the subject of haps than to the action of the leaders in that great music and drawing, respectfully beg leave to report, and bloody drama. He might carry out the illusThat the subject referred to them they deem of very tration, but he would not detain the convention great importance, and that its influence upon our so.
any further. cial relations cannot be otherwise than salutary. Your
| Mr. Finch, (in an under tone,) you forgot to committee are decidedly of the opinion that there is nothing better calculated to soften and subdue the pas.
mention the way in which you sang Harrison in. sions and refine the feelings, than the pracuce of mu.
Col. Stone, (aside,) No-I thought of that-and sic; and its introduction into our district schools, as should have mentioned it, but for that rascally choa part of the daily exercises, would in an eminent de- rus, “Tyler too.” gree conduce to happiness, good order, and moral and Mr. Sprague said he thought he had the authointellectual improvement in these “ nurseries of rity of teachers of music for saying that any per: mind." Your committee, from actual observation, have be.
son who could be taught to read could be taught to come convinced that where the practice of music pre
sing. The difficulty, he apprehended, with Col: vails in our schools, it tends greatly to relieve them of Stone and himself was, that their voices had not iedium, and throws round them a charm peculiarly in. been cultivated early in life, though he did not viting to pupils and patrons-thus rendering their disci. suppose that every man and woman could be taught pline easier and their results more valuable. With to sing well. ibese views, your committee are prepared to offer the Col. Stone did not doubt at all that every music following resolution, in the condent expectation that
| master whose conscientiousness was not largely the time is not far distant when the science of music shall be taught in every district school in this Siate.
developed, for the sake of getting a large school, Resolred, That we recommend to parents, teachers,
s. would inculcate that doctrine; but it did not follow and to the friends of education universally, to use that it was so. He knew better. He
that it was so. He knew better. He had heard a their influence to introduce the practice of vocal mu. writing master say he could make a pig write in sic into all their district schools; and that we pledge twelve lessons. He knew better than that. He ourselves to co-operate with them, and never cease our went once to a writing master, who promised efforts till it be accomplished. Upon the subject of drawing, your committee beg
to write elegantly in-he did not know leave to state, that in consequence of other duties
% how many lessons. He went to a writing school claiming the greater portion of their time, they have up here on the plains of Herkimer, kept by Luca not been able to treat the subject in a manner which Jackson-and yet, if the reports in the Argus were its importance demands, and therefore report by reso correct, the Chair decided here, the other day, lution.
taking advantage of his (Col. S.'s) absence at Sa. Resolved, that the more general introduction into ratoga, that he (the Chair) could not read our district schools of linear and other drawing, from Col. s.'s) writing. (Laughter.] Now it was la
mentably true, either that we had a President here Col. Young hoped the first two resolutions would who could not read writing, or that New-York had pass. Great good must result from the establisha representative here who could not write legibly, ment of these teachers' institutes. In regard to the under every advantage.
third, which contemplated the withdrawal of the Mr. Patchin remarked that the phrenologists af- fund appropriated for the establishment of four firmed that the organs of time, tune and order normal schools for teachers, and its appropriation to were necessary to make good music.
I teachers' institutes, his impression was that the law Col. Stone :-A good church organ is better than would not allow it. There was a prospect, he that.
said, that he could get from Massachusetts, a first Mr. Patchin :-However this might be, he was rate teacher for one of these schools. In a recent acquainted with persons that could not tell one tune conversation with George B. Emerson, the author from another
of a portion of “ The School and School Master, Mr. Palmer, of New York, combatted the no- had learned that one of the men who was first emtion that to sing required the existence of certain ployed in the normal schools of Massachusetts, phrenological bumps. It was all a mistake, as he was now out of employment. He had retired upcould assert from 15 years' experience in teaching on a fortune, as he supposed, but in consequence of children the science of music. Out of 2,000 chil the failure of banks or those to whom he had lent dren, he had not known one excluded for want of his money, he was now destitute, and was forced ear or voice.
to go to teaching again. If Col. Young could get Mr. Mayhew said his own experience was the him at the head of one of these schools, he was other way. He had tried faithfully to learn to satisfied that great good would result from it. Mr. sing, but after all, was unable either to sing, or to Horace Mann of Massachusetts had said of him, distinguish one tune from another
that he had a control over the minds of his pupils Mr. Sprague's report and resolutions were that no human being ever had—the faculty, as he adopted by a large vote.
expressed it, of melting minds together in a mass, DISTRICT SCHOOL JOURNAL.
and recrystalizing them. If one such teacher could Mr. Woodin offered the following resolutions,
be had, and a beginning made towards teaching the
art of teaching-if the seed could be thus sownas chairman of the committee on this subject,
it would produce great good. In each county there which were unanimously adopted :
would be found some teacher who had more aptiWhereas, the District School Journal, as the official tude to teach than his associates-and such a perorgan of the Department, is essential to the uniform
son, further drilled in the normal school, going out administration of the affairs of the several districts ; and whereas, wherever it is duly valued, the influence
again to teach, would by his example and influence is perceptible in the improved methods of teaching,
reach others. and the prosperous condition of the schools: there.
It was by associations-by getting together as a fore,
convention, and comparing minds-that informaRésolved, That we will, through the agency of the tion was most profitably ditfuseit. He hoped the Town Superintendents, and in all other suitable ways, convention would adopt the first two resolutions. endeavor to secure the reception of the Journal in
As to the 3d, if he should fail in these four normal every district in the State.
schools which we were attempting to establish in Resolved, That this convention cordially recommend the general perusal of the District School Journal by
this state, then he should desire that this money all persons interested in the cause of popular instruc. should be applied to the establishment of teachers' tion, particularly by the teachers, before their schools institutes. It was not a large fund-$300 only a of such portions of that valuable journal as pertain to year, divided among 16 academies--$4,800 in all. the best methods of teaching.
That was now to be divided into four portions, maVOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS.
king $1,200 each. He could not procure a teacher Mr. Fonda, chairman of the committee, report
of the best kind, for less than $1,000. He might ed the fa
: get a young man who had taught one of the normal resolution
schools of Massachusetts, for $600. Whereas, the frequent visitation of the schools, on
The first and second resolutions passed the third the part of parents and employers, and the exercise of a watchful vigilance over their interests, is a duty
was withdrawn. upon the faithful performance of which greatly depend's After some other unimportant business the conthe prosperity of the school, and the improvement of vention took a recess until 3 o'clock P. M. the scholar: therefore,
Three o'clock P. M. Resolred, That we earnestly recommend the formation, in every school district in the State, of volun
SCHOOL HOUSES. tary associations, having for their object the systema
Mr. Mayhew, chairman of the committee on this tic and thorough performance of these duties.
subject, submitted the following report and resoluNORMAL SCHOOLS.
tions: Mr. Denman, chairman of the committee on 1 Whereas in our District School Houses nineteen-twenTeachers' Institutes and Normal Schools, reported tieths of the youth of the State, receive instruction du. the following resolutions :
| ring a considerable portion of the year, and whereas,
the appearance comfort, and convenience of the school Resolved, That we regard the preparation of teachers houses of New York, exert a controlling influence over as of the first importance, believing that all who pro- more than 100,000 children, who annually receive their pose to enter the profession of teaching should first re.
first scholastic instruction thereiu; and whereas, plea. ceive a course of instruction with reference to their
sant and commodious school houses, have a strong tenduties, from men eminently qualified for that business.dency to attach children to the school, to their studies,
Resolved. That with the view of rendering such in- land io virtue: therefore struction available to all, we recommend the establish
Resolved, That the school house should be located on ment of one or more Teachers' Institutes in each coun- a piece of firm ground of liberal dimensions, at a suita. ty of the state, where the teachers may be congregated ble distance from the road, in the midst of a natural or semi-annually and spend from two to eight weeks in artificial grove enclosed by a suitable fepce. receiving instruction in the art of teaching, modes of It is a lamentable truth that our school houses are government, and other matters pertaining to their pro- usually located without reference either to taste, or the session.
health and comfort of the teacher or children They are Mr. Rochester called up the resolutions on the generally on one corner of public roads, and somesubject of Normal Schools-and while he approved
times adjacent to a cooper's shop, between a grocery
and a saw-mill, or with a blacksmith shop in front of of the two first, suggested that the third should be
the house and a rail-road in its rear. so amended as to except from its purview those
They are not unfrequently placed on the acute angle counties where there was a teachers' department in where a road forks, and sometimes in turning that an an academy.
sle, the travel is chiefly behind the school house, leav
ing it on a small triangle, bounded on all sides by pub their children, without any support to their backs, sit lic roads.
six hours a day for five and a hall days in the week, At or her times the school house is situated on low upon a seat from which they cannot reach their feet to and worthless ground with a sluggish stream passing the fioor. beneath it, which, al certain seasons, degenerates into Resoloed, That a wood-house and privies are essena mere puddle. Such a sight is incomparably more tial appartenances to every school.house. suitable for a wallowing place for swine, or for a duck Resolvell, That if there is one house in the district puddle, than for a school house.
more pleasantly located, more comfortably construct Excepting a few school houses that have been erect. ed, more inviting in its general appearance, and more ed during the past year, the scholars in 49-50ths of the elevating in its influence than any other, that that districts which the chairman of your committee repre- house should be the school-house. sents, universally step from the school house directly into the highway. Judging from the observation of your
Mr. Finch corroborated the statements of the recommittee the same is true of several other counties.port, particularly in regard to the location of school Indeed, school houses are frequently one-half in the houses-some of which, he could state, were loca. highway and the other hall in the adjacent field, asted in grave-yards! though ihey were unfit for either. This is the case even Mr. Henry sugges'ed some verbal corrections, in some of our villages. In a village which has been such as the erasure of the words swine puddle or designated by a distinguished member of the cleri. cal profession as the heart of the wealthiest town
duck puddle or both. With these amendments the in the most distinguished county in the Empire
report would no doubt meet the unanimous concur. State," one of the district school houses, situated on 'rence of the convention. on a public corner, is on the margin of one street: Mr. Dwight confessed that he felt none of the and projects several feet into the other, which is the squeamishness which some gentlemen manifested, principal street of the village. Carriages, in turning in regard to the language of the report. The facts the corner, have considerably marred the house, and were plainly and strongly stated, as such facts displaced the corner stone.
should be, and he trusted the report would not be School houses are sometimes situated in the middle of the highway. a portion of the travel being on each altereil in the leas!. Dr. D took however excepside of them. When the scholars are engiged in their tion to the resolutions, particularly the height of recreations, they are exposed to bleak winds and the ceiling. With proper means of ventilation, 10 feet inclemency of the weather one portion of the year, a'd in the clear was enough-without them 12 would to the scorching rays of the sun during another por: scarcely suflice. tion. Moreover, their recreations must be conducted Col. Young said if he were responsible for the lanin the street, or they trespass upon their neighbor's piemises. Such situa.ions can hardly be expected to 18
SIguage of the report, should have no hesitation in exert the most favorable influence in ihe formation of adopling it as it stood. But we were not responsithe habits and chiracter of the rising generation.
ble for the language of the report. A committee With th- provisions which the resolution contem. hail a right to put their ideas in their own language. plates, the scholars could enjoy their pastime in a plea. They might change it, if they pleasel; but if they sant and healthful yard, where they had a right to be, chose to retain it, the convention could not control protected alike from the scorching sun and the wintry it. The resolutions they could change. He hoped blast. They need then no longer be hunted as trespas
the convention would not be fastidious as to the sers upon their neighbors' premises, as they now fre. quently are.
language of the report. He was willing to have Resolved. That for the accommoda:ion of fifty scho- it go out among the people as the sense of the conlars, the school-house should not be less than 26 by 36 vention, that they placed their children, in some feet on the ground, and 12 ieet in height.
cases, at school, in localities that were only fit for These dimensions give about thrce limes the arerage hogs to wallow in or ducks to paddie in. He was eapacicy of school houses in many parts of the State, willing to go with it to the public. He thought it an but they are no larger than bealthful respiration re.
important subject. It was important that children quire3.
For an exposition of the change produced in the air should be placed in large rooms for sudy, that by breathing, and the unftness of respired air to sus.might be ventilated,and where the air was not fetid tain animal life, your committee beslenve to refer to and foul and unfit for respiration that the benches the Jefferson county report to which allusion was made should be suited to the frames that are to sit on yesterday by Col. Young.
them. Let parents be reminded that when they Resolved. That frequent and thorough ventilation is went to church, two hours sitting, in a pleasant essential to the preservation of bealth; and that low
seat too, often fatigued them beyond endurance; ering the upper sash of the windows, is more effectual! and safer ihan the common method of ventilation by
and that it is torture for little children, who like raising the lower sash, or opening the door
all young animals, must have exercise, to sit six For reasons, reference is again made to ibe Jefferson hours a day on uncomfortable benches, were there
of no task to do there. If lambs were taken and conthis convention See a.so, " proposed plan for school fined in the same way, we should have a miserable, houses,' based upon the proposition that they'ricketty set of sheep. They must frisk and play. should be so constructed as best to contribute to the It was heir nature. He was glad this subject had health, comfort and convenience of both teacher and be sch, lar."
'been brought prominently forward among the matThe plan contemplates thut the height of the seats ters of inquiry and remark embodied in the reports and desks should be adjusted with reference to the size of committees. It was a subject on which there was and comfort of the.scholars who are to occupy !hem. more ignorance than any other-the subject of the Your committee have visited several schools, in which physical laws of our nature the law of conformathe mojority of the scholars reverse the ordinary praction--to which, if we did not yield our assent, the tice of standing up and sitting down. They literally result was punishment. He had satisfied himseli, sit ip and stand down, their heads being higher while
by a careful examination, by study into the laws of sitting than when standing. They have also visited schools where the desks were so high that all which comparative anatomy, that our diseases in this life could be seen of a majority of the scholars that occupy were of our own manufacture--that God had given the back sests, was a part of their heads.
us as good an organization as the wild animalsResolved, That we deprecate the unwise dispropor.! and that if we could only live in conformity with tion between our churches and school.
vs of our organization, there would be no We would not lower the standard of church architec.need of physicians that as many precautions had ture, but we would elevate the school house.
been taken by our Maker, against disease, against It is frequently the case in villages and country neigh accident, against contingencies of every descrip borhoods thit the expense of the former is from eighty tion, as in the formation of the most perfect animal. to a hundred times the value of the latter The appear. ance of our school-houses is an important considera. ! And we saw these animals breathing the pure tion, Mark, also, their contrast in comfort. Parents air, living temperately, and living comparatively at church frequently sit upon a cushioned seat with without disease. He was glad that the Deputy a back, three hours a day, onc day in a woek, while from Jefferson, in his report last year, called the