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ness of disqualification for their duties, creates a of the people, than all the associations that philanrepugnance to undertaking them, and so they are thropy has formed and sustained. indefinitely postponed. But all this and much
An educational movement has begun, wide as more, may fairly be attributed to the want of just that information which the Journal affords.
the State, and deep as the wants of its citizens; and Here then opens a fair field for the exertions of its influence will be felt by every household in our the town superintendent; whose very name im- borders. County and town conventions, teachers' ports a supervisory and constant vigilance over every part of the common school concerns. He associations, school celebrations, teachers' drills, must see that the trustees are provided with the and the opening of temporary normal schools, are means of information He must secure their co- but a few of the cheering indications that the sysoperation in the necessary details. If he fail in this, all his other efforts will be unavailing. The tem is doing its great work, and our schools be. school will drag heavily along, unprofitable to the coming nurseries of a virtuous and happy people. pupils, annoying to the neighborhood, and finally [Ep. discarded by all.
CONVENTIONS. One thought more. The obstacles which have still hindered the success of the district school, are Convention of Town Superintendents at Buffalo. now to be removed by the town superintendents. Charles Taintor, Esq., of Black Rock, President. This, at least, was the resign of the legislature in Text buoks are recommended to the schools and creating the office. To this end, all the power among other excellent resolutions the following was and functions of the former commissioners and in adopted on the subject of spectors are transferred to the new officer. Public
Examining Teachers. expectation is wide awake. Immediate reform
" Committe on examining Teachers, reported as foland intprovement is looked for: and if the people lows. are disappointed, doubtless they will charge the " Resolved, That no considerations of temporary confailure to the account of the town superintendent. venience to a particular district, of favor to individu.
If the voice of experience may be heard, I als, or of regard to the prejudices or preferences of the would say to the town superintendients, you have inhabitants, ought to be permitted to sway the judg. to your hands. Counsel and concert with trustees, qualifications of a teacher, it would be proper for the a most weighty and responsible charge committed ment of the examining officer.
" Resolved, That for the purpose of ascertaining the lies at the foundation of all your well directed ef- officer to ascertain by appropriate inquiries-First: forts. Press the subject of popular education up- His moral character and deportment. Second : His on their attention. Persuade them to visit the temper and disposition. Third : His ability to govern schools with you. Hold lectures at the school- himself. Fourih. His love for the business of teaching house. Have public examinations of the schools, and whether he design3 making it a temporary or per: Assemble the teachers by themselves, and hold manent employment. Filth: His experience and sucfree conference with them on the modes of in-specific preparation. Seventh : The method which he
cess in teaching. Sixth. Whether he has obtained a structing and government. See that they value the proposes to adopt in teaching each branch of elementa. Journal, and avail themselves of suitable books ry seieace. Eighth : His knowledge of the various and other means for their own improvement, and branches that he may be required to reach. Ninth: His that they make a point of visiting each other's abilitv to communicate instruction in the manner best schools.
adapted to develope the faculues of the mind, to form But why should not the Journal be more widely correct habits of thought, to make the studies of the va. circulated? A single copy to a district, can hard- and, above all, to inspire them with a love of order and ly supply the trustees. They often live remote decorum, and to inculcate, in a befitting manner, those from each other, and communication is not easy: moral precepts without which our schools would be di. Who is there to see the copy circulated ? And vested of a large share of their usefulness. what will it be worth to the library, (its intended An admirable address was adopted, of which we can destiny) after passing three families? That paper only give the concluding paragraph on is invaluable to all the parents and guardians who
Irregularity of Attendance. send children to the district school. They have The undersigned would also respectfully suggest, that the deepest stake in its pages, and should be among the evils which paralyze the efforts of the teach. the first to subscribe for it. Here they will er, none causes such an irreparable loss to the pupil, see how much the good order of the school and creates so much inconvenience in schools, and so loud the progress of the children depends on them. ly demands a remedy as irregularity of attendance. It Here they often learn where the real fault lies, discourages the pupil to be detained from school, while whether in the teacher, the pupil or the parent, and enthusiasm which he would otherwise feel in his
his class is continually advancing, diminishes the zeal when difficulties arise, or the school does not pros studies, diverts his mind to other matters, and ultiper. It should be extensively known that 3 copies mately, perhaps, causes a disrelish for study. It is a of the Journal for one year, sent to one address, serious annoyance to the teacher, interrupis his ar. may be had for one dollar, provided a town super- rangements in regard to classification, multiplies the intendent will send the money in advance, and number of classe and thus lessens the privileges of name the post-office to which the papers are to be other students. It would, therefore, be far more profisent. The Post-master will enclose all such sub- table to the pupil, and the rest of the school, to keep scriptions without charge; and I am convinced the only half the term, than to send him irregularly
him at his studies regularly while he does go, if it were town superintendent cannot lay a broader and sur- through the whole term. er foundation for his future usefulness and success, H. H. Barney, Aurora, L. A. Needham, Concord, than by means of circulating the Journal widely W. A. Hutchinson, Amherst, O. P. Butrum, Colden, among the families of his several districts.
Cyrenus Litchfield, Alden, T. W. Camp, Evans, Oneida.
S. Caldwell, Buffalo, 'S. N. Lockwood, Hamburgh,
L. M. Southworte. Boston, S. H. Nott, Sardina,
Nathaniel Smith, Brant, Clark Hudson, jr. Wales,
John A. Dole, Cheekta waga, Never was there a period more full of promise Superintenilents or Common Schools in the several
Towns in Erie County. to the State. Our schools are beginning to fulfil
E. S. ELY, County Sup't. the object of their creation-are becoming the
COLUMBIA. great preventive institutions of society, and will Hudson, the Hon. John Martin, was called to the chair,
The Town Superintendents having assembled at do more to redeem the moral and social condition and Charles Esseistyne, Esq. appointed Secretary.
On motion of Mr. Wooden, County Superintendent, tion by the children. The address of the Rev. Mr. it was ordered that a committee of three be appointed to Gray was peculiarly affecting. On the banner of the report resolutions expressive of the sense of the con primary department of the People's School, was the vention.
motto “Our Country's Hope." From this text, he The proceedings were very interesting and exhibit showed conclusively that our country has no other much enlightened zeal in the cause of education. abiding hope than the education of her youth, and his Text books were recommended, and J. W Fairfield, admonitions to his countrymen to aliend to that subEsq. one of the Superintendents of the excellent ject were truly thrilling. I must say a word about the schools of Hudson, addressed the meeting at length. People's School.". In the village of Arcade, they We regret that we cannot transfer his remarks to the have been troubled like all other villages with 'select Journal. Among the resolutions we call particular and private schools or miniature aristocracies; but attention to the sound doctrine of the following on the some months since, after properly investigating the Formation of School Districts.
subject, they wisely concluded to abandon all of them,
and go for the Common School. The whole village is Resolved, That we deem it a duty of the Town Super: Dow united in one Common School, called " The Peo. intendents, to use their influence in enlarging small ple's School," with two departments, primary and se. districts or uniting them, as such districts may there. nior. by be able to erect good houses, and support competent All the branches of science usually taught in our teachers. That Common Schools can be rendered more academies are there taught. And I have no doubt in efficient by congregating a sufficient number of scho. saying it is the best regulated and taught school in the lars to support à first rate teacher by the year, and as county, and is what the schools in all our villages sistant, when necessary : that the inconvenience of should be. sendiog cbildren a mile and a half to school is small, Such a display as the school celebration in China, emin comparison with the beneficial results of a good anating from such a source, and prompted by such mo. school.
tives, presents a subject for reflection and congratu. WYOMING COUNTY COMMON SCHOOL CONVENTION. lation ior every philanthropist and statesman, who is a
A meeting of the officers and friends of Common friend of the rights of the people.
A. STEVENS, County Sup't. ty Superintendent, at ten o'clock A. M., on Tuesday,
OTSEGO. the oth of September, 1843
A County Convention assembled on the 21st. We President.-Augustus Frank, of Warsaw. Secreta. have not received a report of the proceedings. ries-Alanson Holly, of Warsaw, and C. A. Huntington,
WAYNE. of Perry.
The Convention being thus organized, Judge Stevens, A County Convention held on the 27th. No report. the County Superintendent, made a brief but conpre
WARREN. hensive statement of the objects for which the conven- A Teacher's Convention held at Glen's Falls. Anas. tion had been called.
sociation organized, and the meeting ably addressed by Among the resolutions is one expressive of the seuti. Mr. Baldwin, the County Superintendent, and Mr. E. ments of the Convention on
Hosmer, the President of the Convention.
On the Claims of Teachers.
Resolved, That teachers of common schools should county to use their endeavors to abolish select and pri receive a fair and liberal compensation for their servis vate schools, and make an effort so to improve and ele- ces, and that they bold a rank and receive the respecto Fate their common schools as to render them the only with their moral, literary and religious claims upon an
ful attention of parent and guardian, commensurate necessary schools for the education of all classe
3 of intelligent and liberty loving people.
Attica, Sept 15, 1943.
On the 13th day of Sept., pursuant to notice, Isaac count of what we are doing in Wyoming. We have McCarty Fisq., the able and zealous Town Superintendo lately had a Common School County Convention, and et Carymans, assembled the schools for examina:
The exercises were a Common School celebration. The day was beautiful, / tion in the church at the Hollow. and the arrangements such that everything was done in deeply interesting, the church thronged with children
and parents, and an impulse given to the schools that order, and all passed off in the most happy manner.Although the exercises were somewhat lengthy, still will be long and widely felt. there was the deepest attention, and strict attendance schools, the County Superintendent addressed the meet.
After the interesting examination of the several
" white day" for Coeymans.
Great School Celebrations.
Al Almond, over 1500 persons were in altevdance- it to yourselves entirely to choose the subject the right spirit prevailed--the hospitality and kinduess
on which you write. of the people of that place, were fully evinced by an excellent report, and afie. the exercises at the grove,
Albert.- I think we shall like that very much ; departed for their several homes, determined (I ani but do, dear mamma, write also, hecause we willing to believe) to have better schools.
shall then see how we should have expressed These Celebrations have already done much good
ourselves. the right feeling is aroused. No other subject cao call people out in such numbers, in this County, as the sub. Mamma.-I will do so, my dear, with plea. ject of Common Schools. They rush to these meetings sure. The nouns I give you are, friend, wool, in such vast numbers, ibat in all cases we have been inkstand, weather, yesterday, and picture. obliged to take to the grove. The worst evils we encounier here, are small ineficient districis.-Will you
Fanny.--Really, mamma, there does not point your artillery at this subject;-our people are seem mueh connection between those words, nearly ripe for consolidation. Yours truly.
but we will try. H. WILSON, Co Sup't. of Southern District.
After some time the children produced their Little Genesec, September 14, 1843.
slates: | CONVENTIONS TO BE HELD IN OCTOBER. Mamma.-Now, Lucy, you are the youngest, DUTCHESS
read your sentence aloud first. Holds her county convention on the 14th inst.
Lucy.-I am afraid you will think it very badALBANY
ly done, mamma, but perhaps I shall write the On Thursday the 5th of October. A TEACHERS' DRILL next better. will be h-ld at Rechlebem, on Friday, the 6th al Sloans. Mamma.-When I see you give your mind to ville for Guilderland; on Saturday the 7th, at West any thing, Lucy, I am never dissatisfied, even if low, for Coeymans; on Tuesday, the 10th, at Chester. you should not have succeeded to my wishes :villé, for Westerlo; on Wednesday, the lith, at Reps. read it, my love. selaerville; on Thursday, the 12th, at Bern; on Friday, Lucy.- Yesterday, the skies were the picture ihe 13th, at Knoxville, and on Saturday, the county of bad weather; and I put wool into my friend's drills will open al 9 A. M. On each evening there inkstund, to prevent it from spilling. will be a meeting of the trastees, and inhabitants of the Mamma.-That will do, Lucy ; I see you un. several towns, and addresses may be expected. Pro- derstand what I meant you to do.' Albert, what fessor Davies, of West Point, has kindly offered his have you written? aid to make thic Drills useful to our winter schools.
Albert.—The wool was yesterday brought in, Normal Schools
my friend, for it would have been a sad picture Will be opened by the superintendents of the follow. ing counties, to continue from two to four weeks, to
to see the sheep, from the bad weather, as black aid the leachers in acquiring a knowledge of their du. as my inkstand, ties.
Mamma.-Right, my dear; but try in future FULTON AND TOMPKINS
not to introduce any substantives, but those I Open their schools in October.
have given you. Now, Fanny, what have you CAYUGA.
for me? The school will be opened on the 3d or Oct., at An.
Fanny.—No friend, yesterday, could have burn, for two weeks, by Hon. Salem Town, J. B. Thom.
braved the weather, unless he was clothed in son, Esq , and Mr. Storkes, the County Supr.
wool, for the skies were the picture of my inkORLEANS.
stand. On the 4th of October, for two weeks, by the Rev. Messrs. French and McHarg, E R. Reynolds, Esq.,
Mamma.—You have all fallen into the same County Superintendent, Messrs. W. Tillinghast, N. W mistake, by introducing a substantive too much; Bales,ś, Bites, S. B. Taylor, W. Reynolds, G. H. Stone, but our next sentence will be better, I have no A. Thomas and H. C. White.
doubt. I will read you mine. Yesterday, beA visiting commiliee also appointed.
ing rather rainy weather, I took my inkstand, WASHINGTON. At Cambridge for the Southern section on the loth of and wrote to a friend, of whom I have a picture,
worked in wool. Oct., and at West Granville for the Northern Division on the 3d of Oct. The former to continue three, the
Albert.-0h, mamma, that is much better latter two weeks, by the able County Superintendents, than ours; do give us some more words. the brothers Wrighi.
Mamma.--Here are six,-head, thought, Has not an educational movement began? Will not every lover of his country wish it God Speed ?
hand, truth, person, flower. Let us try again what we can make of them.
Lucy. We have done now, mamma ; we Youth's Miscellany.
have not been so long as we were before. Shall I read mine?
Mamma.-Yes, Lucy. ELEMENTS OF COMPOSITION.
Lucy.-My hand, and head, and person, and (Composition, orthography and grammar, are all every thought, as well as every flower, are made
hy God ;-this is a truth. agreeably and successfully taught by the following method: we have tested it. Let the pupils parse what have not avoided the error" I pointed out to you
Mamma.--Very well, my dear ; but still you they write, and they will thus learn both to analyse and
in the last sentence. Let me hear yours, Alcompose sentences. It is not enough to know how to
bert. take the watch to pieces-the watch maker is able to
Albert.-Every person who plucks a flower, put it together.-Ed.)
and lifts it, with his hand to his head, will find Mamma. I have thought of an amusing and it a truth, that is worthy of thought. improving exercise for you to-day, my dears ; Mamma.—That is beiter, Albert ; what have and you must each try to make the best choice you written, Fanny ? of words, and do it as well as you can.
Fanny.-It is a truth, that my hand, and my Fanny.-Do tell us what it is, mamma. head, and indeed my whole person, resembles a
Mamma.--I will give you six substantives, flower, which fades away as swift as thought.-and you must form them into sentences. I leave 'Now, mamma, let us have yours.
Mamma.-Every person of thought, on taking pliers of 9, (viz. 405) when divided by 9, gives a flower in his hand, will be convinced of the a quotient of 45; and the component figures of truth, that the head which contrived it was di. either the dividend or quotient added together vine. --Shall I give you six more words? make 9. Fanny --Pray do, mamma.
Multiply any row of figures either by nine, or Mamma.-I have thought of some ; perhaps by any one of the products of nine muliiplied by you will find them more difficult to form into a one of the digits, as by 18, 27, 36, 43, 54, 63. 72. sentence than those I have given you before.- or 81, and the sum of the figures of the product They are pardon, birds, air, wilderness, bread, added together will be divisible by 9. and world.
Multiply the 9 digits in the following order. Lucy —Really, mamma, that is difficult; but 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, by nine, or by any other of the I do not despair of making a sentence. I have products of nine mentioned in the last paragraph, just thought of something. Pray do not speak, and the product will come out all in one figure, sister, till I have written it down. Mamma, 1 except the place of tens, which will be an 0, and shall soon have done.
that figure will be the one which multiplied in• Lucy shortly produced her slate with great to 9, supplies the multiplier ; that is, if you se. complacency, and her mamma read aloud : lect 9 as the multiplier, the product will lir (ex:
Air is as necessary for birds, as bread is for cept the place of tens) all ones; if you select 18, for us in this world; pardon me, but I should all twos; if 27, all threes, and so on. Omit the not like to live in a wilderness.
8 in the multiplicand, and the I will also vanish Mamma.-My dear Lucy, here is an error I from the product leaving it all ones, iwos, lhrees, should like you to discover for yourself. What &c. as the case may be. parts of speech were those which I gave you ? Lucy.-Substantives, mamma.
MUTATIONS OF THE ALPHABET. Mamma.—Then read your sentence, Lucy, and stop at each of the six words, and ask your.
As this volume may be often used in schools, self if they are substantives.
it is but fair that we shonld give out an exer: Lucy.—No mamma ; pardon is a verb, as Icise in arithmetic, occasionally, for the older have used it. Mamma.-It is so, my dear ; how can you
children in schools and families.
In many schoolbooks on arithmetic there is a correct the sentence ?
rule laid down by the name of Permutation of Lucy. Will this do, mamma ? He could scarcely obtain pardon, who should prefer to Quantities. It is a mode of ascertaining how live always in a wilderness.
many different ways any given number of things
can be so changed, as to stand, at every change, Mamma. That is better, certainly, Lucy; in a different position with respect to each other. but I should have liked the different members of the sentence to have been more connected six different ways with respect to each other ;
Thus the figures 1, 2, and 3, may stand in than they are. Albert, are you ready?
as follows. Albert. Yes, mamma, I have written: Some
Ist. 1. 2. 3 birds live in the wilderness, their world is the
2d. 1. 3. 2 air, and they need no pardon for taking their
3d. -2. 1. 3 bread wherever they can find it.
4th. -2. 3. 1 Mamma. Very well, my dear; what has
5th -3. 1. 2 Fanny written?
6th. - -3. 2. 1 Fanny. The world is surrounded by air, the birds fly through it, even across a wilderness; dition of every figure ; for though 1, 2, and 3,
The number increases surprisingly at the adthey never want for bread, nor need ask for par. are susceptible of but six mutations or changes, don. Pray, mamma, read us what you have writ. 1, 2, 3 and 4, can be changed 24 times ; and 1,
2, 3, 4, and 5, no less than 120. The nine diten.
Mamma. The world is a wilderness, bread gits can be changed 362,880 times. is provided for us whilst we are in it, and par. the nine digits. Take the twenty-six letters of
The same is true of anything else, as well as don is offered, free as the air, through which the English Alphabet, for example. We find, birds fly. Albert.—How much I like mamma's sentence! ceptible of the six following mutations.
in the same manner, that a, b, and c, are sus. Is it not strange, that though we have all had the same words, we have none of us written at
b all alike.
b Mamma.-Because, my dear, our minds are
b so differently formed there is in all the Will also give you the changes of the first four works of God an endless variety. You have letters of the Alphabet. never met with any two individuals exactly
b c d
bd alike, either in person, or disposition, and in
db nature every thing is beautifully diversified.
d a db
b d SINGULAR PROPERTIES OF THE FIGURE 9.
с da b db
db Multiply 9 by itself, or by any other of the
d a b digits, and the figures of the product added to: b
b gether will amount to 9. , The component fig.
db ures of the amount of the multlpliers, (viz. 45) b cd a
db when added together, make 9.
b The amount of the several products or multi- ba d
All this is plain ; and there is nothing very EDUCATION IN KING HENRY THE EIGHTH'S REIGN. startling about it. But when we come to ascer. tain the changes of which a much larger num: Before the Reformation, young men were edo ber of letters or figures is susceptible, the re. ucated in monasteries, and women in nunneries ; sults are more surprising. The number of where the latter were instructed in writing, changes any given number of things will under- drawing, cookery, and needle work, and what go, is found by multiplying all the terms of the were then regarded as female accomplishments, given series of numbers continually into each in physic and surgery. The acquisitions of the other.
former, were limited to writing, and a tincture Thus 1 the first of the series, probably of barbarous Latin ; but ignorance was is multiplied by 2 the second of the series, so common, that Fitzherbert recommends to gen.
tlemen unable to commit notes to writing, the and the product 2
practice of notching a stick to assist their memby 3 the third of the series, &c. ories. When removed from these seminaries to
the houses of their parents, both sexes were
treated in a manner that precluded improvement. If we have made no mistake in multiplying, Domestic manners were severe and formal'; a the mutations or changes of the twenty-six let. haughty reserve was affected by the old, and an ters of the Alphabet are no less than 139,421, abject deference exacted from ihe young. Sons 257,797,501,000,840,000,000. Now suppose when arrived at manhood, are representthese changes all to be made out, as we made ed as standing silent and uncovered in their out those of the first three or four, and those let: father's presence ; and daughters, though woters, either printed or written, were so placed men, were placed like statues at the cupboard, that each should take no more space than the nor permitted to sit and repose themselves till 1.100 part of a square inch, which would be their mothers retired. somewhat more close than the printed lines of this page. As the square inches in a square
THE LAW OF KINDNESS. yard are 1,296, this number, multiplied by 100, would give the number of letters which would
" Don't speak so cross,” said one little boy stand on a square yard, viz. 129,600. Divide yesterday in the street to another. "Don't the whole number of changes of the alphabet, speak so cross--there's no use in it.” We hapby this last number, and you have a quotient of pened to be passing at the time, and hearing 1,075,781,310,165,902,784,259; the number of the injunction, or rather exhortation-for it was square yards of space which these changes made in a horatory tone and manner; we set would require. But the whole earth's surface the juvenile speaker down as an embryo philo. is said to contain no more than 617,197,435,008, sopher. In sooth, touching the point involved 000 square yards ; and if so, it would require in the boyish difficulty which made occasion for 1,759,213 such globes as this, on which to write the remark, he might probably be considered as all the changes of the twenty-six letters of the at a maturity. What more could Solomon have alphabet!
said on the occasion ? True, he hath put it on We confess that we are almost startled at the record, that "a soft answer turneth away result, ourselves; and we beg our readers in the wrath," and this being taken as true—and eve. schools, to repeat the process, and see if we rybody knows it to be somit is evidence in favor have made no mistake. A very small mistake, or the superiority of the law of kindness over only, in the early part of the process, would lead that of wrath. But our young street philoso. us very far from truth in the end ; just as a pher said pretty much the same thing substan. small departure from the path of virtue, in ear• tially, when he said, " don't speak so crossly life, may lead us—we know not whither-be there's no use in't." No indeed, there is cer. fore we are old.
tainly no use in it. On the contrary, it invaria. There is one moral consideration to which bly does much harm. Is a man angry? it in. this subject may lead us, independent of its val- flames his ire still more; and confirms in his ue as a lesson in arithmetic. Many have won enmity, him who by a kind word, and a gentle dered that among so many millions of the human and forbearing demeanor, might be converted race, there should be so few whose features are into a friend. "It is in fact an addition of fuel exactly or nearly alike. Now it seems to us to a flame already kindled. And what do you wonderful, on the contrary, that we see so many gain by it? Nothing desirable, certainly, unstriking resemblances. Think of the various less discord, strife, contention, hatred, malice parts, if we may so say, which go to make up a and all uncharitableness, be desirable. He face! Why, there are vastly more of them than speaks the “ words of truth and soberness." of the letters of the alphabet. Then why should "Don't speak so cross—there's no use in't.” we not expect as many mutations ?—Think of the shades of the complexion, the eyes, and the hair ; the many forms and relative distances of
District School Journal. the eyes, eyebrows, cheekbones, nostrils, lips, &c; ihe various forms of the chin, and various Is published on the 1st of each month-Office New
State Hall degrees of prominence of the different muscles of the face, which last are very numerous ;
TERMS. and shall we not wonder, rather, that any law 12 copies to one order, for one year, each.......
For a single copy for one year,
$0 50 of the Creator should bring the features to re
100 copies to one order, for one year each, semble each other as much as they often do in
Payable in advance in all cases. Postmasters will families? If chance gave direction, (for even forward silver without charge. chance is subject to laws) should we ever wit. ness any such results ?
Steam-Press of C. Van Benthuysen & Co.
0 33 0 25