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CONTENTS.

St. James's, WESTMINSTER.-A dreadful puted about 300 yards. There were present

1.- London Gleanings

fire happened at St. James's, on the night in the Meuse the young Princesses and

2.-Chelsea Gardens and its Pavilion. By of March 16, 1681, between 10 and 11 several persons of quality and distinction,

J. R. S. Clifford

2 o'clock, which consumed about twenty and a vast number of others; the crowd

3.-Antiquarian Remains in Swanscombe Wood

4.-St. Manghold, Isle of Man By H. D. J.

lodgings with a great deal of rich furniture, was so great that the pickpockets made

Styrap ... ...

and caused several apartments to be blown good earnings of it.

5.-Dr. Schliemann's Discoveries in Mycenæ ... 3 up. It begun by the neglect of some persons On Tuesday, August 28, 1766, a man

6.—Matrimonial Oddities. By A. C. Blair ... 3 belonging to the Fryery, who using a con- said to be a wheelwright, from Woolwich.

7.-Flesh as Food. By C. A. Ward. ... ...

8.-Omens Portending Death. By T. B. Trows-

siderable quantity of oyl or butter in dres- went to the top of Shoreditch Church

dale ... ... ... ...

6 sing their dyet, suffered it to take fire, the steeple on the outside by means of single

9.-Antiquarian Natural History ... ... ... which they neglecting to extinguish in poles, tied with ropes, without making use

10.-Kent Gleanings ... ... ... ...

time, it took hold of the wainscoat and of any scaffolding, and took down the old

11.-Lancashire Gleanings ... ... ...

12.-Leicestershire Gleanings ...

timber, and by that means within a short weathercock, according to his contract with

- Lincolnshire Gleanings...

time, set all in a blaze, and it's thought had the parish. On the 17th of the following

14.-A Letter on Hamlet ... ... ...

not my Lord Craven given such necessary month, he ascended in the same way and

15.-Antiquarian Notes ... ... ...

orders for blowing up as he did, it had con- placed a new ball, vane, and weathercock

16.- Queries ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 13

17. Old Proverbs ...

sumed most part if not all St. James's House. upon the top of the steeple. On both occa-

18.- Poesies or Mottoes from Old Wedding The Domestick Intelligence.

sions a prodigious concourse of people

Rings ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

| By reason that part of White-Hall is assembled, who expressed their approba-
pulling down, his Majesty will reside, du- tion of this curious contrivance for accom-

ring his short stay in London, at Somerset plishing a difficult task, which till then had
LONDON GLEANINGS.

House.—The Domestick Intelligence, March never been performed without scaffolding.
First PAVING OF LONDON.-In 1417, the 16 to 20, 1681.

| A gentleman has undertaken to climb to
king, convinced that Holborn (“ Alta via We hear the house and gateway which the top of Bow Church. He has for some
Regia in Holbourn") was a deep and pe- have so long obstructed the prospect and weeks past been making experiments in
rilous road, ordered two ships to be laden passage of the grand avenue to Westmin-mounting and descending high buildings
with stones, at his own cost, each 20 tons ster, will be speedily pulled down.-London and country church steeples with consider-
burden, in order to repair it. This seems Chronicle, Feb. 3-5, 1757.

able ability, and his friends entertain but
to have been the first paving in London. FALL OF A GREAT PORTION OF WESTMIN-little doubt of his success. By a kind of

WORCESTER HOUSE IN THE STRAND.-On STER HALL.-On the morning of December parachute affixed on his shoulders he de-
Jan. 30, 1643, an Order was agreed upon 19, 1770, during a high wind, a whole range scends any eminence, the perpendicular
by the House of Commons that Worcester of the East battlement of Westminster Hall height of which exceeds ten feet, in perfect
House in the Strand be forthwith fitted and gave way. The stones fell upon Oliver's safety; and on this machine he rests his
furnished for the Scotch Commissioners now Coffee House, broke through the ceiling, security in case he falls. — (September,
in town to reside in, and that furniture be choked up the stairs, and some tumbled 1807.)

taken out of the King's Wardrobe, to fit upon the area before the East gate of the GOLD COINS FOUND IN THE Tower of Lon-

the said house for their entertainment, and Hall, which had to be shut up, so that the DON.—On the 15th of July, 1724, as some

an inventory made of all such goods and Members were obliged to pass through the workmen were repairing the house of Mr.

furniture taken out of the King's Wardrobe, new way to their respective Houses. Wright, Clerk of the Cheque at the Tower

that none be wasted. - Perfect Diurnall, COVENT GARDEN MARKET, on the Duke (being the apartment at or near which

No. 28.

of Bedford's estate, produced only £300 per Queen Elizabeth was confined), 17 or 18

GROWTH OF LONDON.-One of the Bills annum in 1710; but in 1774 it is recorded pieces of gold of King Edward IV. and

presented and passed by Oliver Cromwell, to have brought in nearly £2000 a year, King Edward VI. were found among the

the Protector, in June, 1657, was an Act to clear of all taxes.

rubbish, which 'tis thought have been con-

prevent Multiplicity of Buildings in and St. Paul's CATHEDRAL.-In July, 1724, the fined there ever since, but were now dis-

about London. Francis Osborn, in his Works iron balcony over the cupola of St. Paul's closed by the bag bursting in ripping the

(ninth edition, 1689, p. 147), says, “ Nothing was gilt with gold at the expense of the ceiling. It made merry work for some

is likelier to comply with the causes of ruin Right Hon. James Lord Viscount Lones- time among the labourers and soldiers.

in this nation than the vastness of London ; borough, an Irish peer. On the end of the SINGULAR ACCIDENT IN THE MIDDLE TEM-

which, like the liver of an Italian goose, or following month, he died at his house near PLE.—In 1768, as Mr. Gustavus Brander

a rotten sheep, weighs more than the whole Hyde Park Corner, aged 74. He was was riding in his carriage down Temple

nation, and may not only come in proba- married to a sister of General Compton, Lane the horses suddenly took fright, and

bility to starve that, but suffocate itself.” but left no issue.

rapidly ran down three flights of steps into

STANDARD IN CORNHILL.-Its exact situa- STEEPLE FLYERS AND CLIMBERS.--On the the Thames, and would have proceeded

tion, which has been questioned by Charles 30th of June, 1727, Mr. Violante, a famous into the middle of it, if the wheels had not

Knight, seems clearly pointed out in Ogilby's Italian flyer (as the term is), slid down a been so clogged by the mud, that the horses

Britannia, 1675, vol. I, folio D, describing rope from the top of the steeple of St. could not drag them any further. The

the City of London, where he says, “The Martin's-in-the-Fields to the farthest part servant behind was so terrified, that he was

Standard in Cornhill entring Bishopsgate of the west side of the Meuse opposite unable to throw himself from the carriage;

Street."

thereunto, in half a minute, which is com- but as soon as it stopped he jumped off, and

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procured assistance from a neighbouring Pavilion estate. The house, which has now rather similar excavations, usually prepublic house. In consequence of this occur- also been removed, and which gave a name senting the appearance of well-like pits rence, the present gateway at the Temple to the spot, had no remote antiquity to boast or orifices in the earth, are discoverable in Stairs was erected, to prevent any future of, and certainly no beauty. It seems to several counties. There can be little diffiaccident of the same kind. Mr. Brander have been built by Mr. Holland about a culty, I think, in accepting the view of these from a sense of gratitude for his preserva- century ago, and as a local chronicler truly taken by J. A. Sparvel Bayly, F.S.A., who tion made the following bequest :-"Two observes, it had rather an “ eccentric cha-has favoured me with some valuable inguineas for the Vicar, ten shillings to the racter.” Most probably it was called the formation on the subject. He considers Clerk, and five shillings to the Sexton of “ Pavilion” because the long colonnade on they were formed, in all probability, during Christchurch, in Hampshire [where Mr. the south side had some resemblance to one the Roman occupation of Britain, for the Brander died about 1787), for a commemo- form of the Oriental tent. More interesting sake of the chalk, since they are observration sermon on the third Sunday in than the house itself were the ruins of an able where chalk is obtainable or where it August, as an everlasting memorial, and as ancient priory on the lawn, the stone, and might be supposed to be. Chambers and expressive of my gratitude to the Supreme perhaps portions of the brick work, having underground passages, therefore, were oriBeing for my signal preservation in the year been brought hither from Esher, being some ginally connected with most of these holes 1768, when my horses ran violently down of the remains of a palace there, which once or shafts, some of which still remain, while Temple Lane, in London, and down three belonged to Cardinal Wolsey. As the his- others have been choked up in course of flights of steps into the Thames, in a dark tory of this structure was indubitable, it is time. One of the old chroniclers of Kent, night; and yet neither horses nor carriage, to be regretted that it was not preserved as I believe Hasted, alludes to the existence myself nor servants, received the least in a relic, and removed elsewhere. Instead of deep and narrow-mouthed cavities in jury: it was fortunately low water." of that, it would appear that it was rudely some of the woods, down which at times

Loss of Parish Church PLATE.-In Feb-knocked down, and the fragments, I suppose, sportsmen and their dogs have fallen unruary, 1770, at a fire at a gingerbread. used towards the formation of the adjacent awares. Excavations in one or two inbaker's at Limehouse, all the church plate roadway, as were also sundry statues dis- stances have brought to light objects which of the parish of St. Ann was totally de- persed about the grounds, and which lost suggest that whatever may have been their stroyed, he having had the custody of it in their head and limbs through the missiles first intent, these places have been somehis house, as churchwarden.

of Chelsea ragamuffins. A friend noticed times used for the purposes of burial. In In the night of May 29, 1770, some thieves also, in one border of the garden, an antique Essex, and elsewhere, such holes until rebroke into St. Andrew's Church, Holborn, stone coffin, which has very likely shared cently were called “Dane-holes," this name forced open the vestry door, and took away no better fate. Why have we not some affording support to the conjecture that the plates, used for the collecting of alms. society that could interest itself in looking during the incursions of the Danes, and

after these things, when changes in the at other periods, people retired to them,

neighbourhood lead to the transfer of old hiding their mouths by covering them with CHELSEA GARDENS AND ITS

houses to careless or indifferent hands? branches. It is even possible that the PAVILION.

J. R. S. CLIFFORD. chambers also served at a period in the Year by year we witness the destruction

past for habitations, though they must have of one old building after another, in LonANTIQUE REMAINS IN SWANSCOMBE

been incommodious. Access to them was don and its suburbs, and though some of

I gained by wooden ladders, or by steps them have little beauty to boast of, they

cut in the sides of the shafts, which are claim a passing look of regretful farewell, SWANSCOMBE Wood (called also Swanscombe / generally very smooth and regular, as if as such links are snapped which bind the Park by the natives, why I cannot con-cut by measure. present to the past. A new company hasceive, as it has no memories of a former Approaching Swanscombe Wood by a taken possession of an extensive estate in residence attached thereto, and it is far too narrow path which leads across fields from Chelsea on the borders of Brompton, and thick to be park-like) is not very often the village of Southfleet to Swanscombe, we it is now engaged in making new lines of sought out by the excursionist, though it perceive that a portion of the wood presents road and approaches, so that a network of lies in full view of a much travelled - on a rather obtuse angle, behind the base of streets will ere long cover a spot which, railway line proceeding to Gravesend, which the ground rises considerably. In a though shut in by houses, still had a semi-Strood, and Maidstone. This wood, doubt-field fronting this part of the wood stands rural aspect. Some parts of the grounds less a remnant of an ancient forest, that a solitary hawthorn tree, presumably attached to the Pavilion were once well-overspread North Kent when so much of planted as a landmark, to prevent persons wooded, but London smoke had thinned England was covered with trees, is re-falling unawares at night down the hole down the number of trees considerably. I markable for having in it the remains of at the edge of which it stands. This hole There still survived, however, an avenue an entrenchment, probably of British date, or shaft evidently belongs to the class of of stately elms, to which one might justly and also some singular excavations, on which we have been considering ; the sides have attributed a date during the Stuart which I have now to comment. These are sloping down, and covered with brambles Period, and these may have looked down situate on the edge of the wood, and in a and other plants, then suddenly contracting on the adjacent Chelsea Common, witness- field a few hundred yards off, and they are and becoming distinctly circular and smooth. ing there the martial exercise of Parlia- presumed to be of very ancient date. Hence an inspection of the bottom cannot mentarian troops in the days of the Civil though no authentic history is ascertain be satisfactorily made, but the apparent Wars, or the strolling up and down of able. When the Swanscombe Manor Estate depth is about twenty feet-perhaps less; citizens in the reign of Anne, when Lon- was in the market a few years ago, it was representing, doubtless, by no means the doners oft visited “Chelsea meads," for held out as an inducement to prospective original depth, as each year it must re“red cow's milk," and country air! The purchasers, that the wood contained the ceive quantities of earth and decayed leaves axe, anticipating natural decay, has levelled “remains of the early British village of washed down by the rain, which must be these old trees to the ground, and the scene Caerber-larber,” a name of singular sound gradually filling it up. No local tradition is one of desolation, hardly suggesting the certainly, and for which I have sought in exists or is now ascertainable with regard possibility that here in Georgian days, vain in those histories of Kent to which I to this hole; yet it may be that it had at “ Capability Brown” constructed one of have had access. The modern name given one time its legend, or else when the land those landscapes that the fashionables to the more conspicuous opening in the was cleared for cultivation, the owner would thought so remarkable. To the modern ground-viz., “ Clappernapper's Hole,''—is have filled up what was disadvantageous to fashionable of Belgravian squares, however, presumed to be a corruption of the primi- his property. There is no question that the the locality was best known by a much tive designation ; the evidence about this field was once part of the wood; and this frequented place of amusement, called is but slight.

hole is still situate only a few hundred "Prince's,” which occupied part of the Here, however, it should be noted that yards from the place commonly designated

On

“Clappernapper's Hole," on the border of passage places it between the hole and centre of the ancient province of Argolis. the wood, surrounded with a thick growth Rochester Castle, about nine miles off — Great credit is due to Dr. Schliemann for of underwood.

which would have been something of an his energy in hunting up these antiquities, On examining this, we perceive the same engineering feat in days when steam and His work is entirely a labour of love. The peculiarities in the way of precipitous sides, machinery were unknown! A variety of excavations are carried on at his own exand a well-like shaft, but the circumference theories might be propounded with regard pense, and everything that is found by him is evidently less than that of the one situate to the cavernous gap or opening in proximity goes to the Greek Government, to be dein the field, and here we have also foot- to Clappernapper's Hole, and it may possibly posited in a National Museum of Ancient holes in the sides remaining, now, however, have been caused by an attempt in later Art at Athens. Some enormous rock-cufar too shallow to be trusted to for descent. times to reach the subterranean chambers tombs have been opened, some of them As this hole is situate at the foot of an ele- or passages without descending through containing remains of people who walked vation, a channel has been cut at some time the well-like shaft. But I am rather inclined in the flesh 3,000 or 4,000 years ago. or other, which brings into it a flow of to think this is actually one of the chambers, Surrounding these remains was a large water from the higher ground in wet the outline of which has become irregular quantity of most wonderful Archaic imweather. This circumstance, and the ne- through the removal at some period of the pressed ornaments of pure gold. Some of cessary accumulation of leaves, twigs, &c., stratum of earth which originally formed these are of beautiful workmanship. Earwith, it might be added, stones cast in by the roof. From the circumstance that the rings, representing an altar with two birds, curious visitors, must here too have greatly water which flows in a wet season into and Hercules slaying the lion, were found. modified the original depth. But moving Clappernapper's Hole does not accumulate In one large tomb there were a beautifully about half-a-dozen yards to the southward, there to any depth, as is discoverable by ornamented gold cup and large bronze we come upon a singular cavernous opening, dropping in stones, it may be conjectured vessels. Dr. Schliemann's conviction is which evidently must in some way have to that it runs away by some subterranean

it runs away by some subterranean that these are the tombs of Atreus, Agado with “Clappernapper's Hole." Into passage still existant.

memnon, Cassandra, Eurymedon, &c. Other this also much water flows at certain sea

J. R. S. CLIFFORD. “ finds” were vases of gold, silver, and sons, so that it then presents the appearance

bronze, some richly ornamented ; about of a pond. When dry, access may be

200 large and splendidly engraved gold gained to it without much difficulty, for the ST. MANGHOLD, ISLE OF MAN. buttons, lances and swords of bronze, and sides are gradually crumbling down. This at the west end, over the entrance door"

innumerable smaller articles of gold which opening in the ground is pear-shaped, and lof the little church here. there is a very

adorned the rich costumes of royalty,—for in the corner nearest Clappernapper's Hole curious sculptured stone, which serves as an

instance, a man with a pigeon on his head, is a hollow, which appears to have once led

Ja sea-horse, a lion, two warriors fighting, impost or lintel. It does not appear to to a door or passage, the way to which is

&c. Of the swords, many showed the rehave been figured in any of the works now obstructed by the “settling” which

mains of wooden handles studded with gold published relating to the island; but it has taken place in the course of years. An appears also to have escaped the eye of!

pins, and one had a handle entirely of individual acquainted with the neighbourthe late Rev. Dr. Neale, who does not even

gold. The passage south of the Lions Gate hood has observed a great alteration in the

of the Acropolis has been entirely cleared Tocanty. since twenty years, ago, and the the Isle of Man;" while Mr. Jenkinson,

out, bringing to light the enormous thressurprising circumstance is, that the descent too, in his Guide to the Island, passes it by

hold, which consists of a very hard calof soil and water from the uplands has not, linna not, unnoticed.

careous block 15 ft. long by 8 ft. broad. long ere now, entirely choked up these

these

Th
The figure of a bishop holding a pastoral

The gateway is 10 ft. high, and 9 ft. wide openings or, notes: from their position; staff occupies the one-half of the stone, and

at the top, and 10 ft. wide at the bottom. they must always be more or less damp at objects of the chase fill up the other half.

Dr. Schliemann has also exposed two very the bottom, hence one would imagine ill

I The staff is held with the crook down_curious Cyclopean water conduits, with long adapted for abodes, though necessity, in the tewards, instead of the usual position in which

ih narrow reservoirs. Idols in various forms olden time, might have driven families into we are accustomed to see it. What can

and large quantities of melted lead were them for concealment. It is noticeable that that have been the reason for this unusual posi

| discovered; also a number of small gayin this part of the wood the surface soil is tion ce soll Stion of the crook being reversed ?

coloured terra-cotta tripods, in form of armclay, though the chalk cannot be very far Bp Roolwer (or Hrolfr. a Norwegian). chairs and cradles; ornaments of bone, down, judging from the strata of this dis-ciri this dis circa 1050, is said to have been buried Stone,

á stone, and alabaster. Full descriptions of trict. Of recent descents down Clappernapper's been his monumental stone or coffin-lid. here: and it is supposed that this may have

these very interesting discoveries have been

given from time to time in the Times, and Hole I cannot hear, but have been informed

| If it cannot be photographed, as stated from the pages of that paper the above that when a man went down some years ago by years ago by a local artist, perhaps a cast of it might pa

it might particulars are taken. he discovered a passage leading off from it, | be taken: and how best to accomplish this.

F. A. EDWARDS, which he went along until the air extin- l I should feel indebted for a suggestion. guished his light, when he thought it advisable to return.

MATRIMONIAL ODDITIES.

H. G. J. DE STYRAP. That there were underground chambers is highly probable,

EVEN matters the most serious are freconsidering what has been noticed elsewhere DR. SCHLIEMANN'S DISCOVERIES Tquently found to possess their comical asin the case of similar cavities, though one

pect, all the more noticeable, perhaps, from

AT MYCENÆ. may reasonably entertain a doubt of the

its position in bold relief to the gravity of statement made by one authoress, that there DR. SCHLIEMANN has, by dint of great exer the situation. Thus, the momentous and are a number of subterranean apartments. tion, brought to light some exceedingly important ceremony of marriage and its As might be expected, there are various valuable treasures in the Tombs in the surroundings, in the past no less than in the local myths concerning underground pas- Acropolis of the ancient town of Mycenæ, present, will be found to afford us some fitful sages. One story is, that there was a passage in the Peloponnesus. This town, which and humorous glimpses of men and manners leading from this spot to the Thames, made dates back some thousand or two years as they existed or now exist in this country, use of by smugglers when they wished to before the Christian era, was once the or in countries other than our own. Marconceal their goods, which has an air of capital of a kingdom, but it has lain in riages too, despite all that is asserted to the plausibility. Another tale connects Clapper- ruins since B.C. 568, when it was devastated contrary, still maintain their status as most napper's Hole with an opening in the ground by the Argives; and in the days of Strabo popular spectacles alike for those immenear Gravesend, which was filled up within the place where it stood was scarcely diately interested and non-interested therein. the memory of old inhabitants. The third known. It is situated on a small river, a To account for the popularity of the nuptial account of a supposititious subterranean tributary of the Inachus, in almost the ceremony is hardly difficult, when it is re.

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