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States must recognize, accept and implement interstate cooperation.


Business, industry and labor must be an integral part of a national

effort to provide career education, vocational training and job

opportunities for migrant families.


Implementation: Position Statements on the Need for Public Information and Public Relations Efforts on Behalf of Migrant Families

It is recommended that:


The task force initiate better and more intense communication at

federal, state and local levels in order to make the public aware

of the attributes of the migrant worker and their families.


More emphasis should be placed on the economic benefits the migrant

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Section Two

Federal-State-Local Recommendations

The system of providing services to migrants has at least five basic elements:

administration, planning, staffing, program services, and monitoring and

evaluation. The issues surrounding these five elements are addressed in

the following recommendations:


Federal (USOE Title I Migrant Branch) Recommendations

Regulations Governing Program Administration and Financing

The Title I migrant programs have never established regulations speci

fically for migrant students. Rather, the guidelines for regular Title

I programs serve "educationally disadvantaged children" who are not

migrant agricultural workers or fishermen. Considering the current regulations and the need for new regulations, the task force recommends

that, after consultation with the states:


Separate regulations specifically for migrant students be developed

by USOE.

B. Proposed and subsequent regulations for migrant education be peri

odically reviewed, refined and updated.

c. Section 116 d. 39, paragraph a, of the Proposed Rules (1975) for

State Education Agencies Programs for Migratory Children, which

encourages program and state coordination, be carried out more dili.

gently and enforced by USOE.

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A continuing problem is the lack of a common definition of migrant

workers and their children by all agencies serving migrants. Co

ordination and clarification of definitions would enhance cooperation

among agencies for an effective human services delivery system with

education as the central focus.

It is recommended that:

The Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (DHEW)

convene an interagency committee comprised of representatives of all

federal agencies and those sections of DHEW that serve migrants in order to standarize the definition and the program eligibility of the

migrant worker and their families.

III. Federal Recommendation

Planning Funds

Currently, all funds go directly to state education agencies from USOE

for direct services.

The task force recommends that:

Funding on a regional, multistate or migrant stream administration

basis for planning and implementation strategy be developed by USOE.

IV. Federal Recommendations

Coordinating Activities

It is recommended that the U.S. Office of Education encourage and

facilitate the following:

A. Migrant programs must look at other sources of support, including

financial, training and technical assistance, and personnel support.

B. The U.S. Office of Education should explore, develop and promote

procedures for interstate reciprocity for any person needing licens

ing or certification in their profession that is part of compre

hensive services for the migrant worker and their families.


State Recommendations

Assigning Responsibility for Coordinating Migrant Services

The issue addressed in this subsection speaks to the need for assigning

responsibility to a person, agency or group to insure that efforts on

behalf of migrants are not omitted, fragmented, overlapped or duplicated.

It is recommended that:

A. The responsibility for migrant education, including interstate

and interagency planning, be placed with the chief state school



A state task force be formed to facilitate interagency cooperation.

The model should be under the direction of the governor, with a planning group representing business, industry, labor and education, the

departments of social services, health, agriculture, the state

pediatric association, the division of human resources and other

agencies that provide services to migrant families.

C. A joint legislative committee be formed to establish legislative

policy across agency lines and to develop legislation necessary

for the improvement of migrant services in coordination and co

operation with other categorical programs.


State Recommendations

Intrastate Planning

Another issue in all state matters concerning education is the tradi

tion of local autonomy.

This tradition makes a statewide plan difficult

to establish.

It is recommended that:


The state boards of education and chief state school officers re

quire the use of state migrant planning processes that involve

local governing boards, district personnel, parents and community


B. Primary care practitioners and other human service providers must be

involved in the planning processes.

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